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Aristotle, attacked by Roger Bacon,
155
Florence, in the fifteenth century,
contrasted with Constantinople,
388; culture of the scholars of,
389; relations of, to Constanti-
nople, 390

Fordham, John, bp. of Ely, makes
over to Peterhouse the church at
Hinton, 230

Foreman, Tho., fell. of Queens', one
of Bilney's converts, 563; his ser-
vices to his party, ib.
Fotehede, John, elected master of
Michaelhouse, 446
Founders, motives of, in medieval
times, 443

nisation between their house and
Queens' College, 317
Frederic II, the emperor, patronises
the new Aristotle, 98; accused of
writing De Tribus Impostoribus,
ib.; sends translations of Aris-
totle to Bologna, ib., n. 1; his
letter on the occasion, ib.; employs
Michael Scot as a translator, ib.
Free, John, one of the earliest trans-
lators of Greek authors in Eng-
land, 397

Freeman, Mr. E. A., on the preva-
lent misconception respecting earl
Harold's foundation at Waltham,
162; facts which may tend to
slightly modify his view, 163, n. 1
Freiburg, university of, compromise

between the nominalists and real-
ists at the, 417

French, students permitted to con-
verse occasionally in, 371; stu-
dents required to construe an
author into, ib.

Fox, Edw., bp. of Hereford, letter by,
as royal secretary, to the univer-
sity, 611; reports to king Henry on
the progress of the divorce question
at Cambridge, 618

Fox, Rich., bp. of Winchester, bishop
of Durham in 1500, 425; exe-
cutor to the countess of Richmond,
464; Oxford sympathies of, 465;
praises Erasmus's Novum Testa-
mentum, 511; founds Corpus
Christi College, Oxford, 521; a
leader of reform at Oxford, ib.;
innovations prescribed by, at the
college, 522; his statutes largely
adopted by Fisher in his first re-
vision of the statutes of St. John's
College, ib.

France, natives of, to have the pre-
ference in elections to fellowships
at Pembroke College, 239
Franciscans, the, institution of the
order of the, 89; their rapid suc-
cess in England, 90; settle at Cam-
bridge, ib.; at Oxford under Grosse-
teste, ib.; views espoused by, with
reference to Aristotle, 117; more
numerous and influential than the
Dominicans in England, 138; es-
tablish themselves at Cambridge,
ib.; their house on the present site
of Sidney, ib.; their rivalry with
the Dominicans described by Mat-
thew Paris, 148; two of the order
empowered to levy contributions
in 1249, 150; their interview with
Grosseteste, 151; inclined in their
philosophy to favour the inductive
method, 185, n. 4; eminent, in
England, 194; eminence of the
English, at Oxford, 213, n. 1;
their tendencies in England in the
15th century, 261; deed of frater-

Frost, name of an ancient family at
Cambridge, 223

Froude, Mr., comparison drawn by,
between Oxford and Cambridge in
connexion with the royal divorce,
616; his criticism tested by docu-
mentary evidence, 617
Fuller, Tho., his view with respect
to conflagrations in the university,
137; his account of the early
hostels quoted, 218; his comments
on the visitation of archbp. Arun-
del, 288

G

Gaguinus, cited as an historical

authority by bp. Fisher, 450;
praised by Erasmus, ib. n. 2
Gairdner, Mr., his opinion on Lollard-
ism quoted, 274
Gardiner, Stephen, an active member
of Trinity Hall, 562; elected master
of, ib.; reports to king Henry on the
progress of the divorce question
at Cambridge, 618
Gaza, Theodorus, his estimate of the
translations of Aristotle by Argy-
ropulos, 406; his success as a
teacher, 429; his Greek Grammar,
430; the work used by Erasmus
at Cambridge, ib.

Geography, errors in Martianus with
respect to, 26
Geometry, nearly identical with geo-
graphy in Martianus, 25

Genesis, first chapter of, how inter-
preted by John Scotus Erigena,

41

Geneviève, St., school attached to
the church of, the germ of the
university of Paris, 75
Gerard, a bookseller at Cambridge,
friend of Erasmus, 500
Gerbert (pope Sylvester II), edition of
his works by M. Olleris, 42; his
system of notation identical with
that of the Saracens, 43; but not
derived from them, ib.; derived his
knowledge solely from Christian
writers, ib. n. 2; his method of
instruction at Rheims, 44
Germany, the country where secular

colleges were first founded, 160;
learning in, in the 15th century,
407; its character contrasted with
that of Italy, 413
'Germans,' the early Cambridge Re-
formers so called, 573
Gerson, Jean Charlier de, his prefer-
ence of Bonaventura to Aquinas,
123; educated at the college of Na-
varre, 128; the representative of a
transition period, 277; his De Mo-
dis and De Concordia, 278; illustra-
tion they afford of the results
arrived at by scholastic metaphy-
sics, ib.; these results little more
than a return to Aristotle, 279;
views of, respecting the relations
of logic to theology, ib.; circum-
stances under which these treatises
were written, 280; his ecclesiasti-
cal policy opposed at Basel by the
English Ultramontanists, 281; ob-
jected to boys being taught logic
before they could understand it,
350

Gibbon, his dictum respecting Eras-

mus's debt to Oxford, 480
Gilds, numerous at Cambridge, 247;
Toulmin Smith's description of
their character, 248; Masters' de-
scription of them open to excep.
tion, ib.

Giraldus Cambrensis, his Latinity
superior to that of a subsequent
age, 57; his comparison of the
monk with the secular priest, 86,
n. 1; description by, of the mode of
living at St. Augustine's, Canter-
bury, 87; a student at the univer-
sity of Paris, 134

Glomery, master of, received his ap
pointment from the archdeacon of
Ely, 226, n. 1; see Mag. Glom.

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Gonville, Edmund, founder of Gon-
ville Hall, a friend of the Domini-
cans, 236

Gonville Hall, foundation of, 239;
original statutes of, 240; these
statutes contrasted with those of
Trinity Hall, ib.; design of the
founder of, ib.; name of, altered
to that of the College of the
Annunciation, 245; agreement be-
tween scholars of, and those of
Trinity Hall, 246; statutes given
by bishop Bateman to, ib.; fellows
of, required to lecture ordinarie,
247; must have attended lectures
in logic for 3 years, ib.; allowance
for fellows' commons at, 254, n. 2;
a noted stronghold of the Reform-
ers, 564

Gospellers, why the early Reformers
were so called, 608, n. 2
Gough, his account of the alien
priories quoted, 304
Graduates of the university in A.D.
1489 and 1499, 319, n. 1
Grammar, how defined by Martia-
nus, 24; taught in a less me-
chanical fashion by Bernard of
Chartres, 57; a knowledge of, a
rare acquirement at the Conquest,
82; special provision for the tuition
of, at Merton College, 167; first
included in college course of
study, 238; students at King's
College required to have learned,
before coming up, 308, n. 2; course
of 'study pursued by the student
of, 341; students of, held in less
estimation, 343; the province of,
neglected for logic until the 16th
century, 344; present made to in-
ceptors in, ib.; always included as
a branch of the arts course of
study, 349; paucity of teachers of,

in the 15th century, ib. n. 3;
schools, foundation of, discouraged
in the 15th century, 349; general
decay of, ib. n. 3
Grammaticus, the, at the university
in the Middle Ages, 344; Erasmus's
description of the life of, 345
Grantbrigge, the ancient, 332
Gratian, Decretum of, 35; general
scope of the work, ib.; divisions of,
36; its general acceptance through-
out Europe, ib.; lectures on, in-
stituted by Eugenius in the 12th
century, 72; not found in the
library at Christchurch, 105
Gray, the poet, Installation Ode of,
criticism on paɛsage in, 236, n. 1;
inaccuracy in, 253, n. 1
Gray, Wm., bp. of Ely, grants a
forty days' pardon to contributors
to the repair of the conventual
church of St. Rhadegund, 320;
a pupil of Guarino at Ferrara, 397;
brings a valuable collection of
MSS. to England, ib.; its novel
elements, ib.; he bequeaths it to
Balliol College, ib.

Greek, known to Aldhelm, 8; but
slightly known by John of Salis-
bury, 57, n. 3; Lanfranc ignorant
of, 104, n. 3; grammar found in
the catalogue of the library at
Christchurch, Canterbury, 104;
scholars invited to England by
Grosseteste, 154; authors, entire
absence of, in the medieval Cam-
bridge libraries, 327; authors im-
ported into Italy in the 15th cen-
tury, 400; learning, becomes as-
sociated in the minds of many
with heresy, 405; study of, jealousy
shewn of, in fifteenth century,
482; decreed by Clement v in 14th
century, ib.; opposition shewn to,
at Basel, 486; more peacefully pur-
sued at Cambridge than at Oxford,
496, n. 3; progress of the study of,
at Cambridge, 511; authors on
which the classical lecturer of C.
C. C., Oxford, was required to lec-
ture, 521, n. 2; Croke appoint-
ed reader of, at Cambridge, 528;
arguments used by Croke in favour
of study of, 530

Greek fathers, influence of, on emi-
nent Humanists, 483; translations
of, in 15th century, ib.; spirit of
their theology, 484; ordered by bp.
Fox to be studied at C. C. C.,
Oxford, 523

Green, Dr., master of St. Catherine's
Hall, letter to, from Latimer, 584,

n. 3

Gregory the Great, his conception
of education, 6; he anticipates the
speedy end of the world, ib.; his
character too harshly judged, 7
Gregory IX, letter to, from Robt.
Grosseteste, 90; forbids the study
of Aristotle's scientific treatises at
Paris, 98; interferes on behalf
of the university of Paris, 119
Gregory XIII, pope, expunges the
more obvious forgeries in the De-
cretum of Gratian, 35
Greiswald, university of, less dis-
tracted by the nominalistic con-
troversies, 416

Grenoble, university of, formed on
the model of Bologna, 74
Grocyn, Wm., claims of, to be re-
garded as the restorer of Greek
learning in England, 479
Grosseteste, Robert, 'the age of,'
84; scant justice done by Hallam
to his memory, 84, 85; Mr Luard's
testimony to his influence, 85; his
testimony to the rapid success of
the Franciscans in England, 90;
his translation of the Testaments
of the Twelve Patriarchs, 110; a
student at the university of Paris,
134; his interview with the Fran-
ciscan messengers, 151; his death,
153; testimony of Matthew Paris
to his character, ib.; invited Greek
scholars to England, 154; despair-
ed of the existing versions of Aris-
totle, ib.; ignorant of Greek, 156;
good sense of, in sanitary questions,
339 and n. 1

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ma, ib.; the 'Irrefragable Doctor,'
118; a student at the university
of Paris, 134

Hallam, his retractation of credence
in accounts respecting the early
history of Cambridge, 66; scant
justice done by, to Jourdain's re-
searches upon the medieval Aris-
totle, 93; his observation on the
character of English literature
during the Middle Ages, 152
Hand, refutation by, of the theory
that Boethius was a martyr in the
defence of orthodoxy, 28, n. 2
Harcourt, the Collége de, restricted
to poor students, 130

Harmer, Anthony, his testimony to

the character of Wyclif, 267
Harold, earl, favours the foundation

of secular colleges, 160, 161; his
foundation at Waltham, 161; how
described in the charter of Walt-
ham, ib.; his conception at Walt-
ham revived by Walter de Merton,
163

Heeren, theory of, that the media-
val knowledge of Aristotle was not
derived from Arabic translations,
93

Hegius, school of, at Deventer, 409
Heidelberg, university of, formed

on the model of Paris, 74; division
into nations at, 79, n. 2; triumph
of the nominalists at, 417
Heimburg, Gregory, defends the new
learning at Neustadt, 408; subse-
quently rejects it, ib.
Henry 11, king, expels the seculars
at Waltham, 162

Henry III, writ of, to the sheriff of
Cambridge, 84; invites students
from Paris to come and settle in
England, 107

Henry v, his design to have given
the revenues of King's College to
Oxford, 305 and n. 2

Henry vi, resolves on the foundation

of Eton and King's College, 305;
supersedes the commission for the
statutes of King's College, 306;
provides new statutes for the col-
lege, ib.; had nothing to do with
the ejection of Millington, 307; at-
tachment to the memory of, shewn
by Margaret of Richmond, 447
Henry VII, gives permission to Mar-
garet of Richmond to found Christ's
College, 447; visits the university
in 1506, 448; attends divine ser-
vice in King's College chapel,

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learning at Venice, 430; the friend
of Linacre at Rome, 479
Hermonymus, George, a teacher of
Greek in Paris, 430
Hervey de Stanton, founds Michael-
house, 234; statutes given by, to
the foundation, Append. (D).
Herwerden, quotation from a Com-

mentatio of, 16, n. 2

Heynes, Simon, president of Queens'
College, attended meetings at the
White Horse, 573

High steward, office of, formerly ac-
companied by a salary, 584, n. 3
Hildebrand, pope, protector of Be-

rengar, 49

Hildegard, fulfilment of her pro-
phecy respecting the Mendicants,
149
Hincmar, archbp. of Rheims, accepts
the forged decretals, 34; his conse-
quent submission to Rome, ib.
Histoire Littéraire de France, criti-

cism in, on the Sentences, 64,
n. 2

Hodgson, Mr Shadworth, his essay
on Time and Space, 189, n. 1; his
agreement with Occam, ib.; quo-
tation from, on Gerson, 279, n. 1

Holbrook, John, master of Peter-
house and chancellor, appoints
proctors in the matter of the Barn-
well Process, 289; Tabula Canta-
brigienses of, 609, n. 1
Holcot, Richard, distinguishes be-
tween theological and scientific
truth, 197; censured by Mazonius,
ib. n. 2; on the neglect of theology
for the civil law, 211
Holland, a part of Lincolnshire for-
merly so called, 332, n. 1; Eras-
mus's observations on, 489
Holme, Richard, a benefactor to the
university library in the fifteenth
century, 323

Honorius 1, pope, according to the
Barnwell Process a student at
Cambridge, 239, n. 1

Honorius III, pope, forbids the study
of the civil law at Paris, 38
Horace, lectures on, by Gerbert, at
Rheims, 44

Hornby, Hen., executor to the count-
ess of Richmond for carrying out
the foundation of St. John's Col-
lege, 464; his zeal in the under-
taking, 465

of the statute of Provisors quoted,
286
Hucbald, of Liège, instructor of the
canons of St. Geneviève in Paris,
69

Hugo of St. Cher or of Vienne, his
writings frequently to be met with
in the Cambridge libraries of the
15th century, 326; the divinity
lecturer at C. C. C., Oxford, or-
dered by bp. Fox to put aside,

523

Hospital of the Brethren of St. John,
formerly stood on the site of St.
John's College, 139; foundation
of, 223; secular scholars intro-
duced into, 227; separation be-
tween the seculars and regulars at,
228; first nurtured the college
conception, ib.; its rapid decay
under the management of Wm.
Tomlyn, 424; character of the ad-
ministration at, 461; condition of,
at beginning of 16th century, 462;
dissolved by Julius 11, 467
Hostels, definition of the term as
originally used at Oxford and Cam-
bridge, 217; account of early, from
Fuller, 218; early statute respect-
ing, ib. and Append. (C); the resi-
dences of the wealthier students,
368, n. 2

Hotham, John, bp. of Ely, probably

the organiser of the foundation of
Michaelhouse, 235; his character,
ib. and n. 2

Huber, misconception of, with re-
spect to the attention originally
given to the civil law at Oxford
and Cambridge, 244, n. 2; his de-
scription of the English universities
after the suppression of Lollard-
ism, 275; errors in his statement,
ib.; his observations on the effects

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