Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

His translation of Aristotle's Ethics.

His opinion of the existing translations of Aristotle

Roger Bacon .

His account of the contemporary translators of Aristotle

Difficulties of his career as a Franciscan

Special value of his writings.

His Opus Majus, Opus Minus, and Opus Tertium

His censures of the defects and vices of his age

The remedies he proposes

Utter want of grammatical knowledge of any language

Value he attaches to the study of mathematics

Foundation of Merton College, A.D. 1264 .

Progress of the conception of foundations for the secular clergy

The notion borrowed from Germany

Cnut

Earl Harold's foundation at Waltham

Mr Freeman's view of the character of this foundation

Harold's conception revived by Walter de Merton

STATUTES OF MERTON COLLEGE, 1270

The religious orders excluded from the foundation

Various pursuits of the secular clergy in those times

Contrast between the college and the monastery.

Character of the education at Merton college

Restrictions under which the study of theology and the

canon law was permitted

Only those actually prosecuting a course of study to be

maintained on the foundation

Distinguished merit of the whole conception

EMINENT MERTONIANS :-Duns Scotus

Oxford at the commencement of the fourteenth century

Views of the schoolman and the modern scholar contrasted

Difficulties that attend any account of this period

Progressive element in scholasticism

Researches of recent writers

Influence of the Byzantine logic

Learning at Constantinople in the eleventh century

Treatise on logic by Psellus .

Translation of Psellus's treatise by Petrus Hispanus

Translation by William Shyreswood

Superiority of the Oxford translation

Extensive popularity of the version by Petrus Hispanus

It partly neutralises the legitimate influence of the New

Aristotle .

Presence of the Byzantine logic in writings of Duns Scotus

[ocr errors]

ib.

.

[ocr errors]

179

180

ib.
185

Theory of the intentio secunda

State of the controversy prior to the time of Duns Scotus

Theory of the Arabian commentators

Counter theory of Duns Scotus

Logic, a science as well as an art .

Logic, the science of sciences

Important results of the introduction of the Byzantine

logic

Limits observed by Duns Scotus in the application of logic

to theology.
Duns Scotus and Roger Bacon compared

Long duration of the influence of the former at the univer-

sities

Edition of his works published in 1639

Schoolmen after Duns Scotus

WILLIAM OF OCCAM

Ascendancy of nominalism in the schools

Criticism of Prantl

Influence of the Byzantine logic on the controversy re-

specting universals.

Theory of the suppositio

Occam the first to shew the true value of universals

He defines the limits of logical enquiry with reference to

theology

Consequent effect upon the subsequent character of scholas-

tic controversy

The popes at Avignon opposed by the English Franciscans .

Eminent members of this fraternity in England .

Subserviency of the court at Avignon to French interests .

Dissatisfaction in Italy .

Indignation in England

The writings of Occam condemned by John XXII. .

Sympathy evinced with his doctrines in England .

Contrast between Oxford and Paris.

Anti-nominalistic tendencies at the latter university

Popularity of Occam's teaching at Oxford

Influence of nominalism on the scholastic method

Thomas BRADWARDINE

His treatise De Causa Dei

Its extensive influence

Illustration it affords of the learning of the age

RICHARD OF BURY

His early career and experiences

His interview with Petrarch at Avignon

[graphic]
[ocr errors]

ib.

university

Scholars not under a master forbidden to reside in the

university

Hugh Balsham introduces secular scholars into the hospital

Failure of this attempt at combining the two elements

ib.

226

227

ib.
house

[ocr errors]

Separation of the Seculars and Regulars

FOUNDATION OF PETERHOUSE, A.D. 1284

The college endowed with the site of a suppressed priory

Simon Montacute surrenders his right of presenting to

fellowships on the foundation

Early statutes of Peterhouse (circ. 1338)

These statutes copied from those of Merton College

Proficiency in logic the chief pre-requisite in candidates for

fellowships

Laxity at the universities with respect to dress

Decree of archbishop Stratford on this subject

Statute of Peterhouse

The foundation in its relation to monastic foundations

FOUNDATION OF MICHAELHOUSE, A.D. 1324 .

Early statutes of Michaelhouse given by Hervey de Stanton.

FOUNDATION OF PEMBROKE COLLEGE, A.D. 1347

Marie de St. Paul

Inaccuracy of the story alluded to by Gray

The original statutes no longer extant

Leading features of the second statutes

FOUNDATION OF GONVILLE HALL, A.D. 1348

Original statutes given by Edward Gonville

His main object to promote the study of theology

Study of the canon law permitted but not obligatory

William Bateman, bishop of Norwich.

The Great Plague of 1349

Its devastations at the universities

FOUNDATION OF TRINITY HALL, by bishop Bateman, A.D. 1350,

to repair the losses sustained by deaths among the

clergy

Statutes of Trinity Hall.

The college designed exclusively for canonists and civilians

Conditions in elections to the mastership and fellowships

Library presented by bishop Bateman to the foundation

Bishop Bateman confirms the foundation of Gonville Hall

The alteration in the name of the Hall

Agreement De amicabilitate with the scholars of Trinity

Hall.

Statutes given to Gonville Hall by bishop Bateman

FOUNDATION OF CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE, A.D. 1352 .

Mr Toulmin Smith's account of the early Gilds

Gilds at Cambridge

Designs in view in foundation of Corpus Christi College

Its statutes apparently borrowed from those of Michael-

ib.

249

ib.

[ocr errors]

ib.

252

ib.

ib.

253

ib.

255

ib.

.

ib.

seculars at Canterbury Hall .

He finally expels the monks.

Archbishop Langham expels the seculars

ib

262

ib.

ib.

263

ib.

264

ib.

ib.

ib.

265

266

ib.

ib.

« PreviousContinue »