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Quintilian, Institutes of, Lupas of

Ferrières writes for a copy of, 20;
studied as a model under Bernard
of Chartres, 57; style of, imi.
tated by Croke, 529; preferred by

Linacre to that of Cicero, ib. n. 1
Quirinus, his lament on the destruc-

tion of the literary treasures of
Constantinople, 400


Priories, alien, appropriation of the

revenues of, to endow colleges, 303 ;
Gough's account of, 304; first se-
questration of their estates, ib.;
act for the suppression of, in 1402,
ib.; confiscation of, by archbp.

Chicheley, 305
Priscian, an authority in the Middle

Ages, 22; numerous copies of, at

Christchurch, Canterbury, 104
Proctors, the two, collected the votes

of the regents, 143; empowered to
call a congregation, ib.; their dif-

ferent functions, 144
Professors at the university of Bo-

logna, 73
Provisors, statute of, its operation

unfavorable to the university,
284; Huber's comments on the

fact, 286; Lingard's ditto, ib., n, 1
Psellus, Michael Constantine, 176;

his treatise on logic, ib.; transla-
tion of the same by Petrus His-

panus, ib.
Public Orator, Richard Croke elected

first, 539; privileges of the office,

Pullen, Robt., his work supposed to

have suggested the Sentences, 59,
n. 2; his Sentences compared with
those of Peter Lombard, 83; use
to which his name is put by An-
thony Wood, ib. ; account of his
teaching by the same, ib.; a stu-
dent at the university of Paris,

• Pythagoras, the school of,' period

to which it belongs, 332

Quadrivium of the Roman schools,

Rabanus Maurus, pupil of Alcuin at

Tours, 54; gloss by, on Boethius,
erroneously quoted by Mr. Lewes,
ib.; the gloss quoted, ib. 11. 2; his
commentary on Boethius, accord-
ing to Cousin, proves that the dis-
pute respecting Universals was
familiar to the ninth century, 55,
n. 1; sustains the tradition of
Alcuin's teaching, 69; according
to bp. Fisher, educated at Cam-

bridge, 450
Rancé, De, his attack on the study of

the classics, 18
Ratramnus, opposes doctrine of real

presence maintained by Paschasius,
40; Ridley's testimony to his in.

fluence, ib. n. 3
Realism, doctrines of, favored a be-

lief in the doctrine of the Trinity,

Reason, the, inadequacy of, accord-

ing to Aquinas in attaining to

truth, 111
Rectors at the university of Bologna,

Rede, sir Robt., fellow of King's

Hall, 518
Rede lectureships, foundation of,

Reformation, the, took its rise in Eng-

land, partly from opposition to the
canon law, 36; its relations to the
new learning in Italy and in Ger.
many compared, 414 ; different
theories respecting the origin of,
553 ; began in England at Cam-
bridge, 554; not a developement
from Lollardism, 555; to be traced
to the influence of Erasmus's Greek
Testament, ib.; its spread in the

eastern counties, 563, n. 3
Reformers, the Cambridge, meetings

of, 572 ; chief names among, 573;
character of the proceedings of,
ib.; not all young men, 574; their
meetings reported in London, 575;

Queens' College, scholars of, forbid.

den to embrace the doctrines of
Wyclif or Pecock, 297, n. 1; found-
ation of, 312; first founded as
Queen's College in 1418, 315 ;
statutes of, given by Elizabeth
Woodville in 1475, ib.; first pro-
perly styled Queens' College, 316 ;
statutes of, given at petition of
Andrew Doket, ib. ; studies and
lectureships at, ib.; early catalogue
of the library of, 324; bp. Fisher
appointed to the presidency of, 446;

residence of Erasmus at, 472
Questionist, the, meaning of the term

explained, 352 ; ceremony observed
by, 353

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desert the theology of Erasmus,
598; treatment of, by Wolsey at
Oxford, 604; proceedings against,

at Cambridge, 605
Regents, distinguished from the non-

regents, with respect to their legis.
lative powers, 142; the acting body
of teachers in the university, ib.;
their admission to the governing
body forfeited on their ceasing to
teach, 142, 145; position of, in re-

lation to the academic body, 358
Rémusat, M., his description of the

theology of St. Anselm quoted,
64, n. 1; observation on portion
of the catalogue of the library at

Bec, 100, n. 1
Remy of Auxerre, sustains the tra-

dition of Alcuin's teaching, 69
Renan, M., his account of the nu.

merous preceding versions through
which the Latin translations of
Aristotle from the Arabic were
derived, 95, 96; enumeration of
the Arabian heresies by, 117; his
criticism on the doctrines con-
demned by Etienne Tempier, 121,

n. 1
Reuchlin, John, attends a lecture of

Argyropulos, 407; admiration of,
for Gregory of Nazianzum, 484; his
knowledge of Greek denounced by
the older members of the univer-

sity of Basel, 486
Rheims, lectures at, by Gerbert, 44;

migration to, from Paris in 1228,

Rhetoric, the study of, as treated of

in Martianus, 25; taught by Ger-
bert at Rheims, 44; taught in a
less mechanical fashion by Ber-
nard of Chartres, 57; a lecturer
on, appointed in statutes of Christ's

College, 459
Richard, abbat of Preaux, his writings

found in the catalogue of the
library at Christchurch, 104; his

works, ib. n. 2
Richerus, his History of his Times,

42; his account of Gerbert's method
of instruction at Rheims, 44; his
misconception respecting the To.

pica of Cicero, ib. n. 2
Ridley, Robt., uncle of the Reformer,

one of Barnes' opponents, 577
Ridley, Nich., complaint of, respect.

ing Tyndale's New Testament, 600
Rome, Erasmus's observations on,

Ruscellinus, his nominalistic views

St. Amour, William, attacks the

Mendicants at Paris, 119; his
Perils of the Last Times, ib. ; ar-
raignment of, before the archbp.
of Paris, ib.; his book burnt, 120;

his retirement into exile, ib.
St. Basil, his statement that Plato

selected the site of his Academy
for its unhealthiness, quoted, 338,

n. 1
St. Benet, the church of, probably

once the centre of a distinct vil.

lage, 333
St. Bernard, foundation of college of,

314; charter of its foundation re-
scinded, ib.; founded by Henry vi,

St. Catherine's Hall, foundation of,

317; study of canon and civil law
forbidden at, 318; contrast in the
conception the college to that.
of Trinity Hall, ib.; the college
designed to educate the secular
clergy, ib.; library of, ann. 1475,
325; the White Horse Inn origin.

ally belonged to, 572, n. 1
St. Gall, monk of, his statement re-

specting state of letters at the ac-

cession of Charlemagne, 11
St. Giles, foundation of secular

canons at, by Picot, 163, n. 1
St. Guthlac, lived in the fens for

solitude, 335
Saint-Hilaire, Barthélemy, his criti-

cism on the psychology of Aristotle,
116, n. 1

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St. Hilary, preface by Erasmus to

his edition of, 502
St. John the Evangelist, hospital of,

see Hospital
St. John's College, life at, in 1550, 370;

statutes of, require from fellows
an oath against dispensations from
their oath, 456 ; amount fixed for
fellows' commons at, 461; fortu-
nate results of frugality at, ib.;
proposed foundation of, by the
lady Margaret, ib.; charter of the
foundation of, 464; Shorton first
master of, ib.; revenues bequeathed
to, by the lady Margaret, 465; the
revenues seized by Henry VIII,
468; partial compensation gained
by, 469; formal opening of, in
1516, 470; clauses in early statutes
of, contrasted with one in Colet's
statutes of St. Paul's School, 471;
foundation of Linacre lectureship
at, 603, n. 2; Fisher's later sta.
tutes for, 623; grief of, at Fisher's
fate, 628; letter from, to him in

prison, ib.
St. Mary's (Gt.) church, formerly

used for academic exercises, 299;
Commencement formerly held at,

355; rebuilding of, 426, 427, n. 1
St. Paul, Marie de, foundress of

Pembroke College, 236; a friend
to the Franciscans, ib.; memoir of,

by Dr. Ainslie, ib. n. 1
St. Paul's School, foundation of, 471,
St. Peter's church, appropriation of,

made over to Peterhouse, 228
St. Rhadegund, numery of, 320;

specially protected by the bishops
of Ely, ib.; dissolved in the year
1496, 321; its revenues given to

found Jesus College, ib.
St. Thomas du Louvre, college of, at

Paris, 126; foundation attributed

by Crevier to the twelfth century,ib.
Salerno, university of, chief school

of medicine in Europe in the 12th

century, 71
Salisbury, John of, his frequent allu-

sions to the treatise of Martianus,
24, n. 2; describes the hostility of
the clergy to the civil law, 38; his
description of the disputes in the
schools of Oxford, 56, 57; his de-
scription of the different parties,
57, n. 1; his Latinity superior to
that of a subsequent age, 57; his
quotations often second-hand, ib.
n. 3; sought to draw away A'Becket

from the study of the canon and

civil law, 212
Sallust, eight copies of, in library of

Christchurch, Canterbury, 104
Sampson, Rich., fell. of Trinity Hall,

a friend of Erasmus, 500; one of

Wolsey's chaplains, 515
Saracens, the destruction of monas.

teries by, 11
Savigny, on the growth of the early

universities, 72
Savile, sir Henry, his criticism on

Bradwardine's De Causa Dei

quoted, 199, n. 1
Savonarola, his horror at the de.

pravity of his countrymen, 131;
his position with reference to the

Humanists in Italy, 432, n. 1
Scholar, the term originally equiva-

lent to fellow, 167; first distin-

guished from that of fellow, 308
Scholars not under a master for-

bidden the university, 226
Scholars, foundation, first instituted

at Pembroke College, 238
Scholasticism, progressive element

in, 173; its services, 632
Schoolmen, the, difficulties of, with

respect to the new Aristotle, 124;
the views of, compared with those
of modern scholars, 172; Croke

professes his admiration of, 533
Schools, of the Roman Empire, 2;

character of instruction imparted
at the episcopal and monastic, 11;
of Charlemagne, 13; thrown open
to the secular clergy, ib.; episcopal
and monastic, how far subverted
by the universities, 68; their tra-
dition one of mere conservatism,
70; their deterioration, ib. n. 2; of
arts and medicine, when formed at
Bologna, 73; of theology, when
founded at Bologna, ib.; at Ox-
ford, prior to the thirteenth cen.
tury, 83; the common, of the uni.
versity, 299; first mentioned in
reign of Edw. ii, ib. n. 1; di-
vinity, 300; arts and civil law,

Science, a, and an art, distinction

between, 179
Scot, Michael, his ignorance as a

translator of Aristotle, 155
Scrutators, their functions, 143, 145
Selden, John, his explanation of

hostility shewn by king Stephen

to the study of the civil law, 38
Selling, Wm., fell, of All Souls, Ox-

ford, 477; his scholarly tastes, ib.;

n. 2

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studies under Politian at Bologna,
ib.; appointed master of the con-
ventual school at Canterbury, 478;

Wm. Linacre, pupil of, ib.
Sentences of Peter Lombard, 59;

characterised by Schwegler, ib.;
description of the work, ib.; mean-
ing of the title, ib. n. 3; antici-
pation of Paley in, ib. n. 4; dia-
lectical element in, 60; its method
of treatment, according to Cousin,
more severely logical than that of
any preceding writer, ib. n. 3;
testimony to its character by prof.
Maurice, 61; avowed object of the
compiler, ib. and n. 1 ; opposed on
its first appearance, 61; its exten-
sive influence and voluminous lite-
rature, 62; its method censured
by Gualterus, ib. n. 1; speculation
encouraged by the expounders of,
77; excessive attention to, cen-
sured by Roger Bacon, 157; re-
jected by Luther and Stafford for

the Scriptures, 567, 569
Sententiarius, the, 363
Shaxton, Nich., fell. of Gonville

Hall, 564; his connexion with the
reform party at Cambridge, ib.;
attended the meetings at the

White Horse, 572
Shirley, prof., his view respecting

the continuance of realistic doc.
trines after the time of Occam,
198; his criticism on the effects
of the papal residence at Avignon
on the university of Paris quoted,

Shorton, Robt., master of St. John's,

at the same time a fellow of Pem.
broke, 372; dean of Wolsey's pri-
vate chapel, 545; selects the Cam.
bridge students for Cardinal Col-
lege, 602
Shyreswood, William, 176; probably

the earliest translator of the Sum.
mulæ of Petrus Hispanus, 177; first
author in whom the mnemonic
verses are found, ib.; praised by

Roger Bacon, ib.
Siberch, John, first Cambridge print-

er, 625; his edition of Galen, ib.
Sickling, John, master of God's

House, at same time a fellow of
Corpus, 372
Sigebert, king of East Anglia, a re.

puted founder of the university of
Cambridge, 66
Sinai of the Middle Ages,'university
of Paris so termed, 74; Monte Cas.

sino so styled by the Benedictines,

ib. n. 2
Sinker, Mr., his essay on the Testa-

ments of the Twelve Patriarchs

cited, 110
Sizars, first instituted by statutes of

Clare Hall, 252
Skelton, John, elegy by, on Margaret

of Richmond, 463, n. 2; univer-
sity career of, 540; extravagantly
praised by Erasmus, ib.; his sym-
pathies with the old learning, ib.;
his verses attacking the respect
paid to Greek at Cambridge, ib. ;
falls into disgrace with Wolsey,
548; satire of, on the Cambridge

Reformers, 607 and n. 2
Smith, Rich., a convert of Bilney

at Trinity Hall, 563
Sorbonne, the, regulations of, imi.

tated at Oxford and Cambridge,
67; Collége de, founded in the
thirteenth century in Paris, 126,
n. 4; a theological college, 127;
the model for our earliest Eng.
lish colleges, ib.; poverty an es-
sential characteristic of, ib. n. 3;
rules for the library of, copied
at Durham College, Oxford, 204,
n. 1; decided that Greek and He-
brew were subversive of religion,
525, n. 2; condemns Luther's

writings, 571
Sorbonne, Robert de, founder of the

college known by his name, 127
Spain, comparatively free from in-
vasion under the Visigoths, 31;
universities of, formed on the

model of Bologna, 74
Spalatin, testimony of, to the de.

mand for Tyndale's New Testa-

ment in England, 599
Spenser, Edm., his description of

the course of the Ouse, 330; an-
cient prophecy recorded by, 332,

n. 1
Stafford, Edw., duke of Buckingham,

the supposed victim of Wolsey's
resentment, 548; generally re-
garded as the founder of Bucking-
ham College, ib. n. 1; popular be-
lief that his death was brought

about by Wolsey, ib. n. 2
Stafford, George, fell. of Pembroke,

567; his lectures in theology, ib.;
discards the Sentences for the
Scriptures, ib.; his services to St.
Paul as estimated by Becon, ib.;
his disputation with Barnes in the
divinity schools, 558; visit of, to

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be pursued from mercenary mo-

tives, 319, 322
Sturbridge fair, referred to by Skel-

ton, 540; note on, ib. n. 1
Suetonius, the classical lecturer at

C. C. C., Oxford, ordered by bp.

Fox to lecture on, 521, n. 2
Summula, see Petrus Hispanus
Supplicat, the, nature of, 353
Suppositio, the, theory of, 188; a con-

tribution of the Byzantine logic,

Sylvester II, see Gerbert
Sylvius, Æneas, his lament over the
fall of Constantinople, 401; his
efforts to awaken a love of learn-
ing in Germany, 408; his charac-
ter contrasted with that of Gre-

gory Heimburg, ib.
Syndic, an officer in the university

of Bologna, 73


Henry the 'conjurer,' 608; death

of, 609
Stamford, migration to, from univer-

sity of Oxford, 135; false derivation
of the name, ib. n. 1; existing
remains of colleges and halls at,
ib.; prophecy that the university
would one day be transferred to,

Stanley, James, bp. of Ely, gives the

original statutes of Jesus College,
321 and n. 5; gives his assent to
the dissolution of the hospital
of St. John, 462; subsequently
opposes it, 466; his character, ib.;
name of, appears in list of bene-
factors of St. John's College, 541,

n. 5
Stare in quadragesima, meaning of

the phrase, 354
Stationarii, the booksellers of the

university, 144, n. 1; fraudulent

practices of, ib.
Statius, lectures on, by Gerbert at

Rheims, 44
Statute, early, respecting hostels,

218 (see also App. C); its pro-
visions compared with those of
statute 67, 221; forbidding friars
to receive into their order youths

under eighteen, 222
Statute of Provisors, 266
Statutes, ancient, of the university,

contradictions to be found in, 140,
n. 1; earliest college, at Cam-

bridge, 234
Stephen, king, forbids Vacarius to

lecture on the civil law, 38; his

motives explained by Selden, ib.
Stokesley, bp. of London, his repu-

tation for learning, 535, n. 1
Stokys' Book, account extracted from,

of ceremony observed by the ques.

tionist, 353
Stratford, archbp., order of, with re-

spect to the dress of university
students, 233
Stubbs, prof., on the destruction of

the Benedictine societies in Eng-
land, 81, n. 5; his distinction be-
tween the two monasteries at Can-
terbury quoted, 100, n. 2; quoted,
on the monks and seculars, 161, n.
2; on the foundation of secular

colleges, 161, n. 3
Students at Oxford in the twelfth

century, not supported by pecu-

niary assistance, 81, n. 1
Studies, design of founders in the

15th century that they should not

Taverner, Rich., attended meetings

at the White Horse, 573
Taxors of the university, their func-

tions described, 145
Tempier, Etienne, declares that theo-

logical and scientific truth cannot
be at variance, 114, n. 2; condem.
nation of Averroistic opinions by,

Terence, lectures on, by Gerbert at

Rheims, 44
Tertullian, an objector to pagan

learning, 16
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs,

translation of, by Grosseteste and
John Basing, 110; a spurious pro-
duction, ib.; Mr. Sinker's investi-
gations with respect to its genuine-

ness, ib. n. 1
Theiner, his theory with respect to

the decline of the episcopal and
monastic schools called in ques.

tion, 69
Theodorus, archbp. of Canterbury,

his services to education, 8
Theodosius, code of, survives the

disruption of the empire, 36
Theology, preliminaries to the study

of, at Merton College, 167; study
of, neglected for that of the civiland
canon law in the 14th century, 211
and n. 2; faculties of, when given
to Bologna and Padua, 215; Gon.
ville Hall designed by the founder
to promote study of, 240; stu-
dents of, at Cambridge in the 16th

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