In this book, Peter Manly surveys more than 150 unusual telescope designs. These are telescopes built by amateur and professional astronomers to suit some special need. There is, for instance, an inflatable telescope and one with a liquid mirror. Every so often a neglected design comes back into fashion: the largest telescopes now under construction use the alt-azimuth design that was ignored for over a century, and liquid mirror telescopes can be used for zenithal astronomy. The author shows why a particular engineering approach makes each telescope unique and explains the rationale behind the design. The effects on telescope performance are discussed where possible. This is not just a collection of weird and wonderful devices that proved to be false starts; the author also discusses the first instrument to measure star diameters and the first useful radio telescope. This book is a resource and stimulus for anyone who likes to build astronomical telescopes or is interested in the history of telescope-making.
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List of Illustrations
Classification by number of optical elements
Wide field optics
Eliminating diffraction spikes
Truckmounted and vehiclemounted telescopes
Riding the telescope
Coudé mounts 16 1
Telescopes built into houses
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alt-az mounted amateur antenna aperture arcsecond array astronomical astrophotography axis azimuth beam built camera Cassegrain corrector coudé described in Sky detector diameter diffraction double field drive equatorial mount eyepiece field of view Figure flat focal length Fred Lawrence Whipple gamma-ray glass Henry image plane instrument interferometer King Dover Publications large telescopes lens lenses main telescope metal meteor motor Mount Hopkins Mount Wilson Observatory moved multiple mirror telescopes Newtonian telescope objective Observatory observer off-axis optical path optical system Photo courtesy photographic plate platform polar axle position primary mirror problem radio telescope reflector refractor telescope right ascension Riverside Telescope Makers rotation satellite schiefspiegler Schmidt secondary mirror shown in Fig siderostat Sky & Telescope solar telescope spherical Springfield mount Springfield telescope Stellafane surface telescope design telescope is described Telescope Makers Conference telescope shown telescope tube trailer trailer-mounted tri-schiefspiegler turret telescope unusual telescopes vibrations zenith