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Tornam. Moneycollected fromteIwil0'it,.. .... 1150 Weaversannuallypay.................. . . . . . . . . . . . 1500 The soap manufacture is monopolized for . . . . . . . . 700
The monopoly of Bokhara caravan passing through Kurakh, . . . . . . . . 600 The head of the grape-sellers pays annually. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 Money collected by stamping skins and caps,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 Money collected by the above means on new cl0tl1,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800 Money collected by stamping woollen things,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Mir Shahi, or money collected by the inhabitants for the purpose of watching at night against thieves,.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 200 10 The chiefseller ofthe heels ofshoes pays.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 160 ll Monopolizer ofwaterand wind mills pays.. .. .. . . .. . . .. .. .. .. . . .. 600 12 Money collected from the people for catching thieves, doozd begin}. . 200 l3 Cash collected from the districts or Belz2hats,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 14 Custom-house oflicer ofSabzwdr pays.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... 300 15 Do. ofGI|ur_1/anpays.... 1500 16 Money collected from the black tents of Emak or Elat annually,. . . . . . 2000 17 Monopolizer of wood for burning and all other uses pays,. . . . . . .. . . . . 300 18 The head ofthe horse-sellers pays .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... .. 180 19 Money collected from Zeh tdbi, or skin ropes, exported to India,. . . . . . 4 20 The inhabitants of Caravan-serais pay.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... .. .. .. 50 21 Money collected from the Kandahar gate,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .- 150 22 Do. collected from the Klmshlc gate,.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 23 Duty taken upon charcoal,.... .. .. .. .... 60
24 Moneyobtained frornallshops,............ . . . . . 1000 25 Dutytakenupontobacco,.................... 200 26 Dubbagh or the head of skin-cleaners pays . . . . . . . .. 110
27 Money collected from stamping the kafrh or a kind of shoe,.. .. .. .. 300 28 Monopolizerofassafoetidapays............................ 600 29 Money collected from each Toman’s king, called the Toman Shahi, .. 300 30 Manufacturer of the rice or Shali pays annually,.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 600 31 Monopolizer of the mint (in Haji Firoze’s reign, 50 tomam every day,) nowpaysyearly,................ 120 32 Revenueof Ghurg/an,.. . . . . . . -. .. 220 33 Do.ofObaih,........ 300 34 Do.ofKurakh,................ 110 35 Do.ofSabzwdr,.................. 100
List of the Corn produced in Herat, <90. Karvam CornproducedinthesuburbsofHeraf,..............,............... 27000 Do.in Obaih,................ 2000
Do.inKurukh, . . . . . . . . . . . 1020 Do. in Ghuryan, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2000 Do.inSubzwar,.... . . . . . . . . . . . . 1300
20 Rupees make a Toman of Herat, which is equal to 6Rs. and 12 As. of India. Karvan is a measure of 100 maunds of Tabriz, which is equal to six maunds and 10 seers of India.
On the 4th of July, 1833, before the sun rose, we set out to the east of the city, to examine the place called Gzizur Gdh, where the body of Ann ISMAEL, or KHAJEH ABDUL ANSAR, the son of Ann Mansava, the son of Ann Aroun, the son of MAT ANSAR, or the bearer of Monammsnh Koran, reposes.
Aau ANSXR was struck with stones by the boys, when he was doing penance, of which he expired in 1065, A. D., or in 481, Hejri*. He had learned about 12,00,000 poems by heart, and was the author of l,00,000 couplets.
When we reached the pleasant Gdzur Gtih, we entered the Clair. su or square of Hasau KHAN SHAMLU, who has also built a few shops and a finecistem on accountoftheperiodical fair in spring. Having passed through the sahan, we came to the door which led us to the grave of ABU Ansia. The door is made of copper, and on each side are fine and clear mosques, where we saw afew Koréins laying on the shelves or rdhals. The Musnavi, or the book of Maulanai Rum, is recited every morning, and the people faint during the invocation.
On our right hand were the tombs of Manson SULTAN, the father of SHAH Roan Mmza, and of the descendants of Anna Tmun. On our left were buried the successors of CHENGIZ KHAN. The body of MANSUR was lodged on a large platform, bordered with marble, and towards the head of the tomb we saw the following inscription :
o..'»lQ.~(...,.u~ um): flue)! W9’; 615- rib», ‘.\§\s.x.yL,)l.§.3 I . ' " ‘ n In ‘:11’ tejbjg’ \_.¢';1('.;)‘-"J ‘=’)L‘*'c vi’ UM» dlhlw dL‘i%3 The substance of the inscription may be thus rendered 2 “ This excellent construction and meritorious work which resembles Paradise, resplendent with the lights of divine favour and the blessings of the merciful
God, has been built with great art and beauty as the monument of the famous Sultan Gnmsunnm MANSUR and his pious descendants, in the year of H. 772.
Written by SULTAN MUSHHADI.” * The year 481 Hejiri began on the 27th March, 1088, -not 1065 as above stated.
Among the graves of CHANGIZ KHAN’S family was a body covered with black marble, on which we beheld the surprising sculptures of the ancient unknown hewer. The works are incomparable at the present day. The stone was carved in seven figures, called “haft kalm,” or seven pens. I copied the following inscription from the above tomb -.
size of one piece is five feet high, and of the other is 10 feet. It is co— vered with Arabic letters, and has only one in the following Persian:
[The Khajeh, in look and verity aking, was equally versed in the afiairs of both the worlds: would you know the date of his death, read it in the words ‘ Khajeh Abdulla.’ i. e. A. 11. 737. The words “ail-;L53l~3)‘ give the same date.]
The tomb is commanded by amagnificent high arch, erected by SHAH RUKH MIRZA, 480 years ago. It is 70 feet high.
TIMUR SHAH resolved to gild the arch, but was diverted by some accidents. On the right hand of the tomb are many inscribed poems written by the celebrated author named JAM], but the following verse made by HABUN KHAN SHAMLU informs us the day of ABDUL ANSAR’s death :
[If you are desirous that the cupbearer of wisdom should give you a cup full of
understanding, come into the banqueting house of Kkajah Abdullah Amari. His monument is like the graceful cypress which enchants the angels to hover over it, crying and lamenting like doves.]
When we came out of the door, we went to the cistern, which contains a very delicious, sweet-flavoured water, called Ab Zem-zem ; it is cold in summer, and hot in winter, which I believe is owing to a deception in the temperature of the atmosphere. There were written plenty of verses in the arch, which I wished to copy.
[The purport of this long inscription is, that Ann. SHAH RUKH erected a well and terraces, 8w. for the use of pilgrims to the tomb of KHAJEH Assam, ' which having fallen into disrepair were reconstructed at the expense of a female descend
ant of CA’)! one of the sons of CHENGEZ KHAN in the year (houz-zemzem-silsabil) 1090.]
The original name of Gdzur Ga’): is Kazar Gdll. Karzar mean in Persian battle, and Gdh, place, (the place of battle ;) in short, it is the seat of happiness and pleasure, and the people always go and pass their time in drinking and singing, which seems very inconsistent with the solemnity of the dead.
The water of the neighbouring covered fountain runs beautifully through the canal which ornaments Gdzur Gd/z and makes it a lovely spot in Herat.
Towards the north of the city, under the base of the hills, flourishes a pleasant edifice, called Talckt Sqfar constructed by SULTAN HOSAIN ,MmzA,thefourth descendant ofA1um TIMUR. In spring theneighbouring fields and mountains are covered with a bed of yellow and red flowers
pcalled UrGhavan. The place isnow going to decay, but seems to have - been once a paradise. A tank of water possesses a magnificent fountain, > which with its watery arrows fights with the top of the building. The ~ height of the edifice is measured 100 feet.
In the reign of SULTAN HOSAIN MIRZA the punishment for the people of bad demeanor was to reduce them to the ofiice of masons, who were
ordered to assist in the building of Talcht Safar. He also published a poem aud applied it on every gate, that the passengers should read it.
To the N. E. of the city stand the two very grand ruins separated by the stream Anjir. SULTAN HOSAIN MIRZA leaves his name by building a stately col
lege, which is all levelled to the ground. Two arches and four minars have still a grand appearance, and are separated into two equal parts by the above stream. The arch and the two minars which are situate on the right bank of the water are in the vicinity of the grave of SULTAN HOSAIN, who is remembered with great respect and honor. He reigned in 1500, A. D. The head master of the college was the famous poet named JAMI, whose works are very interesting indeed.
On the left bank of the stream rests the body of Gonna SHXD, the daughter of Amia TIMUR, and the sister of SHAH RUKH. The grave is shaded by a very high gilt dome. There were formerly nine tombs, all made of black marble, ornamented by inscriptions in the Arabic character. The letters are all rubbed out and not legible.
She built a fine edifice called MUSALLAH, and is said to have been the most incomparable lady in the world. She never married, but devoted herself to the perusal of the Koran ; she was anxious to encourage the people to learn. The place is decorated by four high minars and two lofty arches, which make a beautiful square of 75 paces.
On the top of the arch were afew defaced Arabic inscriptions, which I could not read. The minars seem half finished, and bent towards Meskid, to salute EMAM REZA. I ascended a minar of two stories high by difiicult paces, and had a very striking view of the city. Every story contains 20 steps.
Having passed the square, we entered a lofty dome, which encouraged us to climb five stairs, and to come into the gilt and painted room where Gonna SHAH) prayed.
All these ruins are decorated with azure and gold colour; (the blue colour is made of lapis-lazuli, which is found in considerable quantities in the mines of Badakksbdn.) '
It is alleged, one day Gonna SHAH), accompanied by 200 beautiful ladies, came into the college, and ordered all the students to go out ; she passed all day in the place, and had the pleasure of seeing every