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Vita 10-4-37

Transf. To book for human af spruch an

GL - Stacks 450266 THE VOLTA REVIEW

4.-13-62

THE SPEECH-READING AND SPEECH MAGAZINE

Published Monthly in the Interests of Better Speech by the Volta Bureau;

35th Street and Volta Place, Washington, D. C.

I hold every man a debtor to his profession, from the which, as men of course do seek to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavor them. selves, by way of amends, to be a help and ornament thereunto."- Bacon.

Volume 20

JANUARY, 1918

Number 1

SUCCESSFULLY SERVING HANDICAPPED HUMANITY

DURING HALF CENTURY

BY THE EDITOR

I

THE history of the education of In 1884 he became the principal. Then deaf children, the year 1867 will al- he began to plan the transformation of ways loom large because it was the year his "combined-system" school into a pure in which a joint committee of the Massa- oral school. Though charged with atchusetts legislature were first emphati- tempting to achieve the impossible and cally shown, by the leaders among the though complete failure was freely preteachers of the deaf, that it was a waste dicted, he intelligently continued this reof time and effort to attempt to teach deaf markable transformation until complete children to speak; that it never had been success crowned his efforts, and his successfully done and never could be school, popularly known as the Mt. Airy done; and (second) they witnessed so School for the Deaf, became not only the clear a demonstration that deaf children largest school for the deaf in the world, had been successfully taught to speak and but also the largest among pure oral to read speech, that this committee recom- schools. mended the granting of the charter for The annual report of the Pennsylvania what is now the Clarke School for the Institution for 1857 shows 217 pupils Deaf, at Northampton, where only the and 9 instructors, not including the principure oral method of teaching deaf chil- pal, or an average of one instructor for dren has always prevailed.

each 24 pupils. Now there are nearly It was also the year A. L. E. Crouter

550 pupils and an instructor for each declined the principalship in the State seven pupils. Then the age of admission School for the Deaf, at Olathe, Kans.,

was ten years ; now pupils are admitted because he was led by Providence to ac- at five years of age. cept the position of junior teacher in the Among all who have labored unself

Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf, in ishly to benefit handicapped humanity, · Philadelphia. Though only 21, he had and whom the world delights to honor, taught hearing children in Canada, In

few have won from young and old as dians in the West, and deaf children in warm a love or as high an esteem as Dr. Kansas prior to coming East. Eight Crouter; and few among the world's years later, following a visit to Clarke most eminent workers can look back over School and a thorough study of the meth- fifty years of continuous service with ods there employed, he was instrumental greater pride in the successful outcome in having the teaching of speech-reading of intelligently planned efforts than and speech given greater prominence in A. L. E. Crouter, A. M., L.L. D. his school.

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