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renown, ascend them with targets on their heads, and fight, sword in hand, with the Bretons, who in truth defended themselves gallantly, knowing well they should not have assistance from any quarter. 1.C.S. 1881.


A short time afterwards, on the 26th January, the dictator had assisted at the great Latin Festival on the Alban Mount, preliminary to his expedition against the foreign enemies of the Republic. On the same occasion he had enjoyed the honour of an ovation decreed to him by the Senate, a gratuitous indulgence to his passion for personal display, for he had gained no new victory to justify it. The most sanguine of his adherents determined to take this opportunity of trying the temper of the people a second time, when their enthusiasm might be supposed to be excited by beholding their champion in his highest glory. It might be remembered that the popular chief Saturninus, on the last occasion on which the fatal title had been bruited in the ears of the Romans, had been urged by his own adherents to assume it. Accordingly, officious voices were hired to salute him, as he passed, by the title of king. But as they dropped one by one into silence no others were heard to take up the cry; on the contrary, a low and stifled murmur sufficiently indicated the disapprobation of the people. “I am no king, but Caesar,' exclaimed the dictator hastily. I. C. S. 1882.


But the soldiers sullenly refused to buckle on their armour again. They bluntly bade their general shift for himself; they had tried the chance of war often enough, and would do no more to cut themselves off from the prospect of quarter. Every hope was fled: the hope of victory, the hope of liberty, even the last hope of dying gloriously in battle. But indignity worse than death might still remain. Brutus retired with a few attendants to a woody covert by the banks of a stream, where he might snatch a few hours of rest and concealment. Here he lamented his slaughtered friends, and invoked, as with his dying breath, retribution on the heads of his enemies. But, as if yet undetermined, he despatched a messenger to penetrate, if possible, within the camp, and report the condition of its defenders. Then, hardly waiting for his return, he drew aside his companions one by one, and besought them to strike him to the heart, or hold the point of his sword for him to fall upon. One after another they all shrank from the horrid service; but as the night drew on, and it became necessary to remove further, he sprang to his feet with desperate resolution, exclaiming, “We must indeed flee, but it shall be with our hands.' 1. C. S. 1883.

100. As a ruler he was severe but inflexibly just. The corruption which had begun at the throne had saturated the courts of law. In the short leisure which he could snatch from his own labours he sat on trials with the judges; and his presence struck such reverence into them that the poor were not oppressed by false accusations, nor tired out by long attendance, nor their causes put off to gratify the rich. He had his father's virtues without his father's infirmities; and so with such poor resources as he could command at home, with hollow support from England, and concentrating upon his own person the malignity of political hatred and spurious sentiment, he held on upon his road till the end came and he was taken away. The strife of faction was hushed in the great grief which fell on all in whom generous feeling was not utterly extinguished. Those who had been loudest in their outcries against him were shamed by his loss into forgetfulness of their petty grievances, and desired only to revenge a crime which had a second time brought dishonour upon their country. 1. C. S. 1884.


*** The following abbreviations are used :abdy.= anybody. fm. = from.

qbs. = aliquibus. abl.= ablative. gen. = generally.

qd = aliquid. abs.= absolute. genit. = genitive.

qm = aliquem. acc. = accusative. ger. = gerund.

qo= aliquo. adj. = adjective. imp. = impersonal.

qs = aliquis. adjj.=adjectives. imperf. = imperfect.

rel. = relative. adv. = adverb. inf. = infinitive.

sts. = sometimes. agr. = agreeing.

interrog. = interrogative. subj. = subjunctive. anr. = another. intr. = intransitive.

subst. = substantive. athg. = anything. met. = metaphor.

substt. = substantives. aux. = auxiliary. neg. = negative.

superl. = superlative. ci = alicui. oft. = often.

Suppl. = Supplement, compar. = comparative. om. = omit, -ted.

tr. = translate, -d. conj. = conjunction, part. = participle.

trans. = transitive. cpd. = compound. perh. = perhaps.

und. = understood. cs = alicujus. pl. = plural.

usu. = usually. dat. = dative. pred. = predicate.

vb. = verb. e. g.= exempli gratia. prep. = preposition.

w.= with. ép. =epithet. q.v.= quod vide.

wh. = which. folld. = followed. Iqa = aliqua.

The figures that occur in various articles of this Vocabulary refer to paragraphs in Part I of the book. "References to paragraphs in the Clarendon Press Latin Grammar are made thus- Gr. 133.' (For summary of Grammar articles see p. 229.)

An initial letter represents the word which is the subject of the article in which it occurs. Thus, 'b.' stands for • battle' in the article headed 'battle.' If the word be a Verb, the initial letter may also stand for its past participle; thus, 'd.' in the article headed 'defend' may stand for * defend' or 'defended,' as the sense requires ; ‘f.' in the article “fight' stands for 'fight' or .fought.'

Proper Names are omitted in this Vocabulary when the Latin word is the same as the English, e. g. Syria, Babylon, etc., except in the case of names like Ecbatana, where the fact of the word being Plural requires to be noticed. A.

| Abbey church, aedes sacrata.

abject, abjectus. a or an, 76.

able, to be, posse. abandon, relinquere, (a resolve) abound, abundare. desistere qa re.

about, adv. fere, circiter, ferme. abate (of coud, etc.), mitescere. l absence, in one's, 103.

absent, to be, abesse.

affection, amor, studium, pietas. abstain from, abstinere qa re. affront, contumelia, injuria. accident, casus, sts, res.

after, prep. post; conj. postquam, accompany, comitari qm, ire cum posteaquam; on the day a., qo.

postridie. accomplish, conficere, perficere. afterwards, post, postea. accord, of one's own, ultro, oft. | again, (= a second time) iterum, ipse.

(= back again) rursus; see also according as, prout.

104. according to (an author), ut apud against, adversus, in, contra. qm scriptum est.

age, aetas, aevum; old a., senecaccordingly, itaque.

tus; before coming of a., praeaccount of, on, propter, ob, abl. textatus; twenty years of a, of cause.

viginti annos natus. account, to, habere.

aged, grandaevus, senex. accursed, sacer.

ago, abhinc, ante with hic, e.g. accusation, crimen; false a., ca ante hos septem annos, 'seven lumnia.

years a.' or abl. with hic, e g. accuse abdy. of, accusare qm cs paucis his diebus, ' a few days a.' rei.

agrarian, agrarius. accuser, accusator.

agree, (to do anything) constituere, accustomed, to be, solere.

26, or use convenit ci cum qo Achaean, Achaeus.

with inf. achieve, facere, perficere.

agreed, it is, constat, convenit. acknowledge, confiteri.

aid, see assist. acquire, see gain.

alarm, pavor. acquit, absolvere qm cs rei. alarmed, to be greatly, ex- or act, res, factum.

per-timescere. act, to, agere.

alienated from, alienatus a qo. active, diligens, acer, impiger. alive, vivus; to be still a., adhuc actively, acriter, diligenter.

superesse. Actium, battle of, pugna Actiaca. all, cunctus, omnis, 52 note : see actually, use etiam.

also 47, note 1, and 117, j.. add, addere; for “to this was all others, ceteri.

added the fact that,' say, huc allegiance, fides. accedebat quod.

alleviate, levare, allevare. address, alloqui qm.

allow, permittere or concedere ci, admire, admirari, mirari.

sinere qm, 26, potestatem faadmit, (=confess) fateri or con cere agendi qd; it is a., licet fiteri.

or permittitur. adornment, ornamentum.

ally, socius advance, procedere, progredi. almost, prope, paene, fere. adversary, see enemy.

alone, solus, unus. advice, consilium

already, jam. advise, suadere ci, monere qm, 26. also, et, etiam, quoque, and see affability, comitas.

104. affair, res.

altar, ara, altare.

although, see though.

approve of, probare approbare or altogether, omnino, prorsus.

comprobare qm or qd. always, semper, nunquam non, archbishop, use pontifex. and see 117, j.

arise, oriri, cooriri, surgere. ambassador, legatus.

arm, intr., armari, se armare. ambiguous, ambiguus, anceps. arms, arma (pl.). ambush, insidiae.

army, exercitus, agmen. among or amongst, inter, apud. arrange, disponere. amount, ( = total) summa; a cer arrive, pervenire, advenire.

tain a., nescio quid, nonnihil. arrogance, arrogantia. amusement, oblectamentum.

arrogant, arrogans. ancestors, majores.

arrow, sagitta. ancient, antiquus, priscus, pristi art, ars. nus, vetus.

as, 110. and, et, ac, or atque, -que, and see

as far as, quantum. 3, 99.

as follows, in hunc modum, ita, anger, ira.

sic. angrily, cum ira, acriter.

as if, tanquam, tanquam si, quasi, angry, iratus, (of a dispute) acer. proinde ac si, all w. subj. angry, w. abdy., to be, irasci or as it is, nunc. succensere ci.

as long as, quamdiu. animal, animal.

as much as, quantum. announce, nuntiare.

as soon as, simul atque. annoy, vexare.

as soon as possible. primo quoannoyed, to be, moleste or aegre que tempore, quam primum, ferre.

quam maturrime. another, alius; one a., 116. as though = as if. another man's, alienus, or use as to, (after so, etc.) 11. genit. of alius.

ascend, ascendere. answer, responsum.

ascertain, comperire, cognoscere. answer, to, respondere.

ascribe, attribuere, tribuere. anxiety, sollicitudo, taedium; to ashamed, to be,use pudere (imp.), be an a., curae esse.

Gr. 132. anxious, sollicitus, anxius.

ask, rogare, interrogare or percon: anxious, to be, (= desire) stu tari qm, petere quaerere or scisdere.

citari ex qo. any, anybody, 109.

asp, aspis. any more than, 68.

assail, petere, aggredi. apiece, 63.

assault, expugnatio. appear, apparere, videri.

assault, to, expugnare. applause, plausus, favor.

assemble, (trans.) convocare ; appoint, eligere ; a. abdy, as (intr.) convenire.

captain, praeficere qm ci; a. assemble around, circumstare.

a day of trial, diem dicere. assembly, concio. apprehension= fear.

assert = say, declare. approach, adventus.

| assist, juvare or adjuvare qm; auxapproach, to, appropinquare ci. I iliari, opitulari, subvenire or suc

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