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orders

Degeneracy of the Benedictines

Account of Giraldus Cambrensis

Causes that favored monastic corruption

Influence of the Crusades

The orders of St. Dominic and St. Francis d'Assisi

Conception of these orders contrasted with that of monasticism

Their rapid extension.

The Franciscans at Oxford and at Cambridge

85

86

ib.

87

ib.

88

89

90

ib.
114

sources

Testimony of Grosseteste to the good effects of their activity

90

THE NEW ARISTOTLE

91

First known to Europe through Arabic sources

ib.

Previous knowledge in Europe of Aristotle's writings .

92

Researches of M. Amable Jourdain

93

Method which be employed in his investigations

üb.

Conclusions thus established

94

Aristotle's natural philosophy chiefly known from Arabic

ib.

Superiority of the versions from the Greek to those from

the Arabic

95

M. Renan's account of the latter

ib.

Difficulties of the Church with respect to the new philosophy 96

The traditional hostility to pagan literature not aimed at

the philosophers

ib.

Hostility now excited at Rome

The scientific treatises the first there condemned

The emperor Frederic II

98

Anathemas pronounced by the Church

ib.

The question which the schoolmen were called to decide

99

The new literature appealed to the wants of the age

ib.

A Norman and an English library of the twelfth century 100—4

Comparison of their contents

ib.

These libraries compared with that of Christchurch, Canter-

bury, a century later

105

Activity of the Mendicants favorable to the new learning ib.

The Dominicans at Paris

106

Conflict between the university and the citizens in 1228

ib.

The university leaves Paris

107

The opportunity seized by the Dominicans

ib.

Albertus Magnus .

ib.

The Dominican interpretation of Aristotle

108

THOMAS AQUINAS .

ib.

Different methods of Albertus and Aquinas as commentators ib.

The Pseudo-Dionysius

109

The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

110

Combination in Aquinas of Aristotelian and Christian phi-
losophy.

ib.

Influence of Aquinas on modern theology

112

Difficulty of his position in relation to the thought of his age 113

Varied character of the intellectual activity of this period ib.

Aquinas disclaims Averröes in order to save Aristotle

Failure of his method in relation to psychology

115

Theory of Aristotle's treatise De Anima

ib.


Intimate connexion between Paris and the English univer-

sities

Obscurity of the early history of Oxford and Cambridge

Students from Paris at Oxford and Cambridge

Eminent Oxonians at Paris

Anthony Wood's account

Migrations from Cambridge and Oxford

Migration from Cambridge to Northampton

Migration from Oxford to Stamford .

ib.

133

ib.

134

ib.

ib.

135

ib.

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VERSITIES

ib.

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religious orders in his day

Death of Grosseteste

His services to his generation

Testimony of Matthew Paris to his merits

His efforts on behalf of the new learning

ib.

153

ib.

ib.

ib.

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