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They implore the protection of the Emperor Valens, 379. They are received into the empire, 382. They are oppressed by the Roman governors of Thrace, 385. Are provoked to hostilities, and defeat Lupucinus, 390. They ravage Thrace, 391. Battle of Salices, 397. They are strengthened by fresh swarms of their countrymen, 398. Battle of Hadrianople, 428. Scour the -country from Hadrianople to Constantinople, 414. Massacre of the Gothic youth in Asia, 418. Their formidable union broken by the death of 11:tigern, 431. Death and funeral of Athanaric, 432. Invasion and defeat of the Ostrogoths, 435. Are settled in Thrace, by The dosius, 433. Their hostile sentiments, 44c. Goths, revolt of, under Honorius, v. 176. They ravage Greece, under the command of Alarig, 179. They invade Italy, 192. The sack of Rome by, 3 5. Death of Alaric, 329. Victories of Wallia in Spain, 357. They are settled in Aquitain, 358. See Gau/, and Theodoric. Conquest of the Visigoths in Gaul and Spain, vi. 226. 110w the Goths were converted to the Christian religion, 268, 299. —, reign of Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths, vii. 2. The Goths in Italy extinguished, 399. Government, civil, the origin of, i. 362. Governors of provinces, under the Emperors, their great power and influence, iii. 56. Gratian was the first Emperor who refused the pontifical robe, iii. 409. note. Marries the Princess Constantia, and succeeds to the empire, iv. 335. Defeats the Alemanni in Gaul, 402. Invests Theodosius with the empire of the East, 42c. —, his character and conduct, v. 1. His flight from Maximus, and death, 8. Overthrew the ecclesiastical establishment of Paganism, 95. Greece is avaged by the Goths, i. 430. Is over-run by Alaric, the Goth, v. 179. Is reduced by the Turks, xii. 249. Greek church, origin of the schism of, xi. 169. xii. 11 1, 145. Greek empire. See Constantinople. Greeks, why averse to the Roman language and manners, i. 161. The Greek becomes a scientific language among the Romans, 63. Character of the Greek language of Constantinople, xii. 115. When first taught in Italy, 126. Greek learning, revival of, in Italy, xii. 119. Gregory the Great, Pope, his pious presents to Recared, King of Spain, vi. 301. Exhorts Theodelinda, Queen of the Lombards, to propagate the Nicene faith, ibid. His enmity to the venerable buildings and learning of Rome, viii. 160. His birth and early profession, 162. His elevation to the pontificate, 164. Sends a mission to convert the Britons, 167. Sanctifies the usurpation of the Emperor Phocas, 21 1. Gregory II. Pope, his epistles to Leo III. Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 134. Revolts against the Greek Emperor, 138.

Gregory VII. Pope, his ambitious schemes, ix. 199. His contest with

with the Emperor Henry III. x. 301. His retreat to Salerno, 3o4. xii. 266. Gregory, praefect of Africa, history of him and his daughter, ix. 450. 45 I • co, Nazianzen, his lamentation on the disgraceful discord among Christians, iii. 423. Loads the memory of the Emperor Julian with invective, iv. 63. Censures Constantius for having spared his life, 79. note. * * —, is presented to the wretched see of Sasima, by his friend, Archbishop Basil, v. 19, 20. His mission to Constantinople, 22. Is placed on the archiepiscopal throne by Theodosius, 24. His resignation and character, 30. Grumlater, King of the Chionites, attends Sapor, King of Persia, in his invasion of Mesopotamia, iii. 264. Loses his son at the siege of Amida, 205. Returns home in grief, 209. Guardianship, how vested and exercised, according to the Roman civil laws, viii. 68. Gulazes, King of Colchos, his alliance with Chosroes, King of Persia, vii. 330. Returns to his former connection with the Emperor Justinian, 331. Is treacherously killed, 336. Guesphs and Ghibelines, the parties of, in Italy, ix. 228. xii. 322. Guilt, the degrees of, in the penal laws of the Romans, viii. 98. Guitcard, Robert, his birth and character, x. 270. Acquires the dukedom of Apulia, 274. His Italian conquests, 277. Besieges Durazzo, 287. Defeats the Greek Emperor Alexius there, 294, 295. Engages in the cause of Pope Gregory VII. 302. His second expedition to Greece, and death, 3o4. Gundolali, King of the Burgundians, is reduced by Clovis, King of the Franks, vi. 326. His mode of justifying the judicial combat, 2. cio, the invention and use of, xii. 62. Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, his character, xi. 134. Is defeated and taken prisoner by Saladin, 135. Gyarur, a small island in the AEgean sea, an instance of its poverty, i. 259. H Hadrian, Emperor, relinquishes the Eastern conquests of Trajan, i. 11. Their characters compared, 12. His character contrasted with that of Antoninus Pius, ibid. His several adoptions of successors, 121. Founds the city of Ælia Capitolina on Mount Sion, ii. 278. −. reforms the laws of Rome in the perpetual edict, viii. 15. Hadrianople, battle of, between Constantine the Great and Licinius, i. 258. Is ineffectually besieged by Fritigern the Goth, iv. 393. Battle of, between the Emperor Valens and the Goths, 408. Hakem, Caliph of the Saracens, assumes a divine character to supplant the Mahometan faith, x. 379.

Hamadanier, the Saracen dynasty of, in Mesopotamia, x. 82. Hannibal

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Hannibal, review of the state of Rome when he besieged that city, v. 2 & K. Hoan, nephew of Constantine the Great, is dignified with the title of King, iii. 1 16. Provinces assigned to him for a kingdom, 1 18. Is cruelly destroyed by Constantius, 132. Happiness, instance how little it depends on power and magnificence, x. 39. z Har *... the Persian satrap, his interview with the Caliph Omar, I X. on 74Ho", ancient mythologic history, Le Clerc's conjecture concerning, iii. 5. note. Harun al Raschid, Caliph, his friendly correspondence with the Emperor Charlemagne, ix. 186. His wars with the Greek empire, x. 2. - Hassan, the Saracen, conquers Carthage, ix. 461. Hawking, the art and sport of, introduced into Italy by the Lombards, viii. 152. * * Hegira, the aera of, how fixed, ix. 289. Helena, the mother of Constantine, her parentage ascertained, ii. 192. Was converted to Christianity by her son, iii. 242. note. Helena, sister of the Emperor Constantius, married to Julian, iii. 186. Is reported to be deprived of children by the arts of the Empress Eusebia, 195. Her death, iv. 19. Heliopolis taken by the Saracens, ix. 405. Hell, according to Mahomet, described, ix. 280. Hellespont described, iii. 9. He/vetia, amount of its population in the tome of Caesar, i. 359. note. Hengist, his arrival in Britain, with succours for Vortigern, against the Caledonians, vi. 382. His establishment in Kent, 383, 387. Henoticon of the Emperor Zeno, character of, viii. 311. Henry succeeds his brother Baldwin as Emperor of Constantinople, xi. 263. His character and administration, 265. Henry III. Emperor, his contest with Pope Gregory VII. x. 301. Takes Rome, and sets up Pope Clement III. 302. Henry VI. Emperor, conquers and pillages the island of Sicily, x. 3.29. H: the Fowler, Emperor of Germany, defeats the Turkish invaders, x. 215. Heptarchy, Saxon, establishment of, in Britain, vi. 384. Review of the state of, 395. Heraclian, Count of Africa, retains that province in obedience to Honorius, v. 308. His cruel usage of the refugees from the sack of Rome by Alaric, 321. His revolt and death, 339, 340. Heracleonar, Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 10. Heraclius deposes the Eastern usurper Phocas, and is chosen Emperor, viii. 216. Conquests of Chosroes II. King of Persia, 219. His distressful situation, 227. Accepts an ignominious peace from Chosroes, 230. His first expedition against the Persians, 233. His second Persian expedition, 236. Strengthens himself

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by an alliance with the Turks, 246. His third Persian expedition, 248. His treaty of peace with Persia, 255. His triumph and pilgrimage to Jerusalem, 256. His theological inquiries, 332. " Heraclius marries his niece Martina, ix. 9. Leaves his two sons joint successors to the empire, 10. Invasion of his provinces by the Saracens, 388. Flies from Syria, 420. Heraclius the praefect, his expedition against the Vandals in Africa, vi. I QQ. Ho the eunuch instigates the Emperor Valentinian III. to the murder of the patrician AEtius, vi. 138. His death, 141. Herbelot, character of his Bibliotheque Orientale, ix. 363. note. Hercynian forest, the extent of, unknown in the time of Caesar, i. 347. note. Heresy in religion, the origin of, traced, ii. 284. Edict of Constantine the Great, against, iii. 307. Hermanric, King of the Ostrogoths, his conquests, iv. 319. His death, 6. Hou Prince of Boetica, his marriage with Ingundis, Princess of Austrasia, and conversion to the Nicene faith, vi. 297. Revolt and death, 298. Hermits of the East, their mortified course of life, vi. 264. Miracles performed by them and their relics, 266. Hermodorus, the Ephesian, assists the Romans in compiling their twelve tables of laws, viii. 6. Hermogener, master general of the cavalry, is killed in the attempt to banish Paul, bishop of Constantinople, iii. 294. Hero and Leander, the story of, by whom controverted and defended, iii. Q. note. Ho. his life of Alexander Severus, why preferable to that in the Augustan history, i. 254. note. Herodes Atticus, his extraordinary fortune and munificence, i. 72. Herodotus, his character of the Persian worship, i. 327. Heruli, of Germany and Poland, their character, vii. 21. Hisarion, the monk of Palestine, account of, vi. 244. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, his remarkable observations on the diversity of Christian doctrines, iii. 338. His exposition of the term Homoiousion, 341. Hilary, Pope, censures the Emperor Anthemius for his tolerating principles, vi. 196. Hilderic the Vandal, King of Africa, his indulgence to his Catholic subjects displeases both the Arians and Athanasians, vii. 156, 157. Is deposed by Gelimer, 157. Is put to death, 177. ' Hindoor of the East, not the disciples of Zoroaster, ix.492. note. Hindostan, conquest of, by Tamerlane, xii. 13. Hippo Regius, siege of, by Genseric, King of the Vandals, vi. 21. History, the principal subjects of, i. 383. Holy war, the justice of it inquired into, xi. 12. Homicide, how commuted by the Salic laws, vi. 346. Homoousion, origin, and use of that term at the council of Nice, iii. 333. And Homoiousion, the distinction between, 341. - Honain, Honain, war of, ix. 309. Honoratus, archbishop of Milan, is, with his clergy, driven from his see, by the Lombards, viii. 127. Honoria, Princess, sister of the Emperor Valentinian III. her history, vi. 1-3. Honorius, son of Theodosius the Great, is declared Emperor of the West, by his dying father, v. 86. Marries Maria, the daughter of Stilicho, 172, 173. His character, 174. Flies from Milan on the invasion of Italy by Alaric, 196. His triumphant entry into Rome, 204. Abolishes the combats of gladiators, 2c.7. Fixes his residence at Ravenna, 210. Orders the death of Stilicho, 242. His impolitic measures and cruelty unite his barbarian soldiers against him under Alaric, 252. His councils distracted by the eunuchs, 33 1. His abject overtures to Attalus and Alaric, 357. His last acts, and death, 342. His triumph for the reduction of Spain by Wallia the Goth, 258. Is suspected of incest with his sister Placidia, vi. 2, 3. His persecution of the Donatists in Africa, 16. - Honour, the new ranks of, introduced in the city of Constantinople, iii. 34. x. 119. Hormirdar, a fugitive Persian prince, in the court of the Emperor Constantius, his remarks on the city of Rome, iii. 194, note. His history, and station under Julion, iv. 162. Hormouz, the son of Chosroes, King of Persia, his accession, viii. 178. His character, 179. Is deposed, and at length killed, 184 —186. Borres of Arabia, their peculiar qualities, ix. 224. Hosein, the son of Ali, his tragical death, ix. 343. Hospitallers, knights, of St John of Jerusalem, popularity and character of the order of, xi. 92. Hostilianus, the minor son of the Emperor Decius, elected Emperor, under the guardianship of Gallus, i. 495. Hugh, King of Burgundy, his marriage with Marozia, and expulsion from Rome by Alberic, ix. 201. Hugh, Count of Vermandois, engages in the first crusade, xi. 32. Is shipwrecked and made captive by the Greek Emperor Alexius Comnenus, 45. His return, 72. Human nature, its natural propensities, ii. 320. Hume, Mr, his natural history of religion, the best commentary on the polytheism of the ancients, i. 46. note. His difficulty as to the extent of the Imperial palace at Rome, resolved, 212. note. Charges the most refined and philosophic sects with intolerancy, . 328. note. * * Hungary, establishment of the Huns in, vi. 38. State of, under the Eumperor Charlemagne, ix. 184. Terror excited by their first appreach to Europe, x. 253. Their character, Huniader, John, his exploits against the Turks, xii. 157. His defence of Belgrade, and death, 167. Hunneric, the son of Gonseric, King of the Vandals, persecutes his Catholic

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