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[The figures in the interlineations-point out the words (beneath them) translated in the foregoing page: the letters similarly situated are suggested corrections of the text.]
IV.-Extracts from a Journal kept by Captain F. T. Grant, of the Manipzir Levy, duringa Tour qf Inspection on the Manipzir Frontier, along the course qfthe Ningthee River, &c. in January 1832*.
Marching Stations and Distances.
Tuobal, 11 miles ; a depot of grain.
Huerok, 8 miles; inhabitants came from Tiperah 100 years ago.
Mus/ii, 9 miles; a Naga village on the most western range of Murung hills.
Kolbang, 12 miles; hence three roads lead to the Kuboo valley. Violent hoar frost on the 15th January. Lieut. PEMBERTON has described this
road from actual survey.
Kwatobee, 10 miles; good road. Supari nut and cocoa nut trees were planted here by the raja's grandfather.
Khondong, 5 miles; very good road. The people of Kuboo escaped from the opposite side of the Ningthee.
Maylung nala, 9 miles; road passes through a forest of keoo, teak, saul, cotton, and other trees: innumerable and recent tracks of the wild elephant, tiger, rhinoceros, bear, boar, cattle, and deer of various descriptions. Six wild elephants came. to the nala together to
drink; they were of a very large size. Numphookam nala, 7 miles, east of the first range of Angoching hills. Num-sing-yeet, 8 miles; a nala east of the second range. Source of the Helaoo nala, 13 miles; road good: crossed the highest
range of the Angoching hills.
Helaoo, 12 miles ; on the banks of the Ningthee.
The foregoing route across the Angoching hills, I consider equally good with those to Mulphoo and Sunayachil, and it might with very little trouble be made practicable for every description of cattle. Not having been travelled for many years, and never before by Europeans, it is at present impeded by large trees, which have fallen across it, and also by bamboos which unite from both sides in many places, at about
" The above journal was some time since placed in our hands by Mr. GEORGE Swmrox, late Chief Secretary to Government. The new facts which it communicates to the geography of Ava and Manipur, are, the journey along the bank of the Ningthee for a space of about 40 miles between two points already well known ; viz. Mulfoo, on the north, and Saway Chit, ‘opposite to the Burmese post Gendah, on the south, which place is connected with Ava by Dr. RlcnAansoN’s route, published in the second volume of the Journal, page 59. The navigation of the river between the same points is also new, and the return route through the Moflong 1161s, which connects the Kubboo valley with the banks of the Ningthee, finding
_ its way through the Angoching hills, which form the eastern boundary of the val
ley, separating it from the Ningthee.-En.
seven or eight feet high above it ; and through which my elephants were obliged to break a passage for themselves. It possesses an advantage over the before-mentioned routes in a more abundant supply of water. The whole of the hills throughout this route to the Ningthee are covered with a dense bamboo jungle, which grows to an immense size. In that part of the last day’s march where the road runs along the bed of the Helaoo nala, there is a second road on the bank just above, which is at present so overgrown with forest and jungle as to be impracticable. Just opposite Helaoo, a large nala called the M00, Num-moo, or Muwa, falls into the Ningthee, in the bed of which the Kubos tell me, gold is more abundant than in the latter : the Kubos also say that gold is found in the sands of all the small streams which join the Ningthee on its eastern side. The road from Tummoo direct to Helaoo joins this one at about two miles distance from the latter village : it is much shorter, but so very bad as to have obtained the name of the “ Noong-chongbi Lumpee," (stone-leaping roadz) loaded coolies can however manage to travel it. Some who left Tummoo, the day after I left Khondong, with grain, arrived the day before me at Helaoo, being only three days on the road.
Halted the 23rd, 24th, and 25th January. Visited the cultivation, which is extensive in proportion to the number of inhabitants. They are now busily employed in transplanting their cold-weather crop : they have two crops in the year, one in the rains, and one in the cold season ; the former is close to the hills, to which the annual inundation of the Ningthee does not extend: the latter in the valleys, (if I may so call them,) formed by the bends of the river, by which they are annually overflowed, leaving large jheels on its retiring, that at the present time of the year are sufiiciently dried up to allow of their being cultivated. On the evening of the 25th, went to see the process of washing the sands of the Ningthee for gold: it occupied two men for about a quay. ter of an hour, and the quantity found was about a grain troy-weight.
The road from Helaoo to Mulphoo, about 36 miles, or four marches, runs along the valley of the Ningthee, and might also be made available for all military purposes: elephants have travelled the whole way from Manipur.
31st January. Sent my elephants and coolies round to meet me at Sunayachil, intending to proceed myself to that place by water, as no boats larger than canoes are procurable; two of these fastened at about
four feet apart by small timbers, and a bambu platform laid over
the whole, form a raft sufficiently large to hold sixty men; on which I
mean to proceed. A raft of this description would answer well to cross
troops, were boats not procurable. The current of the Ningthee, at the present season, is very slow, certainly not much more than a mile
lst February.—Kneesung, which I reached in five hours. A short distance below Mulphoo a small range of hills crosses the river, compos
_ed of a reddish sand, with layers of pebbles running across it: in the
rains the river saps the bottom, and carries away portions of the whole face annually; the greater the portion of the hill thus carried off, the more abundant is the gold found at Chanda-sneek (ghat), a short distance below it. A number of Kubos were busily employed in washing for gold, when I passed the latter place. Gold is only found in the sand, where mixed with pebbles and gravel. For the number and names of villages passed this day, see the sketch.
2nd—Ha.lted. Received a visit from the Burmese commandant of the stockade on the opposite side of the river; his object was to see the English Bo-meng, never having seen such a monster before ! He was very inquisitive as to the object of Captains JENKINS and PEMnnnrorfs trip. I made him a few presents, with which, particularly a couple of bottles of brandy, he was delighted and took his leave. Another chief passed down during the day with two boats and about thirty followers; he had been called up to Sumjok in consequence of my visit to this quarter: there were piled in the boats a number of what I at first took to be muskets, but which I, with the assistance of my telescope, discovered to be nothing more than branches of trees and bamboos made to resemble them , the actual number of muskets being only three. My coming it appears has created considerable alarm, and given rise to the most exaggerated reports; amongst others that I intended to place Manipur thanas at the Noajeri hills : on my I trip up to Mulphoo, I could hardly discover a soul on the opposite side of the river ; they appear now however to have got over their alarm, and I am visited by persons from all the villages as I pass down. A dozen large boats, which were detained above Mulphoo for some days, until my intentions were ascertained, also passed down in full sail. A considerable trafiic is carried on between the capital of Ava and the villages on the Ningthee up as far as the Sing-Phos ; the latter giving grain in return for bunats, coral beads, &c. &c.
Whflst some of my people were in the village on the opposite side of the river, a woman was carried off from the centre of it by a tiger: the inhabitants say it is the fourth occurrence of the kind which has taken place within the last two months. The Kubos do not appear at all alarmed at the vicinity of these animals, as they say the instances are very rare of their attacking or destroying human beings ; if however such once happens, it is almost certain to be continued, and the only al