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Cobbett, Wm., his tribute to the work

of the monasteries, 336, n. 1
Cobham, Tho., his bequest to the uni.

versity library at Oxford, 203, n. 2
Cocheris, M., his edition of Richard

of Bury's Philobiblon, 204, n. 2
Cock-fighting, a common amusement

among students, 373
Colet, John, his spirit as a founder

contrasted with that of bp. Fisher,
471; his small liking for Augus.
tine, 484; letter from Erasmus at

Cambridge to, 493
Collage, Tho., bequeaths a fund for

the encouragement of preaching at

the university in 1446, 439
Collège de Montaigu, account given

by Erasmus of the, 367
Colleges, of small importance in the

university of Bologna, 74; supposed
by Bulæus to be coeval with the uni.
versity at Paris, 76; foundation of,
at Cambridge, the commencement
of certain information respecting
the university, 216; almost in.
variable design of the founders of,
368; intended for the poorer class
of students, ib.; standard of ad.
mission at, 369; age of students
on admission at, ib.; discipline at,
ib.; becoming richer required to
increase the number of their fel.
lowships, 372; survey of, by Par-
ker, Redman, and May, ann, 1545,

424, n. 5
College life, sketch of, in the Middle

Ages, 366; asceticism a dominant

notion in, ib.
Cologne, university of, formed on

the model of Paris, 74
Commons, liberal allowance for, to

fellows at King's Hall, 254; allow-
ances for, at other colleges, ib. n.
2; allowance for, at Christ's Col.
lege, 460; long unfixed at Peter-
house, ib.; amount prescribed for,
at St. John's College, 461; at Jesus

College, ib. n. 1
Conringius, his conjecture with re-

spect to the origin of university

degrees, 77
Constance, council of, representatives

from both universities at, 276;

Emmanuel Chrysoloras at, 394
Constantinople, state of learning at,

in the eleventh century, 175 and
n. 1; in the 15th century, con-
trasted with Florence, 388; ac-
count given of its scholars by
Philelphus, 390; fall of, 400; state
of learning at, after capture in

1453, 401, n. 3; exiles from, their

character in Italy described, 402
Constantinople, Collége de, circum-

stances which gave rise to its foun-
Coneroitan theory, partial anticipa-

tion of, in the treatise of Martianus,

26, note 1
Corpus Christi College, destruction

of the archives of, 137; founda-
tion of, 247; its peculiar origin,
ib.; motives of founders of, 249;
statutes of, borrowed from those
of Michaelhouse, ib. and note 5;
requirements with respect to
studies at, 250 ; not visited by
commission of archbp. Arundel,

258, n. 1
Corpus Christi College, Oxford, manu.

script of Argentine's proposed 'act'
in the library of, 426 and n. 2;
foundation of, 521; statutes of, ib.;
duties imposed upon readers of

divinity at, 522
Cosin, master of Corpus, succeeds

Fisher as lady Margaret professor,

374
Councils of the fifteenth century, re-

presentatives from the universities

present at, 276
Counties, limitations in elections to

fellowships with respect to, 2389
Cousin, M. Vict., his dictum respect-

ing the origin of the scholastic phi.
losophy, 50; the passage quoted,
ib. n. 1; his opinion that Boethius
attached small importance to the
dispute respecting universals doubt.
ful, 51, n. 3; his account of the
controversy respecting universals
as treated by Boethius, 53 ; his
conjecture with respect to the
teaching of the schools of Charle-

magne, 54
Cranmer, Tho., fell. of Jesus, univer-

sity career of, 612; marriage of, ib.;
visit of, to Waltham, 613; sug.
gestion of, with respect to the
royal divorce, ib.; his treatise on

the question, 618
Credo ut intelligam, dictum of St.

Anselm, 64
Croke, Rich., early career of, 527;

his continental fame, ib.; instruc-
tor in Greek to king Henry, 528;
begins to lecture on Greek at Cam-
bridge, ib.; formally appointed
Greek reader in 1519, ib.; his in-
augural oration, 529; his Latin
style modelled on Quintilian, ib.;
had received offers from Oxford to

become a professor there, 534;
his oration compared with that of
Melanchthon De Studiis Corrigen-
dis, 537; his second oration, 539;
elected public orator, ib.; ingrati-
tude of, to Fisher, 615; activity
of, in Italy, in gaining opinions

favorable to the divorce, ib.
Crome, Dr. Walter, an early bene-

factor to the university library,

323
Cromwell, Tho., elected chancellor of

the university, 629; and visitor, ib.;

commissioners of, at Oxford, ib.
Croucher, John, perhaps the founder

of the university library, 323
Crusades, the, early and later chroni.

clers of, compared, 43; the second,
its influence on Europe, 58; two-
fold utility of, 87; Guibert on the
object for which they were per-
mitted, 88; various influences of,
ib.; productive of increased in-
tercourse between Christians and
Saracens, 91; probably tended to
increase the suspicions of the
Church with respect to Saracenic

literature, 97
Cursory lectures, meaning of the
term, 358 and Append. (E)

D
D'Ailly, Pierre, bp. of Cambray, edu.

cated at the college of Navarre, 128
Damian, Peter, hostile to pagan

learning, 18
Damlet, Hugh, master of Pembroke,

opposed to Reginald Pecock, 295
Danes, first invasion of the, fatal to

learning in England, 9 and 81;
second invasion of, 81; losses in.

flicted by, 82
Daneus, observation of, that Aris.

totle is never named by Peter

Lombard, 94
Danish College at Paris, its founda-

tion attributed by Crevier to the

twelfth century, 126
Dante, tribute paid by, to memory

of Gratian, 36
D'Assailly, M., on the formation of

the university of Bologna, 73; the
universities of Bologna and Paris

compared by, 76, n. 1
D.C.L., former requirements for de-

gree of, 364
D.D. and B.D., requirements for de-

grees of, in the Middle Ages, 363;
the degree formerly genuine in
character, 365

De Burgh, Eliz., foundress of Clare

Hall, 250; death of a brother of,
enables her to undertake the de.

sign, ib. n. 1
De Causis, the, a Neo-Platonic trea.

tise, 114; attributed to Aristotle,
ib. n. 1; considered by Jourdain
to have been not less popular than
the Pseudo-Dionysius, ib.; the

work described by Neander, ib.
Decretals, the false, 34; criticised by

Milman, ib. n. 1
Degrees, origin of, conjecture of

Conringius respecting, 77; real
original significance of, 78; obli-
gations involved in proceeding to,
ib.; number of those who proceed.
ed to, in law or theology, smaller

than might be supposed, 363
De Hæretico Comburendo, statute of,

259
De Interpretatione of Aristotle, along

with the Categories the only por:
tion of his logic studied prior to

the 12th century, 29
Determine, to, meaning of the term

explained, 354; by proxy, ib.
Dialectics, include both logic and

metaphysics in Martianus, 25
Dice, playing at, forbidden to the

fellows of Peterhouse, 233
Diet of students in mediæval times,

367
Dionysius, the Pseudo-,Celestial Hier.

archy of, 41; translated by John
Scotus Erigena, 42; character
and influence of the treatise, ib.;
Abelard questions the story of his
apostleship in Gaul, 58; scholastic
acceptance of, as canonical, 109;
supplanted the Bible in the Middle
Ages, ib. n. 2; Grocyn in lec.
turing on, discovers its real charac-
ter, ib.; the work described by
Milman, ib.; Erasmus's account

of Grocyn's discovery, 513, n. 1
Dispensations from oaths, clause

against, in statutes of Christ's
College, 455; and in statutes of
St. John's, 456; question raised by
dean Peacock in connexion with,

ib.; their original purport, 457
Disputations in parvisiis, 299, n. 2;

why so termed, ib.
Divorce, the royal, 612; question

with reference to, as laid before
the universities, 613; what it
really involved, 614; fallacy of the
expedient, ib.; decision of Cam-
bridge on, 620; criticisms on, 622

Doctor, origin of the degree of, 73;

its catholicity dependent on the
pleasure of the pope, 78

E
Doket, Andrew, first president of

Queens' College, his character, Eadgar, king, numerous monasteries
317

founded in England during the
Dominicans, the, institution of the reign of, 81; unfavorable to the

order of, 89; open two schools of secular clergy, 161
theology at Paris, 107; their dis. Eadward the Confessor, prosperity
comfiture at the condemnation of of the Benedictines under, 82
the teaching of Aquinas, 122 ; their Edward 11, letter of, to pope John
house on the present site of Em. XXII, respecting Paris and Oxford,
manuel, 139; their rivalry with 213, n. 1; maintained 32 king's
the Franciscans described by Mat- scholars at the university, 252;
thew Paris, 148; establish them. properly to be regarded as the
selves at Dunstable, 150; activity founder of King's Hall, 253, n. 1
of, at Paris, 262

Edward 11, commands the Oxford
Donatus, an authority in the Middle students at Stamford to return to
Ages, 22

the university, 135, n. 1; repre.
Dorbellus, a commentator on Petrus sented by Gray as the founder of
Hispanus, 566, n. 3

King's Hall, 253; builds a mansion
Dress, extravagance of students in, for the scholars of King's Hall,

232; clerical, required to be worn ib.; confiscates the estates of the
by the scholars of Peterhouse, 233; alien priories, 304
a distinctive kind of, always worn Eginhari, letter to, from bishop
by the university student, 318; Lupus, 20
often worn by those not entitled Egypt, called by Martianus, Asice
to wear it, ib.

caput, 26
Drogo, sustains the tradition of Al. Elenchi Sophistici of Aristotle never

cuin's teaching at Paris, 70; his quoted prior to the 12th century,
pupils, ib.

29
Dryden, John, resemblance in his Ely, origin of the name, 336 and

Religio Laici to Thomas Aquinas,
112, n. 2; his scholastic learning Ely, archdeacons of, claims of juris.
underrated by Macaulay, ib.

diction in Cambridge asserted by,
Duns Scotus, his commentary on the 225; nominated the master of glo.

Sentences, 62; a teacher at Mer.
ton College, 169; difficulties that Ely, bishop of, exemption from his
preclude any account of his career, jurisdiction first obtained by the
172; his wondrous fecundity, 173, university, 146; this exemption
n. 2; task imposed upon him by disputed by some bishops, ib. ; his
the appearance of the Byzantine jurisdiction in the university alter.
logic, 178; Byzantine element in nately asserted and unclaimed,
the logic of, 180; exaggerated im- 287; maintained by Arundel, ib.;
portance ascribed to logic by, 183; abolished by the Barnwell Process,
limited the application of logic to 288; blow given to the authority
theology, 184; compared with Ro- of, by the Barnwell Process, 290,
ger Bacon, 185; long duration of n. 2
his influence, 186; great edition of Ely, scholars of, the fellows of Peter.
his works, ib.; fate of his writings house originally so termed, 231
at Oxford, 629 ; study of them Empeon, minister of Henry vii, high-
forbidden at Cambridge, 630

steward of the university in 1506,
Dunstan, St., reviver of the Benedic. 419
tine order in England, 81

Emser, testimony of, to fame of
Durandus, his commentary on the Richard Croke at Dresden, 528
Sentences, 62

End of the world, anticipations of,
Durham College, Oxford, founded by 45; influence of this idea upon the

monks of Durham, 203
Durham, William of, his foundation England, state of learning in, in 15th

of University College, 160, n. 1 century, 297, 298

n. 3

mery, ib.

age, 46

English 'nation' in the university of versity, 501; his estimate of the

Paris, when first called the Ger- fathers, ib.; and of the mediæval
man ‘nation,' 79, n. 1

theologians, 502; his Cambridge
Epistola Cantabrigiensis, the, 586; experiences of a trying character,

gloomy prognostications of, ib. n. 2 503; his description of the towns-
Epistolæ Obscurorum Virorum, ap. men, 504, n. 1; his want of eco-
pearance of, 558

nomy, 504; his last Cambridge
Erasmus, example set by, of ridi- letter, 505; his deliberate testi.

culing the method of the schoolmen, mony favorable to Cambridge, 507;
109; account given by, of the Col- his Novum Instrumentum, 508; this
lège de Montaigu, 367; his descrip. strictly Cambridge work, 509; its
tion of the Scotists at Paris, 421; defects and merits, 510; his reply
his testimony to Fisher's views to a letter from Bullock, 513; his
with respect to the pulpit oratory

third visit to England, 518; en.
of the time, 440; perhaps visited deavours to persuade Wm. Latimer
Cambridge in the train of Hen. vii to teach bp. Fisher Greek, 519;
in 1506,452 and n.1; admitted B.D. leaves England for Louvain, 520;
and D.D. in 1505, 453 and n. 1; his Novum Test., 523; befriends
his intimacy with Fisher at this Croke, 527; congratulates Croke
time, ib.; epitaph on Margaret of on his appointment as Greek reader
Richmond by, 463, n. 1; refuses at Cambridge, 535, n. 2; his influ-
to undertake the instruction of ence in promoting the Reformation
Stanley, afterwards bp. of Ely, 467; in England, 556; his assertion re-
letter from bp. Fisher to, 470, n. specting the progress of the new
2; second visit of, to Cambridge, learning, 558; letter of, to Vives, re.
472; his object on this occasion, specting publication of his works,
473; circumstances that led to his 585; letter to, from Fisher, respect.
choice of Cambridge, ib.; reasons ing the De Ratione Concionandi,
why he gave it the preference to ib.; thinks the end of the world
Oxford, 477; his testimony to the is at hand, 586; advocates a trans-
scholarshipof Oxford, 480; his obli. lation of the Scriptures into the
gations to Linacre, ib.; extent of vernacular, 587; writes De Libero
his debt to Oxford, 481; his prefer- Arbitrio against Luther, 588; de-
ence of Jerome to Augustine, 483 nies all sympathy with Luther, ib.;
and 501; character of, 487; his death of, 631
weak points as noted by Luther and Erfurt, university of, styled novorum
Tyndale, 488 and n. 3; contradic- omnium portus, 417
tory character of his criticisms on Eric of Auxerre, sustains the tradition
places and men, 489; his personal of Alcuin's teaching, 69
appearance, the portrait of, ib., Erigena, John Scotus, an exception
490; criticism of Lavater on first to the philosophical character of
lecture of, at Cambridge, 491; Cam- his age, 40; his De Divisione Na.
bridge letters of, 492; their uncer. turæ, 41; his affinities to Platon-
tain chronology, ib.; his account of ism, ib. ; his philosophy derived
his first experiences of Cambridge, from Augustine, ib.; translates the
493; he is appointed lady Mar- Pseudo-Dionysius, 42
garet professor, ib.; failure of bis Eton College, foundation of, by Henry
expectations as a teacher of Greek,
ib. ; letters of, to Ammonius and Euclid, translation of four books of,
Colet, ib.; his labours at Cam- by Boethius, 28; definition in, re-
bridge, 494; forewarned by Colet stored by collation of a Greek
he avoided collision with the con- MS., 533
servative party, 495; protected by Eugenius ii, pope, raises Gratian
Fisher, 496; his admiration for to the bishopric of Chiusi, 36; lec-
Fisher's character, ib.; influence tures on the canon law instituted
he exerted over Fisher, 497; his by, 72
influence over other members of Eugenius Iv, pope, confirms the
the university, 498; his Cambridge Barnwell Process, 290
friends, ib.; his views contrasted Eusebins, story from the Præparatio
with those prevalent in the uni. Erangelica of, 485

VI, 305

Eustachius, fifth bp. of Ely, his

benefactions to the Hospital of St.

John the Evangelist, 223
Eutychius, the martyr, appearance

of, to the bishop of Terentina, 7
Exhibition, earliest university, found-

ed by Wm. of Kilkenny, 223
Expenses of students when keeping

‘acts,' limited by the authorities,
357

F

'Father,' the, in academic cere.

monies, 356
Fathers, the, very imperfectly repre.

sented in the medieval Cambridge

libraries, 326
Fawne, Dr., lady Margaret professor,

a friend of Erasmus at Cambridge,

500
Fees paid by students to the lecturers

appointed by the university, 359
Fellows of colleges, allowances made

to, for commons, 370; required to
be in residence, 372; required to
go out in pairs, 374 and n. 4;
Cranmer's election as a, when a
widower, 612, n. 3 (for standard of
requirements at election of, see

under different colleges)
Fen country, the, 329; extent of in.

undations of former times, 331;
changes in, resulting from monas-
tic occupation, 335; description of,

in the Liber Eliensis, 336
Ferrara, university of, founded in

the 13th century, 80
Fiddes, Dr., criticism of, on letter

of the university to Wolsey, 549
Fires at the universities, losses oc-

casioned by, 136
Fires, absence of arrangements for,

in college rooms, 369
Fisher, John, bp. of Rochester, his

parentage and early education,
422; entered at Michaelhouse, ib.;
elected fellow, ib.; elected master,
424; his views and character at
this period, ib.; his account of the
tone of the university at beginning
of 15th century, 427; goes as
proctor to the royal court, 434; is
introduced to the king's mother,
ib.; appointed her confessor, 435;
is elected vice-chancellor, ib.; and
lady Margaret professor, 437; aims
at a revival of popular preaching,
440; his claims to rank as a reform.
er, 441; elected chancellor, ib.; pro-

moted to the bishopric of Roches.
ter, 442; his influence with the
lady Margaret on behalf of Cam.
bridge, ib.; resigns his mastership
at Michaelhouse, 446; elected presi.
dent of Queens', ib.; delivers the
address of the university on the
royal visit in 1506, 449; obtains
the consent of king Henry to the
endowment of St. John's College,
462; preaches funeral sermon for
the countess of Richmond, 463; the
task of carrying out her designs at
Cambridge devolves upon, 465;
presides at the opening of St. John's
College, 470; gives statutes to the
college identical with those of
Christ's, ib.; letter from, to Eras-
mus, ib, n. 2; character of statutes
given by, to the two colleges, 471;
obtains for Erasmus the privilege
of residence at Queens' Coll., 472;
Erasmus's admiration of his cha.
racter, 496; allows Erasmus &
pension, 504; supports Erasmus
in his design of the Novum Instru-
mentum, 511; his approval referred
to by Erasmus, 515; aspires to a
knowledge of Greek, 519; Croke
announces himself a delegate of,
at Cambridge, 530; resigns the
chancellorship of the university,
541; is re-elected for life, 542; ab.
sent from the university on the
occasion of Wolsey's visit, 543;
why so, ib.; his relations to the
cardinal, ib.; he attacks the pride
and luxury of the superior clergy
at the conference, 544; his cha-
racter contrasted with that of
Wolsey, ib.; affixes a copy of Leo's
indulgences to the gates of the
common schools, 556; excommuni.
cates Peter de Valence, 557; pre-
sides at the burning of Luther's
works at Paul's Cross, 571 ; his
observation on the occasion, ib.;
his treatise against Luther, 572;
inclined to leniency to Barnes at
his trial, 579; writes to Erasmus
urging the publication of his De
Ratione Concionandi, 585; in-
gratitude of Croke to, 615; later
statutes of, for St. John's College,

623 ; death of, 628
Fishing, a favorite amusement with

students in former days, 373; com.
plaints of the corporation with
respect to, 374
Fleming, William, & translator of

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