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We attended on the 13th Feb. an examination of the pupils of the Native Medical College and were equally astonished and gratified at the readiness with i. the most difficult questions were answered. The examination commenced with chemistry conducted by Dr. O'Shaughnessy, Professor of that science. We are unable to give any very detailed account of it and can only state generally its nature. It embraced questions on the essential qualities of matter; examples of great extention of matter; the purposes of matter; on the difference between chemical affinity and attraction and other species of affinity and attraction, with examples; the meaning of a simple substance ; enumerations of the different gases and the modes of generating them ; the number of combinations which oxygen can form with a metallic base; from what substances oxygen can be obtained; whether there is but one mode of obtaining it from manganese; why sulphuric acid is the most economical agent for obtain. ing it from that substance; the chief properties of oxygen, nitrogen, nitric acid, carbon, &c.; and a great many other questions of much greater difficulty. In fact Dr. O'Shaughnessy admitted that he was pressing the students latterly rather hard, but we believe he was quite satisfied with the replies he obtained from them and from
some particularly who seemed to be very young, and we heard several gentlemen present express their surprize and gratification: Dr. Goodeve, the Professor of Anatomy, next examined the youths in Anatomy, and called on them to demonstrate several not very easy propositions. Principal Bramley afterwards aided in the examination and did hot at all spare the youths. Dr. Duncan Stewart also put a number of questions to them, and we are not aware that in any one instance these gentlemen failed in obtaining satisfactory replies from some of the students. They evinced very great proficiency in the anatomy of the muscles and nerves, the course of the arteries and relative positions ; and in osteology their practical knowledge was admitted by all the professional gentlemen present to be most extraordinary. Altogether the exhibition was one of the most interesting we have witnessed, connected with education, and reflects the highest credit on the professors, to whose talents and exertions the native community are deeply indebted. We seized the occasion to inspect the New College not et quite completed, which shews that the Government ão taken up this business of professional education in proper spirit. No niggardly economy is to be complained of here. The arrangements evince a truly liberal feeling.
The building when complete will embrace every object that can facilitate the acquirement of Chemical and Surgical knowledge. The Theatre is capable of holding 500 pupils, there is a room for the study of practical anatomy, a museum, a laboratory, a library and reading room, &c. The building was formerly the Petty Court Jail which has been greatly enlarged and has the advantage of having attached to it the police hospital where the pupils will have the opportunity of actual observation of desease in its various stages and the modes of treatment, explained by the professors. The institution is indeed a noble one, and gives every promise of glorious results entrusted as it is to the guidance of men, who in addition to great professional skill and judgment, are animated by a zeal worthy of the noble cause of professional education in which they are engaged. In estimating the advantages likely to arise from such an Institution, we should greatly underrate them if we supposed they would be limited to the mere supply of a certain
number of native practitioners or to the relief to be derived to suffering humanity from the spread of professional knowledge. We must consider this Institution as a sort of normal College, which will in time supply teachers of other colleges, by whose means medical science will be rapidly diffused all over India, and we must take into account the effect which the increase of scientific acquirements must have in undermining the fabric of superstition and ignorance, and elevating the moral condition of the people. In short, we dare scarcely trust ourselves to express the hopes which inspire us when we look to all the consequences likely to flow from such institutions so conducted.
We have only to add that the pupils, about 70 in number, are chiefly Hindoos from 14 to 17 years of age, who are receiving general education at the Hindu College and who come over daily to the Medical College for two hours to receive professional education. At the expiration of the first year, however, we understand that the students will devote themselves entirely to the study of Medicine.—Bengal Herald.
KING'S MILITARY FUND.
We have been favored with the following abstract of the Military Fund in His Majesty's Indian Army for the year 1835:
RECEIPTs. By cash balance on 1st Jan. 1835........ 5.040 9 2 By Government donation for year ending 30th April, 1835...... - - - - - - . . . . . . . . 6,000 0 0 By interest on Government paper........ 2,468 6 0 By subscriptions recd. as per acct. No. 1... 20,863 5 1 34,376 4 Disbursements. To paid for 4 per cent. note for Sa. Rs. 10,000.......... 9,940 l 5 To awards to families as per list No. 2. . . . . . . . . . . . ... 18,808 2 6 To office allowance year endo 30th Sept. 1835...... 960 0 0 To Govt. Agent's commission, brokerage, &c. . . . . . . . . . . 113 12 8 29,822 0 7 Cash Balance Sa. Rs. 4,545 3 8
THE UNCOVENANTED SERVICE.
To The Ho: A. Ross, Esquine. overnor of the Presidency of Agra. The humble Memorial of the undersigned Uncovenanted Assistants or Clerks in the offices of Government at Allahabad.
Sheweth, That your Memorialists are members of a numerous class of public servants in the different offices at this station, and they flatter themselves that they are useful in their humble sphere in proportion to the operation of those circumstances which universally exercise an influence on mental and physical exertions.
Your Memorialists will not trespass on your Honor's time and patience by indulging in preliminary observations, but proceed to place at once before your Honor the subject of this address, which they consider to be of importance to their respectability as members of a large community ; to their independence as free agents; and to their rights and privileges as British subjects.
That for acts connected with their public employment, your Memorialists have always held themselves responsible to their immediate official superiors, and bowed with unmuring and respectful submission to their authority and may decisions; but for actsunconnected with their public duties, and done in their character of private individuals, or as a section of the people, they have always considered themselves amenable, in common with all classes of subjects, only to the ordinary laws of the land.
That your Memorialists have, however, with concern and alarm recently witnessed attempts on the part of some of the Government functionaries to assume and exercise over private acts a jurisdiction, which, as far as your Memorialists are aware, appears to be sanctioned neither by general practice, established precedent, the tacit acquiescence of Government, nor by the Regulations in force; and which, if permitted to be exercised, will tend, not virtually, but practically, to deprive them of all their rights, absolute and relative, as “natural men" or “free agents,” and members of society, and subject them, for no other reason than because your Memorialists are the uncovenanted servants of Government, to hardships and grievances, from which communities of all denominations in the civil state are by common consent and usage, entirely exempted.
That your Memorialists are sensible that public authorities, or to be more explicit, the dignity of public of. fice should be protected from insult ; and it cannot be denied that it is sufficiently and absolutely protected in actual administration from contempt or disrespect by the laws enacted for that purpose. On the other hand, they are equally sensible, that high birth, high station, wealth, in short, all the adventitious constituents of personal greatness (contradistinguished from official dignity,) cannot ertort respect and homage, expect relatively, in so far as such superior circumstances or qualities are per se calculated to secure them by their irresistible moral influence.
That your Memorialists do not, by this mode of reasoning, intend to excuse or justify the wilful and capricious denial of the respect unquestionably due to private rank; but they may be permitted to observe that infringement of etiquette and good manners, is not an offence, which can justly call for the interference of official authority, and require to be visited with official punishment.
Your Memorialists may be further permitted to state that they are convinced, that it can never be either the desire or the interest of a liberal, just and free Government to impose severe and unnecessary restraints on the liberty of the subject, or to regulate and constrain his conduct in matters of mere indifference, and more especially in matters that, being of a strictly private nature, cannot, and do not, require the peremptory and authoritative interference of Government functionaries.
Your Memorialists deem it necessary to explain in this place the circumstance which have given rise to the present address, and they therefore respectfully beg to submit a brief and clear statement of the same.
A grass-cutter in the employ of Mr. R. Alexander, of the Civil Service, having lately trespassed on the premises occupied by Mr. D. Permien, late a clerk in the English establishment of the Sudder Dewanee Adawlut, was desired by one of that gentleman's servants to quit the ground ; but instead of complying, with this reasonable request, he threw down his load of grass and maltreated the servants. Mr. Permien, on hearing of the affray, and on inquiring into the truth of it, chastised the grass-cutter by the infliction of a few slaps on the face, when the grass-cutter went and complained to his master of the treatment he had received, and Mr. Alexander in consequence addressed a note to Mr. Permien, requesting an explanation of his conduct, but on receiving an uncourteous reply, preferred a complaint against Mr. Permien, through the officiating Register, to the court of Sudder Dewanee Adawlut, and the court (acting thereon, it is presumed, as employers, and not in its judicial capacity, for in the latter case its proceedings should and would have been formal) in consequence removed Mr. Permien from the appointment to which he had been a short time before temporarily promoted. These facts will be estiablished by a reference to documents nos. l to 3.
You Memorialists have not the remotest intention of standing up as the apologists of Mr. Permien's discourteous behaviour to a gentleman moving in a higher sphere
of life. Indeed as a body they regret Mr. Permien's want of civility; but on the other hand, your Memorialists are at a loss to discover any grounds for subjecting an affair, private abinitio in every respect, to the sciutiny of official cognizance.
For the object of this address your Memorialists have deemed it sufficient to confine, allusion to a single case, and they trust they have fully shown that the invidious and obnoxious power of interfering with private matters has been exercised in the above instance, to their serious prejudice, by public officers of high rank, respectability and intelligence, whose decisions are, therefore, the more likely to pass into ar.d receive the sanction of an established precedent. The injury which such summary proceedings as have been referred to in a preceding paragraph are calculated to inflict on your Memorialists is necessarily aggravated by its tendency to deprive them of all moral, political and private rights, which cannot but reduce their condition to a degraded and contemptible level.
Under all the circumstances urged by your Memorialists, they most humbly pray that your Honor would be pleased to prohibit the unpleasant interference from which they seek to be exempted ; or should it appear that the authority in question is really and bond fide vested in the functionaries of Government, to prescribe rules defining the extent to which your Memorialists ought, in justice and equity, to be considered amenable to official notice, in matters of a strictly private character, -matters that do not and cannot in the remotest degree affect their public character or the discharge of their public duties. And finally in the event of your Honor deciding that your Memorialists are, or ought to be held accountable to their official superiors, even for acts committed out of the limits of office, your Memorialists respectfully entreat that your Honor would be further pleased to determine whether under circumstances of any provocation being offered to their feelings, the door of complaint in the proper quarter will be equally open to your Memorialists, and redress afforded for any private wrong that may be done to them. , Your §. rialists the more confidently solicit this degree of consideration at your Honor's hands as they cannot persuade themselves that any impartial and enlightend Government would confer peculiar and exclusive privileges on one class, and recognise the existence of another only for the purpose of punishment, and never for any degree of protection.
nd your Memorialists, as in duty bound, will ever pray. (SIGNED BY NINETY-Four.
Allahabad, February 3, 1836.
No. 1.-Mr. Alexander requests that Mr. Permien will explain under what circumstances and for what reason he beat Mr. Alexander's servant, and took from him the grass he was then bringing to his stable, for which proceeding, if the man's statement be correct, no provocation whatever was given. November 22, 1835.
No. 2.-As Mr. Alexander requests of Mr. Permien an explanation, and supposes he is bound to comply, Mr. Permien hereby refuses to do so. The man who supposes himself to be ill-treated can apply to the magistrate's court for redress.
- November 22, 1835.
No. 3.-It having been reported to the Court by the Register, that Mr. Permien, one of the clerks on their establishment, had ill-used a syce in Mr. Alexander's service, of which he had been found guilty by the *magistrate, and that on being called upon by Mr. Alexander, to explain the reason of his maltreating hisservant, had written him a highly disrespectful letter, and this being the second time that the court have had occasion to find fault with Mr. Permien's conduct, the court having in the former instance been under the necessity of dismissing him from the office for grossly ill-treating one of the native sectioners, which punishment was remitted as an act of grace on Mir. Pei mien's promising to conduct himself properly in future.
*Hereby hangs a tale. Such was the Magistrate's zealous impatience and predetermination to find Mr. P. guilty, that the case was called on and decided a day previous to that originally fixed, by notice served on the defendant, for hearing and this too without intimating to the defendant, in any way that the change had been determined on. Mr. P., who, it was admitted, had cause for provocation, was found guilty, of course, of taking the law in his own hands, and fined 15 rupees, a penalty double that inflicted by the same Magistrate a short time before on a person with better income who it was proved had drawn blood profusely from a Jew-one of the 94.
The court are, therefore, pleased to mark their disaprobation of Mr. Permien's conduct in the instance now fore them by removing him from the acting appointment which he at present holds, and direct that he resume charge of his proper office. The Register will communicate the court's order to Mr. Permien. By order of the Court, (Signed) H. B. HARRINGto.N, Offg. Register. (True Copy) (Signed) H. B. Han RINoton, Offg. Register. Sudder Dewanee Nizamut Adawlut, Dec. 4th, 1835
[nerly to the Above.]
To Messrs. E. G. Fr. Asen, W. Joh Nson AND orii ERs,
Uncovenanted assistants in the Government offices at Allahabad.
GestLEMEN, The Honorable the Governor having given his best consideration to the Memorial submitted by you under date the 3d instant, directs me to make the following communication in reply.
You represent that a jurisdiction over the private acts of the class of public servants to which you belong, not sanctioned by the regulations in force, has recently been assumed by some of the Government functionaries, and you pray that such jurisdiction be prohibited or if authorized that rules be prescribed defining the extent to
which public officers of your class, ought in justice to be considered amenable to their official o for acts not affecting the discharge of their public duties.
The existing regulations for ensuring a faithful and efficient discharge of their duties by all subordinate public officers require that in the selection of individuals for employment regard shall be had to character, as well as qualifications, and they enjoin that the individuals selected shall not be removed from their offices without proof of incapacity or misconduct. The character to which it is considered necessary to have regard before appointment is clearly character out of office ; and it seems equally obvious that after appointment conduct affecting character out of office as well as in office is also required to be noticed. The regulations leave it to the functionaries whose duty it is to appoint and to remove to judge as to the character which ought to exclude from appointment and the conduct after appointment which ought to incur removal, but they guard against partiality or iniustice on the part of those functionaries in the performance of this duty by making their appointments and removals subject to the revision of their immediate superiors.
The Honorable the Governor is of opinion, therefore, that the existing regulations afford to every class of public officers all the security against being unjustly deprived of their offices, which regulations are capable of affording. and that no ground exists for either altering or adding to their provisions.
In regard to the case of Mr. Permien, stated by you to have been removed from an office in the Sudder Dewany Adawlut to which he had been temporarily promoted, for conduct unconnected with the performance of his official duties, the Honorable the Governor does not think it necessary to give an opinion, as that individual has not himself complained of having been unjustly or illegally removed.
I have, &c. (Signed) R. H. Scorr, Offg. Secy. Allahabad, 24th Feb.-Cent. Free Press.
The necessity of an Hospital for the natives having been long felt at Serampore, His Excellency the Honorable Colonel Rehling, on Thursday, January 28th, convened a meeting of the inhabitants, both European and native, at the Government House, to take the subject into consideration; when, His Excellency being called to the chair, Dr. Marshman stated that the number of natives who died at Serampore in the year ending December 1833, amounted to between six and seven hundred; and that on the average full five hundred were carried off by disease from year to year; adding, that of this number a full tenth, and possibly greater portion, might be saved from death if an hospital were provided in which their various cases might meet with timely and prompt attention; and that the saving of fifty human lives, from year to year, would repay all the labor and expense required to establish an hospital.
The following resolutions were then put to the vote and carried unanimously.
1. That a Society be immediately formed with the view of supporting and superintending an hospital for the reception of patients of every age and nation, afflicted with diseases of any kind, the leprosy excepted, under the auspicies of Her Sacred Majesty Maria, Queen
so small a sum as a rupee monthly, shall be considered members.
2. That this Society appoint a perpetual President; and elect Governors, a Committee, and a Treasurer from year to year.
3. That a subscription be opened to defray the expenses attending this institution; and that any person who may subscribe only a single rupee monthly, shall be authorized to send at least one servant or sick native to the hospital.
4. That a house be forthwith provided for the reception of patients, together with medicines, and the attendants and servants requisite for the institution.
5. That His Excellency the Honorable Colonel Rehling, K. D., be respectfully requested to become President of the institution.
6. That J. C. Boeck and C. Tiemroth, Esqrs, the two Members of Council, be appointed Governors of the Institution for the first year, together with two, three,
of Denmark; of which Society all who subscribe even
or four native gentlemen, at the option of the Committee.
7. That the following nine gentlemen, with the of. ficial members, form the Committee for the first year, with power to add to their number.
F. E. Elberling, Esq., Secretary to the Government.
And that Dr. Marshman be Treasurer for the first
8. That J. O. Voigt, Esq., be requested to undertake the duties of Surgeon and Physician to this institution, and that his offer of discharging them gratuitously for the first year, be gratefully accepted. 9. That after the example of the Asiatic Society, founded by the late Sir William Jones and the Agricultural and Horticultural Society, founded by the late Rev. Dr. Carey, the various meetings of the Committee be considered open meetings, which every Member of the Society has a right to attend. 10. That the next meeting be held at the Government House at half-past twelve, on Wednesday, the 3d of February. That copies of these Resolutions be printed in English and Bengalee, and circulated in Serampore and its
vicinity.—Friend of India.
the fortest noire.
Little Nouveau had a good house and received for her exertions much applause. Of the Forest Noire, although doubtless a piece of great
intrinsic merits we are not disposed to say much ; the discriminating audience for whose edification it was represented, will doubtless appreciate all its varied ex. without assistance . us. There was much fighting, and no doubt much fun, for the amateurs enjoyed themselves, and the audience was philosophically passive ; each individual spectator appeared to have armed him or herself with a triple shield of patience,— an excellent robe of durance on such high occasions. Catherine and Petruccio, was gotten up with great nonchalance; but the audience laughed much. Of the Catarina we are disposed to think very good things. She looked a terrible i. at starting, and became very prettily and pensively submissive at the close of her
matrimonial apprenticeship. Ilbel Petruccio, swaggered away in grand style, swore by ‘cog's wounds' most braggadocially and whipped his menials with great effect. He was exceedingly vivacious and sustained his arduous part with much energy and a very complete success. Grumio had a very droll appearance and evinced much comic humour. If we had time, we would say a great deal in praise of this amateur: he evidently liked his part and the part in return fitted him very appropriately. Of the other amateurs, and Mrs. Francis, we will only say, that they, one and all, we have no doubt, played their best, and are, whatever may have been the measure of their merits, entitled at any rate to that meed of praise which candid minds extend to the very best intention In conclusion, we may observe, that these benefits have not heretofore proved very creditable exhibitions, and we see no reason to extend to this latest performance any privilege of exemption from the modicum of censure undergone its predecessors.-Englishman