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Why Government at All?: A Philosophical Examination of the Principles of ...
William Henry van Ornum
No preview available - 2018
action advantage amount association become Bellamy capital CHAPTER corporation crime criminal debt depends desires despotism destroy duction Edward Bellamy effect eminent domain enforce equality evils exist fact farmers force freedom give gratification greater growth happiness Henry Thomas Buckle Herbert Spencer human ignorance impossible improvement increase individual character inequality injustice intelligence interest justice Karl Marx knowledge land liberty love of distinction Marx means ment misery monopolists monopoly morals mortgage motive natural necessary needs never obtain party person pig metal political politicians poor possession possible poverty present principle privilege production Progress and Poverty promote protect Proudhon punishment question reform regard rent restraints result rich says seek selfish single tax slave slavery social society subdivision of labor surplus value thing tion trade true Victor Hugo vidual violate wages wealth whole Wilhelm Von Humboldt
Page 154 - That principle is that the sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number is self-protection.
Page 267 - A general State education is a mere contrivance for moulding people to be exactly like one another ; and as the mould in which it casts them is that which pleases the predominant power in the government, whether this be a monarch, a priesthood, an aristocracy, or the majority of the existing generation, in proportion as it is efficient and successful, it establishes a despotism over the mind, leading by natural tendency to one over the body.
Page 154 - ... the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community against his will is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant. He cannot rightfully be compelled to do or forbear because it will be better for him to do so, because it will make him happier, because in the opinions of others to do so would be wise or even right.
Page 306 - Formal government makes but a small part of civilized life; and when even the best that human wisdom can devise is established, it is a thing more in name and idea than in fact. It is to the great and fundamental principles of society and...
Page 157 - ... to perform certain acts of individual beneficence, such as saving a fellow creature's life, or interposing to protect the defenceless against ill-usage, things which whenever it is obviously a man's duty to do, he may rightfully be made responsible to society for not doing.
Page 122 - Humboldt, so eminent both as a savant and as a politician, made the text of a treatise — that "the end of man, or that which is prescribed by the eternal or immutable dictates of reason, and not suggested by vague and transient desires, is the highest and most harmonious development of his powers to a complete and consistent whole...
Page 159 - If all mankind, minus one, were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind.
Page 154 - The only part of the conduct of any one, for which he is amenable to society, is that which concerns others. In the part which merely concerns himself, his independence is, of right, absolute. Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.
Page 307 - If we consider what the principles are that first condense men into society, and what the motives that regulate their mutual intercourse afterwards, we shall find, by the time we arrive at what is called government, that nearly the whole of the business is performed by the natural operation of the parts upon each other.