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to distinguish the use and abuse

of astronomy, 159
Islip, Simon, archbp. of Canterbury,

plan of, resembling that of Hugh
Balsham, 265; attempts to com-
bine seculars and regulars at Can.
terbury Hall, 266; expels the

monks, ib.
Italy, universities of, formed on

the model of Bologna, 74; pro-
gress of learning in, in the latter
part of the 15th century, 428;
general depravity of, in the 16th
century, 431; praise bestowed by
Erasmus on, 474; character of her
scholarship in the early part of
16th century, 475 and 11. 3

J

James, Tho. (Bodleian librarian),

his extravagant estimate of the

fourteenth century, 205, n. 2
Jerome, St., originator of monasticism

in the Latin Church, 3; Vulgate of,
much used in the Middle Ages, 22;
preferred by Erasmus to Augustine,
501; denounced by Luther as a

heretic, 598 and n. 3
Jesus College, foundation of, 320;

succeeds to the dissolved nunnery
of St. Rhadegund, 321; the site
originally not included in Cam-
bridge, ib. n. 3; statutes of, given
by Stanley, bp. of Ely, 321; sub-
sequently considerably altered by
bp. West, ib.; oath required of
master of, 454; oath required of
fellows of, 455; election of Cran-
mer to a fellowship at, when a

widower, 612, n. 3
Jews, the, instrumental in intro.

ducing the Arabian commentators

into Christian Europe, 91
Johannes à Lapide, maintains the

realistic cause at Basel, 417
John of Salisbury, see Salisbury
John Scotus Erigena, see Erigena
John the Deaf, pupil of Drogo, 70;

instructor of Roscellinus, ib.
John XXII, pope, recognises Cam.

bridge as a studium generale, 145
Jonson, Ben, his allusion to William

Shyreswood, the logician, quoted,

177
Jordanus, general of the Dominican

order at Paris, 107
Jourdain, M. Amable, his essay on

the Latin translations of Aristotle,
93; method employed by him in

his investigations, ib.; conclusions

arrived at by, 94
Jourdain, M. Charles, testimony of,

to the completeness of his father's
researches in reference to the Latin

translations of Aristotle, 93, n. 1
Joye, George, fell. of Peterhouse,

accused of studying Origen, 598,
n. 4; his flight to Strassburg, 605 ;

character of, 606
Julianus, Andreas, pronounces the

funeral oration of Chrysoloras,

396
Julius 11, pope, dissolves the Hos-

pital of St. John, 467
Justinian, code of, survives the dis-

ruption of the Empire, 36
Juvenal, lectures on, by Gerbert at

Rheims, 44; four copies of, in
library of Christchurch, Canter.
bury, 104

K
Kemble, Mr., on the Benedictines in

England, 81
Kilkenny, William of, a benefactor

of the Hospital of St. John the
Evangelist, 223; founder of the
earliest university exhibition, ib.
Kilwardby, archbp. of Canterbury,

condemnation of doctrines of Aver.
röes under, 121; a student at the

university of Paris, 134
King's College, scholars of, forbidden

to favour the doctrines of Wyclif
or Pecock, 296, n. 4; foundation of,
by Henry vi, 305; endowments of,
largely taken from the alien prio.
ries, ib.; statutes of, 306; com.
missioners appointed to prepare
the statutes of, ib.; their resigna.
tion, ib.; William Millington first
provost of, ib.; his ejection, ib.;
statutes of, borrowed from those of
New College, 307; their character,
ib.; attributed to Chedworth by
some, by Mr. Williams to Wain-
fleet, ib. n. 1; provisions of the
statutes of, 308; verbosity of the
statutes of, ib. n. 1; students at,
must have already gained a know-
ledge of grammar, ib. n. 2; special
privileges and exemptions granted
to, 309; bequest to, by cardinal
Beaufort, 310; struggle between
the scholars of, and the university,
ib.; final victory of the college in
1457, ib.; effects of these privileges
on the character of the foundation,
311; its discipline more monastic

than that of any other Cambridge the classical lecturer of C. C.
college, ib. n. 2; wealth of the C., Oxford, was required by bp.
foundation, 312 and n. 1; Wood- Fox to lecture, 521, n. 2
lark, provost of, 317; precedent Latimer, Hugh, fell. of Clare, cha-
contained in statutes of, for oath racter given by, to Bilney, 362;
against dispensations, 456

his early career and character,
King's College chapel, erection of, 581; he attacks Melanchthon, ib.;
451, n. 1

his position in the university, ib.;
King's Hall, foundation of, 252; is converted by Bilney, ib.; his

early statutes of, given by Richard intimacy with Bilney, 582; effects
II, 253 ; limitation as to age in, of his example, ib.; his sermon
ib.; other provisions in, 254; the before West, 583; evades West's
foundation probably designed for request that he will preach against
sons of the wealthier classes, ib. ; Luther, ib.; is inhibited by him
liberal allowance for commons at, from preaching, 584; preaches in
ib.; not visited by commission of the church of the Augustinian
archbp. Arundel, 258, n. 1; irregu. friars, ib.; is summoned before
larities at, in 14th century, 288 Wolsey in London, ib.; is licensed

by the cardinal to preach, ib.; ne-
L

gotiates respecting the appoint-
Lactantius, resemblance of the Li- ment to the high stewardship, ib.

bellus de Antichristo to his Insti. n. 3; Sermons on the Card by, 609;
tutions, 16, n. 1

controversy of, with Buckenham,
Lambert, John, fell. of Queens', one 610; favored the king's cause' in
of Bilney's converts, 563

the question of the divorce, 611
Lancaster, duke of, "alderman' of Latimer, Wm., declines the office of

the gild of Corpus Christi at Cam. Greek preceptor to bp. Fisher, 519
bridge, 249

Launoy, in error with respect to the
Lanfranc, archbp. of Canterbury, particular writings of Aristotle first

hostile to pagan learning, 18; his condemned at Paris, 97, n. 1
opposition to Berengar, 47; his Lavater, criticism of, on the portraits
views contrasted with those of of Erasmus, 490
Berengar, 48; his Latinity supe. Laymen, not recognisable as an ele-
rior to that of a subsequent age, ment in the original universities,
57; founds secular canons at St. 166, n. 1
Gregory's, 163, n. 1

Lechler, Dr., his comparison of Oc.
Langham, Simon, archbishop of cam with Bradwardine, 205, n. 1;

Canterbury, expels the seculars on Wyclif's original sentiments to.
from Canterbury Hall, 266

wards the Mendicants, 269, n. 1
Langton, John, chancellor of the Le Clerc, M. Victor, his favorable

university, resigns his appoint- view of the knowledge of Latin
ment as commissioner at King's literature in the Middle Ages, 21,
College, 306; his motives in so n. 1; statement by, respecting the
doing, 309

prevalence of the civil law, 38, n.
Langton, Stephen, a student at the 1; on the continuance of the mo-
university of Paris, 134

nastic and episcopal schools sub.
Languedoc, its common law founded sequent to the university era, 70,
upon the civil law, 38, n. 1

n. 2; on the secular associations
Laon, Collége de, a foundation of of the university of Paris, 79, 80;
the 14th century in Paris, 128

his account of the early colleges at
Lascaris, Constantine, his success as Paris, 129–31; his argument in

a teacher at Messana, 430; his reply to Petrarch quoted, 214, n. 1
Greek Grammar, 431

Lectures, designed to prepare the
Latin, importance of a knowledge of, student for disputations, 361;

at the medieval universities, 139; ordered to be given in Christ's
style of writers before the thir. College in long vacation, 460
teenth century compared with that Lecturing, ordinarie, cursorie, and
of those of a later date, 171, n. 1; extraordinarie, explained, 358 and
its colloquial use among students Append. (E); two principal modes
imperative, 371; authors on which

of, 359

Lee, archbp., alarm of, on the ap- preferred Quintilian's style to that

pearance of Tyndale's New Testa. of Cicero, 529, n. 1 ; death of, 602
ment, 599

Lisieux, Collége de, foundation of,
Legere, meaning of the term, 74

129
Leipsic, university of, division into 'Little Logicals,' the, much studied

*pations'at, 79, n. 2; foundation of, at Cambridge before the time of
282, n. 2; adopts the curriculum of Erasmus, 515; see Parva Logi.
study at Prague, ib.; less distracted calia
by the nominalistic controversies, LL.D., origin of the title, 39

416; fame of R. Croke at, 527 Logic, conclusions of, regarded by
Leland, John, on the intercourse be- Lanfranc as to be subordinated to
tween Paris and Oxford, 134

authority, 47; pernicious effects
Leo x, proclamation of indulgences of too exclusive attention to, 48;
by, in 1516, 556

proficiency in, required of candi.
Léon Maitre, on the decline of the dates for fellowships at Peterhouse,

episcopal and monastic schools, 231; works on, less common than

68, n. 1; his theory denied, 69 might be expected in the mediæval
Lever, Tho., master of St John's, his Cambridge libraries, 326; increased

sermon at Paul's Cross quoted, 368, attention given to, with the intro-
n. 2; quoted in illustration of col- duction of the Nova Ars, 343; and
lege life, 370

with that of the Summulæ, ib. ;
Lewes, Mr. G. H., his supposition baneful effects of excessive atten.

respecting the use of Lucretius in tion formerly given to, 365; trea-
the Middle Ages, 21, n. 1; his criti. tise on, by Rudolphus Agricola, 410,
cism of Isidorus, 31; criticism of 412; extravagant demands of the
his application of Cousin's dictum defenders of the old, 516
respecting the origin of the scho- Lollardism at Cambridge, 259; ex-
lastic philosophy, 50; his miscon- travagances of the later professors
ception of the origin of the dispute of, 273; not the commencement of
respecting Universals, 54 and n. 2; the Reformation, 274; brings popu.
notice of Roger Bacon's opinions lar preaching under suspicion, 438
by, 114, n. 2

Lombard, Peter, the compiler of the
Libraries, destruction of those found. Sentences, 59; archbp. of Paris,

ed by Theodore, Hadrian, and ib.; accused of plagiarism from
Benedict by the Danes, 81; college, Abelard, ib. n. 2; thought to have
their contents in the fourteenth copied Pullen, ib.; honour paid to
and fifteenth centuries, 325, 370; his memory, 63; a pupil of Abe-
see University Library

lard, 77, n. 1
Library presented to Trinity Hall by Lorraine, foundation of secular col-
bishop Bateman, 243

leges in, 160
Lily, Wm., regarded by Polydore Louis of Bavaria, shelters Occam on

Virgil as the true restorer of Greek his flight from Avignon, 195
learning in England, 480

Louis, St., his admiration of the
Linacre lectureships, foundation of, Mendicant orders, 89

603; misapplication of estates of, Louvain, university of, foundation
ib. n. 2; present regulations con- of, 282, n. 2; site of, chosen by
cerning, ib.

the duke of Brabant on account
Linacre, Wm., pupil of Selling at of its natural advantages, 339,

Christchurch, Canterbury, 478; and n. 3; praised by Erasmus, 476;
of Vitelli at Oxford, ib.; accompanies character of its theology, ib.;
Selling to Italy, ib.; becomes a foundation of the collegium tri.
pupil of Politian at Florence, ib.; lingue at, 565; conduct of the con.
makes the acquaintance of Hermo- servative party at, 566 and n. 1
laus Barbarus at Rome, 479; pro- Lovell, sir Tho., executor to the
bable results of this intimacy, ib.; countess of Richmond, 464; his
his return to Oxford, ib.; his character by Cavendish, 465
claims to be regarded as the re- Luard, Mr., on the forgeries that im.
storer of Greek learning in Eng. posed upon Grosseteste, 110
land, 480; obligations of Erasmus Lucan, lectures on, by Gerbert, at
to, ib.; a staunch Aristotelian, 481; Rheims, 44

Lupus, bishop of Ferrières, his la- lège de Montaigu, 368; alleged

ment over the low state of learn. reason of his choice of Christ's
ing in his age; 20; his literary College, 445
activity, ib.

Malden, prof., on the various appli.
Luther, Martin, his observation on cations of the term Universitas,

Erasmus, 488; early treatises of, 71; on the sanction of the pope as
569; advises the rejection of the necessary to the catholicity of a
Sentences, ib. n. 1; and also of the university degree, 78
moral and natural treatises of Malmesbury, William of, his com-
Aristotle, ib.; rapid spread of his ment on the state of learning in
doctrines in England, 570; his England after the death of Bede, 81
writings submitted to the decision Manlius, see Boethius
of the Sorbonne, ib.; condemned Mansel, dean, his dictum respecting
by them to be burnt, ib. n. 1; nominalism and scholasticism, 197
Wolsey considers himself not au- Manuscripts, ancient, preservation
thorised to burn them, ib.; burns of, largely due to Charlemagne, 15
the papal bull at Wittenberg, ib.; Map, Walter, a satirist of the Cis.
his writings submitted to the Lon. tercians, 86, n. 1
don Conference, 571; condemned Margaret, the lady, countess of Rich-
by the Conference, ib.; burnt at mond, her lineage described by
Paul's Cross, ib.; and at Oxford Baker, 434; appoints Fisher her
and Cambridge, ib.; absorbing at- confessor, 435; her character, ib.;
tention given to his writings founds a professorship of divinity
throughout Europe, 585; his doc- at both universities, ib.; founds &
trines frighten the moderate party preachership at Cambridge, 440;
into conservatism, 589; his con. her design in connexion with West-
troversy with Erasmus, ib.

minster Abbey, 444; founds Christ's
Lydgate, John, verses of, on Founda- College, 446; visits the university
tion of the university of Cam- in 1505, 448; visits it a second
bridge, Append. (A)

time in 1506, ib.; anecdote told by
Lyons, council of, decrees that only Fuller respecting, ib. n. 2; pro-
the four chief orders of Mendi- poses to found St. John's College,

cants shall continue to exist, 228 462 ; obtains consent of king Henry
Lyttelton, lord, causes to which the to the revocation of her grants to

aggrandisement of the monasteries Westminster Abbey, ib.; her death,
in England is attributed by, 87 463 ; her statue in Westminster

Abbey, ib.; her epitaph by Eras-
M

mus, ib.; funeral sermon for, by

Fisher, ib.; her character, 464;
Macaulay, lord, on Norman in. her executors, ib.

fluences in England prior to the Margaret, lady, preachership, found.
Conquest, 67

ed, 440; regulations of, ib.
Macrobius, correction of copy of, by Margaret, lady, professorship, found.

a correspondent of Lupus of Ferri. ed, 435; original endowment of,
ères, 20; numerous opies of, in 436; regulation of, ib.
libraries of Bec and Christchurch, Marisco, Adam de, a teacher of Wal.
Canterbury, 104

ter de Merton, 163; nominated by
Magister Glomeria, duties perform- Hen. III to the bishoprio of Ely,

ed by the, 140; nature of his 223; his death, 224; compared
functions, 340

with Hugh Balsham, ib.; warmly
Maimonides, Moses, his Dux Per. praised by Roger Bacon, ib. n. 2

plexorum much used by Aquinas, Marsh, bp., misconception of, with
· 113

reference to Tyndale's New Testa-
Maitland, Dr., his defence of the ment, 569 and n. 3

medieval theory with respect to Martianus, Capella, his treatise De
the pursuit of secular learning, 18 Nuptiis, 23; course of study de.
Maitre, Léon, on the revival at the scribed therein, 24; his errors in

commencement of the eleventh geography, 26; compared with
century, 46, n. 1

Boethius, 27; copies of, at Christ-
Major, John, a resident at the Col. church, Canterbury, 100

Martin v, pope, issues the bull in university statutes claimed by,
the Barnwell Process, 288

ib. n. 1; advantages possessed by,
Mass, the, fellows required to qualify over the university in respect of

themselves for celebration of, 243 accommodation for lectures, 300;
Master of a college, limited restric- immunities claimed by, perhaps

tions originally imposed on the formed a precedent for those
authority of, 372; the office often claimed by King's College, 310
combined with other preferments, Mercator, forgery of Decretals by,
ib.; restrictions imposed on his 34
authority at Christ's College, 454; Merlin, his prophecy respecting Or.
oath required of, at Jesus College, ford and Stamford, 135
ib.

Merton College, foundation of, 160;
Mathematics, importance attached to distinguished from monastic found-

the study of, by Roger Bacon, 158; ations, 166; character of the edu-
studies in, in 14th and 15th cen- cation at, 167; designed to sup-
turies, 351

port only those actually engaged
Maurice, prof., his view of the in- in study, 168; its statutes the mo-

fluence of the schools of Charle. del for other colleges, ib.; emi.
magne, 40, n. 1; criticism of the nence of its students, 169
philosophy of John Scotus Eri. Merton, Walter de, revives earl Ha.
gena by, 41; twelfth century cha- rold's conception of secular col.
racterised by, 58; his criticism of leges, 163; his character, ib.; ne-
the Sentences quoted, 61; on the ture of his design, 164
contrast between the Dominicans Metcalfe, Nich., prosperity of St.
and Franciscans, 89, n. 1

John's College under rule of, 623
Mayence, archbp. of, a patron of Michaelhouse, foundation of, 234;
Richard Croke, 532

early statutes of, the earliest col-
Mayronius, a scholastic text-book in lege statutes in the university, ib.;
the English universities, 186

printed in Appendix (D), ib. n. 2;
M.D., former requirements for the qualifications required in candi
degree of, 365

dates for fellowships at, 234; pro-
Medicine, a flourishing study in Mer- minence given to religious services

ton College in the fifteenth cen- at, 235; John Fisher entered at,

tury, 168; see Linacre Lectures 422; prosperity of, in the 15th cen.
Melanchthon, Philip, oration of, at

tury, 424
Wittenberg, 537; arguments of, in Michaud, on the influence of the
favour of the study of arithmetic, Crusades, 88, n. 1
592 ; study his works enjoined Migrations, from Cambridge and Ox-
at Cambridge, 630

ford, 134; from universities, op.
Molton, Wm. de, master of Michael. posed on principle, 334
house, 422

Millennium, anticipations excited by
Mendicant orders, institution of the, close of the, 45

88–91; spirit of the, compared Millington, Wm., first provost of
with that of the Benedictines, 89; King's, 295; his character, ib. and n.
contrasted by prof. Maurice, 81, 3; opposed to Reginald Pecock, ib.;
n. 1; rapid extension of, 90; their refuses his assent to the new sta-
conduct at Paris, 106, 119; rapid tutes and is expelled, 306; his
decline of their popularity, 146; reasons for dissatisfaction, accord.
their conduct as described by Mat- ing to Cole, ib. n. 2; appointed by
thew Paris, 147; their contempt king Henry to draw up statutes of
for the monastic orders, 149; their Queens' College, ib.; unable to as-
rapid degeneracy, 151; their pro- sent to the proposed independence
selytism among young students, of the university claimed by King's
221; their policy at the universi. College, 306, 309
ties, 262; their defeat at Oxford, Milman, dean, criticism of the False
ib.; statute against them at Cam. Decretals by, 34; on the influence
bridge, 263; their appeal to par.

of the Pseudo-Dionysius, 42; on
liament, ib.; the statute rescinded, the inevitable tendency of philoso-
ib.; exclusive privileges gained' by, phic speculation to revert to in.
20+; nature of exemptions from quiries concerning the Supreme

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