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Aristotle, attacked by Roger Bacon,

nisation between their house and

Queens' College, 317
Frederic 11, the emperor, patronises

the new Aristotle, 98; accused of
writing De Tribus Impostoribus,
ib.; sends translations of Aris.
totle to Bologna, ib., n. 1; his
letter on the occasion, ib.; employs

Michael Scot as a translator, ib.
Free, John, one of the earliest trans-

lators of Greek authors in Eng-

land, 397
Freeman, Mr. E. A., on the preva-

lent misconception respecting earl
Harold's foundation at Waltham,
162; facts which may tend to

slightly modify his view, 163, n. 1
Freiburg, university of, compromise

between the nominalists and real-

ists at the, 417
French, students permitted to con.

verse occasionally in, 371; stu.
dents required to construe


Florence, in the fifteenth century,

contrasted with Constantinople,
388; culture of the scholars of,
389; relations of, to Constanti-

nople, 390
Fordham, John, bp. of Ely, makes

over to Peterhouse the church at

Hinton, 230
Foreman, Tho., fell. of Queens', one

of Bilney's converts, 563; his ser.

vices to his party, ib.
Fotehede, John, elected master of

Michaelhouse, 446
Founders, motives of, in medieval

times, 443
Fox, Edw., bp. of Hereford, letter by,

as royal secretary, to the univer-
sity, 611; reports to king Henry on
the progress of the divorce question

at Cambridge, 618
Fox, Rich., bp. of Winchester, bishop

of Durham in 1500, 425 ; exe-
cutor to the countess of Richmond,
464 ; Oxford sympathies of, 465;
praises Erasmus's Novum Testa.
mentum, 511; founds Corpus
Christi College, Oxford, 521; a
leader of reform at Oxford, ib.;
innovations prescribed by, at the
college, 522; his statutes largely
adopted by Fisher in his first re-
vision of the statutes of St. John's

College, ib.
France, natives of, to have the pre-

ference in elections to fellowships

at Pembroke College, 239
Franciscans, the, institution of the

order of the, 89; their rapid suc-
cess in England, 90; settle at Cam-
bridge, ib.; at Oxford under Grosse.
teste, ib.; views espoused by, with
reference to Aristotle, 117; more
numerous and influential than the
Dominicans in England, 138; es-
tablish themselves at Cambridge,
ib.; their house on the present site
of Sidney, ib.; their rivalry with
the Dominicans described by Mat-
thew Paris, 148; two of the order
empowered to levy contributions
in 1249, 150; their interview with
Grosseteste, 151; inclined in their
philosophy to favour the inductive
method, 185, n. 4; eminent, in
England, 194; eminence of the
English, at Oxford, 213, n. 1;
their tendencies in England in the
15th century, 261; deed of frater.

author into, ib.
Frost, name of an ancient family at

Cambridge, 223
Froude, Mr., comparison drawn by,

between Oxford and Cambridge in
connexion with the royal divorce,
616; his criticism tested by docu-

mentary evidence, 617
Fuller, Tho., his view with respect

to conflagrations in the university,
137; his account of the early
hostels quoted, 218; his comments
on the visitation of archbp. Arun.
del, 288

Gaguinus, cited as an historical

authority by bp. Fisher, 450 ;

praised by Erasmus, ib. n. 2
Gairdner, Mr., his opinion on Lollard.

ism quoted, 274
Gardiner, Stephen, an active member

of Trinity Hall,562 ; elected master
of, ib.; reports to king Henry on the
progress of the divorce question

at Cambridge, 618
Gaza, Theodorus, his estimate of the

translations of Aristotle by Argy.
ropulos, 406 ; his success as a
teacher, 429; his Greek Grammar,
430; the work used by Erasmus

at Cambridge, ib.
Geography, errors in Martianus with

respect to, 26
Geometry, nearly identical with geo-

graphy in Martianus, 25

Genesis, first chapter of, how inter-
preted by John Scotus Erigena,


Geneviève, St., school attached to
the church of, the germ of the
university of Paris, 75
Gerard, a bookseller at Cambridge,
friend of Erasmus, 500
Gerbert (pope Sylvester II), edition of
his works by M. Olleris, 42; his
system of notation identical with
that of the Saracens, 43; but not
derived from them, ib.; derived his
knowledge solely from Christian
writers, ib. n. 2; his method of
instruction at Rheims, 44
Germany, the country where secular

colleges were first founded, 160;
learning in, in the 15th century,
407; its character contrasted with
that of Italy, 413
'Germans,' the early Cambridge Re-
formers so called, 573
Gerson, Jean Charlier de, his prefer-
ence of Bonaventura to Aquinas,
123; educated at the college of Na-
varre, 128; the representative of a
transition period, 277; his De Mo-
dis and De Concordia, 278; illustra-
tion they afford of the results
arrived at by scholastic metaphy-
sics, ib.; these results little more
than a return to Aristotle, 279;
views of, respecting the relations
of logic to theology, ib.; circum-
stances under which these treatises
were written, 280; his ecclesiasti-
cal policy opposed at Basel by the
English Ultramontanists, 281; ob-
jected to boys being taught logic
before they could understand it,

Gibbon, his dictum respecting Eras-

mus's debt to Oxford, 480
Gilds, numerous at Cambridge, 247;
Toulmin Smith's description of
their character, 248; Masters' de-
scription of them open to excep.
tion, ib.

Giraldus Cambrensis, his Latinity
superior to that of a subsequent
age, 57; his comparison of the
monk with the secular priest, 86,
n. 1; description by, of the mode of
living at St. Augustine's, Canter-
bury, 87; a student at the univer-
sity of Paris, 134

Glomery, master of, received his ap
pointment from the archdeacon of
Ely, 226, n. 1; see Mag. Glom.

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Gonville, Edmund, founder of Gon-
ville Hall, a friend of the Domini-
cans, 236

Gonville Hall, foundation of, 239;
original statutes of, 240; these
statutes contrasted with those of
Trinity Hall, ib.; design of the
founder of, ib.; name of, altered
to that of the College of the
Annunciation, 245; agreement be-
tween scholars of, and those of
Trinity Hall, 246; statutes given
by bishop Bateman to, ib.; fellows
of, required to lecture ordinarie,
247; must have attended lectures
in logic for 3 years, ib.; allowance
for fellows' commons at, 254, n. 2;
a noted stronghold of the Reform-
ers, 564

Gospellers, why the early Reformers
were so called, 608, n. 2
Gough, his account of the alien
priories quoted, 304
Graduates of the university in A.D.
1489 and 1499, 319, n. 1
Grammar, how defined by Martia-
nus, 24; taught in a less me-
chanical fashion by Bernard of
Chartres, 57; a knowledge of, a
rare acquirement at the Conquest,
82; special provision for the tuition
of, at Merton College, 167; first
included in college course of
study, 238; students at King's
College required to have learned,
before coming up, 308, n. 2; course
of 'study pursued by the student
of, 341; students of, held in less
estimation, 343; the province of,
neglected for logic until the 16th
century, 344; present made to in-
ceptors in, ib.; always included as
a branch of the arts course of
study, 349; paucity of teachers of,

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in the 15th century, ib. n. 3;
schools, foundation of discouraged
in the 15th century, 349; general

decay of, ib. n. 3
Grammaticus, the, at the university

in the Middle Ages, 344; Erasmus's

description of the life of, 345
Grantbrigge, the ancient, 332
Gratian, Decretum of, 35; general

scope of the work, ib.; divisions of,
36; its general acceptance through-
out Europe, ib.; lectures on, in-
stituted by Eugenius in the 12th
century, 72; not found in the

library at Christchurch, 105
Gray, the poet, Installation Ode of,

criticism on paesage in, 236, n. 1;

inaccuracy in, 253, n. 1
Gray, Wm., bp. of Ely, grants a

forty days' pardon to contributors
to the repair of the conventual
church of St. Rhadegund, 320;
a pupil of Guarino at Ferrara, 397;
brings a valuable collection of
MSS. to England, ib.; its novel
elements, ib.; he bequeaths it to

Balliol College, ib.
Greek, known to Aldhelm, 8; but

slightly known by John of Salis.
bury, 57, n. 3; Lanfranc ignorant
of, 104, n. 3; grammar found in
the catalogue of the library at
Christchurch, Canterbury, 104;
scholars invited to England by
Grosseteste, 154; authors, entire
absence of, in the mediæval Cam.
bridge libraries, 327; authors im-
ported into Italy in the 15th cen.
tury, 400; learning, becomes as.
sociated in the minds of many
with heresy, 405; study of, jealousy
shewn of, in fifteenth century,
482; decreed by Clement vin 14th
century, ib.; opposition shewn to,
at Basel, 486; more peacefully pur.
sued at Cambridge than at Oxford,
496, n. 3; progress of the study of,
at Cambridge, 511; authors on
which the classical lecturer of C.
C. C., Oxford, was required to lec-
ture, 521, n. 2; Croke appoint-
ed reader of, at Cambridge, 528;
arguments used by Croke in favour

of study of, 530
Greek fathers, influence of, on emi.

nent Humanists, 483; translations
of, in 15th century, ib. ; spirit of
their theology, 484; ordered by bp.
Fox to be studied at C. C. C.,
Oxford, 523

Gregory the Great, his conception

of education, 6; he anticipates the
speedy end of the world, ib.; his

character too harshly judged, 7
Gregory ix, letter to, froin Robt.

Grosseteste, 90; forbids the study
of Aristotle's scientific treatises at
Paris, 98; interferes on behalf

of the university of Paris, 119
Gregory XIII, pope, expunges the

more obvious forgeries in the De-

cretum of Gratian, 35
Greiswald, university of, less dis-

tracted by the nominalistic con.

troversies, 416
Grenoble, university of, formed ou

the model of Bologna, 74
Grocyn, Wm., claims of, to be re-

garded as the restorer of Greek

learning in England, 479
Grosseteste, Robert, 'the age of,'

84; scant justice done by Hallam
to his memory, 84, 85; Mr Luard's
testimony to his influence, 85; his
testimony to the rapid success of
the Franciscans in England, 90;
his translation of the Testaments
of the Twelve Patriarchs, 110; a
student at the university of Paris,
134; his interview with the Fran-
ciscan messengers, 151; his death,
153; testimony of Matthew Paris
to his character, ib.; invited Greek
scholars to England, 154; despair.
ed of the existing versions of Aris.
totle, ib.; ignorant of Greek, 156;
good sense of, in sanitary questions,

339 and n. 1
Grote, Mr., his essay on the Psy.

chology of Aristotle, 116, n. 1
Gualterus, his denunciation of the

Sentences, 62
Guarino, the disciple and successor

of Chrysoloras, 396; his success as

a teacher, ib.; his death, 398
Guilds, see Gilds

Hacomblene, Robt., provost of King's

College, author of a commentary
on Aristotle, 426
Hales, Alexander, an Englishman,

113; the first to comment on the
Sentences, 117, n. 3; a teacher at
Paris, 117; commentary on the
Metaphysics not by, ib. ; his Sum-

ma, ib.; the 'Irrefragable Doctor,'
118; a student at the university

of Paris, 134
Hallam, his retractation of credence

in accounts respecting the early
history of Cambridge, 66; scant
justice done by, to Jourdain's re-
searches upon the mediæval Aris.
totle, 93; his observation on the
character of English literatare

during the Middle Ages, 152
Hand, refutation by, of the theory

that Boethius was a martyr in the

defence of orthodoxy, 28, n. 2
Harcourt, the Collége de, restricted

to poor students, 130
Harmer, Anthony, his testimony to

the character of Wyclif, 267
Harold, earl, favours the foundation

of secular colleges, 160, 161; his
foundation at Waltham, 161; how
described in the charter of Walt-
ham, ib.; his conception at Walt-
ham revived by Walter de Merton,

Heeren, theory of, that the mediæ.

val knowledge of Aristotle was not
derived from Arabic translations,

Hegius, school of, at Deventer, 409
Heidelberg, university of, formed

on the model of Paris, 74; division
into nations at, 79, n. 2; triumph

of the nominalists at, 417
Heimburg, Gregory, defends the new

learning at Neustadt, 408; subse-
quently rejects it, ib.
Henry ii, king, expels the seculars

at Waltham, 162
Henry III, writ of, to the sheriff of

Cambridge, 84; invites students
from Paris to come and settle in
England, 107
Henry v, his design to have given

the revenues of King's College to

Oxford, 305 and n. 2
Henry vi, resolves on the foundation

of Eton and King's College, 305;
supersedes the commission for the
statutes of King's College, 306;
provides new statutes for the col.
lege, ib.; had nothing to do with
the ejection of Millington, 307; at-
tachment to the memory of, shewn

by Margaret of Richmond, 447
Henry vii, gives permission to Mar.

garet of Richmond to found Christ's
College, 447; visits the university
in 1506, 448; attends divine ser.
vice in King's College chapel,

451; his bequests towards the com-
pletion of the edifice, 452; gives
his assent to the revocation by the
lady Margaret of her grants to
Westminster Abbey, 462; his

death, 463
Henry vill, refusal of, to sanction

the spoliation of St. John's Col-
lege, 461; disinclined to surrender
the estates bequeathed by the lady
Margaret, 466; decrees that those
who choose to study Greek at Ox-
ford shall not be molested, 526;
treatise of, against Luther, 572;
stops the controversy between Lati.
mer and Buckenham at Cambridge,
611; menaces Oxford, 616; letter
of, to the university of Cambridge,

Henry, sir, of Clement's hostel, a

reputed conjurer, 608; visited by
Stafford, 609; burns his conjuring

books, ib.
Heppe, Dr., on the state of educa.

tion in the monasteries of the 13th

century, 70, n. 2
Heretics' Hill, a walk frequented by

Bilney and Latimer so called, 582
Hermann, a translator of Aristotle

attacked by Roger Bacon, 155
Hermolaus Barbarus, his services to

learning at Venice, 430; the friend

of Linacre at Rome, 479
Hermonymus, George, a teacher of

Greek in Paris, 430
Hervey de Stanton, founds Michael.

house, 234; statutes given by, to
the foundation, Append. (D).
Herwerden, quotation from a Com-

mentatio of, 16, n. 2
Heynes, Simon, president of Queens'

College, attended meetings at the

White Horse, 573
High steward, office of, formerly ac-

companied by a salary, 584, n. 3
Hildebrand, pope, protector of Be-

rengar, 49
Hildegard, fulfilment of her pro-

phecy respecting the Mendicants,

Hincmar, archbp. of Rheims, accepts

the forged decretals, 34; his conse-

quent submission to Rome, ib.
Histoire Littéraire de France, criti.

cism in, on the Sentences, 64,

n. 2

Hodgson, Mr Shadworth, his essay

on Time and Space, 189, n. 1; his
agreement with Occam, ib.; quo-
tation from, on Gerson, 279, n. 1

Holbrook, John, master of Peter. of the statute of Provisors quoted,

house and chancellor, appoints 286
proctors in the matter of the Barn. Hucbald, of Liège, instructor of the
well Process, 289; Tabulce Canta- canons of St. Geneviève in Paris,
brigienses of, 609, n. 1

Holcot, Richard, distinguishes be. Hugo of St. Cher or of Vienne, his

tween theological and scientific writings frequently to be met with
truth, 197; censured by Mazonius, in the Cambridge libraries of the
ib. n. 2; on the neglect of theology 15th century, 326; the divinity
for the civil law, 211

lecturer at C. C. C., Oxford, or.
Holland, a part of Lincolnshire for. dered by bp. Fox to put aside,

merly so called, 332, n. 1; Eras. 523
mus's observations on, 489

Hugo of St. Victor, his writings fre-
Holme, Richard, a benefactor to the quently to be found in the Cam.

university library in the fifteenth bridge libraries of the 15th cen-
century, 323

tury, 326; contempt of Erasmus
Honorius I, pope, according to the for, 502

Barnwell Process & student at Humanists, the, spirit of their stu-
Cambridge, 239, n. 1

dies contrasted with the preceding
Honorius III, pope, forbids the study learning, 380; few of, to be found
of the civil law at Paris, 38

among the religious orders, 416;
Horace, lectures on, by Gerbert, at their position and policy with re-
Rheims, 44

spect to the old learning, 417; vic-
Hornby, Hen., executor to the count- tories of, 421; hopes of, prior to

ess of Richmond for carrying out the Reformation, 559
the foundation of St. John's Col. Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, in-
lege, 464; his zeal in the under- duces Leonardo Bruni to translate
taking, 465

the Politics of Aristotle, 388; his
Hospital of the Brethren of St. John, bequests to Oxford, 399

formerly stood on the site of St.
John's College, 139; foundation
of, 223; secular scholars intro-

duced into, 227; separation be-
tween the seculars and regulars at, Incepting, meaning of the term ex.
228; first nurtured the college plained, 355; account of the cere-
conception, ib.; its rapid decay mony, ib.; heavy expenses in.
under the management of Wm. curred at, 356; for others, 358
Tomlyn, 424; character of the ad. Ingulphus, discredit attaching to the
ministration at, 461; condition of, chronicle of, 66, n. 3
at beginning of 16th century, 462; Injunctions, the royal, to the uni.
dissolved by Julius II, 467

versity, in 1535, 629
Hostels, definition of the term as Innate ideas, theory of, rejected by

originally used at Oxford and Cam. the teachers of the early Latin
bridge, 217; account of early, from Church, 192
Fuller, 218; early statute respect- Innocent III, pope, forbids the study
ing, ib. and Append. (C); the resi. of the civil law, 38
dences of the wealthier students, Innocent iv, pope, subjects the Men-
368, n. 2

dicants at Paris to episcopal autho.
Hotham, John, bp. of Ely, probably rity, 119; empowers the Francis-

the organiser of the foundation of cans to levy contributions, 150
Michaelhouse, 235; his character, Intentio secunda, theory of the, 181;
ib. and n. 2

Arabian theory of, ib.
Huber, misconception of, with re- Irnerius, his lectures at Bologna on

spect to the attention originally the civil law, 36; the real founder
given to the civil law at Oxford of that university, 72
and Cambridge, 244, n. 2; his de- Isidorus, a text-book during the Mid.
scription of the English universities dle Ages, 21; the Origines of, 31;
after the suppression of Lollard- novel feature in, ib.; De Officiis
ism, 275; errors in his statement, of, 33; copy of, at the library at
ib.; his observations on the effects Bec, 100; quoted by Roger Bacon,

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