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68. The fleet being in double column, heading N., to

form it into line to the front.

1st Method.

FIG. 104.

000

The commander-in-chief makes signal:
Forward into line-left oblique.

Flag-ship of van division: Division N.N. W.right vessels N.

Flag-ships of centre and rear divisions signal: Division N.N.W.

The leading vessels continue onward under steerage-way; the other vessels keep two points to port at full speed. When three and four find one and two bearing from them on a line perpendicular to the course (E. is the bearing in this case), they so regulate their speed as to maintain this bearing until they are at the proper distance from them, when they come to the course under steerage-way, and hoist the position pennant as a signal to five and six, which now come into line in a similar manner.

The line may be formed according to the same principles, if the fleet be in triple column, column of fours, etc., etc.

2d Method.

Break the fleet into column of vessels as in manœuvre 37, and then into line as by manœuvre 66, 2d Method.

69. The fleet being in double columns abreast, by divisions, heading N., to form it into line to the front.

1st Method.

The commander-in-chief signals:

Forward into line-left oblique.

Flag-ships of divisions signal: Division N.N.W. -right vessel N.

Performed by each division as explained in manœuvre 68, 1st Method.

2d Method.

Break each division into column of vessels, and then proceed as in manœuvre 67, 2d Method.

70. The fleet being in column of vessels, heading N, to form it into line to the right or left, at right angles to the original direction.

FIG. 105.

The commander-in-chief makes signal:

E. or W.

Which is repeated by the divisional commanders.

All come E. or W., and the fleet is in line.

NOTE. We see by the diagram, that when the fleet, in natural order, turns to port, it comes into line in natural order; and when it turns to starboard it is in order re

versed. Should the commander-in-chief desire to form it to starboard in natural order, or to port in order reversed, he has but to change the direction of the column to the opposite course before forming it into line. For instance, if he desire to form it to starboard in natural order, he first signals, Head of fleet E.; and so soon as he perceives that the leader of the fleet is turning to starboard, he signals, Head of fleet S. (See 56, Fig. 87.) When the fleet is in column to the Southward, he makes general signal E., and the line is in natural order.

71. The fleet being in column of vessels abreast, by divisions, heading N., to form it into line to the right or left, at right angles to the original direction.

Break the fleet into column of vessels on the right or left division, as in manœuvre 42, Fig. 73, and afterward proceed as in manœuvre 70, Fig. 105.

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