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Births, Marriages, and Deaths.
Mr. E. Knyvett, to Miss Emma Rich-
The rev. R. Webb, canon of Windsor.
At the age of 80 years, Mr. Dudley
The relict of rear-admiral Dundas.
Elizabeth lady Reid.
Blackstone, who was a brother of the
At Southampton, in her 96th year, Mrs.
In her 101st year, Mrs. Alice Lowth,
At Eltham, Mr. C. W. Arnold. Mr. John Donkin, of Great Surrey. At Tottenham, Mrs. North, at the age street, to Miss Hawes of Russell-Square. of 94 years.
Mr. S. Brooke, of Croydon, to the Mrs. Jennings, of Stratford in Essex. daughter of lieutenant-colonel Watts.
At Pentonville, Mr. C. Douglas, bro-
At Holloway, captain Edward Harri-
At Pimlico, Mr. John Elliot. Mr. T. Dibdin, to Miss Collins, the At Black-heath, Mr. George Engleactress.
heart, father of the proctor.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. CLARA wishes to know whether it is decorous for women to court mer. We answer, “ Ugly old maids are indulged with that privilege because they have no other chance of getting husbands; but girls would lose credit hy such forwardness."
The address of a Persian lady to her lover will appear in our next Number.
A Volunteer Laureate has sent an ode for the royal birth-day; but these com. plimentary effusions are now obsolete. Dr. Southey may flatter his majesty, if he will; but he is not expected to write odes of this kind, and he is content to earn his money (as an Irishman would say) by idleness.
MIRROR OF THE BELLES-LETTRES, FINE ARTS,
MUSIC, DRAMA, FASHIONS, &c.
OBSERVATIONS ON ANALOGY.
may be a considerable degree of proba
bility in conclusions drawn from analogy. Those who address rational creatures "Thus we observe a striking similarity becannot avoid a frequent reference to rea tween our earth and the other planets. son and judgement. As human beings All of them revolve round the sun, from are honorably distinguished in those re which they derive all their light: they spects from the brute creation, they are subject to those rules by which the ought to take every opportunity of evin- movements of the earth are directed; and cing their superiority, and to judge by from these and other circumstances we reason, rather than act from mere instinct. are induced to infer that those planets, Some have said, that many inferior ani- like our earth, may be the abodes of animals act in some instances more reason mated beings. We know that the accuably than men; but this is rather a libel racy of this conclusion cannot be ascerthan a true assertion; and, even if they tained ; but, as we have no satisfactory do, there is no merit in that conduct or evidence on the subject, we are obliged those operations which, however rational to rest content with probability of conthey may appear to be, are merely mecha- jecture. nical.
In medicine, analogy is frequently Having occasionally noticed the nature used as a guide. The constitution of one and force of the reasoning power im- human body so far resembles that of parted to our species, we now advert to another, that what is the cause of health that subordinate and less accurate pro
or sickness to one may be reasonably CESS which is not demonstrative, but supposed to have similar effects upon merely analogical. Analogy implies a
another. With regard to particular discertain proportion, agreement, or resem eases, also, when one resembles another blance, which several things bear to each in a leading point, it may be treated other in some respects, while they differ nearly in the same manner. For inin other points. In this way we judge stance, pleurisy, being a species of inof things less known by some similitude flammation, may be treated like other which we observe between them and inflammatory disorders, by relaxing the such things as are more familiar or better solids, which are too much stretched, known. In many cases we have no more and affording a free passage for the hucertain mode of judging: and, when there is reason to think that the objects com In politics, likewise, we often reason pared are subject to the same laws, there from analogy. The constitution of hu
man nature is so similar in different ances, that names are transferred to the states or communities, that the causes of former from familiar things which are peace and war, of tranquillity and sedi- supposed to bear some resemblance to tion, of opulence and poverty, of im- them, scarcely any expressions being the o provement and degeneracy, are nearly used for them but such as are borrowed and pro the same in all. As the ancient demo- from tangible or visible things. To uncracies were unsettled and turbulent, we derstand, to comprehend, to imagine, 1202 may conclude that a democratic govern to weigh, and many other terms, are ment, in modern times, would not be words of this kind. Thus an analogy to very favorable to peace and order. The is generally supposed to exist between people and their leaders are in a great the body and the mind, or matter and even measure the same in all ages, though the spirit, notwithstanding the great and es. degrees of their civilisation may be dif- sential difference between them. Hence ferent. The passions are not sufficiently the deliberations of a person, when sus. restrained, even in the most refined pe- pended between conflicting motives riods, by reason or philosophy :-the which appear to be equally forcible, are coarseness and vulgarity of nature will compared with a balance in which the occasionally burst forth. You may ex- opposite weights are equal; but this compel nature (says Horace) in a manner parison has led some reasoners into an ihat may seem to be forcible: yet it ill-founded idea. They pretend that a will find many opportunities of re man, in this case, will not know how to turning.
act, and will necessarily remain in a As reasoning from analogy is not state of listless indecision; but it certain-perty founded on positive or mathematically does not follow, because a piece of truth, it may sometimes lead us into dead inactive matter would remain at very erroneous conclusions or opinions. rest in a certain case, that a thoughtful Great caution, therefore, is requisite in . and active being would be equally unthe use of this mode of judging, if we moved. The old argument of an ass wish to avoid absurdity. Precipitate starving because it had no stronger moconclusions evince a weakness of mind tive to touch one bundle of hay than the and a want of sound judgement. As, in another on the opposite side, is rather a estimating an average, you would not silly sophism than legitimate reasoning. adjust it by a few but by a considerable The most stupid animal would not be number of objects or points, so, in the perplexed on such an occasion. process of analogy, you would not, if In speaking of this branch of reasonyou were wise, pretend to deduce a ge- ing, it might be thought an unpardonable neral from a particular truth. If you omission, if we should neglect to take only knew two or three Irishmen, and notice of its application to the subject of found them to be hot-headed and irrit- religion. Bishop Butler has used it in able, you would not justly attribute the this way with an effect which is generally un same disposition to the whole or the admired. Instead of attempting to ex, greater part of the nation : but the case plain the divine æconomy with regard would be altered if, in your social rounds, to intelligent creatures from preconyou had observed the same quality per ceived notions of his own, he first invading almost every company..
quires what the constitution of nature, An application of the doctrine of ana as it is disclosed to us by experimental logy to a comparison between matter and philosophy, actually is, and from this life, he mind, may here be mentioned as a source investigation he endeavours to form a of error. By means of our senses, we judgement of that more important and form an early acquaintance with material interesting constitution which religion objects, and indeed are bred up in a discovers to us. If the dispensation of constant familiarity with them. Hence Providence under which we now live, milions we are apt to measure all things by them, considered as inhabitants of this world, and to attribute to things most remote and having a temporal interest to secure from matter the qualities which belong in it, be found,'on examination, to be to material objects. We must be con- analogous to that farther dispensation The scious of the operations of our own minds which relates to us as designed for ano. when they are exerted, and seem to form ther world, in which, as responsible or distinct notions of them: yet this is so accountable beings, we have an eternal difficult a work to men whose attention interest, depending on is constantly solicited by external appear during the present life,-if both may be
De fet, a
The Sectarian. traced to the same general laws, and life, and the many sad and frightful appear to be carried on according to the events recorded in history, on all which same plan of administration - it may he dwelt with a melancholy pathos, exo
fairly be presumed that both proceed claiming that the present was truly denoSing W from one and the same Author, and that minated an evil world. But it was, he
the latter is a regular consequence of the argued, peculiarly so to the true followers other system--the final link in the chain of the Messiah, from the painful warfare of creation. It may be said that this they had constantly to wage with it, and dispute is satisfactorily settled by di- because much of the good that it pro.
vine revelation ; yet there is no im- mised, was to them like the tempting e propriety in illustrating it by the aid of apple hanging on the tree of knowlege, beri analogy
of which they were not permitted to eat. There was, however, he added, much
comfort in the consideration expressed THE SECTARJAN, or the Church and in the words of Isaiah, that the righteous the Meeting-House. 3 vols. would soon be taken away from the
evil.' Here he remarked, that the words It might readily be supposed that this of this passage were usually quoted in the is rather a work of theological dispute restricted sense in which they stood in or controversy than a novel; but it is, our translation, which said, that they in fact, of both descriptions. The author would be taken away from the evil to is apparently a man of some talent, come ; but it would be seen upon inspec. which, however, is more strongly exhi- tion, that the words “to come had been bited in his attacks upon sectarianism, supplied by the translators; that evil, than in the construction of his plot or in in fact, was, in a peculiar manner to the bis delineations of general character. righteous, at all times existing ; it was
Instead of detailing the plot, we shall past, present, and to come; so that, at give some of the scenes and a striking whatever time the Christian's warfare catastrophe.
should be terminated by death, he would Lydia Orton is a young, beautiful, and emphatically be taken away from the rich convert to sectarianism, and Moles- evil. But still it had been said, .suffiworth, one of the sect, has become in- cient for the day is the evil thereof;' sane. At a meeting, “as Lydia looked and although we were not by anticipation around her, she observed a young man,
to lay up for ourselves sorrow for the whom she had not before noticed farther day of suffering, still in every day there than as one of those whose intellectual had been, and would be, evil meied out looks formed a contrast to the mass of to us; and sufficient for every day as the imbecile and the ignorant; who, it came would be found its own portion seemingly under the influence of a strong of evil. The ultimate consolation, howfeeling of what had just been spoken, ever, was, that Christians would be taken sat wringing his hands, as if his mind away from evil and sorrow to unmixed was full of something on the subject, good; and, though the days of their pilwhich he seemed doubting whether he grimage on the earth, like those of the should attempt to deliver to his fellows. patriarch Jacob, were likely to be both After a little time, appearing to take few and evil
, yet there was laid up for courage, he rose, and with some hesi- them in Heaven a better and an enduring tation made a speech which, from its substance. This species of theo-phimelancholy import, its appearance of losophy, not unfashionable as a matter deep truth, the logical form in which it of cant, even among the thoughtless and was put, and the manner in which its the empty, always came home to the propositions were made to rest on pas- heart of Lydia, (youthful and formed as sages of Scripture, as well as the intense she was for relishing the happiness of conviction with which it evidently was life) like a sad and depressing knell. But uttered, was strongly and sadly affect when she remarked, that so young a man ing. The serious young gentleman took, as the speaker was deeply under the as a sort of motio to his exhortation, influence which he described, she was part of a sentence addressed by St. Paul ready to reproach herself for any hesito the churches of Galatia--Who gave tation in giving her complete assent to its himself for us, that he might deliver us truth ; and, from this day, she felt willfrom this present evil world.' He first ing to resign the world, and inwardly to descanted on the general calamities of take the veil of entire devotion to her
high vocation. After the singing of a to the house of mourning, and smiling hymn, expressive of corresponding senti- sadly on Lydia as she led her into the ments, the assembly knelt down to prayer room. They sat a few moments in siin a state of high excitement, exclaiming, lence, during which one of the children, eta
Who is sufficient for these things ?' and who had observed Lydia sometimes at thinking of the present sad state of their the house, when Mr. Molesworth had beloved brother, Molesworth. But when, religious parties, came forward, and was in the prayer, the member who was the caressed by her. "Do you know that organ of it, and who ha
been a close lady, my love ? whispered her mother intimate of him whom they now bore on to the child, when it returned to her side. their spirits, began to call upon Heaven 'Yes, mama, that is the very good lady in behalf of the brother who had so often that used to come here with the poorjoined in their
prayers in this very place; looking people to sing hymns with papa who was so dear to them all, but who and Thomas Keatly the shoemaker.' was now harassed with a sore affliction, This answer of the child was eagerly and might never again lift up his voice listened to and observed by Mrs. Moles. within their humble tabernacle; the voice worth's mother, who was walking backof the member trembled and became wards and forwards without deigning to choked with his feelings. His words of notice Mr. Keville. And while that prayer came from the bottom of his gentleman was making some enquiries heart, amid sobs and tears, until at last regarding the invalid, the old lady came he was overpowered, and stopped en- forward, in consequence of what the tirely. The whole assembly remained child said, and, in a low and compaskneeling in silence, which was only inter- sionate tone, addressed Lydia thus; rupted by the sobs of many who were “Madam, I presume you are one of the drowned in grief. Aged men round religious people whom my unfortunate Lydia wept like infants, and she herself son-in-law used to be so frequently was dissolved in sorrow, until the assem among?'— I have often had the pleably rose with one accord, the speaker sure of meeting with Mr. Molesworth, being unable to finish the prayer. As madam,' said Lydia, as if prepared for they were about to separate, Lydia found some contemptuous speech. Young that Mr. Keville meant forthwith to pro- lady, I am sorry for you,' said the other
, ceed to Mr. Molesworth's house, to'en- emphatically. Sorry for me, madam ? deavour to obtain admission to the - Yes, my dear young lady, I am very chamber of the unfortunate, to have the sorry to see one of your appearance satisfaction of seeing him, and haply of throwing away your happiness in the being able to afford him some comfort. world, and your reason with these people. Lydia eagerly asked permission to acr God grant that you may never come to company him, which he granted ; and be in the condition of poor Molesworth!' she went to the interview with feelings I hope, madam, said Lydia, of the same painful interest which one shocked.--I hope so too, young lady; may
have who is carried along to an exe but take an experienced woman's advice. cution, or to witness the agonies of the Don't hope about the matter, but leave human being who is to be broken upon them ; I say, leave them. – Mother, the wheel. When they arrived at Mr. interrupted her daughter, Mr. Keville Molesworth’s house, they were ushered wishes to see my poor husband. I into the drawing-room, where they found pose he may ?'_Oh! certainly,' said the the wife and mother-in-law of the af- old lady, with an expression of vexation, flicted man with some children. The certainly, Mr. Keville! By all means, whole house seemed in that disordered go up and see what a pretty state you state into which the absorbed feelings of have helped to bring the father of these its mistress, occupied with this domestic unfortunate children to.
It must be a calamity, had naturally allowed it to get. pleasant sight to see, to be sure !-- MoMr. Keville would have withdrawn on iher, don't speak so,' said Mrs. Moles. seeing the ladies, knowing their disap- worth, mildly; 'I have enough to bear at proval of Mr. Molesworth's religious present. — I will speak, I cannot help sentiments and associates; but his ami- speaking, Mrs. Molesworth. You have able wife, knowing Mr. Keville's great always taken his part in his folly, in worth, and respecting him for his sin- giving himself up to these enthusiasts
. cerity, came forward and held out her He loved them better, I believe, than his hand, expressing gratitude for his visit own wife and children,'-Do not say