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The Officiating Secretary submitted a list of the gentlemen to whom he had distributed grain and other seeds presented by Lord Auckland.
The following communications were read.
No. 1.--From the Right Honorable Lord Auckland, to the Officiating Secretary, bearing date the 14th April, acknowledging the receipt of the Society's letter of the 13th, and intimating His Lordship's ready acceptance of the title of patron to the Society.
No. 2.-From Capt. C. G. Dixon, Superintendent in Mhairwara, to the Officiating Secretary, dated the 5th April, requesting a small supply of Egyptian Cotton Seed, and mentioning having sown some Pernambuco Cotton and Madder Seed received from the Society.
No. 3.-From the same, dated the 15th April, intimating the total failure of the Pernambuco Cotton Seed, which, on being dug up, was found quite rotton, and desiring a small supply of fresh Upland Georgia, Sea Island, or Pernambuco Seed, independently of the Egyptian Seed, referred to in his first communication.
Capt. D. adds, “The noise in this country caused by our sinking so many wells, forming numerous tanks, and new villages, besides two new towns, has caused a marked sensation amongst our neighbours in Marwar and Meywar. Hundreds of cultivators, mahajuns, smaller buneahs and the various castes who accompany a crowd, are coming to settle in this district.”
Mr. Bell had accordingly supplied Capt. Dixon's wants, by dispatching per dak banghy, the Rio Cotton Seed presented to the Society by Lord Auckland, also some Egyptian Seed.
He had at the same time sent parcels of Medicinal and Kitchen Garden Seeds, part of these received from the Governor-General.
Memo.—It is much to be feared that the charges of banghy hire, falling so heavily on individuals, who have no other object in view than the improvement of the condition of the people and resources of the State, must materially impede agricultural advancement in India, and . this burthen is lightened or removed—the efforts of the Society to promote such objects, will remain exceedingly contrasted.
No. 4.—From John Vaupell, Esq., Secretary to the Agricultural and Horticultural Society of Bombay, to Mr. Bell, dated 5th March, advising the shipment of Egyptian-Cotton Seed and Otaheite Sugar Cane, per Lonach.
No. 5.—From the same to the same, dated 13th April, enclosing a highly interesting paper on the successful cultivation of the Otaheite cane throughout the several collectorates subject to Bombay.
The mode adopted at Bombay, resembles that observed in the West Indies, and is a decided improvement on the wretched system practised in Bengal. The consequence is, that the Bombay planter, derives, a first, and sometimes a second, ratoon crop, in addition to his first
ear's plant cane, without more labor than weeding and
}. The acclimated Otaheite cane, is described in the paper sent, to be three times the size of the common cane, therefore, the common cane of Bombay being about three times the size of the indigenious cane of Bengal, it follows that one Mauritius cane is nine times the size of our commom sugar cane here.
This proportion is corroborated, by a statement of Mr. Deverinne, vide Akra report, page 18.
No. 6.-From Mr. J. W. Masters, dated Botanical Garden, 25th April, reporting that all the sugar cane slips (100 in no.) received per Lonach from Bombay, were found dead, excepting two.
Mr. Bell having found out the cause, had written for a further supply, which he had no doubt Mr. Vaupell,
with his usual courtesy, will very soon dispatch for Calcutta.
No. 7.--From Dr. Stevenson, Secretary to the Agricultural Society at Lucknow, to the officiating Secretary, dated 2nd May, acknowledging receipt of Mr. Bell's letter of 20th February last. Dr. Stevenson states, “the only good of any consequence that we have effected, is the introduction into Oude of the Otaheite sugar cane, which has been eagerly sought after, and is likely soon to be in general cultivation throughout the country.”
No. 8.-From the Hon'ble W. H. L. Melville, to the Officiating Secretary, dated Moorshedabad, the 26th April, intimating his resignation of his seat in the Committee of Papers, in consequence of having quitted Calcutta, and expressing the deep interest he has always felt, and will continue to feel, in the proceedings of the Society. Mr. Melville very politely offered his services to the Society in any way they may be available. The best thanks of the Society weie desired to be offered to the Hon'ble Mr. Melville for the interest he had taken in the labours of the Committee.
The President moved that Colonel Dunlop be requested to take Mr. Melville's seat ; but Colonel D. was compelled to decline, as he expected to leave the presidency shortly.—W. Storm, Esq., was then solicited and accepted the office.
No. 9.—From Doctor Wallich to the Officiating Secretary, dated 10th May, presenting to the Society, in the name of Mr. C. Bruce of Seddeya, a manuscript work, entitied The Gentleman Farmer's Guide for Bengal and Assam, written by his brother, the late Major Robert Bruce, of the Mahratta Service.
The work contains a great deal of valuable information, in small compass, and will not be lost longer to the public.
Doctor Wallich bears testimony to the deep interest taken both by the late Major Bruce and his brother, who is now in charge of the tea nurseries in Assam.
“Few men alive are so well acquainted with that province and its vast resources as he is, and to him more praise and credit is due on account of the discovery of, and active enquires into, the growth of the tea plant in Assam than to any other individual. It was he, in fact, and his late brother who first brought the shrub to the notice of the late Mr. David Scott.”
Dr. W. desires that Mr. Bruce may not be forgotten whenever the Society have any seeds for distribution.
No. 10.-From Major Honywood to the Officiating Secretary, dated 25th April, acknowledging the receipt of sundry parcels, containing copies of the Society's transactions—for Societies and individuals in England and Scotland, which Major H. had very kindly offered to carry home, and forward to the respective addresses.
No. 11.--From James Kyd, Esq., to the Officiating Secretary, dated 10th May, enclosing two notes to his address for Mr. Glass of Dacca, on the subject of purchasing potatoes at the expense of the Society, to be forwarded to Mr. Inglis at Sylhet for distribution among the Cassyahs, as an inducement for them to supply the Calcutta market, and drawing upon the Society for the amount of Mir. Glass's bill, viz., for sixty-seven maunds of potatoes, including all charges to Sylhet, sicca rupees two hundred. The Officiating Secretary had accordingly paid the draft. No. 12.—From Lieutenant Meik, dated Hazareebaug, 23d April, acknowledging his election. No. 13.-From C. K. Robison, Esq., to the Officiating Secretary, dated 4th May, enclosing two old letters relating to the Society. No. 14.—From H. Piddington, Esq., suggesting— submitted prior to last month's meeting, but not read for want of time—regarding the utility of addressing a circular of queries to all such gentlemen as might be supplied with seed.
Mr. Bell submitted two pots of Egyptian cotton plants, from seed sown on the 28th ultimo, to show that the parties to whom seed has been dispatched need be under no apprehension of its failing. He also laid before the meeting, four plants of Indian corn, two from seed received in a parcel from the Honorable Mr. Melville on his return from England, supposed to be “ Cobbett's corn,” and the other two from seed received from Mr. J. B. Jones of Jaunpore, the latter being gigantic in comparison with the former, which although perfect were complete miniatures.
Both were raised in the same bed, and planted at the same time.
MEDICAL AND PHYSICAL SOCIE [ Y.
At a proceeding of a Meeting of the Medical and Phosical Society of Calcutta, held at the Asiatic Society's Apartments, on the 7th May, 1636.
W. Mackenzie, Esq., Assistant-Surgeon of the Madras Presidency, was proposed as a Miember of the Society by Mr. Howitt, seconded by Dr. O'Shaughnessy.
Letters from the following gentlemen were then read :—
From R. Phillipson, Esq., Assistant-Surgeon, 19th Regiment N. I., requesting that his name might be withdrawn from the Society.
From J. Mouat, Esq., Surgeon, H. M. 13th Dragoons, stating that several more cases of petulent deposit had occurred in his practice, the particulars of which he should have much pleasure in forwarding to the Society.
From C. Morehead, Esq., Secretary of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, forwarding a copy of the rules of that Society.
From Dr. Falconer of Saharunpore, stating that the Botanical Garden under his superintendance, of that station, presented many advantages for the cultivation of the plants brought out from Europe by the Right Honorable the Governor-General, and that he should be very happy to take charge of any of them, which might be spared from other stations. Several letters were likewise presented from various quarters in reply to the circular on the subject of a proposed journal, but they were not read as it was resolved that communications on that subject should be deferred until answers had been received from all the members applied to, when they could be classed together, and the votes taken at Once.
The following communications sented :
1.—A case of protracted ulcer, cured by two applications of galvanism, by R. Tytler, Esq., presented by the Medical Board.
The patient was a seapoy who had suffered during several years from a scrophulus sinus in front of the trachea, which had defied every attempt at relief. Dr. Tytler twice applied the wire from the zinc extremity of a galvanic trough to the surface of the sore, and in seventeen days the man was discharged cured.
were then pre
2-A case of enormous liver abscess in a European *uccessfully treated by J. Colquhoun, Esq., Assistant
Dr. W. says that it resembles the poisonous root of the aconitum ferox of Nepal, and he concludes that the Mishmee root is produced by the same specie of !. that it is indeed, perhaps, the same plants. It is rought down into Assam in baskets of various sizes, the larger of which contains 52 roots each, and it is sold at eight annas the basket. The Mishmees employ it indiscriminately for destroying both man and boast. Dr Wallich states that he is not aware that this poison is mentioned by any other writer than Major Wilcox, who apparently alludes to it in his memoir in the 17th vol. of Asiatic Researches, p. 337, in speaking of the extract of some root with which the Mishnees poison their arrows.
have induced him to believe that in many cases no such communication has occurred, these discharges being depositions or excretions in the foccal or urinary passage. He proposed to illustrate this by cases bearing upon the point in questions. That this occurrence in hepatic abscess should not have been recorded is no reason why it should not exist; indeed, in the present cases the observation was made accidentally. The author quotes the abscesses which form after fractures, amputations, wounds of the head, &c. as somewhat analogous, for he considers these to act as derivatives from the original seat of the disease, and he asks, why a similar event should not take place in hepatic abscess. He then adduces the known efforts of the system in relieving itself when any of its principal functions are impeded in their natural action as evidenced in the metastisis which take place in various diseases, and which however explained, must be allowed to exist. The author mentions also the existence of this in the veins of several people who have died of extensive abscesses as mentioned by Audral and Alison, and the case of hepatic abscess related by Mr. Twining where pus was found in the right ventricle of the heart. We may look therefore, he observes, to the vascular system as the probable cause of the removal and subsequent secretion of the matter in the cases which form the subject of his paper. The Doctor then gives thirteen cases of Europeans affected with liver abscesses in which pus was passed, by stool in 10, by utine in l l ; by vomitting in one, by expectoration in 4; of these 7 died and the rest recovered ; on dissection of those who died no trace of communication was discovered between the abscess and any of the outlets through which the matter had made its way; by analogy the author concludes that those who recovered were similar cases. In two instances the desease was complicated with diseased veins having the Pathognomic symptoms of beri beri. In almost all the above mentioned cases the discharge of pus afforded great relief to the hepatic disease—the swelling of the side diminished—and the patient was easier. In those which were cured the improvement produced by the discharges was permanent. It appeared almost critical. The discharges in several instances were simultaneous with
the action of mercury; on the system Dr. M. remarks that although in many instances of dysentery and hepatitics there is found extensive disorganization notwithstanding the most free action of mercury, nevertheless he has observed the remission of acute disease is generally synchronous with Pryalism and the appearance of pus always tends to quiet the constitutional disturbance and alleviate urgent symptoms. In an appendix the author remarks upon the distinc|tion usually drawn between Dolens and Phlebits—and observes that in the cases brought to his notice, the symptoms of both have been conjoined, whence he is led to believe them only varieties of the same affection both as to the violence and the order of vessels and tissues implicated, as well as some peculiarity of action in the vessels themselves as seen in the application of blisters where the discharge is generally watery and limpid, yet in some cases it becomes agelatinous mass. Dr. Mouat in this part of his communication details the experiments made by Mr. Macgregor, of H. M. 89th Regt, upon the matter discharged in one of the cases related in the paper. These consisted of the usual processes with sulphuric nitric and muriatic acids. That gentleman adinits the well-known uncertainty of the results which attended experiments of this nature and the impossibility of ascertaining exactly the distinction between pus and mucus, but that as far as he could judge the deposits submitted to his experiments undoubtedly were pus.
Dr. Macdonald observes, that in the course of the experiments which he made upon these reports, he observed, that the pus taken from the breast of a native woman six months pregnant, when dropped into several boiling solutions, coagulated in a solution of carbonate of potash and ammonia, and perfect coagulum was obtained, and in muriate of amonia, a very consistent coagulum took place from very watery pus.
Some blood taken from the woman abovementioned presented upon the under side of the coagulum some discolorized spots. These spots ran towards the centre of the clot. In the clot last obtained some of these spots became converted into an excavated scab, having the appearance of lymph or pus dried. The rounded part in both cases looked like tubercle or the masses described by Carswell as appearing in the blood in the spleen of tubercular subjects. Hurk.] H. H. Goodeve, Secy, Med, and Phy, Socy.
PROC EEDINGS OF THE ASIATIC SOCIETY.
it appearing by the Report of the state of the Funds of the Society that the expense could no longer be borne without encroaching upon the vested funds of the institution, the question of the propriety of resorting to the capital or of adopting some other mode of meeting the expense, was brought upon the tapis. Two or three plans had suggested themselves to the Committee of papers who had been looking into the matter, and they had come to the determination of submitting either that voluntary and public contributions be invited to meet the charge, or that an effort be made to secure the gratuitous services of a Curator, or that the principal of the funds be broken in upon. It appeared from their statement, and from the report of the Čurator (Dr. J. T. Pearson) which was read to the meeting, that the museum had been very largely augmented during the past year in the department of Natural History—that great pains had been taken to preserve and classify many very rare and valuable specimens which had been presented–and that the number of the members of the Society had materially encreased, owing, as there was
A meeting of the magistrates in session took place on the 9th May, from which there have been results not otherwise than important. The discussion began by Mr. Justice O'Hanlon saying, that he had declined becoming a party to those papers and accounts, not because he was aware that there was anything wrong in them, but because he did not know that they were correct. He had called for documents in support of charges made against the police fund in these accounts, but he had not been able to procure them. He found a minute of Government fixing the rate of remuneration for the collection at 2% per cent: in addition to this charge, he found in the collector's account, a charge of 1) per cent. for the native collector, and a further monthly charge for writers in the collection department of 344 Rs. He was willing to admit that 2% per cent. was not a sufficient remuneration for such a collection, nor was 4 per cent. too much ; but he thought the charge of 344 Rs per month, for establishment, was extra, and he knew not under what authority it was made. He found also a monthly charge of 430 Rs and of 300 Rs for assessors, perhaps, something was done for these monthly salaries, but he knew not what it was. No doubt considerable trouble would attend the assessment, and it was important that men of integrity should
be employed to make it; and the remuneration ought to
be suitable; but he was not aware that this trouble occurred monthly. He found also a charge of 132 Rs. and of 100 Rs-, where he understood were two persons employed to report as to untenanted premises. If the assessors were necessarily kept on a monthly salary, he knew no reason why it might not be made a part of their duty to report on unoccupied premises.
Mr. Justice Blacquiere said it was highly important that persons of respectability should be employed in the assessment, and it could not be expected that they would report on untenanted houses.
Mr. O'Hanlon was understood to say that he was not aware that the one duty was less respectable than the other; he made these observations that they might be
considered by his brother magistrates, and the subject be disposed of on a future day. There were three cher subjects to which he wished to draw attention—the fees charged by constables on levying by distress the tax from tardy or unwilling payers. He had found these fees, in some cases which had come before him, enormous. As they now stood, they were totally unauthorised : they ought to be fixed at a moderate yet remunerating rate, for the constables had no salary. 2dly. He wished the time for objections to the rate of assessment to be at least two weeks instead of one: and, lastly, he wished the accounts to be published. The magistrates, were as to the funds, trustees for the public, and they ought to exhibit all documents necessary to show that they were faithful trustees.
Mr. Justice Macfarlan entirely concurred in the propriety of publishing the accounts.
Mr. Blacquiere thought the publication of this account would lead to the necessity of publishing other accounts: that the more important accounts were those of the expenditure in which there was much to object to —frauds, embezzlements, and misapplications.
The other two magistrates said, that the necessity for further exposure of accounts as likely to result from the publication of this account, was a reason rather for the publication: every account should be accessible to all who wished to examine them.
The discussion ended in an order to the Clerk of the Peace to publish in the Gazette a copy of the Collector's account, an extension of the time for the receipt of objections to the assessments, and an order to Captain Birch, the Collector, to make a return of the cases in which the assessment was collected by constables, to enable the magistrates to fix the schedule of fees.
The sessions were adjourned to the 4th June– Englishman.
COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS.
SATURDAY, 4th Ju NE.
The Justices of the Peace assembled this-day to receive petitions against the rate of assessment. There were present, the Chief Magistrate, Mr. Justice Blacquieré, Mr. Justice McMahon, Mr. Justice Robison, Mr. Justice O'Hanlon, Mr. James Kyd, one of the Honorary Magistrates, Mr. James Young, the Clerk of the Peace, and the rest of the officers connected with tile assessment.
The Chief Magistrate having been called to the chair, the following memorial was read by him :
To the Worshipful II is Majesty's Justices of the Peace in Quarter Sessions assembled.
The Memorial of the undersigned Householders, Agents of Householders, and occupiers of Houses.
She weth, –That your Memorialists have attentively considered the notice put forth in the public journals under the signature of the Clerk of the Peace requiring “ all persons having objections to make” to the “present assessment” to present the same to your worships, on or before the 26th instant, and being assured that the present rate of assessment is either much too high for the purposes to which it is applied, or is injudiciously, if not extravagantly and carelessly distributed, they do hereby petition your worships to sanction such abatement as may appear, on rigid enquiry, to be feasible, or to nominate a committee from their own body to ascertain to what extent a reduction may be effected, or in what manner a better appropriation may be assigned.
Your Memorialists have examined the statement of receipts and disbursements lately published, and they cannot conceal their surprise that so large a sum as upwards of six thousand and six hundred rupees per quarter should be expen led in the mere collection of an assessment which amounts in the aggregate to less than sixty thousani rupees. Upon enquiry, they are satisfied that one “Assessor and one Examiner of empty houses" would amply suffice for the labor required in that particular department of the collection, and they are equally convinced that the additional percentage to the responsible collector is, to a certain extent, a superfluous charge upon the accounts.
Your Memorialists are, moreover, assured that much laxity, at least, prevails in the department of “Examination of empty houses,” and that much imposition is practised on the assessors by sundry owners and occupiers of houses, which a little extra vigilance would obviate, to the advantage of the general collection and the consequent release of your Memorialists from part of the present exorbitant tax. It is broadly assertel, and could, we understand, be established by the investigations of an active committee, that numerous houses are reported empty which, in point of fact are occupied —that many, actually vacant when the era miner makes the enquiries, are tenanted immediately that their eremption from assessment has been admitted, and that many houses yield a much higher rent than the landlord or tenant (in probable collusion) is disposed to allow. These are circumstances, your Memorialists submit, which your worships may consider, it your duty to thoroughly investigate. Your Memorialists, however, are not so anxious to obtain an abatement of the assessment upon their landed property as desirous of seeing the monies raised on account of the assessment applied to the greater advantage of the town of which they ar inhabitants; but, while
With regard to the complaint of the imperfect and partial manner in which the streets are now watered and lighted, the division magistrates presume that the memorialists do not mean to insist on these, as they do not fall within the “watching, repairing and cleaning"; the streets, to which the Act of Parliament limits the application of the assessment, and the justices in sessions have therefore no power to expend the monies collected, under the Act, upon either of these objects. The division Magistrates confine their observations to the rate or amount of the assessment, the expense of levying it, and the disbursements of what remains, for the purposes of the act.
As to the rate of 5 per cent they assume that this is not too high, as it has never appeared to yield so large a sum as government expended on these three objects.
The next point is the expence of collection, and without entering into details, the magistrates think that it is enough for them to say, that for many years past, these have been specially ordered by government, in correspondence with the Chief Magistrate alone, and that the division magistrates have no permission to reduce them.
The last point is the expenditure of the assessment after it has been levied. For many years past the duty of all the magistrates, excepting the chief magistrate, has terminated with their meeting in sessions to render the collection of the assessment legal. The collector has been a person nominated by government, and who, so soon as he has made his collections, pays the amount into the government treasury, from whence it is drawn,
* I do not think the assessment too high, but I consider it injudiciously laid out. * I consider the assessment too high. 1.The nuisance complained of in this memorial is so universal and great that an immediate reform is loudly, called for. The assessment is not only too high but is likewise injudiciously appropriated. $ We have always been given to understand that between watering and repairing roads there is no intimate a connection that the necessity for the one must greatly depend upon the extent of the other. A bundant toi, is o considered an effectual method of preserving the roads.-Ed.