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pointed in his room.

CHAP. him and all his family. Then the younger men fol

- lowed Lucius to Ardea, to win over the army there

to join them; and the city was left in the charge of Spurius Lucretius. But the wicked Tullia fled in haste from her house, and all, both men and women, cursed her as she passed, and prayed that the furies of her father's blood might visit her with

vengeance. Of the Meanwhile "1 king Tarquinius set out with speed driving out of king to Rome to put down the tumult. But Lucius Tarquinius, and how two turned aside from the road, that he might not yearly magistrates meet him, and came to the camp; and the soldiers pointed in joyfully received him, and they drove out the sons of

Tarquinius. King Tarquinius came to Rome, but the gates were shut, and they declared to him, from the walls, the sentence of banishment which had been passed against him and his family. So he yielded to his fortune, and went to live at Care with his sons Titus and Aruns. His other son, Sextus', went to Gabii, and the people there, remembering how he had betrayed them to his father, slew him. Then the army left the camp before Ardea, and went back to Rome. And all men said, “Let us follow the good laws of the good king Servius; and let us meet in our centuries, according as he directed 's, and let us choose two men year by year to govern

11 Livy. I. 60.

Livy, as the writer of the best 12 Livy, I. 60. Dionysius makes taste, and likely to give the oldest Sextus live till the battle by the and most poetical version of them. lake Regillus, and describes him 13 Consules inde comitiis cenas killed there. When the stories turiatis - ex commentariis Ser. differ, I have generally followed Tullii creati sunt. Livy, I. 60.






us, instead of a king.” Then the people met in their CHAP. centuries in the field of Mars, and they chose two men to rule over them, Lucius Junius, whom men called Brutus, and Lucius Tarquinius of Collatia. But the people 14 were afraid of Lucius Tarquinius How Lucius

Tarquinius, for his name's sake, for it seemed as though a Tar- the husband

of Lucretia, quinius were still king over them. So they prayed was driven

out also for him to depart from Rome, and he went and took all his name's his goods with him, and settled himself at Lavinium. Then the senate and the people decreed that all the house of the Tarquinii should be banished, even though they were not of the king's family. And the people met again in their centuries, and chose Publius Valerius to rule over them together with Brutus, in the room of Lucius Tarquinius of Collatia. Now at this time 15 many of the laws of the good The laws of

the good king Servius were restored, which Tarquinius the king Servius

. restored. tyrant had overthrown. For the commons again chose their own judges, to try all causes between a man and his neighbour; and they had again their meetings and their sacrifices in the city and in the country, every man in his own tribe and in his own district. And lest there should seem to be two kings instead of one, it was ordered that one only of the two should bear rule at one time, and that the lictors with their rods and axes should walk before him alone. And the two were to bear rule month by month.

Then king Tarquinius 16 sent to Rome, to ask for How certain

he good The laws of

tyrant had ovale restored, which

of the young

14 Livy, II.2.
15 Dionysius, V. 2.

16 Livy, II. 3, 4.


Romans plotted to bring back

CHAP. all the goods that had belonged to him; and the

- senate after a while decreed that the goods should plotted to be given back. But those whom he bad sent to king Tar- Rome to ask for his goods, had meetings with many quinius.

young men of noble birth, and a plot was laid to bring back king Tarquinius. So the young men wrote letters to Tarquinius, pledging to him their faith, and among them were Titus and Tiberius, the sons of Brutus. But a slave happened to overhear them talking together, and when he knew that the letters were to be given to the messengers of Tarquinius, he went and told all that he had heard to Brutus and to Publius Valerius. Then they came and seized the young men and their

letters, and so the plot was broken up. How Lucius After this there was a strange and piteous sight in judgment to behold. Brutus and Publius " sat on their judgown sons. ment-seats in the forum, and the young men were

brought before them. Then Brutus bade the lictors to bind his own two sons, Titus and Tiberius, together with the others, and to scourge them with rods, according to the law. And after they had been scourged, the lictors struck off their heads with their axes, before the eyes of their father; and Brutus neither stirred from his seat, nor turned away his eyes from the sight, yet men saw as they looked on him that his heart was grieving inwardly 18 over his children. Then tliey marvelled at him, because he had loved justice more than his own blood, and had

Brutus sat

upon his

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17 Livy, II. 5.
18 Eminente animo patrio inter

publicæ pænæ ministerium. Livy,
II. 5.


not spared his own children when they had been CHAP. false to their country, and had offended against the law. When 19 king Tarquinius found that the plot was How the

people of broken up, he persuaded the people of Veii and the Veil and

Tarquinii people of Tarquinii, cities of the Etruscans, to try to made war

upon the bring him back to Rome by force of arms. So they Romans, assembled their armies, and Tarquinius led them Lucius within the Roman border. Brutus and Publius led slain. the Romans out to meet them, and it chanced that Brutus, with the Roman horsemen, and Aruns, the son of king Tarquinius, with the Etruscan horse, met each other in advance of the main battles. Aruns, seeing Brutus in his kingly robe, and with the lictors of a king around him, levelled his spear, and spurred his horse against him. Brutus met him, and each ran his spear through the body of the other, and they both fell dead. Then the horsemen on both parts fought, and afterwards the main battles, and the Veientians were beaten, but the Tarquinians beat the Romans, and the battle was neither won nor lost; but in the night there came a voice out of the wood that was hard by, and it said, “ One man more 20 has fallen on the part of the Etruscans than on the part of the Romans; the Romans are to conquer in the war.” At this the Etruscans were afraid, and believing the voice, they immediately marched home to their own country, while the Romans took up Brutus, and carried him

and how

Brutus was


19 Livy, II. 6.

disse in acie; vincere bello Ro20 Uno plus Etruscorum ceci- manum. Livy, II. 7.


lius Valerius

CHAP. home and buried him; and Publius made an oration

in his praise, and all the matrons of Rome mourned for him for a whole year, because he had avenged

Lucretia well. How Pub When Brutus was dead 2, Publius ruled over the was sus people himself; and he began to build a great and pected by me the people, strong house on the top of the hill Velia, which and how he

looks down upon the forum 22 This made the
people say, “ Publius wants to become a king, and is
building a house in a strong place, as if for a citadel
where he may live with his guards, and oppress us.”
But he called the people together, and when he
went down to them, the lictors who walked before
him lowered the rods and the axes which they bore,
to show that he owned the people to be greater
than himself. He complained that they had mis-
trusted him, and he said that he would not build his
house on the top of the hill Velia, but at the bottom
of it, and his house should be no stronghold. And
he called on them to make a law 23, that whoever
should try to make himself king should be accursed,
and whosoever would might slay him. Also, that
if a magistrate were going to scourge or kill any
citizen, he might carry his cause before the people,
and they should judge him. When these laws were
passed, all men said, “Publius is a lover of the peo-
ple, and seeks their good :" and he was called Pop-
licola, which means," the people's friend,” from that
day forward.
21 Livy, II. 7.

cleared himself.

Via Sacra passes. The arch of 2It is the rising ground just Titus is on the Velian Hill. under the Palatine, up which the 23 Livy, II. 8.

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