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Fire, Greek, the Saracen fleet destroyed by, in the harbour of Constantinople, x. 1 1. Is long preserved as a secret, 17. Its effects not to be compared with gunpowder, 140. Firmur, an Egyptian merchant, his revolt against the Emperor Aurelian, ii. 45. Firmus the Moor, listory of his revolt against the Emperor Valentinian, iv. 304. Flages/ation, its efficacy in penance, how proportioned, xi. 18. Flament, Roman, their number, and peculiar office, v. 93. Fluminian way, its course described, vii. 384. note. Flavšin, archbishop of Constantinople, is killed at the second council of Ephesus, viii. 352. Fleece, golden, probable origin of the fable of, vii. 321. Florence, the foundation of that city, v. 216. note. Is besieged by Radagaisus, and relieved by Stilicho, 217, 218. Florentius, praetorian praefect of Gaul under Constantius, his character, iii. 233. iv. 7. Is condemned by the tribunal of Chalcedon, but suffered to escape by Julian, 48. Florianur, brother of the Emperor Tacitus, his eager usurpation of the Imperial dignity, ii. 70. w/ix is consecrated bishop of Rome, to supersede Liberius, who was exiled, iii. 390. Iłe is violently expelled, and his adherents slaughtered, 392. Felix, an African bishop, his martyrdom, ii. 473. Fornication, a doubtful plea for divorce, by gospel authority, viii. 65. note. France, modern, computation of the number of its inhabitants, and the average of their taxation, iii. 91. , The name of, whence derived, vi. 362. Derivation of the French language, 372. note. —, Childeric deposed, and Pepin appointed King, by Papal sarction, ix. 152. Reign and character of Charlemagne, 174: Invaision of, by the Saracens, x. 18. Frangpani, Censio, his profane violation of the persons of Pope Gelasius II. and his college of Cardinals, xii. 267. Derivation of his family name, 3.16. Franks, their origin and confederacy, i. 412. They invade Gaul, and ravage Spain, 414, 415. They pass over into Africa, 41 5. Bold and successful return of a colony of, from the Sea of Pontus, by sea, ii. 8 K. —, * over-run and cstablish themselves at Toxandria in Gcrmany, iii. 214. —, Their fidelity to the Roman government, v. 223. Origin of - the Merovingian race of their Kings, vi. 98, How converted to Christianity, 272. Reign of their King Clovis, 3 15. Final establishment of the French monarchy in Gaul, 339. Their laws, 343. Give the name of France to their conquests in Gaul, 362. They degenerate into a state of anarchy, 372. —, They invade Italy, vii. 249, 393. —, Their military character, x. 147. h 3 Fravitla, Eravitta the Goth, his character, and deadly quarrel with his countryman Priulf, iv. 442. His operations against Gainas, v. 395. Frederic I. Emperor of Germany, his tyranny in Italy, ix. 207. Engages in the third crusade, xi. 105. His disastrous expedition, 113. 141. Sacrifices Arnold of Brescia to the Pope, xii. 275. His reply to the Roman ambassadors, 293. Frederic II. is driven out of Italy, ix. 228. His disputes with the Pope, and reluctant crusade, xi. 155. Exhorts the European princes to unite in opposing the Tartars, 423. Frederic III. the last Emperor crowned at Rome, xii. 379. Freemen of Laconia, account of, x. 107. Fritjern, the Gothic chief, extricates himself from the hands of Lupicinus, governor of Thrace, iv. 389. Defeats him, 39c. 13attle of Salices, 397. His strength recruited by the accession of new tribes, 399. Negociates with Valens, 406. Battle of Hadrianople, 428. The union of the Gothic tribes broken by his death, 43 . Freedmen, among the Romans, their rank in society, viii. 50. Frumentius was the first Christian missionary in Abyssinia, iii. 279. Fulk of Neuilly, his ardour in preaching the fourth crusade, xi. 188.

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Galiniur, King of the Quadi, is treacherously murdered by Marcellinus, governor of Valoria, iv. 238. Gaillard, M. character of his Histoire de Charlemagne, ix. 175. note. Gaina; the Goth is commissioned by Stilicho to execute his revenge on Rufinus, prafect of the East, v. 115. His conduct in the war against the revolter Tribigild, 389. Joins him, 393. His flight and death, 396. Gasa, probable derivation of the term, x. 126. note. Gasata, the suburb of, at Constantinople, assigned to the Genoese, xi. 39°. Gałki ius is associated in the administration, as Caesar, by the Emperor IXiocletian, ii. 1 18. Is defeated by the Persians, 144. Surprises and overthrows Narses, 147. Assumes the title of Augustus, on the at dication of Diocletian, 186. Isis jealousy of Constantine, 192. I\eems it prudent to acknowledge him Caesar, 195. His unsuccessful invasio; cf Italy, 2c2. Invests Licinius with the purple on the death of Severus, 2c%. His death, 212. From what causes he entertained an avertion to the Christians, 463. Obtains the countenance of Dioclesian for persecuting them, 465. Publishes an edict of toleration just before his death, 484. Galileans, two-fold application of that name in the infancy of Christianity, ii. 411. Why the Emperor Julian applied this name to the Christians, iv. 1 co. Gu/janus, son of the Emperor Valerian, is associated by him in the

Imperial throne, i. 411. Prohibits the scnators from exercising - - military . railitary employments, 419. Character of his administration after the captivity of his father, 442. Names Claudius for his successor, ii. 4. Favcured the Christians, 453. Gallies of the Greek empire described, x. 138. Gallus elected Emperor on the minority of Hostilianus, the son of Decius, i. 425. Gaffur, nephew of Constantine the Great, his education. iii. 171. Is invested with the title of Caesar, 172. His cruelty and imprudence, 173. His disgrace and death, 179. Embraced the doctrine, but neglected the precepts of Christianity, iv. 66. Converts the grove of Daphne at Antioch to a Christian burial-place, I 2 I. Games, public, of the Romans, described, i. 312, 415. v. 284. Ac-, count of the factions of the circus, vii. 75. - -, * Ganger, source of that river, xii. 15. note. Gaudentius, the notary, is condemned to death under the Emperor Julian, iv. 49. Gaul, the province of, described, i. 31. The power of the Druids suppressed there by Tiberius and Claudius, 52. Cities in, 78. Amount of the tribute paid by that province to Rome, 257. Is defended against the Franks by Posthumus, 414. Succession of usurpers there, ii. 29. Invasion of, by the Lygians, 78. Revolt of the Bagaudae suppressed by Maximian, 12c. Progress of Christianity there, 367. , Proportion of the Capitation tax levied there by the Roman Emperors, iii. 88. Is invaded by the Germans, 213. The government of, assigned to Julian, 215. His civil administration, 232. Is invaded by the Alemanni, under the Emperor Valentinian, iv. 277. And under Gratian, 4c1. —, Destruction of idols and temples there, by Martin, bishop of Tours, v. 135. Is over-run by the barbarous troops of Radagaisus, after his defeat by Stilicho, 224. is settled by the Goths, Burgundians, and Franks, 359. Assembly of the seven provinces in, 369. Reign of Theodoric, King of the Visigoths in, vi. 93. Origin of the Merovingian race of the Kings of the Franks in, 98. Invasion of, by Attila, King of the Huns, 107. Battle of Chalons, 1 12. Revolutions of, on the death of the Emperor Majorian, 206. Conversion of, to Christianity by the Franks, 295. Representation of . the advantages it enjoyed under Roman government, 306. Conquests and prosperity of Euric, King of the Visigoths, 328. Character and reign of Clovis, 3 Io. The Alemanni conquered, 3.17. Submission of the Armoricans, and the Roman troops, 322. Final establishment of the French monarchy in Gaul, 339. History of the Salic laws, 343. The lands of, how claimed and divided by the Barbarian conquerors of, 353. Domain and benefices of the Merovingian princes, 356. Usurpations of the Siniors, 358. Privileges of the Romans in, 369. Gedrosia, revolutions of the sea-coast of, i. 33 1. nose. Gelalean aera of the Turks, when settled, x. 367. H h 4 Goatia,

Gelasiut, Pope, his zeal against the celebration of the feast of Lupercalia, vi. 199. Deplores the miserable decay of Italy, 235. Gelasius II. Pope, his rough treatment by Censio Frangipani, xii. 267. Ge/imer deposes Hilderic the Vandal King of Africa, and usurps the government, vii. 157. Is defeated by Belisarius, 176. His final defeat, 184. His distressful flight, 189. Surrenders himself to Belisatius, 192. Graces his triumph, 194. His peaceful retirement, 196. General of the Roman army, his extensive power, i. 99. Generosity, Arabian, striking instances cf., ix. 242. Gennadius, the monk, his denunciation against a Greek union with the Latin church, xii. 207. Gennerid, the Roman General, under the Emperor Honoriue, his character, v. 3Co. Genoese, their mercantile establishment in the suburb of Pera at Constantinople, xi. 390. Their war with the Emperor Cantacuzenus, 395. Generic, King of the Vandals in Spain, his character, vi. 13. Goes over to Africa on the invitation of Count Boniface, 14. His successes there by the assistance of the Donatists, 18. Devastation of Africa by his troops, zo. Besieges Boniface in Hippo Regius, 21. His treacherous surprisal of Carthage, 28. Strengthens himself by an alliance with Attila King of the Huns, 49. His brutal treatment of his son's wife, daughter of Theodoric, 97. Raises a naval force, and invades Italy, 147. His sack of Rome, 15 1. Destroys the fleet of Majorian, 181, 18:. His naval depredations on Italy, 187. His claims on the Eastern empire, 189. Destroys the Roman fleet under Basilicus, 203. Was an Arian, and persecuted his Catholic subjects, 283. Gent/.man, etymology of the term, xi. 36. note. Geoponics of the Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus, account of, x. 96. George of Cappadocia supersedes Athanasius in the sea of Alexandria, iii. 38c. His scandalous history, and tragical death, iv. 125. Beconses the tutelar Saint of England, 129. Gepide, their incroachments on the Eastern empire checked by the Lombards, vii. 273. Are reduced by them, viii. 121. Germanus, nephew of the Emperor Justinian, his character and promotion to the command of the army sent to Italy, vii. 379. His death, 382. Germany, the rude institutions of that country, the original principles of European laws and manners, i. 344. Its ancient extent, 345. How peopled, 349. The natives unacquainted with letters in the time of Tacitus, 3 s 2. Had no cities, 354. Manners of the ancient Germans, 357. Population, 359. State of liberty among them, 361. Authority of their magistrates, 364. Conjugal faith and chastity, 367. Their religion, 37c. Arms and discipline, 375. Their feuds, 380. General idea of the German tribes, 382. Probus carries the Roman arms into Germany, ii. 79. A frontier wall built by Probus, from the Rhine to the Danube, 81. —, Invasions of Gaul by the Germans, iii. 213. iv. 277. Germany,

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Germany, state of, under the Emperor Charlemagne, ix. 183. The Imperial crown established in the name and nation of Germany, by the first Otho, 191. Division of, among independent princes, 2c8. Formation of the Germanic constitution, 211. State assumed by the Emperor, 215. Gerontias, Count, sets up Maximus as Emperor in Spain, and loses his life in the attempt, v. 342, 543. Geta and Caracaila, sons of the Emperor Severus, their fixed antipathy to each other, i. 206. Ghebers of Persia, history of, v. 383. Gibraltar, derivation of the name of, v. 368. Gildo the Moor, his revolt in Africa, v. 162. His defeat and death, 1 on 1. choir. desperate enterprise and fate of a party of, reserved for the triumph of Probus, ii. 88. The combats of, abolished by the Emperor Honorius, v. 205. Glyceriur is first Emperor of Rome, and then bishop of Salona, vi. 219, 220. Murders Julius Nepos, and is made archbishop of Milan, 22 i. Gnostics, character and account of the sect of, ii. 282. Principal sects into which they divided, 286. Their peculiar tenets, iii. 319. viii. 266. ' Godfrey of Bouillon, his character and engagement in the first crusade, xi. 30. His route to Constantinople, 41, 46. Is elected King of Jerusalem, 86. Compiles the Assize of Jerusalem, 93. Form of his administration, 95. Gog and Magog, the famous rampart of, described, vii. 142. Gois vintha, wife of Leovigald, King of Spain, her pious cruelty to the Princess Ingundis, vi. 296. Gold of affliction, the tax so denominated in the Eastern empire, abolished by the Emperor Anastatius, vii. 1 oi. Golden horn, why the Bosphorus obtained this appellation in remote antiquity, iii. 7. Gordianur, proconsul of Africa, his character and elevation to the empire of Rome, i. 282. His son associated with him in the Imperial dignity, 284. Gordian, the third and youngest, declared Caesar, i. 294. Is declared Emperor by the army, on the murder of Maximus and Balbinus, 306. Gotor of Scandinavia, their origin, i. 387. Their religion, 389. The Goths and Vandals supposed to be originally one great people, 392. Their emigrations to Prussia and the Ukraine, 393. They invade the Roman provinces, 397. They receive tribute from the Romans, 406. They subdue the Bosphorus, 423. Plunder the cities of Bithynia, 426. They ravage Greece, 430. Conclude a treaty with the Emperor Aurelian, ii. 18. They ravage Illyricum, and are chastised by Constantine the Great, 254. —, their war with the Sarmatians, iii. 123. Are again routed by Constantine, 124. Gothic war under the Emperors Valentinian and Valens, iv. 322. Are defeated by the Huns, 374.

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