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century, described by Skelton, 439;

in Italy, by Petrarch, ib. n. 2
Thierry, William of, his alarm at the

progress of enquiry, 58
Thixtill, John, fell. of Pembroke, one

of Bilney's converts, 564
Thorpe, sir Robert de, master of

Pembroke, commences the divinity
schools at Cambridge, 300 ; execu.
tors of, complete the erection of

the divinity schools, ib.
Tiedemann, theory of, that the medi-

æval knowledge of Aristotle was

derived from Arabic translations, 93
Tomlyn, Wm., his reckless manage-

ment of the hospital of St. John

the Evangelist, 424
Tonnys, John, prior of the Augusti.

nians at Cambridge, 565; aspires

to learn Greek, ib.
Topica of Aristotle, never quoted

prior to 12th century, 29
Toulouse, civil law taught at, before

foundation of university, 38, n. 1;
university of, formed on the model
of Bologna, 74; founded in the

thirteenth century, 80
Tournaments, celebration of, in the

neighbourhood of Cambridge, 138
Translating, Agricola's maxims on,

Trapezuntius, Georgius, his career

as a scholar, 429; his logic intro-
duced by authority at Cambridge,
ib.; a prescribed text-book at the

university, 630
Trinity College, Oxford, originally

Durham College, 203
Trinity, gild of the Holy, at Cam-

bridge, 248
Trinity Hall, foundation of, 242;

designed exclusively for canonists
and civilians, ib.; formerly a hostel
belonging to the monks of Ely, ib.
n. 1; conditions imposed at, with
respect to elections of a master
and fellows, 243; library given to,
by the founder, ib. ; certain sta-
tutes of, substituted for those of
Gonville Hall, 246; its early sta-
tutes an echo of the traditions of
Avignon, 255; Bilney's converts at,

Trivium of the Roman schools, 24
* Trojans,' the opponents of Greek at

Oxford self.named, 524
Tübingen, university of, compromise

between the nominalists and real.

ists at, 417
Tunstal, Cuthbert, patronises Eras.

mus's Nov. Inst., 512; academic
career of, 591; character of, 592;
temporising policy of, ib.; his writ.
ings, ib. ; his Arithmetic, ib. ; his
interview with Tyndale, 593; de-
scription of, by Tyndale, 594;
preaches at the burning of Tyn-
dale's New Testament, 600; dis-
posal of the Linacre endowments

by, 603, n. 2
Twyne, Brian, disingenuous argu-

ment of, against the antiquity of
the university, 145, n. 1; his sug-
gestion that the “Trojans' at Ox-

ford were Cambridge men, 539
Tyndale, Wm., his observation on

Erasmus, 488, n. 3; his New Tes.
tament a carrying out of an idea
Banctioned by Erasmus, 587; why
the work was denounced by the
moderate party, 588; probably did
not go to Cambridge until after
Erasmus had left, 589; probably a
pupil of Croke, ib. ; his reminis.
cences of Oxford, 590; his life in
Gloucestershire, 591; his inter-
view with Tunstal, 593; his ser-
vices compared with those of Tun-
stal, 595; his career on leaving
England, ib.; his attainments as a
scholar, 596 ; his scholarship vin-

597 ; followed Luther's
teaching, 598; demand for his
New Testament in England, 599;
character of the work, 600; burn-
ing of the same at Paul's Cross, ib.

Ultramontani, foreigners so named

in the university of Bologna, 73
Ultramontanists, English, at the

council of Basel, 281; their influ-
ence paramount at Cambridge in

the 15th century, 287
• Undergraduate,' the term inapplica-

ble to students during the greater

part of the Middle Ages, 352
Unity of the intellect, theory of the,

Universals, controversy respecting,

prevalent in the schools, 56 ; every
science, as such, can deal only

with, 190
Universitas, real significance of the

term, 71; its first application to
Paris, ib.; the term employed in
various senses, ib.; Universitas
vestra, singular meaning of the
expression, 72, n. 1

Universities, spontaneity of the

growth of the early, 72; classifica-
tion of those forined on the model
of Bologna and of Paris respec-
tively, 74; centres of reform in the
14th century, 271; on the model of
Paris, comparative number founded
in 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries,
282 and n. 2; for different unirer.

sities see under respective names
University College, the earliest col-

lege foundation at Oxford, 160, n.

University education, conflicting

opinions as to the value in which
it was held in the Middle Ages,

University Hall, Clare Hall originally

so called, 250, n. 1; 251
University library, foundation of

the, 323; benefactors to, ib.; two
early catalogues of, ib.; first library

building, ib.
University library, Oxford, when com-

menced, 203, n. 2; original statute
respecting its management, ib.
University press, the, 625; its inac-

tivity in the sixteenth century,

Urban ii, his object in authorising

the Crusades, 88
Urban iv, pope, orders the Francis.

cans to quit Bury, 150
Urban v, use of benches and seats

at lectures forbidden by, 131, n. 1

Venetus, John, preaches against La-

timer at St. Mary's, 611
Vercelli, university of, founded in

the 13th century, 80
Verses, memorial, on the tr.rium

and quadrivium, first found in Dor-

bellus, 566, n.
Vicenza, university of, its founda-

tion the result of a migration from

Bologna, 80
Victorinus, his translation of the

Isagoge of Porphyry used by Ger-
bert at Rheims, 44 ; passage in
translation of Porphyry by, 51;
quotation from same translation,

Vienna, university of, formed on

the model of Paris, 74 ; division
into 'nations'at, 79, n. 2; statute
of, quoted, ib.; "the eldest daugh.
ter of Paris,' 215; mathematical
studies required for degree of mas.

ter of arts at, in 14th century, 351
Virgil, lectures on, by Gerbert at

Rheims, 44; three copies of, in li-
brary of Christchurch, Canterbury,

Vischer, Dr., his observations on the

progress of nominalism in the

Middle Ages, 196, n. 2
Vitelli, Cornelius, teaches Greek at

Oxford, 478
Vitrarius, friend of Erasmus, pre-

ferred Origen to any other father,

Vives, Frobenius declines to publish

the works of, in consequence of
absorbing attention commanded

by the Lutheran controversy, 385
Vulgate, the Latin, errors in, pointeil

out by Roger Bacon, 158; dis-
carded by Erasmus in his Nov.
Test., 523



Vacarins, lectures at Oxford on the

civil law by, 38 and n. 2
Valence, Peter de, writes a denuncia-

tion over Leo's proclamation of
indulgences affixed to the gate of
the common schools, 557; is ex-
communicated by Fisher, ib.; story

respecting, ib.
Valerius Maximus, the classical lec-

turer at C. C.C., Oxford, ordered

by bp. Fox to lecture on, 521, n. 2
Valla, Laurentius, his contests with

the civilians of Pavia, 418; his
controversy with an eminent jurist,
419; the classical lecturer at
C. C. C., Oxford, ordered by bp.
Fox to lecture on the Elegantiæ of,

521, n. 2
Vaughan, Dr. Robt., doubtful charac-

ter of his assumptions with respect
to Wyclif, 269

Wainfleet, Wm., provost of Eton,

probably prepared the second sta-

tutes of King's College, 307, n. 1
Waltham, earl Harold's foundation

at, 162
Warham, archbp., presented Erasmus

to the rectory of Aldington, 504;

munificence of, to Erasmus, 518
Warton, his explanation of the de-

cline of the monasteries as centres

of education, 207
Watson, John, fell. of Peterhouse,

master of Christ's, a friend of

Erasmus at Cambridge, 499 ; letter
from, to Erasmus, ib.; one of

Barnes' opponents, 577
Wendover, Roger of, testimony of,

to the successful preaching of the

Franciscans, 91 and n. 1
Wessel, John, rebels against the au.

thority of Aquinas, 409
West, Nicholas, fell, of King's, bp.

of Ely, remodels the statutes of
Jesus College, 321 and n. 5; does so
in professed conformity to the de-
sign of Alcock, 322 and n. 1; though
an eminent canonist forbids the
study of the canon law at Jesus
College, 322; ostentatious charac-
ter of, 583; attends Latimer's ser-
mon before the university, ib.;
asks him to preach against Luther,
ib.; inhibits him from preaching,

Westcott, canon, his estimate of Tyn.

dale's New Testament quoted, 597
Westminster Abbey, estates of the

lady Margaret professorship en-

trusted to the authorities of, 436
Whately, archbp., his recognition of

the need of a History of Logic,

Whewell, Dr., his observation on

Roger Bacon combated by later
writers, 170, n. 1
White canons, the, their house op-

posite to Peterhouse, 139
White Horse Inn, the, 572; site of,

ib. n. 1; known as 'Germany,' 573
Whitford, Rich., fell. of Queens' Col-

lege, leave of absence granted to,

372, n. 2
Wilkinson, Tho., retires from the

presidency of Queens' College to

make way for Fisher, 446
Williams, George, Mr., his opinion

with respect to statutes of King's
College quoted, 306, n. 2; 307, n. 1
Wingfield, sir Rich., appointed high

steward in 1524, 581, n. 3; his

reasons for desiring the office, ib.
Wittenberg, arguments used at,

against the study of Greek, 538,
Wolsey, cardinal, the reputed author

of the spoliation of St. John's Col.
lege,468; sympathiesof, mainly with
Oxford, 469; an imitator of bp. Fox
in his innovations at Oxford, 521;
founds a chair of Greek at Oxford,
526; is solicited to accept the off ce
of chancellor and declines, ib. ;
his name appears in the list of

benefactors of St. John's College,
ib. n. 5 ; his visit to Cambridge,
542; his character contrasted with
that of Fisher, 544; his relations
to Cambridge, 545; virtues ascribed
to, in Bullock's oration, 546 ; his
victims at the universities, 548;
is constituted sole reviser of the
statutes of the university of Oxford,
549; is invested with similar powers
at Cambridge, ib.; obtains the
king's licence to endow Cardinal
College, 551; invites scholars from
Cambridge to the new foundation,
552; his scholastic learning, ib.;
pleads that he is not authorised to
bum Luther's early treatises, 570;
orders active search to be made
for Luther's works, 571; declines
to appoint a commission to en.
quire into the doings of the Cam-
bridge Reformers, 575 ; is attacked
by Barnes, 576; summons Barnes
to London,578; authorises Latimer
to preach in defiance of the bp. of

Ely, 584
Wood, Anthony, respecting the loss

of the most ancient charters of
Oxford, 81, n. 1; on the inter-
course between Paris and Oxford,
134; censured by Mr Anstey, 160,
n.1; his explanation of the decline
of the ardour of the universities
in the 14th century, 208; his ob-
servation that nearly all the bishops
came from Oxford, 425; his retort
on Croke's assertion that Oxford
was colonia a Cant'ibrigia deducta,

Woodlark, Robt., founder of St. Ca.

therine's Hall, 317; provost of
King's College, ib.; his ability as
an administrator, 318; forbids the
study of the canon and civil law
at St. Catherine's, ib.; no books
on these subjects in the library he

gave to the society, ib. n. 2
Woodville, Eliz. (queen of Edw. IV),

gives the statutes of Queens' Col.

lege, 316
Worcester, earl of, a disciple of Gua.

rino at Ferrara, 396
Wyclif, John, De Dominio Divino of,

opposed to papal claims founded
on the canon law, 36; how far a
follower of Occam, 261; his rela-
tions to the Mendicants, ib. ; his
efforts on behalf of the secular
clergy at Oxford, 264; leaves Ox-
ford, 265; his return, ib.; his

n. 1

him to found New College, 302; in-
fluence of his example, 363


character, 267 ; period at which
he assumed that of a reformer,
ib. n. 1; (?) the original of Chau-
cer's Parish Priest, ib. n. 2; not
originally hostile to the Mendi.
cants, 268; vehemence of his at.
tack upon them, 270 ; his doctrines
opposed to the civil and canon law,

272 ; his works prohibited, ib.
Wykeham, Wm. of, motives that led

Year, the, 1349, 241; 1516, prospects

of reform in, 558
York, school of, in the eighth cen-

tury, 9


By the same Author.



Seventeenth Century :







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