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m m 14. The only-begotten who came from the Father.

----vi. 49. Christ tiles himself—--He that is from God.

viii. 29. I am from him, and he (God) hath Sent me.

vii. 26. I speak to the world the things that I have heard from him, (God.)

--- 40. I have spoke the truth which I have heard froin Gop.

- X. 18. This commandment have I received from my Father:

-Xv.15. All things that I have from my Father, I have made known unto you.

- 26. The comforter whom I Mall send from the Father,who proceedeth from the Father.

John xvi. 27, 28. Ye have believed that I came from GOD

- xvii. 7. Now they have known, that all whata foever thou haft given me are from thee.

8. They have known surely, tha 1 come from thee, and believed that thou haft fent me. · Acts ii. 33. Christ received the promise of the Holy Ghost from the Father.

2 Pet. i. 17. He (Christ) having received from God the Father, honour and glory.

This is the constant use, by the evangelists, of these propofitions that fignify derivation from a prior and fuperiar being, when they introduce Christ


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speaking of himself, his doctrine, &a in all the texts of the New Testament, and ought to have been an invariable rule in judgment and writing amongst christians in all ages.

It may be a proper inquiry how the creeds drawn up by the antient councils and fathers in the eastern churches have conformed their language to the foregoing pattern.

c H A P. A.

That the evangelists, and other writers of the New

Testament have recorded concerning Christ's entrance - upon his public life.

A FTER Jesus Chrift had spent about thirty M1 years with his parents in private life, amongst his neighbours and countrymen, and in Galilee moft of that time: and when he had attended the baptisin of John, and been baptised by him in Jordan, Matthew faith, chap. iii. 13–16. The spirit of. God descended like a dove, and came upon him. Mark faith, chap. i. 10. A spirit descended like a dove upon him. Luke faith, chap. iii. 21, 22, The, or

a holy

...a holy Spirit in a bodily pape, or appearance, dz

Scended like a dove upon him. John faith, chap. i. 35 32, 33. He saw a spirit descending from heaven,

and it abode upon him. Whether this spirit was tlae
third person in the trinity, as some suppose, or an
angel, as others; or God's extraordinary influx,
or infusion of divine gifts, the critics do not deter-
mine. The last seems inost likely. And the words
that follow, [This is my beloved Son] feem to imply
God's designation or ordination of Christ to his pub.
lic ministry; and fo St. John seems to understand
it. Yet this infusion of divine gifts was not in that
measure, but Chrift himself, in his agony, had an
angel sent to strengthen him Luke xxii. 43. Hence,
it must be evident, that the hypostatic, or personal
union of the divine and human nature did not sub-
fist in Jesus Christ at this time, unless, as Doctor
Bennet supposed, the divine nature was quiescent
in Jesus Christ. A notion very unfriendly to
the hypostatic union, and subversive of the common
topic in all the modern systems, wherein the di-
vinity of Jesus Christ is maintained by his working

Of Christ's temptation by the devil. Soon after, Jesus being thus qualified by the descent of the Spirit of God upon him, we find, he was tempted of the devil. A fact taken notice of by three of the evangelists, viz. Matthew, Mark,

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and Luke; and in itself very remarkable. St. illat. ' thew faith, chap. iv. 2-14. ttrat Chrijt having Faited forty days and nights was hungry; whereupon the devil faid to him, 'If thou be the Son of God, bid these fiones to be made bread. Jcfus (ever sensible of his duty to almighty God) answers the devil, saying, and citing Deut. viii. 3. A man liveth 100 by bread alone, but by every word that cometh from GOD.

2. Again, ver. 5, 6,7. the devil fets Christ on a pinnacle of the temple, and bids him cast himself down, for it is written, faith the devil, he (God) will give his angels charge concerning thee. To this tempta. tion Christ replies, it is written, (Deut. vi. 16.) Thou Malt nat tempt the Lord thy God: owning hereby, that himfelf was subject to, and muft abey, the command of the Lord his GOD, and by no means tempt his God.

3. Again, ver. 8, 9, 10. the devil presents to his view the glory of all the kingdoms of the world, and faith, All this will I give thce, if thou wilt fall down, and worship me. To this temptation Christ replies with indignation, Hence, or be gone, Satan, for it is written, Thou shalt worfirin the LORD thy God, and him alone thou shalt serves :

St. Luke gives much the same account, but St. Mark is short and general.

Note 1. Fcfus Christ underwent three temptations of the devil; who being a subtle fpirit could not be


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ignorant of Christ's nature or perfon; he assaulted Christ, because the devil well knew, he was liable to teinptation.

2. Christ repels the devil's temptations, by the word of God; hereby owning that to be the rule of his conduct, and his best defence against the assaults of the devil.

3. Whilst, or foon after, Christ was thus assaulted by the devil, angels came, and ministered unto him. In this agony, as also in that on the mount of Olives, Christ needed a support, which he had not in himself, but received from tlie affiftance of angels. If this be considered, we cannot be at a loss to know who Jesus Christ was, or what was his true nature. For had the divine nature or ellence been perSonally united to him, he could not be tempted with evil; for God is incapable of fuch temptation. James i. 13.

The author of the Hebrews, chap. iv. 15. confirms this fact, that Christ suffered temptation, which must have been impossible, had the divine nature, or esence, been hypostatically or personally united to Jesus Chrift.


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