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Catholic subjects, vi. 28c. His cruelty to the Catholics of Tipasa, 293. Huns, their original seat, and their conquests, iv. 359. Their decline, 364. Their emigrations, 367. Their victories over the Goths, 374, 377. —, they drive other barbarous tribes before them, upon the Roman provinces, v. 212. Their establishment in Hungary, vi. 38. Character of their King Attila, 41. Their invasion of Persii, 47. The empire of, extinguished by the death of A tila, 135. Hunting of wild beasts, when a virtue, and when a vice, i. 151. Is , the school of war, iv. 350. Hypatia, the female philosopher, murdered in the church at Alexandria viii. 281. Hypatius, sedition of, at Constantinople, 85.

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Jacobiter of the East, history of the sect of, viii. 350. James, St. his legendary exploits in Spain, ii. 368. Janizaries, first institution of these troops, xi. 446. Iberian and Caspian gates of mount Caucasus, distinguished, vii. 140. The Iberian gates occupied by Cabades, King of Persia, 141. Idatius, his account of the misfortunes of Spain by an irruption of the barbarous nations, v. 352. Idolatry ascribed to the agency of daemons, by the primitive Christians, ii. 288. Derivation of the term, and its successive applications, iii. 41 o. note. Jerom, his extravagant representation of the devastation of Pannonia by the Goths, iv. 417. His influence over the widow Paula, vi. 248. Jerusalem, its situation, destruction, and profanation, iv. 99. Pilgrimages to, and curious relics preserved there, 100. Abortive attempts of the Emperor Julian to rebuild the temple, 103. -, a magnificent church erected there to the Virgin Mary by Justinian, vii. 123. The vessels of the temple brought from Africa to Constantinople by Belisarius, 194. Is conquered by Chosroes II. King of Persia, 220. Insurrection of the monks there, viii. 3 1C.

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--, the city conquered by the Saracens, ix. 411. Great resort of pilgrims to, x. 376. Conquests of, by the Turks, 383. -, is taken from the Turks by the Egyptians, xi. 77. Is taken by the crusaders, 84. Is erected into a kingdom under Godfrey of Bouillon, 87. Succession of its Christian princes, 134. Is pillaged by the Carizmians, 158. Jerusalem, New, described, according to the ideas of the primitive Christians, ii. 302. Jesuits, Portuguese, persecute the Eastern Christians, viii. 348. Their labours in, and expulsion from Abyssinia, 373. Jewr, an obscure, unsocial, obstinate race of men, ii. 268. Review

view of their history, 270. Their religion the basis of Christianity, 274. The promises of divine favour extended by Christianity to all mankind, 274. The inamortality of the soul not inculcated in the law of Moses, 299. Why there are no Hebrew gospels extant, 357. Provoked the persecutions of the Roman Emperors, 84. Jo those of a more liberal spirit adopted the theological system of Plato, iii. 3 16. Their condition under the Emperors Constantine and Constantius, iv. 97. Abortive attempt of Julian to rebuild the temple of Jerusalem, 123. —, miraculous conversion of a number of, at Minorca, v. 132. note. Persecution of, in Spain, vi. 3oz. —, are persecuted by the Catholics in Italy, vii. 42. - And by Cyril at Alexandria, viii. 279. How plagued by the Emperor Justinian, 322. —, those in Arabia subdued by Mahomet, ix. 302. Assist the Saracens in the reduction of Spain, ix. 476. —, massacres of, by the first crusaders, xi. 25, 26. Jezdegerd, King of Persia, is said to be left guardian to Theodosius the Younger, by the Emperor Arcadius, v.4 3. His war with Theodosius, 426. Igilium, the small island of, serves as a place of refuge for Romans who flew from the sack of Rome by Alaric, v. 32c. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, the Christian fortitude displayed in his epistles, ii. 437. Ikrbiditer, the Saracen dynasty of, x. 82. I//ustrious, the title of, how limited in the times of Roman simplicity, and how extended when Constantinople became the seat of empire, iii. 34. Illyricum described, i. 35. Images, introduction of, into the Christian church, ix. 113. The worship of, derived from paganism, 1 15. Are condemned by the council of Constantinople, 126. The adoration of, justified by Pope Gregory II. 134. And sanctified by the second council of Nice, 105. Imperator, in the Roman history, explained, i. 99. note. The Imperial prerogatives, 106. The court, I lo. The sense of this appellation altered by long use, ii. 163. Incarnation, theological history of the doctrine of, viii. 261. Incest, natural, and arbitrary, distinguished, viii. 66. India, account of the Christians of St Thomas in, viii. 346. Persecution of, by the Portuguese, 347. Indictions, the memorable aera of, whence dated, ii. 229. note. The name and use of, in the middle ages, whence derived, iii. 83. Indućencies in the Romish church, the nature of, explained, xi. 16. 17. Ingundir, Princess of Austrasia, is married to Hermenegild, Prince of Boetica, and cruelly treated by his mother Goisvintha, vi. 297. Inheritance,

Inheritance, paternal, subject to parental discretion among the Romans, i. 264. The Roman law of, viii. 74. Testamentary dispositions of property, 77. The Voconian law, how evaded, 81. Injuries, review of the Roman laws for the redress of, viii. 87. Innocent III. Pope, enjoyed the plenitude of Papal power, xi. 152. Inquisition, the first erection of that tribunal, ibid. Instituter of Justinian, an analysis of, viii. 47. Interest of money, how regulated by the Roman law, viii. 86. Joan, Pope, the story of, fictitious, ix. 197. nole. John, principal secretary to the Emperor Honorius, usurps the empire after his death, vi. 4. w John, the almsgiver, archbishop of Alexandria, relieves the Jewish refugees when Jerusalem was taken by the Persians, viii. 221. His extraordinary liberality of the church-treasure, 363. John, bishop of Antioch, arrives at Ephesus after the meeting of the council, and, with his bishops, decides against Cyril, viii. 291. Coalition between him and Cyril, 293. John of Apri, patriarch of Constantinople, his pride, and confederacy against John Cantacuzene, xi. 375. - * John of Brienne, Emperor of Constantinople, xi. 273. John of Cappadocia, praetorian piaefect of the East, under the Emperor Justinian, his character, vii. 129. , is disgraced by the Empress Theodora, and becomes, a bishop, 1’, o. Opposes the African war, 159. His fraud in supplying the army with bread, 169. John Comnenur, Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 86. John Damascenur, St. his history, ix. 29. note. * * * John of Lycopolis, the hermit, his character, and oracular promise to the Emperor Theodosius the Great, v. 79. • . John, the Monophysite bishop of Asia, is employed by the Emperor Justinian to root out pagans and heretics, viii. 321.

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John Xi I. Pope, his flagitious character, ix. 198. * . . . . . .
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John the Sanguinary seizes the Gothic treasures in Picenum, and obliges Vitiges to raise the siege of Rome, vii. 244. : John Zimfices murders the Greek Emperor Nicephorus, and succeeds him, ix. 65. His Eastern victories, x, 88. Defeats Swatoslaus, Czar of Russia, 236. Jona, one of the Hebride islands, its ancient monastic eminence, vi. 246. Jonar, renegado of Damascus, story of, ix. 397. Jordan, character of his work, De Originibur Sclavi is, x. 197. note. Jorph the Carizmian, governor of Berzem, kills the Sultan Alp Arslan, x. 362. Josephus, the mention of Jesus Christ in his history, a forgery, ii. 428. note. His opinion, that Plato derived knowledge from the Jews, cortroverted, iii. 31.4, note. Vol. XII. I i Jovian Jovian is elected Emperor by the troops of Julian, on their retreat from Assyria, iv. 205. His treaty with Sapor, King of Persia, aco. His ceath, 233. Jovians and Herculians, new bodies of guards instituted to supersede the praetorian bands, ii. 161. Juvinin of Verona, iis punishment by a Roman synod, for heresy, v. I 91. Jovirus reduces the Alemanni, who had invaded Gaul, iv. 279, 28o. —-- account of his revolt against the Emperor Honorius in Germany, v. 347. Joviur, praetorian-praefect under the Emperor Honorius, succeeds Olympius as his confidential minister, v. 299. His negociations with Alaric obstructed, 301. Deserts Honorius, and goes over to Aja.ic, and the new Emperor Attalus, 307. Irene, her marriage with the Greek Emperor Leo, ix. 31. Her ambiticn, and Leruority to her son Constantine, 32. Restores images to public devotion, 164. Ireland was first colonised from Scotland, iv. 294. Derivation of the name of its tutelar saint, Patrick, vi. 229. note. Iraac I. Comnenur, Emperor of Constantinople, ix. 74. Isaac II. Angelus, Fmperor of Constantinople, ix. 1 c8. His character and reign, xi. 181. Is deposed by his brother Alexius, 185. Is restored by the crusaders, 217. His death, 225. Isaac, archbishop of Armenia, his apology for the vices of King Artasires, v. 430. "Irauria, the rebellion there against the Emperor Galienus, i. 454. Isaurians, reduction of, by the Eastern Emperors, vii. 129. Iridore, cardinal, his ill treatment in Russia, xii. 148. Receives an act of union from the Greek clergy at Constantinople, 206. Irocrater, his price for the tuition of his pupils, vii. 146. Italy, the dominion of, under Odoacer, succeeds the extinction of the Western empire, vi. 224. Its miserable state at this aera, 234. Conversion of the Lombards of, to the Nicene faith, 301. —, is reduced by Theodoric the Ostrogoth, vii. 15. His administration, 17. Government of, according to the Roman law, by Thecdoric, 26. Its flourishing state at this time, 33. How supplied with silk from China, 91. History of Amalasontha, Queen of Italy, 2co. Invasion of, by Belisarius, 217. Siege of Rome by the Goths, 224. Invasion of Italy by the Franks, 249. Revolt of the Goths, 353. Expedition of the eunuch Narses, 381. Invasion of, by the Franks and Alemanni, 393. Government of, under the exarchs of Ravenna, 398. Conquests of Alboin, King of the Lombards in, viii. 126. i)istress of, 142. How divided between the Lombards, and the exarchs of Ravenna, 145. —, growth of the papal power in, ix. 131. Revolt of, against the Greek Emperors, 138. The exarchate of Ravenna granted to the Pope, 156. Extent of the dominions of Charlemagne there, 182.

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mercial cities there, 264. Factions of the Guelphs and Ghibelines, 208. Conflict of the Saracens, Latins, and Greeks, in, x. 247. Italy, revival of Greek learning in, xii. 119. Authors consulted for the history of 394. note. Jubilee, popish, a revival of the secular games, i. 312. note. xii. 310. The return of, accelerated, 312. Jude, St. examination of his grandsons before the tribunal of the procurator of Judea, ii. 414. Judgement of God, in the Salic law, how determined, vi. 349. - ---, popular, of the Romans, displayed, viii. 1 o4. Julia Domna, wife of the Emperor Severus, her character, i. 205. Her death, 228. Julian, the nephew of Constantine the Great, his education, iii. 171. His dangerous situation on the death of his brother Gallus, 181. is sent to Athens, where he cultivates philosophy, 183. Is recalled by Constantius, 186. Is invested with the title of Caesar, 188. Is appointed to the government of Gaul, 215. His first campaign, 217. Battle of Strasburg, 222. Reduces the Franks at Toxandria, 226. His three expeditions beyond the Rhine, 228. Restores the cities of Gaul, 230. His civil administration, 23:. His account of the theological calamities of the empire under Constantius, 398. Constantius grows jealous of him, iv. 3. The Caulish legions are ordered into the East, 4. Is saluted Emperor by the troops, 1 1. His embassy and epistle to Constantius, 15. His fourth and fifth expeditions beyond the Rhine, 17. Declares war against Constantius, and abjures the Christian religion, 22. His march from the Rhine into Illyricum, 25. Enters Sirmium, 28. Publishes apologies for his conduct, 29. His triumphant entry into Constantinople on the death of Constantius, 36. His private life and civil government, 37. His reformations in the lmperial palace, 41. Becomes a sloven to avoid foppery, 45. Erects a tribunal for the trial of the evil ministers of Constantius, 46. Dismisses the spies and informers employed by his predecessor, 50. His love of freedom and the republic, 52. His kindnesses to the Grecian cities, 55. His abilities as an orator, 58. And as a judge, 59. His character, ilid. His apostacy accounted for, 64. Adopts the Pagan mythology, 67. His theological system, 72. His initiation into the Eleusinian mysteries, and his fanaticism, 75. His hypocritical duplicity, 78. Writes a vindication of his apostacy, 81. His edict for a general toleration, 83, 84. His Pagan superstitious zeal, 85. His circular letters for the reformation of the Pagan religion, 88. His industry in gaining proselytes, 94. His address to the Jews, 97. History of his attempt to rebuild the temple at Jerusalem, 1 c3. Transfers the revenues of the Christian church, to the heathen priests, 1 12. Prohibits Christian schools, 111. Obliges the Christians to re instate the Pagan temples, 115. Restores the sacred grove and temple of Daphne, 121. Punishes the Christians of Antioch for burning that temple, 123. His treatment of the cities of Edessa - I 2 and

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