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Democracy, a form of government unfavourable to freedom in a large state, i. 54. Demosthener, governor of Caesarea, his gallant defence against, and heroic escape from, Sapor, King of Persia, i. 439. Deogralias, bishop of Carthage, humanely succours the captives brought from Rome by Genseric, King of the Vandals, vi. 1 54. Derar the Saracen, his character, ix. 389. Desiderius, the last King of the Lombards, conquered by Charlemagne, 1X. I KCDepot, it. of that title in the Greek empire, x. 121. Depotirm originates in superstition, i. 362. note. Diadem assumed by Diocletian, what, ii. 165, Diamonds, the art of cutting them, unknown to the ancients, i. 262. flote. Didiur Julianut purchases the Imperial dignity at a public auction, i. 172. Do. of the Roman empire, their number and government, iii. 49. Diocletian, the manner of his military election to the empire, ii. 1 c3. His birth and character, 112. Takes Maximian for his colleague, 11 S. Associates as Caesars, Galerius, and Constantius Chlorus, I 18. His triumph in conjunction with Maximian, 156. Fixes his court at the city of Nicodemia, I 59. Abdicates thc empire, 170. Parallel between him and the Emperor Charles V. I 71. Passes his life in retirement at Salona, 174. His impartial behaviour towards the Christians, 458. Causes that produced the persecution of the Christians under his reign, 462. Dion Carrius the historian, screened from the fury of the soldiers, by the Emperor Alexander Severus, i. 250. Dioscorur, patriarch of Alexandria, his outrageous behaviour at the second council of Ephesus, viii. 301. Is deposed by the council of Chalcedon, 306. Disabul, great khan of the Turks, his reception of the ambassadors of Justinian, vii. 295. Divorce, the liberty and abuse of, by the Roman laws, viii. 6c. Limitations of, 63. Docster, their peculiar tenets, iii. 319. viii. 265. Derivation of their name, iii. 320. note. Dominic, St Loricatus, his fortitude in flagellation, xi. 17. Dominus, when this epithet was applied to the Roman Emperors, ii. 163. Domitian, Emperor, his treatment of his kinsmen Flavius Sabinus, and Flavius Clemens, ii. 41 5. Domitian, the Oriental prefect, is sent by the Emperor Constantius to •reform the state of the East, then oppressed by Gallus, iii. 176. Is put to death there, 177. Donatus, his contest with Caecilian for the see of Carthage, iii. 309. History of the schism of the Donatists, 311, 398. Persecution of • the Donatists by the Emperor Honorius, vi. 16. Dory/eum, battle of, between Sultan Soliman and the first crusaders xi. 63. -

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Doxology, how introduced in the church-service, and how perverted, iii. 388. Dramatic representations at Rome, a character of, v. 285. Dreams, the popular opinion of the preternatural origin of, favourable to that of Constantine, previous to his battle with Maxentius, iii. 262. Dromedary, extraordinary speed of this animal, ii. 42. note. - Dromoner of the Greek empire, described, x. 137, 138. Druidr, their power in Gaul suppressed by the Emperors Tiberius. and Claudius, i. 52. Druses of mount Libanus, a character of, x. 383. note. Duke, derivation of that title, and great change in the modern from the ancient application of it, iii. 58. Durazzo, siege of, by Robert Guiscard, x. 288. Battle of, between him and the Greek Emperor Alexius, 294.

Earthquake, an extraordinary one over great part of the Roman empire, iv. 338. Account of those that happened in the reign of Justinian, vii. 417. - East India, the Roman commercial intercourse with that region, i.88. Commodities of, taxed by Alexander Severus, 262. Ebi.niles, account of that sect, ii. 279. , A confutation of their errors, supposed, by the primitive fathers, to be a particular object in the writings of St John the Evangelist, iii. 318. —, Their ideas of the person of Jesus Christ, viii. 261. Ecclesiaster, the book of, why not likely to be the production of King Solomon, vii. 195. note. Ecclesiartical and civil powers, distinguished by the fathers of the Christian church, iii. 282. Ecdicius, son of the Emperor Avitus, his gallant conduct in Gaul, vi. 2O7. Ecthesis of the Emperor Heraclius, viii. 331. Edda, of Iceland, the system of mythology in, i. 390. Edecon, is sent from Attila, King of the Huns, as his ambassador to: the Emperor Theodosius the Younger, vi. 68. Engages in a proposal to assassinate Attila, 80. His son Odoacer, the first Barbarian King of Italy, 224. Edeira, the purest dialect of the Syriac language spoken there, i. 335. note. The property of the Christians there confiscated by the Emperor Julian, for the disorderly conduct of the Arians, iv. 129. Revolt of the Roman troops there, viii. 205. Account of the school of 339. History of the famous image there, ix. 1 18. The city and principality of, seized by Baldwin the crusader, xi. 63. Is retaken by Zenghi, 122. The Counts of, 295. Edict of Milan, published by Constantine the Great, iii. 244. Edicts of the praetors of Rome, under the republic, their nature and tendency, viii. 13. JEdom, why that name was applied to the Roman empire by the Jews, ii. 387. note. Vol. XII, H h Edrisites Edririter, the Saracen dynasty of x. 82. Edward I. of England, his crusade to the Holy Land, xi. 165Egilius, his character and revolt in Gaul, vi. 185. His son Syagrius, I 2. Fo general description of, i. 40. The superstitions of, with difficully tolerated at Rome, 52. Amount of its revenues, 257. Public works executed there by Probus, ii. 89. Conduct of Diocletian there, 134. Progress of Christianity there, 363. —, Edict of the Emperor Valens, to restrain the number of recluse monks there, iv. 270. —, The worship of Serapis, how introduced there, iv. I c8. His temple, and the Alexandrian library destroyed by bishop Theophilus, 1 1 1, 112. Origin of monkish institutions in, vi. 241. —, Great supplies of wheat furnished by, for the city of Constantinople, in the time of Justinian, vii. 88. Ecclesiastical history of, viii. 362. —, kited by the Saracens, v.427. Capture of Alexandria, 435. Administration of, 443. Description of, by Amrou, 445. —, The Egyptians take Jerusalem from the Turks, xi. 77. Egypt conquered by the Turks, 125. Government of the Mamalukes there, 164. Elagalasus is declared Emperor by the troops at Emesa, i. 229. Was the first Roman who wore garments of pure silk, vii. 92. E/phants, inquiry into the number of, brought into the field by the ancient princes of the East, i. 337. note. With what view introduced in the circus at Rome in the first Punic war, ii. 1 oz. Eleutinian mysteries, why tolerated by the Emperor Valentinian, iv. 264. Elizabeth, Queen of England, the political use she made of the national pulpits, iii. 331. note. Emigration of the ancient northern nations, the nature and motives of, oxamined, i. 36c. Emperors of Rome, a review of their constitutions, viii. 16. Their legislative power, 18. Their rescripts, 19. —, Of Germany, their limited powers, ix. 208. Of Constantinople, their pomp and luxury, x. 1 13. Officers of the palace, state, and army, 121. Adoration of the Emperor, mode of, 124. Their public appearance, 126 Their despotic power, 134. Their , navy, 136. They retain the name of Romans to the last, 155. Empire, Roman division of, into the East and West empires, by Valentinian, iv. 2; 2. Extinction of the Western empire, vi. 224. Encampment, Poman, described, i. 25. Ennodius, the servile flatterer of Theodoric the Ostrogoth King of Italy, is made bishop of Pavia. vii. 16. note. Epagathus, leader of the mutinous praetorians, who murdered their prae ect Ulpian, punished by the Emperor Alexander Severus, i. 2 SC. w Ef sexus, the famous temple of Diana at, destroyed by the Goths, i. 432. Council of, viii. 288. Episcopal riots there, 2.91. Jpicurus, his legacy to his philosophical disciples at Athens, vii. 146. t Epirus,

Epirus, despots of, on the dismemberment of the Greek empire, xi. 2 & W. Ejio, master-general of the Illyrian frontier, is defeated by the Sarmatians, iv. 330. Erasmus, his merit as a reformer, x. 192. Effenians, their distinguishing tenets and practices, ii. 362. Eucharist, a knotty subject to the first reformers, x. 189. Euder, Duke of Aquitain, repels the first Saracen invasion of France, x. 20. Implores the aid of Charles Martel, 24. Recovers his dukedom, 27. Eudocia, her birth, character, and marriage with the Emperor Theodosius the Younger, v. 421. Her disgrace and death, 425. Fudoxia, her marriage with the Emperor Arcadius, iii. 148. Stimulates him to give up his favourite Eutropius, 392. Persecutes St Chrysostom, 495. Her death and character, 41 I. Eudoxia, the daughter of Theodosius the Younger, is betrothed to the young Emperor Valentinian III. of the West, vi. 7. Her character, 140. Is married to the Emperor Maximus, 149. Invites Genseric, King of the Vandals, to Italy, 150. Eudoxus, bishop of Constantinople, baptises the Emperor Valens, iv. 26 S. Eoi, the Rhetorician is made Emperor of the West by Arbogastes the Frank, v. 78. Is defeated and killed by Theodosius, 84. , Eugenius IV. Pope, his contest with the council of Basil, xii. 93. Procures a re-union of the Latin and Greek churches, I I I, I 12. Forms a league against the Turks, 154. Revolt of the Roman citizens against him, 378. Eumenius the Orator, some account of, ii. 182. note. Eunapius the Sophist, his character of monks, and of the objects of their worship, v. 123, 124. Eunomians, punishment of, by the edict of the Emperor Theodosius against heretics, v. 33. Eunuchs, enumerated in the list of Eastern commodities imported and taxed in the time of Alexander Severus, i. 262. They infest the palace of the third Gordian, 307. , Their ascendancy in the Court of Constantius, iii. 168. Why they favoured the Arians, 350. note. Procure the banishment of Liberius, bishop of Rome, 390. , A conspiracy of, disappoint the schemes of Rufinus, and marry the Emperor Arcadius to Eudoxia, v. 147. They distract the court of the Emperor Honorius, 301. And govern that of Arcadius, 375. Scheme of Chrysaphius to assassinate Attila, King of the Huns, vi. 80. , The bishop of Seez and his whole chapter castrated, xii. 265.

note. Euric, King of the Visigoths in Gaul, his conquests in Spain, vi. 226. Is vested with all the Roman conquests beyond the Alps by Odoacer, King of Italy, 308. Europe, evidences that the climate of, was much colder in ancient than in modern times, i. 346. This alteration accounted for, 347. H h 2 Europe, Europe, final division of, between the Western and Eastern empires, v. 137. Is ravaged by Attila, King of the Huns, vi. 52. Is now one great republic, 411. Euselia, Empress, wife of Constantius, her steady fiendship to Julian, iii. 183, 185. Is accused of arts to deprive Julian of children, 195. Euselius, his character of the followers of Artemon, ii. 373. His own character, 49c. His story of the miraculous appearance of the cross in the sky to Constantine the Great, iii. 264, 265. Europius the eunuch, great chamberlain to the Emperor Arcadius, concerts his marriage with Eudoxia, in opposition to the views of Rufinus, v. 147. Succeeds Rufinus in the Emperor's confidence, 16c. His character and administration, 376. Provides for his own security, in a new law against treason, 383. Takes sanctuary with St. Chrysostom, 391. His death, 393. Eutycher, his opinion on the subject of the incarnation supported by the second council at Ephesus, viii. 3oo. And adhered to by the Armenians, 358. Euxine Sea, description of the vessels used in navigating, i. 423. Exalation of the cross, origin of the annual festival of, viii. 255. Exarch, under the Greek empire, the office and rank of, ix. 153. Of Ravenna, the government of Italy settled in, and administered by, vii. 398. viii. 145. Excise duties imposed by Augustus, i. 262. Excommunication from Christian communion, the origin of, ii. 348. iii. 298. Exile, voluntary, under accusation aud conscious guilt, its advantages among the Romans, viii. 107.

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Faith and its operations defined, ii. 3 15. Fascandur, Hugo, character of his Historia Sicula, x. 3.25. note. His lamentation on the transfer of the sovereignty of the island to the Emperor Henry VI. 326. Fathers of the Christian church, cause of their austere morality, ii. 3.19. Fausta, Empress, wife of Constantine the Great, causes of her being put to death, iii. 1 13. Faustina, wife of Marcus Antoninus her character, i. 135. Faustina, the widow of the Emperor Constantius, countenances the revolt of Procopius against the Emperor Valens, iv. 247. Festival, Pagan, great offence taken at by the primitive Christians, 11. 293. Feudal government, the rudiments of, to be founda mong the Sythians, iv. 354, 355. Figures, numeral, occasion of their first public and familiar use, x. 8. Finances of the Roman empire, when the seat of it was removed to Constantinople, reviewed, iii. 81. Finsas, his questionable history, whether to be connected with the invasion of Caledonia by the Emperor Severus, i. 229.

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