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place of the Resolution he opposed. If the letter tax from the Post Office statement. Would it not be reason
were abandoned, this meeting would be pledged to an opinion, which they refused to be compelled to justify, and the Court of Directors would receive the memorial as a mere abstract opinion upon the Steam question, by the Inhabitants of Madras. Captain D. still hoped, that gentlemen on the opposite side would, in condemning the proposition now before the Meeting, at least come forward with a plan to overcome the difficulty which both sides agreed in deploring. Such a plan was not to be found in the speech of his Honorable friend who began with Sir Josiah Child and ended with the fable of the old Fox. The relation of this fable reminded Capt. D. of a shipmate of his who once made a venture, on one of his voyages to the Coast of Guinea, in an article but little suited to the climate, for it consisted of a bale of red night caps. In proceeding from the shore into the country the dealer in night-caps got tired, pulled out of the bale one of his caps, put it on, and went to sleep. He was soon awakened by a noise and chattering in the trees, and looking up, to his sore dismay perceived that the monkeys had opened his bale and every one of them in imitation of him had on a cap. No inducement could prevail on the monkeys to part with their new head-dress, till in a fit of despair the sailor took off his cap and threw it at them ; in an instant every monkey returned the compliment, doffed their caps and threw them at the sailor. Now, Sir, said Capt. D. let us imitate the sailor, and if this letter-tax be our last cap let us throw it at the House of Commons, who knows what may be the result 2
Mr. OuchTERLoNY briefly observed that there was one remarkable deficiency in the arguments of those who had spoken in support of this resolution. The resolution pretended to cover portion of the expenses of Steam Navigation between the two countries, but it had been entirely omitted to shew that the prohibitory enactment sought for was likely to secure that end. The only approach to it, was an assumption by the learned mover, that so low a rate might be established as 8 annas for each single letter, when correspondence would not be scared by the expense from that channel ; but this was so purely speculative that it was impossible the meeting should base any proposition upon it. To shew that no calculation upon the present extent of correspondence could reasonably be taken to sanction a measure like that proposed, he would simply allude to the instance of commercial letters—he assumed them at a proportion of about one-third of the general correspondence, and pointed out that their number would undergo these considerable reductions: that, whereas at present sailing vessels offered repeated opportunities of communication in the course of the month, which were regularly availed of, these multiplied letters would become condensed into the one monthly steam despatch, and, if these monthly packets became fixed, regular and sure, the considerable item of duplicates would no longer be required. He confined himself to this point, independent of other considerations, because he did not consider that a case had been made out by the supporters of this resolution; and that, without any data before them to warrant the assumption embraced by it the meeting could not consistently come to its adoption.
Mr. D. Eliott, referring to Mr. A. D. Campbell's observation, that it was needless to use compulsory means to force correspondence into the new channel, until, at least, it was found on trial, after the communication had been established, that people did not voluntarily make use of it—or something to .. effect, said—“I beg the Meeting to consider what would be reasonable if instead j. Honorable Company, we were applying to a body of the Private Merchants to undertake the project now contemplated, suggesting to them that besides the direct advantage to their own concerns likely to result from it, they would be sure to obtain a great return from Postage, as might be seen by estimates we had prepared
able for the merchant to say-–"Your estimate promises well—but they are estimates after all and we cannot safely reckon upon them, unless you will agree and bind yourselves to send all your letters by this channel and no other.' Would it be reasonable for us to say, ‘Oh no, make a trial first.’”
Mr. Caton in reply stated, that the question before the meeting was—not whether the speculation would or would not be a profitable one as supposed by the Gentleman who spoke third (Mr. A. |. CAMPBELL) and therefore it would not be enough to wait to see the result before the tax was imposed, but the question was how to show to the authorities in England that a revenue would arise. It was therefore necessary to begin by showing it, in order to get your Petition favourably entertained.
In respect to the Trade Laws quoted by his learned friend (Mr. Norton) Mr. Caton said that they were quite beside the question before the meeting ; it was not what would be most beneficial to trade but how a revenue might be obtained. The absurd trade Laws were abrogated because they were found to be worthless, but the Post Office laws were preserved, because they were found essential to the revenue. He here entered into a calculation in answer to Mr. OuctERLONY's observation, to show that by multiplying the communication between two places within a given time you multiplied most greatly the correspondence. Having answered the foregoing objections, he pressed upon the Meeting the propriety of adopting the Resolutions for the reasons mentioned in his opening speech and for this additional one, the importance of securing the hearty concurrence of the Court of Directors to the grand object, and for the purpose of accelerating the accomplishment of it.
Mr. A. D. CAMrbell in explanation said, that his learned friend had entirely misunderstood him, perhaps from the defective manner in which he had expressed himself. He had expressly pointed out the source whence the expense was to be made good, viz. postage and prices on passages to be fixed by the Government. He differed from his learned friend, Mr. CATor, solely in regard to making it compulsory to send letters by Steamers. It was he (Mr. CAMpbell) who advocated the cause of free trade and his opponents who did the contrary ; for he wished to leave it quite optional with the parties to send their letters, as well as to convey their persons, by steam and sailing ships as each individual might find most inconvenient ; and it was because those who advocated the proposed Resolution wished to revive exploded doctrines by placing restrictions upon sailing ships, and to confine the conveyance of letters to the particular channels of steamers, that the arguments used by his learned friend the Advocate-General became apo icable to them; in as much as they desired by law to orce, contrary to individual interests, that which is best regulated by them. When the division was about take place Mr. A. D. CAMPBell observed that he saw some natives who did not understand English—he did not object to any one voting who understood the question at issue; but such as really were not aware of the precise question, he submitted could not be allowed to vote.
Major Crisp rose, and in addressing the Meeting after the reply, begged to be allowed to say, that no measure in his opinion could possibly tend more to mar the prosperity and cripple the resources of the Steam Communication than the passing of the fourth Resolution. Compulsory enactments have always the effect of defeating their own ends by grasping at too much; based upon its own merits the projected Steam Establishment must commend itself for preference upon its suitableness and dispatch ; and will itself compel the community to commit all its weightestinterests, political, commercial, and domestic, to its ex
clusive conveyance. But if it be attempted to force the whole Indian correspondence into the one expensive
the same time leave the sea channels open to receive
the tributary streams to draw in all those communications, which it matters not whether two, three, or four months be occupied in their transmission and more es
pecially to perpetuate to all the humbler and underpaid exiles from their home the privilege of writing to their father's land. Tax this too—if steam need a protective duty for its support—but tenderly and discreetly. By this the gain is twofold. We grasp a double lever and work double tides. We have one net for the large fishes, and another for the little fry, and the proceeds of the latter are fairly taken as an offset against any de; ficiency of the former. For it must be borne in mind
that a law which prohibits the sailing ships from carry
ing packets extinguishes a source of gratuous profit to the Post Office ; and effects it too without any equivalent, (right as it was) if I am correct in my presentiment that
it will abridge the quantity of correspondence by leaving
both lines of access to Britain open and unembarrassed,
and allotting the amount of postage upon each with the
discreetest legislative wisdom, both modes of communica
tion will harmonize and concentrate their effects. They
will unite the utmost possible advantage to the public
with the completest indemnity for the cost and mainte
nance of the Steam establishinents.
Mr. A. D. CAMppell rose again merely to suggest, at the instance of a military friend near him, that if this Resolution should be carried, it would be more desirable to exempt from the operation of the measure which it contemplates, the letters of the European soldiers to their families at home, between whom it would otherwise bar all communication. To this observation it was admitted by all present, that the privilege as to soldiers' letters would not in the slightest manner be affected by the measure in contemplation. Just as the division was taking place, we overheard several gentlemen say it was not the tax that was objected to, but the prohibitory clause.
The meeting then divided.
For the Amendment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 For the 11h Resolution. . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Majority .... 9
(Amongst the minority were a great many natives, and it was stated that many of them did not fully comprehend the purport of the Division.)
[This Resolution having been rejected, the next Resolution became the IV. Itesolution.]
IV. That it is the opinion of this Meeting that Point de Galle in the Island of Ceylon is the most eligible place for the arrival and departure of Steam vessels to and from the Red Sea: as independently of its central position, the voyage between that port and the Red Sea is more practicable throughout the year, than be. tween the Red Sea and any other port in India.
Captain DALny Morir moved the 5th Resolution, and stated that, with one exception, all Naval men were in favour of Point de Galic,
V. That in the opinion of this Meeting the projected Establishment of a Company for carrying on a regular communication by Steam between Marseilles, Genoa, Naples and Alexandria, in conjunction with the Rail Road, which is stated to be in progress between Cairo and Suez, cannot fail to create an active commercial intercourse between continental Europe and India; and to afford a quick, easy and econimical conveyance for passengers between the two countries which will enhance the importance, and eventually diminish the charge of completing the Steam Communication between Suez and India.
Mr. D. Eliott seconded the Resolution.
Mr. Nontos, as to Point de Galle being the depôt. expressed himself as opposed to it, not being satisfied by sufficient information as to its being feasible or even racticable—though it might be so;-but his main objection was that it precluded unanimity with the other Presidencies, the inhabitants of which with a view to one common and united appeal from India had renounced all advocacy of local objects.
Mr. Scott proposed the 6th Resolution, which was seconded by Mr. Acworth and carried unanimously.
VI. That it is expedient to forward Petitions to both Houses of Parliament; and Memorials to the President of the India Board, and to the Honorable the Court of Directors; embodying the Resolutions of this Meeting, and praying that the Resolutions of the Select Committee of the House of Commons may be carried into effect.
To the Honorable the Commons of Great Britain and Ireland in Parliament assembled.
The humble Petition of the several persons whose names are hereunto subscribed, being Inhabitants of Madras, in the East Indies.
Shewritis, That the British population of this part of India, have been for a long time impressed with the conviction that nothing will tend so materially to develope the resources of India, to improve her people, to advance her general welfare, and to secure to the crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the integrity of its Empire over India, as the rapid and continued intercourse between the two countries by means of steam.
That this impression has not suddenly arisen, but has been one of gradual and steadily increasing growth, in which the native population has during these latter years participated, that the sincerity of this impression, both British and native, has been proved by the large voluntary subscriptions, which have from time to time been made, whenever a prospect of accomplishing this great object presented itself.
That the Government in India, no less than the people, have been anxiously desirous for the establishinent of Steam Communication between the two countries, and that Lord William Bentinck, the GovernorGeneral, both individually and in Council, zealously supported the project in 1833, and subsequently declared, “that its advantages were so great in all its direct and indirect consequences, that in his opinion it would be cheaply bought at any price.”
That the public of this Presidency have read with feelings of unmixed satisfaction, the resolutions which were passed by the Select Committee of your Honorable House in 1834, with regard to Steam Communication between England and India, but they regret that no effectual measures have yet been taken for its regular establishment in conformity with such Resolutions.
That your Petitioners, under the impression that the delay in carrying into effect the said Resolutions, have arisén from the large outlay which the undertaking was calculated to involve, have applied themselves to an examination of the estimates which were submitted to the Committee of your Honorable House, and find that the price of coals in India therein mentioned is greatly overiated, inasmuch as they are stated to be from eighty (80) to one hundred and forty (140) shillings per ton, whereas the price of coals has been at Madras, during the past five years, upon an average less than thirty (30) shillings per ton, and this price, your Petitioners are assured is more likely to fall than to rise.
That your Petitioners submit, that owning to the reduction in the consumption of fuel and other advantages, resulting from the improvements in Steam Machinery, there are solid grounds for believing that by proper arrangements, the expense attending the establishment of periodical Steam Communication, may be reduced greatly below the estimates, with reference to which the Resolutions of the Select Committee of your Honorable House were framed.
That with a view of covering a portion of that expense, your Petitioners submit that it will be proper, so soon as the monthly Steam Packets shall be established, that Legislative enactments should be passed, prohibiting, subject to certain necessary limitations for the purposes of trade, the transmission of letters, or parcels, below a certain weight by any other conveyance than these packets.
That your Petitioners believe that Point de Galle in the Island of Ceylon is the most eligible place for the arrival and departure of Steam Vessels to and from the Red Sea, as independently of its central position, a voyage between that port and the Red Sea, is more practicable throughout the year, than between the Red Sea and any other port in India; but your Petitioners with the greatest confidence submit all details to the wisdom of your Honorable House, His Majesty's Ministers, and the East India Company, confining themselves to the humble but earnest prayer, that your Honorable House will be pleased to adopt such measures as may seem requisite for carrying into effect the said Resolutions of the Select Committee of your Honorable House.
ford, Esq. M. P. for the city of London, with a similar request.
Mr. Caton proposed the 9th Resolution, which was seconded by Capt. DALRYMple, and carried unanimously.
IX. That Captain GRINDLAY be appointed the Agent in London, for forwarding the object of the Meeting, and that a Committee be appointed to draw up and forward the necessary instructions, for his guidance.
Captain DALRYMple in seconding the Resolution, that Captain Grindlay should be appointed Agent to the Meeting in London, Captain D. did so with great pleasure. He had known Captain Grindlay for a great many years, as a gentleman who from early habits, from taste, and as a matter of business took a great interest in all that related to India. He was employed by the Court of Directors on various occasions, and had charge of the Mysore Prince, who lately visited England. Captain D. mentioned a very interesting circumstance which had been communicated to him by Captain Grindlay. The King of Oude sent home a learned Native who was introduced to most of the London Savans by Captain G. and by them pronounced to be a man of excellent abilities, and possessing a very competent knowledge of astronomy. His object in visiting England was to procure instruments and assistants for an observatory to be
erected at Lucknow by H. M. the King of Oude. Captain D. said his object in mentioning these particulars,
was to show how completely mixed up with Indian affairs Captain Grindlay was.
Proposed by Mr. A. D. CAM phell, seconded by Mr. Underwood and carried unanimously.
X. That this Meeting view with much satisfaction the active exertions of Mr. Thomas Waghorn in establishing himself in Egypt for the purpose of facilitating the transit of passengers, parcels and letters between Suez and Alexandria, and earnestly recommend his establishment to the favourable consideration of the Indian public.
Proposed by Mr. McDoll. AND, seconded by Mr. CAton and carried unanimously.
XI. That a subscription be opened for the purpose of enabling those members of the community who have not already subscribed to the Steam Fund to contribute means towards furthering the objects of this Meeting— and that Messrs. Arbuthnot and Co. be requested to receive donations.
These Resolutions having been put and carried, the Honorable Mr. Sullivan expressed his pain at the difficulty of his situation, in being called upon as chairman to sign the Memorial to the Court of Directors, and to the Board of Controul—and also his inability, both individually and officially, knowing as he did the impossibility of burdening the revenue with any new or additional charge, to be a party in singing the Petition or pursuing any measure which had for its object, directly or indirectly increasing the expenses of the State, without pointing out the source from whence such additional expense could be met.
Upon which MIR. Cator moved and Sir Robert CoMYN seconded the Resolution
XII. That the thanks of this meeting be offered to Mr. Sullivan for his arduous and able conduct in the chair—with an expression of the extreme regret they felt at his inability to carry the Resolutions into effect.
Mr. Sulliv AN having left the chair, it was moved by Mr. Cator and seconded by Mr. Sullivan
That the experiments which have hitherto been made under the immediate auspices of the Bombay Government have, as your Hon'ble House must be aware, been attended with complete success, and the possibility of keeping up frequent and regular intercourse between the two countries by means of steam vessels has been fully proved.
That as no such undertaking can be expected to succeed in a country circumstanced as this is, unless the powerful support of Government be extended to it, at least for a considerable time to come, your Petitioners have been much gratified to learn that the subject had been brought under the consideration of your Hon'ble House, and that the Committee appointed to inquire into it had declared by their Report of the 14th July 1834, that it was expedient that measures should be immediately taken for the establishment of a Steam Communication by the Red Sea.
That after such a declaration your Petitioners deem it unnecessary to insist upon the importance of expediting in every possible way the accomplishment of the plans which have been suggested for the above purpose. Yet with the prospect, which becomes daily more apparent, of a vast increase in the trade between the two countries, they may be permitted briefly to advert to a few of the many great advantages which may be expected to flow from such a measure. Depending as the trade of India chiefly does on British vessels for the means of transport, the importance of early intelligence in regulating the required supply, as well as for affording informaion of the state of the European markets, cannot, it will be obvious, be too highly estimated: and the present year in which the increase of the staple commodity–Cotton—has been so remarkable, may be cited as a striking instance of the benefit which in a commercial point of view it could not fail to produce.
That the Political no less than the Commercial interests of both countries would be thereby promoted,— and above all, it would materially advance the great end which England has in view in retaining her dominions over India, of extending the blessings of civilization among the numerous population of this great empire while it would likewise contribute in no small degree to the comfort and happiness of that large class of His Majesty's subjects, whose avocations condemn them to a long sojourn in this country, with the consequent pain of separation from their friends and connexions in England.
Under all these circumstances your Petitioners confidently trust that your Hon'ble House will not fail to give the subject all the consideration which its importance so fully merits.
Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that such further measures may be taken for improving and establishing the means of rapid communication between India and England by steam as to the wisdom of your Hon’ble House may seem most expedient.—Bombay Gazette.
ANNUAL DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES
TO THE HINDOO COLLEGE STUDENTS.
We were highly gratified by witnessing the annual by the buzz of the crowd and the creeking of chairs on
distribution of prizes to the Hindoo College students. the marble floor.
The humorous pieces were most
The exhibition took place at Government House, an effective, because they were the most eagerly listened
arrangement, we believe, which is in with ancient custom, and it is one of which we highly approve ; no doubt it has an extremely good effect upon the native community, marking so distinctly as it does the interest which is taken by the Government, and more especially by the new Governor-General, in the progress of education amongst them. Lord Auckland himself distributed the prizes, and expressed himself highly pleased with the whole scene,—a feeling indeed which was shared by all present, but apparently by none more completely than by the Honorable Misses Eden, who appeared much delighted with the exhibition. The progress of the boys is extremely creditable to the professor of Literature, Captain D. L. Richardson, and to the different teachers: we are happy to hear that under their admirable management, and well chosen plan of education, the number of students is daily increasing to such an extent, that there is now scarcely
room for the crowd of youths who throng the building
of the Hindoo College.
It is in truth a most cheering sight to witness the struggles which the natives are now making to emancipate themselves from the dark ignorance which has hitherto surrounded them, and they owe a deep debt of gratitude to the beneficence of the Government which has afforded them such ample opportunities for educating themselves.
Of the many recitations it would be very difficult to say which was the best. Some of these pieces which were delivered with most propriety of emphasis and accent were those that were heard to the least advantage. Alerander's Feast and Collin's Ode to the Passions, both extremely difficult to deliver with any effect even in a quiet room with attentive listeners, were greatly injured
to, and people employed themselves in attending to what was going on instead of in talking and moving about. The story of the Chameleon, by a little boy of the name of Govind Chunder, Dutt. was the first piece in the order of time, and it was received with great applause. The audience were naturally delighted with the pure English intonation and spirited action of the little reciter. The fine lines on the burial of Sir John Moore came next, and were given by a very young boy named Muthy Lall Bysack in a way that showed that he understood what he delivered. Some laughable verses about the inappropriateness of various surnames to the men that bear them, (in Horace Smith's style,) were very waggishly recited by Cally Kisto Ghose. When he came to the line
Mr. Metcalfe would run from a cow–
there was a laugh at the introduction of that familiar name. “The man of Ross,” a passage from Pope, was recited by Anund Kisen Bose in a tone of voice of great sweetness and with perfect propriety of accent, but the noise prevented him from being heard except by those immediately near him. Dick's Soliloquy was animated, and Gopaul Kisen Dutt's delivery of Othello's Address to the Senate, was given with truth, and accuracy of accent and feeling. Perhaps the serious piece that pleased most was a scene from Shylock. The Jew was particularly well personated. The Newcastle Apothecary, by Rajnarain Dutt, was the last of the recitation, but by no means the least in merit. It was extremely well received.
We grieve to have to announce the death of Dr. Henderson at Loodianah on the 12th of March. His remains were interred at that station on the evening of the following day.
The great exposure to which he had been subjected on his late journey to the confines of Chinese Tartary and to Cashmere, had laid the foundation of an illness of a very severe nature. Soon after his return to the Sutledge, fever attacked him, and though every aid was afforded to him, the hopes entertained of his ultimate recovery were far from sanguine. His sufferings from fever appear to have been latterly very severe, and even when free from febrile symptoms his nervous system was found so terribly shaken and the debility was so excessive, that nature could make no effort to rally, and exhaustion subsided into dissolution.
To those like ourselves who have in any way been connected with the subject of this sketch, in forwarding any public measure, this event will be a source of deep sorrow. The struggles and anxieties in which the prosecution of all plans of improvement are involved in a
and lasting loss. The constitution may be cold, the disposition may be rendered callous or may be schooled by design, but man cannot “forget himself to stone.” The feelings “Cannot lean by themselves, cannot flourish alone”
but will cling as we advance in years to the associate in public life, with more lasting, if less intense regret, than the severing of the ties of the affections produce, at a period of more sanguine hopes, and more buoyant temperament.
Though the last hour of this able and enterprising being was cheered by the friendship and attentions of Captain Wade and other Loodianah friends, it must have been humiliating to his high spirit, to reflect, that the order for his continuance under military arrest for crossong the frontier without leave, was still in force; and as a consciousness of a probable termination of life's fitful fever, stole over the mind of the suffering patient, it must have been deprived of the satisfaction of reflecting, that the fruits of his late enterprise and dangers, had not
been secured to the public, for the preparation of his
country and state of society like that of India, cannot but notes for the press had newly been commenced upon, invest the connexion in public life with much of a feeling and the state of the memoranda composed on his journey,
of private affection, and thus, we are sure, that the death of Dr. Henderson will be mourned by many as a heavy
was feelingly remarked upon by himself as such, as to be unsusceptible of publication by any hand but his own