Towards Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mountain Regions

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Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 21, 2013 - Science - 205 pages
Sustainable livelihoods and ecosystems are far-reaching and burning issues in the wake of high growth of population, low production and per ha yield of crops and depletion of biodiversity resources. Mountainous regions of the world are facing the menace of poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition. Further, tremendous growth in population and slow pace of development have together forced most of the population to live below poverty line. Traditionally depending upon cultivating subsistence crops for food requirement, the people living in mountainous region are unable to produce sufficient food grains to run their livelihood smoothly. The Himalayas is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots and has an abundance of natural resources: land, water and forest – life sustaining factors. The geo-environmental conditions – climate and landscape further enhance the possibility of sustainable livelihoods through eco-tourism, harnessing water resources and utilizing forests and their products sustainably. Diversifying agricultural practices through cultivating cash and cereal crops and enhancing livelihood options through extensive use of timber and non-timber based forestry products can help to eradicate poverty and provide food security. This book consists of an introduction and nine chapters, covering geo-environmental setting, socio-economy and population profile, sustainable livelihoods: diversification and enhancement, livelihood analysis, development of tourism and hydroelectricity, case studies, mountain ecosystems, sustainable mountain development and also presents a conclusion.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 GeoEnvironmental Setting
15
3 SocioEconomy and Population Profile
35
Diversifications and Enhancements
49
5 Livelihood Analysis
83
6 Development of EcoTourism and Hydroelectricity
91
7 Case Studies
103
8 Mountain Ecosystems
115
Challenges and Opportunities
123
Major Problems and Prospects of Sustainable Livelihoods
137
IllustrationsRepresenting Abundance NaturalResources and Livelihoods
151
Appendix
172
Glossary
202
About the Author
203
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