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His translation of Aristotle's Ethics

His opinion of the existing translations of Aristotle

ROGER BACON

His account of the contemporary translators of Aristotle

Difficulties of his career as a Franciscan

Special value of his writings .

His Opus Majus, Opus Minus, and Opus Tertinim

His censures of the defects and vices of his age

The remedies he proposes

Utter want of grammatical knowledge of any language

Value he attaches to the study of mathematics

Foundation of Merton College, A.D. 1264

Progress of the conception of foundations for the secular clergy

The notion borrowed from Germany

Cnut

Earl Harold's foundation at Waltham .

Mr Freeman's view of the character of this foundation

Harold's conception revived by Walter de Merton

STATUTES OF MERTON COLLEGE, 1270 .

The religious orders excluded from the foundation

Various pursuits of the secular clergy in those times

Contrast between the college and the monastery.

Character of the education at Merton college

Restrictions under which the study of thcology and the

canon law was permitted

Only those actually prosecuting a course of study to be

maintained on the foundation
Distinguished merit of the whole conception

EMINENT MERTONIANS :--Duns Scotus

Oxford at the commencement of the fourteenth century

Views of the schoolman and the modern scholar contrasted

Difficulties that attend any account of this period

Progressive element in scholasticism

Researches of recent writers

Influence of the Byzantine logic

Learning at Constantinople in the eleventh century

Treatise on logic by Psellus .

Translation of Psellus's treatise by Petrus Hispanus

Translation by William Shyreswood

Superiority of the Oxford translation

Extensive popularity of the version by Petrus Hispanus

It partly neutralises the legitimate influence of the New

Aristotle.

l’resence of the Byzantine logic in writings of Duns Scotus

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180

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185

Theory of the intentio secunda

State of the controversy prior to the time of Duns Scotus

Theory of the Arabian commentators

Counter theory of Duns Scotus

Logic, a science as well as an art .

Logic, the science of sciences

Important results of the introduction of the Byzantine

logic

Limits observed by Duns Scotus in the application of logic

to theology

Duns Scotus and Roger Bacon compared

Long duration of the influence of the former at the univer-

sities

Edition of his works published in 1639

Schoolmen after Duns Scotus

WILLIAM OF OCCAN

Ascendancy of nominalism in the schools

Criticism of Prantl

Influence of the Byzantine logic on the controversy re-

specting universals.

Theory of the suppositio

Occam the first to shew the true value of universals

He defines the limits of logical enquiry with reference to

theology.

Consequent effect upon the subsequent character of scholas-

tic controversy

The popes at Avignon opposed by the English Franciscans

Eminent members of this fraternity in England

Subserviency of the court at Avignon to French interests

Dissatisfaction in Italy .

· Indignation in England

The writings of Occam condemned by John XXII. .

Sympathy evinced with his doctrines in England .

Contrast between Oxford and Paris

Anti-nominalistic tendencies at the latter university

Popularity of Occam's teaching at Oxford.

Influence of nominalism on the scholastic method

THOMAS BRADWARDINE

His treatise De Causa Dei

Its extensive influence

Illustration it affor is of the learning of the age

RICHARD OF BURY

His early career and experiences .

His interview with Petrarch at Avignon

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Early statute relating to the hire and tenure of hostels
Main object of this statute

Its details compared with those of statute LXVIII.
Hostels possessed of small attractions when compared with
the houses of the religious orders.

ib.

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241

ib.

246

ib.

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Design of the foundress

Losses occasioned by the pestilence one of her motives

Liberality of sentiment by which these statutes are charac-

terised.

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Other provisions in the statutes

The foundation apparently designed for students from the
wealthier classes

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Illustration afforded in the foregoing codes of the different

tendencies of the age

The vital question with respect to University education

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ib.

255

ib.

He finally expels the monks.

Archbishop Langham expels the seculars

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ib.

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