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NOTES.

Note 1. Page 14. -the sunbow's rays still arch

The torrent with the many hues of heaven. This Iris is formed by the rays of the sun over the lower part of the Alpine torrents ; it is exactly like a rainbow come down to pay a visit, and so close that you may walk into it: this effect lasts till noon.

Note 2. Page 16.
He who from out their fountain dwellings raised

Eros and Anteros, at Gadara. The philosopher Samblicus. The story of the raising of Eros and Anteros may be found in his life, by Eunapius. It is well told.

Note 3. Page 19.

-she replied

In words of dubious import, but fulfill'd. The story of Pausanias, king of Sparta (who commanded the Greeks at the battle of Platea, and afterwards perished for an attempt to betray the Lacedemonians) and Cleonice, is told in Plutarch's life of Cimon; and in the Laconics of Pausanias the Sophist, in his description of Greece.

Note 4. Page 31.

-the giant sons

Of the embrace of angels. “ That the Sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair,” &c.

“There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the Sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were, of old, men of renown.”—Genesis, ch. Vi, verses 2 and 4

MARINO FALIERO,

DOGE OF VENICE;

AN HISTORICAL TRAGEDY.

PREFACE.

The conspiracy of the Doge Marino Faliero is one of the most remarkable events in the annals of the most singular government, city, and people of modern history. It occurred in the year 1355. Every thing about Venice is, or was, extraordinary~her aspect is like a dream, and her history is like a romance. The story of this Doge is to be found in all her Chronicles, and particularly detailed in the “ Lives of the Doges," by Marin Sanuto, which is given in the Appendix. It is simply and clearly related, and is, perhaps, more dramatic in itself than any scenes which can be founded upon the subject.

Marino Faliero appears to have been a man of talents and of courage. I find him commander in chief of the land forces at the siege of Zara, where he beat the King of Hungary and his arıny of eighty thousand men, killing eight thousand men, and keeping the besieged at the same time in check, an exploit to which I know none similar in history, except that of Cæsar at Alesia, and of Prince Eugene at Belgrade. He was afterwards commander of the fleet in the same war. He took Capo d'Istria. He was ambassador at Genoa and Rome, at which last he received the news of his election to the dukedom ; his absence being a proof that he sought it by no intrigue, since he was apprised of his predecessor's death and his own succession at the same moment. But he appears to have been of an ungovernable temper. A story is told by Sanuto, of his having, many years before, when podesta and captain at Treviso, boxed the ears of the bishop, who was somewhat tardy in bringing the host. For this, honest Sanuto " saddles him with a judginent,” as Thwackum did Square; but he does not tell us whether he was punished or rebuked by the senate for this outrage at the time of its commission. He seems, indeed, to have been afterwards at peace with the church, for we find him ambassador at Rome, and invested with the fief of Val di Marino, in the march of Treviso, and with the title of Count, by Lorenzo Count Bishop of Ceneda. For these facts my authorities are, Sanuto, Vettor Sandi, Andrea Navagero, and the account of the siege of Zara, first published by the indefatigable Abbate Morelli, in his “ Monumenti Veneziani di varia letteratura,” printed in 1796, all of which I have looked over in the original language. The moderns, Daru, Sismondi, and Laugier, nearly agree with the ancient chroniclers. Sismondi attributes the conspiracy to his jealousy ; but I find this nowhere asserted by the national historians. Vettor Sandi, indeed, says. that “ Altri scrissero che...

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dalla gelosa suspizion di esso Doge siasi fatto (Michel Steno) staccar con violenza,” &c., &c.; but this appears to have been by no means the general opinion, nor is it alluded to by Sanuto or by Navagero ; and Sandi himself adds, a moment after, that " per altre Veneziane memorie traspiri, che non il solo desiderio di vendetta lo dispose alla congiura, ma anche la innata abituale ambizion sua, per cui aneleva a farsi principe independente.” The first motive appears to have been excited by the gross affront of the words written by Michel Steno on the ducal chair, and by the light and inadequate sentence of the Forty on the offender, who was one of their “ tre capi." The attentions of Steno himself appear to have been directed towards one of her damsels, and not to the

Dogaressa” herself, against whose fame not the slightest insinuation appears, while she is praised for her beanty, and remarked for her youth. Neither do I find it asserted (unless the hint of Sandi be an assertion) that the Doge was actuated by jealousy of his wife; but rather by respect for her, and for his own honour, warranted by his past services and present dignity.

I know not that the historical facts are alluded to in English, unless by Dr. Moore in his View of Italy. His account is false and flippant, full of stale jests about old inen and young wives, and wondering at so great an effect from so slight a cause. How so acute and severe an obseryer of mankind as the author of Zeluco could wonder at this is inconceivable. He knew that a basiri of water spilt on Mrs. Masham's gown deprived the Duke of Marlborough of his command, and led to the inglorious peace of Utrecht-that Louis XIV. was plunged into the most desolating wars because his minister was nettled at his finding fault with a window, and wished to give him another occupation—that Helen lost Troy—that Lucretia expelled the Tarquins from Rome—and that Cava brought the Moors to Spain—that an insulted husband led the Gauls to Clusium, and thence to Rome-that a single verse of Frederic II. of Prussia on the Abbé de Bernis, and a jest on Madame de Pompadour, led to the battle of Rosbach—that the elopement of Dearbhorgil with Mac Murchad conducted the English to the slavery of Ireland—that a persoual pique between Marie Antoinette and the Duke of Orleans precipitated the first expulsion of the Bourbons—and, not to multiply instances, that Commodus, Domitian, and Caligula fell victims, not to their public tyranny, but to private vengeance—and that an order to make Cromwell disembark from the ship in which he would have sailed to America, destroyed both king and commonwealth. After these instances, on the least reflection, it is indeed extraordinary in Dr. Moore to seem surprised that a man, used to command, who had served and swayed in the most important offices, should fiercely resent, in a fierce age, an unpunished affront, the grossest that can be offered to a man, be he prince or peasant. The

age of Faliero is little to the purpose, unless to favour it.

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“ The young man's wrath is like straw on fire,
But like red-hot steel is the old man's ire.

“ Young men soon give and soon forget affronts,
Old age is slow at both."

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