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Cobbett, Wm., his tribute to the work
of the monasteries, 336, n. 1
Cobham, Tho., his bequest to the uni-
versity library at Oxford, 203, n. 2
Cocheris, M., his edition of Richard
of Bury's Philobiblon, 204, n. 2
Cock-fighting, a common amusement
among students, 373
Colet, John, his spirit as a founder
contrasted with that of bp. Fisher,
471; his small liking for Augus.
tine, 484; letter from Erasmus at
Cambridge to, 493
Collage, Tho., bequeaths a fund for
the encouragement of preaching at
the university in 1446, 439
Collège de Montaigu, account given
by Erasmus of the, 367
Colleges, of small importance in the
university of Bologna, 74; supposed
by Bulæus to be coeval with the uni.
versity at Paris, 76; foundation of,
at Cambridge, the commencement
of certain information respecting
the university, 216; almost in.
variable design of the founders of,
368; intended for the poorer class
of students, ib.; standard of ad.
mission at, 369; age of students
on admission at, ib.; discipline at,
ib.; becoming richer required to
increase the number of their fel.
lowships, 372; survey of, by Par.
ker, Redman, and May, ann, 1545,
424, n. 5
College life, sketch of, in the Middle
Ages, 366; asceticism & dominant
notion in, ib.
Cologne, university of, formed on
the model of Paris, 74
Commons, liberal allowance for, to
fellows at King's Hall, 254; allow.
ances for, at other colleges, ib. n.
2; allowance for, at Christ's Col-
lege, 460; long unfixed at Peter-
house, ib.; amount prescribed for,
at St. John's College, 461; at Jesus
College, ib. n. 1
Conringius, his conjecture with re-
spect to the origin of university
Constance, council of, representatives
from both universities at, 276;
Emmanuel Chrysoloras at, 394
Constantinople, state of learning at,
in the eleventh century, 175 and
n. 1; in the 15th century, con-
trasted with Florence, 388; ac-
count given of its scholars by
Philelphus, 390; fall of, 400; state
of learning at, after capture in
1453, 401, n. 3; exiles from, their
character in Italy described, 402
Constantinople, Collége de, circum.
stances which gave rise to its foun.
dation, 126, n. 4
Copernican theory, partial anticipa-
tion of, in the treatise of Martianus,
26, note 1
Corpus Christi College, destruction
of the archives of, 137; founda-
tion of, 247; its peculiar origin,
ib.; motives of founders of, 249;
statutes of, borrowed from those
of Michaelhouse, ib, and note 5;
requirements with respect to
studies at, 250 ; not visited by
commission of archbp. Arundel,
258, n. 1
Corpus Christi College, Oxford, manu-
script of Argentine's proposed'act'
in the library of, 426 and n. 2;
foundation of, 521; statutes of, ib.;
duties imposed upon readers of
divinity at, 522
Cosin, master of Corpus, succeeds
Fisher as lady Margaret professor,
Councils of the fifteenth century, re-
presentatives from the universities
present at, 276
Counties, limitations in elections to
fellowships with respect to, 238—9
Consin, M. Vict., his dictum respect-
ing the origin of the scholastic phi.
losophy, 50; the passage quoted,
ib. n. 1; his opinion that Boethius
attached small importance to the
dispute respecting universals doubt.
ful, 51, n. 3; his account of the
controversy respecting universals
as treated by Boethius, 53; his
conjecture with respect to the
teaching of the schools of Charle-
Cranmer, Tho., fell. of Jesus, univer-
sity career of, 612; marriage of, ib.;
visit of, to Waltham, 613; sug.
gestion of, with respect to the
royal divorce, ib.; his treatise on
the question, 618
Credo ut intelligam, dictum of St.
Croke, Rich., early career of, 527;
his continental fame, ib.; instruc-
tor in Greek to king Henry, 528;
begins to lecture on Greek at Cam.
bridge, ib.; formally appointed
Greek reader in 1519, ib.; his in-
augural oration, 529 ; his Latin
style modelled on Quintilian, ib.;
had received offers from Oxford to
become a professor there, 534;
his oration compared with that of
Melanchthon De Studiis Corrigen-
dis, 537; his second oration, 539;
elected public orator, ib.; ingrati-
tude of, to Fisher, 615; activity
of, in Italy, in gaining opinions
favorable to the divorce, ib.
Crome, Dr. Walter, an early bene-
factor to the university library,
Cromwell, Tho., elected chancellor of
the university, 629; and visitor, ib.;
commissioners of, at Oxford, ib.
Croucher, John, perhaps the founder
of the university library, 323
Crusades, the, early and later chroni.
clers of, compared, 43; the second,
its influence on Europe, 58; two-
fold utility of, 87; Guibert on the
object for which they were per-
mitted, 88; various influences of,
ib.; productive of increased in-
tercourse between Christians and
Saracens, 91; probably tended to
increase the suspicions of the
Church with respect to Saracenic
Cursory lectures, meaning of the
term, 358 and Append. (E)
D'Ailly, Pierre, bp. of Cambray, edu.
cated at the college of Navarre, 128
Damian, Peter, hostile to pagan
Damlet, Hugh, master of Pembroke,
opposed to Reginald Pecock, 295
Danes, first invasion of the, fatal to
learning in England, 9 and 81;
second invasion of, 81; losses in.
flicted by, 82
Daneus, observation of, that Aris.
totle is never named by Peter
Danish College at Paris, its founda-
tion attributed by Crevier to the
twelfth century, 126
Dante, tribute paid by, to memory
of Gratian, 36
D'Assailly, M., on the formation of
the university of Bologna, 73; the
universities of Bologna and Paris
compared by, 76, n. 1
D.C.L., former requirements for de-
gree of, 364
D.D. and B.D., requirements for de-
grees of, in the Middle Ages, 363;
the degree formerly genuine in
De Burgh, Eliz., foundress of Clare
Hall, 250; death of a brother of,
enables her to undertake the de.
sign, ib. n. 1
De Causis, the, a Neo-Platonic trea.
tise, 114; attributed to Aristotle,
ib. n. 1; considered by Jourdain
to have been not less popular than
the Pseudo-Dionysius, ib.; the
work described by Neander, ib.
Decretals, the false, 34; criticised by
Milman, ib. n. 1
Degrees, origin of, conjecture of
Conringius respecting, 77; real
original significance of, 78; obli-
gations involved in proceeding to,
ib.; number of those who proceed.
ed to, in law or theology, smaller
than might be supposed, 363
De Hæretico Comburendo, statute of,
De Interpretatione of Aristotle, along
with the Categories the only por:
tion of his logic studied prior to
the 12th century, 29
Determine, to, meaning of the term
explained, 354; by proxy, ib.
Dialectics, include both logic and
metaphysics in Martianus, 25
Dice, playing at, forbidden to the
fellows of Peterhouse, 233
Diet of students in mediæval times,
Dionysius, the Pseudo-,Celestial Hier.
archy of, 41; translated by John
Scotus Erigena, 42; character
and influence of the treatise, ib.;
Abelard questions the story of his
apostleship in Gaul, 58; scholastic
acceptance of, as canonical, 109;
supplanted the Bible in the Middle
Ages, ib. n. 2; Grocyn in lec.
turing on, discovers its real charac-
ter, ib.; the work described by
Milman, ib.; Erasmus's account
of Grocyn's discovery, 513, n. 1
Dispensations from oaths, clause
against, in statutes of Christ's
College, 455; and in statutes of
St. John's, 456; question raised by
dean Peacock in connexion with,
ib.; their original purport, 457
Disputations in parvisiis, 299, n. 2;
why so termed, ib.
Divorce, the royal, 612; question
with reference to, as laid before
the universities, 613; what it
really involved, 614; fallacy of the
expedient, ib.; decision of Cam-
bridge on, 620; criticisms on, 622
Doctor, origin of the degree of, 73;
its catholicity dependent on the
pleasure of the pope, 78
Doket, Andrew, first president of
Queens' College, his character,
Dominicans, the, institution of the
order of, 89; open two schools of
theology at Paris, 107; their dis-
comfiture at the condemnation of
the teaching of Aquinas, 122; their
house on the present site of Em-
manuel, 139; their rivalry with
the Franciscans described by Mat-
thew Paris, 148; establish them.
selves at Dunstable, 150; activity
of, at Paris, 262
Donatus, an authority in the Middle
Dorbellus, a commentator on Petrus
Hispanus, 566, n. 3
Dress, extravagance of students in,
232; clerical, required to be worn
by the scholars of Peterhouse, 233;
a distinctive kind of, always worn
by the university student, 348;
often worn by those not entitled
to wear it, ib.
Drogo, sustains the tradition of Al-
cuin's teaching at Paris, 70; his
Dryden, John, resemblance in his
Religio Laici to Thomas Aquinas,
112, n. 2; his scholastic learning
underrated by Macaulay, ib.
Duns Scotus, his commentary on the
Sentences, 62; a teacher at Mer-
ton College, 169; difficulties that
preclude any account of his career,
172 ; his wondrous fecundity, 173,
n. 2; task imposed upon him by
the appearance of the Byzantine
logic, 178; Byzantine element in
the logic of, 180; exaggerated im-
portance ascribed to logic by, 183;
limited the application of logic to
theology, 184; compared with Ro.
ger Bacon, 185; long duration of
bis influence, 186; great edition of
his works, ib.; fate of his writings
at Oxford, 629; study of them
forbidden at Cambridge, 630
Dunstan, St., reviver of the Benedic.
tine order in England, 81
Durandus, his commentary on the
Durham College, Oxford, founded by
monks of Durham, 203
Durham, William of, his foundation
of University College, 160, n. 1
Eadgar, king, numerous monasteries
founded in England during the
reign of, 81; unfavorable to the
secular clergy, 161
Eadward the Confessor, prosperity
of the Benedictines under, 82
Edward 11, letter of, to pope John
XXII, respecting Paris and Oxford,
213, n. 1; maintained 32 king's
scholars at the university, 252;
properly to be regarded as the
founder of King's Hall, 253, n. 1
Edward in, commands the Oxford
students at Stamford to return to
the university, 135, n. 1; repre.
sented by Gray as the founder of
King's Hall, 253; builds a mansion
for the scholars of King's Hall,
ib.; confiscates the estates of the
alien priories, 304
Eginhard, letter to, from bishop
Egypt, called by Martianus, Asice
Elenchi Sophistici of Aristotle never
quoted prior to the 12th century,
Ely, origin of the name, 336 and
Ely, archdeacons of, claims of juris.
diction in Cambridge asserted by,
225; nominated the master of glo.
Ely, bishop of, exemption from his
jurisdiction first obtained by the
university, 146; this exemption
disputed by some bishops, ib. ; his
jurisdiction in the university alter-
nately asserted and unclaimed,
287; maintained by Arundel, ib.;
abolished by the Barnwell Process,
288; blow given to the authority
of, by the Barnwell Process, 290,
Ely, scholars of, the fellows of Peter.
house originally so termed, 231
Empeon, minister of Henry vii, bigh-
steward of the university in 1506,
Emser, testimony of, to fame of
Richard Croke at Dresden, 528
End of the world, anticipations of,
45; influence of this idea upon the
England, state of learning in, in 15th
century, 297, 298
English nation' in the university of
Paris, when first called the Ger-
man 'nation,' 79, n. 1
Epistola Cantabrigiensis, the, 586;
gloomy prognostications of, ib. n. 2
Epistolæ Obscurorum Virorum, ap.
pearance of, 558
Erasmus, example set by, of ridi-
culing the method of the schoolmen,
109; account given by, of the Col.
lège de Montaigu, 367; his descrip.
tion of the Scotists at Paris, 421;
his testimony to Fisher's views
with respect to the pulpit oratory
of the time, 440; perhaps visited
Cambridge in the train of Hen, vii
in 1506,452 and n.1; admitted B.D.
and D.D. in 1505, 453 and n. 1;
his intimacy with Fisher at this
time, ib.; epitaph on Margaret of
Richmond by, 463, n. 1; refuses
to undertake the instruction of
Stanley, afterwards bp. of Ely, 467;
letter from bp. Fisher to, 470, n.
2; second visit of, to Cambridge,
472; his object on this occasion,
473; circumstances that led to his
choice of Cambridge, ib.; reasons
why he gave it the preference to
Oxford, 477; his testimony to the
scholarship of Oxford, 480; his obli.
gations to Linacre, ib.; extent of
his debt to Oxford, 481; his prefer-
ence of Jerome to Augustine, 483
and 501; character of, 487; his
weak points as noted by Luther and
Tyndale, 488 and n. 3; contradic-
tory character of his criticisms on
places and men, 489; his personal
appearance, the portrait of, ib.,
490; criticism of Lavater on first
lecture of, at Cambridge, 491; Cam.
bridge letters of, 492; their uncer.
tain chronology, ib.; his account of
his first experiences of Cambridge,
493; he is appointed lady Mar-
garet professor, ib.; failure of bis
expectations as a teacher of Greek,
ib.; letters of, to Ammonius and
Colet, ib.; his labours at Cam-
bridge, 494; forewarned by Colet
he avoided collision with the con.
servative party, 495; protected by
Fisher, 496; his admiration for
Fisher's character, ib.; influence
he exerted over Fisher, 497; his
influence over other members of
the university, 498; bis Cambridge
friends, ib.; his views contrasted
with those prevalent in the uni-
versity, 501; his estimate of the
fathers, ib.; and of the mediæval
theologians, 502; his Cambridge
experiences of a trying character,
503; his description of the towns-
men, 504, n. 1; his want of eco-
nomy, 504; his last Cambridge
letter, 505; his deliberate testi.
mony favorable to Cambridge, 507;
his Novum Instrumentum, 508; this
strictly Cambridge work, 509; its
defects and merits, 510; his reply
to a letter from Bullock, 513; his
third visit to England, 518; en-
deavours to persuade Wm. Latimer
to teach bp. Fisher Greek, 519;
leaves England for Louvain, 520;
his Novum Test., 523; befriends
Croke, 527; congratulates Croke
on his appointment as Greek reader
at Cambridge, 535, n. 2; his influ-
ence in promoting the Reformation
in England, 556; his assertion re-
specting the progress of the new
learning, 558; letter of, to Vives, re.
specting publication of his works,
585; letter to, from Fisher, respect.
ing the De Ratione Concionandi,
ib.; thinks the end of the world
is at hand, 586; advocates a trans-
lation of the Scriptures into the
vernacular, 587; writes De Libero
Arbitrio against Luther, 588; de-
nies all sympathy with Luther, ib.;
death of, 631
Erfurt, university of, styled novorum
omnium portus, 417
Eric of Auxerre, sustains the tradition
of Alcuin's teaching, 69
Erigena, John Scotus, an exception
to the philosophical character of
his age, 40; his De Divisione Na.
turæ, 41; his affinities to Platon.
ism, ib. ; his philosophy derived
from Augustine, ib.; translates the
Eton College, foundation of, by Henry
Euclid, translation of four books of,
by Boethius, 28; definition in, re.
stored by collation of a Greek
Eugenius mi, pope, raises Gratian
to the bishopric of Chiusi, 36; lec.
tures on the canon law instituted
Eugenius iv, pope, confirms the
Barnwell Process, 290
Eusebius, story from the Preparatio
Evangelica of, 485
Eustachius, fifth bp. of Ely, his
benefactions to the Hospital of St.
John the Evangelist, 223
Eutychius, the martyr, appearance
of, to the bishop of Terentina, 7
Exhibition, earliest university, found-
ed by Wm. of Kilkenny, 223
Expenses of students when keeping
acts,' limited by the authorities,
'Father,' the, in academic cere-
Fathers, the, very imperfectly repre.
sented in the mediæval Cambridge
Fawne, Dr., lady Margaret professor,
a friend of Erasmus at Cambridge,
Fees paid by students to the lecturers
appointed by the university, 359
Fellows of colleges, allowances made
to, for commons, 370; required to
be in residence, 372; required to
go out in pairs, 374 and n. 4;
Cranmer's election as a, when a
widower, 612, n. 3 (for standard of
requirements at election of, see