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Abu Taher, the Carmathian, pillages Mecca, x. 77.
Abulfeda, his account of the splendour of the Caliph Moctader, x. 37.
Abu'lpharagius, primate of the Eastern Jacobites, some account of,
viii. 353. His encomium on wisdom and learning, x. 42. -
Abundantius, general of the East, and patron of the eunuch Eutropius,
is disgraced and exiled by him, v. 381. -
Ayla, the fair of, plundered by the Saracens, ix. 402.
Alyssinia, the inhabitants of, described, vii. 340. Their alliance
with the Emperor Justinian, 343. Ecclesiastical history of, viii.
367. -
23.atius, bishop of Amida, an uncommon instance of Episcopal bene-
volence, v. 427.
Achaia, its extent, i. 38. -
Acre, the memorable siege of, by the crusaders, xi. 142. Final loss
ot, 166. -
Actions, institutes of Justinian respecting, viii. 82.
Actium, a review of Roman affairs after the battle of, i. 95.
27dauctus, the only martyr of distinction during the persecution under
Diocletian, ii. 48o.
Adolphur, the brother of Alaric, brings him a reinforcement of troops,
v. 296. Is made Count of the domestics to the new Emperor At-
talus, 305. Succeeds his brother as King of the Goths, and con-
cludes a peace with Honorius, 330.
Adoption, the two kinds of, under the Greek empire, xi. 49. note.
Adoration of the Roman Emperor, custom of, and derivation of the
term, x. I 24.
Adorno, the Genoese governor of Phocaea, conveys Amurath II. from
Asia to Europe, xii. 52. - -
Adrian I. Pope, his alliance with Charlemagne against the Lom-
bards, ix. 150. His reception of Charlemagne at Rome, 154,
155. Asserts the fictitious donation of Constantine the Great,
I 59.
Adultery, distinctions of, and how punished by Augustus, viii. 99. By
the Christian Emperors, io2.
AEsia Capitolina founded on Mount Sion, by Hadrian, ii. 279.
AF/iur Petus, his Tripartite, the oldest work of Roman jurisprudence,
viii. 25.
ZEmilianus, governor of Pannonia and Masia, routs the barbarous in-
vaders of the empire, and is declared Emperor by his troops, i.
4C8.
AFnear of Gaza, his attestation of the miraculous gift of speech to the
Catholic confessors of Tipasa, whose tongues had been cut out,
vi. 294.
./Eneas o, his account of the impracticability of an European
crusade against the Turks, xii. 253. His epigram on the destruc-
tion of ancient buildi:gs in Romc. 413. note.
AEra of the world, remarkable epochas in, pointed out, vii. 154.
note.

Gelalaean of the Turks, when settled, x. 367.
alerial tribute, in the Eastein Eurline, what, vii. 1-6.
Aotius,

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Aetius, surnamed the Atheist, his character and adventures, iii. 339,
354, 376. note.
— The Roman general under Valentinian III. his character, vi.
9. His treacherous scheme to ruin Count Boniface, 11. Is forced
to retire into Pannonia, 26. His invitation of the Huns into the
empire, 39. Seizes the administration of the Western empire, 89.
His character, as given by Renatus, a contemporary historian, 90.
Employs the Huns and Alani in the defence of Gaul, 92. Con-
cludes a peace with Theodoric, 97. Raises the siege of Orleans,
1 10. Battle of Châlons, 112. His prudence on the invasion of
Italy by Attila, 129. Is murdered by Valentinian, 139.
4/rica, its fituation and revolutions, i. 41. Great revenue raised
from, by the Romans, 258. Progress of Christianity there, ii.
366. . .
- Is distracted with religious discord in the time of Constantine
the Great, iii. 309. Character and revolt of the Circumcellions,
398. Oppressions of, under the government of Count Romanus, iv.
3C 1. General state of Africa, 308.
- Revolt of Count Boniface there, vi. 11. Arrival of Genseric,
King of, the Vandals, 14. Persecution of the Donatists, 16. De-
vastations of, by the Vandals, 20. Carthage surprised by Genseric,
28. Persecution of the Catholics, 28o.
- Expedition of Belisarius to, vii. 168. Is recovered by the
Romans, 186. The government of, settled by Justinian, 187.
Revolt of the troops there, under Stoza, 349. Devastation of the
war, 353.
- Invasion of, by the Saracens, ix. 449. Conquest of, by Ak-
bah, 455. Decline and extinction of Christianity there, 495. Re-
volt, and independence of the Saracens there, x. 79.
Loglaliter, the Saracen dynasty of, x. 79.
Aglae, a Roman lady, patronises St Boniface, ii. 482.
Loricola, review of his conduct in Britain, i. 7.
Agriculture, great improvement of, in the western countries of the
Roman empire, i. 84. State of, in the Eastern empire, under
Justinian, iv. 70.
Ajax, the sepulchre of, how distinguished, iii. 11. -
Aiznadin, battle of, between the Saracens and the Greeks, ix. 388.
Akbah, the Saracen, his exploits in Africa, ix. 455.
Alani, occasion of the people invading Asia, ii. 68. Conquest of, by
the Huns, iv. 371. Join the Goths who had emigrated into
Thrace, 400. See Goths, and Vandals.
Alaric, the Goth, learns the art of war under Theodosius the Great,
v. 80. Becomes the leader of the Gothic revolt, and ravages
Greece, 178. Escapes from Stilicho, 186. Is appointed master-
general of the Eastern Illyricum, 188. His invasion of Italy,
192. Is defeated by Stilicho at Pollentia, 199. Is driven out of
Italy, 203. Is, by treaty with Honorius, declared master-general
of the Roman armies throughout the praefecture of Illyricum, 234.

His pleas and motives for marching to Rome, 252. Encamps
- Ff 2 under

under the walls of that city, 255. Accepts a ransom, and raises
the siege, 295. His negociation with the Emperor Honorius,
297. His second siege of Rome, 303. Places Attalus on the
Imperial throne. 305. Degrades him, 309. Seizes the city of
Rome, 311. His sack of Rome compared with that by the Em-
peror Charles V. 323. Retires from Rome, and ravages Italy,
3.25. His death and burial, 329.
Alaric II. King of the Goths, his overthrow by Clovis, King of the
Franks, vi. 330. - -
Alleric, the son of Marozia, his revolt, and government of Rome,
IX. 23. I. -
Albigeois of France, persecution of, x. 187.
Alboin, King of the Lombards, his history, viii. 117. His alliance
with the Avars against the Gepidae, 119, 120. Reduces the Ge-
pidae, 121. He undertakes the conquest of Italy, 122. Over-runs
what is now called Lombardy, 126. Assumes the regal title there,
127, 128. Takes Pavia, and makes it his capital city, 128, 129.
Is murdered at the instigation of his Queen Rosamond, 129.
Alchemy, the books of, in Egypt, destroyed by Diocletian, ii. 137.
Aleppo, siege and capture of, by the Saracens, ix. 415. Is recovered
by the Greeks, x. 9o. - Is taken and sacked by Tamerlane, xii.

2 I.
Alexander III. Pope, establishes the Papal election in the college of
cardinals, xii. 3oo.
Alexander, archbishop of Alexandria, excommunicates Arius for his
heresy, iii. 328.
Alexander Severus, is declared Caesar by the Emperor Elagabalus, i.
238. Is raised to the throne, 240. Examination into his pretend-
ed victory over Artaxerxes, 337. Shewed a regard for the Chris-
tian religion, ii. 450. -
Alexandria, a general massacre there, by order of the Emperor Cara-
calla, i. 219. The city described, 452. Is ruined by ridiculous
intestine commotions, 453. By famine and pestilence, 456. Is
besieged and taken by Diocletian, ii. 134. The Christian theo-
logy reduced to a systematical form in the school of 363. Num-
ber of martyrs who suffered there in the persecution by Decius,
428.

, The theological system of Plato taught in the school of,
and received by the Jews there, iii. 316. Questions concerning the
nature of the Trinity, agitated in the philosophical and Christian
schools of, 321, 327. History of the archbishop St Athanasius,
356. Outrages attending his expulsion and the establishment of
his successor, George of Cappadocia, 380. The city distracted
by pious factions, 389. Disgraceful life and tragical death of
George of Cappadocia, iv. 125. Restoration of Athanasius, 13 1.
Athanasius banished by Julian, 132. Suffers greatly by an earth-
quake, 339.
, History of the temple of Serapis there, v. 128. This
temple, and the famous library, destroyed by bishop Theophilus,

Akxandria

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Alexandria is taken by Amrou the Saracen, ix.435. The famous library destroyed, 439. Alexius Angelur, his usurpation of the Greek empire, and character, xi. 185. Flies before the crusaders, 212. Alexius I. Comnenus, Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 83. New titles, of dignity invented by him, 121. Battle of Durazzo, 294. So- a licits the aid of the Emperor Henry III. 320. —, Solicits the aid of the Christian princes against the Turks, xi. . 6. His suspicious policy on the arrival of the crusaders, 45, 46. Exacts homage from them, 48. Profits by the success of the cr

lisaders, Io I, Io 2. * Aloxius II. Comnenur, Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 92. Alexius Strategopulus, the Greek general, retakes Constantinople fro the Latins, xi. 284. ' ** Alexius, the son of Isaac Angelus, his escape from his uncle, who had deposed his father, xi. 186. His treaty with the crusaders for his • restoration, 202. Restoration of his father, 217. His death,

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225. . Alfred sends an embassy to the shrine of St Thomas in India, viii.

2.£, by whom invented, x. 47. %. Mahomet in his prophetical mission, ix. 284. His heroism, 304. His character, 329. Is chosen Caliph of the Saracens, 333. Devotion paid at his tomb, 341. His posterity, 342. Algern defends Cumae, for his brother Teias, king of the Goths, vii. 390. Is reduced, 392. Allectus murders Carausius, and usurps his station, ii. 127. Allemanni, the origin and warlike spirit of, i. 417. Are driven out of Italy by the senate and people, 418. Invade the empire under Aurelian, ii. 21. Are totally routed, 24. Gaul delivered from their depradations by Constantius Chlorus, 131. Invade and establish themselves in Gaul, iii. 214. Are defeated at Strasburgh by Julian, 223. Are reduced by Julian in his expeditions beyond the Rhine, 229. Invade Gaul under the Emperor Valentinian, iv. 277. Are reduced by Jovinus, 279. And chastised by Valentinian, 282. Are subdued by Clovis, King of the Franks, vi. 316. * Arslan, Sultan of the Turks, his reign, x, 352. Alypius, governor of Britain, is commissioned by the Emperor Julian to rebuild the temple of Jerusalem, iv. 105. Amala, King of the Goths, his high credit among them, i. 394. Amalafontha, Queen of Italy, her history and character, vii. 206. Her death, 2 Io. Amalphi, description of the city, and its commerce, x. 279. Amazons, improbability of any society of, ii. 46. note. 4mbition, reflections on the violence, and various operations of that passion, ix. 109. - Ambrose, St. composed a treatise on the Trinity, for the use of the Emperor Gratian, v. 4. note. . His birth, and promotion to the F f 3 archbishcpric

archbishopric of Milan, 38. Opposes the Arian worship of the
Empress Justinia, 39. Refuses obedience to the Imperial power,
45. Controuls the Emperor Theodosius, 68, 69. Imposes pe-
nance on Theodosius for his cruel treatment of Thessalonica, 71.
Employed his influence over Gratian and Theodosius, to inspire
them with maxims of persecution, 91. Opposes Symmachus, the
advocate for the old Pagan religion, 99. Comforts the citizens of
Florence with a dream, when besieged by Radagaisus, 218.
Amida, siege of, by Sapor, King of Persia, iii. 205. Receives the
fugitive inhabitants of Nisibis, iv. 222. Is besieged and taken by
Cabades, King of Persia, vii. 138.
Anir, prince of Ionia, his character and passage into Europe, xi.
438. - -
Amminus the historian, his religious character of the Emperor Con-
stantius, iii. 352. His remark on the enmity of Christians toward
each other, 4c3. His account of the fiery obstructions to restoring
the temple of Jerusalem, iv. 108. His account of the hostile con-
test of Damascus and Ursinus for the bishopric of Rome, iv. 274.
Testimony in favour of his historical merit, 427. His character of
the nobles of Rome, v. 267. -
Ammonius, the mathematician, his measurement of the circuit of Rome,
v. 287. - - -
Ammonius, the Monk of Alexandria, his martyrdom, viii. 28c.
Amorium, siege and destruction of, by the Caliph Motassem, x. 69.
opht/ocus, bishop of Iconium, gains the favour of the Emperor Theo-
dosius by an orthodox bon mot, v. 16. -
Amphitheatre at Rome, a description of, ii. 103. xii. 418.
*arou, his birth and character, ix. 425. His invasion and conquest
of Egypt, 423. His administration there, 443. His description
of the country, 445. . . .
onwrath I. Sultan of the Turks, his reign, xi. 444.
-on-wrath II. Sultan, his reign and character, xii. 1 so.
-shackerets, in the monkish history, described, vi. 263.
-**ctor, Pope, his Jewish extraction, xii. 315. -
-*tarius I. marries the Empress Ariadne, vii. 6. His war with
Theodoric, the Ostrogoth, King of Italy, 24. His economy ce-
Jebrated, 101. His long wall from the Propontis to the Euxine,
129. Is humbled by the Catholic clergy, viii. 316.
*astasius II. Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 24. His preparations
of defence against the Saracens, x. 8.
*astasius, St. his brief history and martyrdom, viii. 273. nor.
-*atho, the city of, on the banks of the Euphrates, described, iv. 164.
-oidalusia, derivation of the name of that province, ix. 467. note.
*onicus, president of Lybia, excommunicated by Synesius, bishop
of Piolemais, iii. 299. 3Co. - - -
<ndronicus Comnenus, his character and first adventures, ix. 92. Seizes
the empire of Constantinople, 124. His unhappy fate, ic?.
*adronicus the Elder, Emperor of Constantinople, his superstition, xi.
358. His war with his grandson, and abdication, 366.

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