Page images
PDF
EPUB

AMBROSE. Exinanivit semetipsum, formam servi suscipiendo : non quod aliud quàm quod erat, fieret : id est, non ut mutaretur ab eo quod erat, sed ut seposito interim majestatis suæ honore, humanum corpus indueret : quo suscepto, salus gentium fieret. Ut enim sol cum nube tegitur, claritate ejus comprimitur, non secatur, et lumen illud, quod toto orbe dispersum, claro splendore cuncta perfundit, parvo obstaculo nubis includitur ; sic homo ille quem Deus induit, Deum in homine non intercepit sed abscondit.—Lib. de Fide contra Arrianos, cap. 8.

THOMAS AQUINAS.

Utrum Beata Virgo debeat dici Mater Dei. 1. Videtur quòd beata Virgo non debeat dici Mater Dei. Non enim dicendum est circa divina mysteria, nisi quòd ex sacra Scriptura habetur. Sed nunquam in sacra Scriptura legitur, quòd sit mater aut genetrix Dei, sed quòd sit mater Christi vel mater pueri : ut patet Matth. i. Ergo non dicendum quòd beata Virgo sit mater Dei.

2. Præterea, Christus dicitur Deus secundum divinam naturam, sed divina natura non accepit initium essendi ex Virgine. Ergo beata Virgo non est dicenda Mater Dei.

2. Præterea, hoc nomen Deus, communiter prædicatur de Patre et Filio et Spiritu Sancto. Si ergo beata Virgo est mater Dei, videtur sequi quòd beata Virgo sit mater Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti, quòd est inconveniens. Non ergo beata Virgo debet dici Mater Dei.

SED CONTRA est, quòd in capitulis Cyrilli, approbatis in Ephesina synodo, legitur: si quis non confitetur Deum esse secundum veritatem Emmanuel, et propter hoc Dei genetricem sanctum Virginem (genuit enim carnaliter carnem factum Dei verbum) anathema sit. CONCLUSIO. Cum sit in Christo eadem divinæ et humanæ nature, quam à matre accepit, hypostasis, consequens est B. Virginem Dei matrem vere dici : Imò contrarium assere hereticum esse.

RESPONDEO dicendum, quòd (sicut supra dictum est) omne nomen significans in concreto naturam aliquam, potest supponere pro qualibet hypostasi illius naturæ. Cùm autem unio incarnationis sit facta in hypostasi (sicut supra dictum est) manifestum est quod hoc nomen Deus, potest supponere pro hypostasi habente humanam naturam et divinam. Et ideo quicquid convenit divinæ naturæ vel humanæ, potest attribui illi personæ : sive secundum quod pro ea supponit nomen significans divinam naturam, sive secundum quod pro ea supponit nomen significans humanam naturam. Concipi autem et nasci, personæ attribuitur et hypostasi, secundum naturam illam, in qua concipitur et nascitur. Cùm igitur in ipso principio conceptionis fuerit humana natura assumpta à divina persona (sicut prædictum est) consequens est quòd vere possit dici Deum esse conceptum et natum de Virgine. Ex hoc autem dicitur aliqua mulier alicujus mater, quòd eum concepit et genuit: unde consequens est, quòd beata Virgo vere dicatur mater Dei : solum enim sic negari posset, beatam Virginem esse matrem Dei, si vel humanitas prius fuisset subjecta conceptioni et nativitati, quàm homo ille fuisset filius Dei (sicut Photinus posuit) vel humanitas non fuisset assumpta in unitatem personæ vel hypostasis verbi Dei, sicut posuit Nestorius. Utrumque autem horum est erroneum, unde hereticum est negare beatam Virginem esse matrem Dei.

Ad PRIMUM ergo dicendum, quod hæc fuit objectio Nestorii. Quæ quidem solvitur ex hoc, quòd licet non inveniatur expresse in Scriptura dictum, quòd beata Virgo sit mater Dei : invenitur tamen expresse in Scripturâ quòd Jesus Christus est verus Deus, ut patet 1 Joan, ulti. ex quòd beata Virgo est mater Jesu Christi, ut patet Matth. 1. unde sequitur ex necessitate ex verbis Scripturæ, quòd sit mater Dei. Dicitur etiam Rom. 9. quod ex Judæis est secundum carnem Christus, qui est super omnia Deus benedictus in sæcula. Non autem est ex Judæis nisi mediante beata Virgine. Unde ille, qui est super omnia Deus benedictus in sæcula, est vere natus ex beata Virgine, sicut ex sua matre.

Ad SECUNDUM dicendum, quòd illa est objectio Nestorii : sed Cyrillus in quadam epist. contra Nestorium eum solvit, sic dicens, sicut hominis anima cum proprio corpore nascitur, et tanquam unum reputatur et si voluerit quispiam dicere, quòd est genetrix carnis non tamen et animæ genetrix, nimis superfluè loquitur. Tale aliquid gestum percipimus in generatione Christi : natum est enim ex Dei Patris substantia, Dei verbum quià vero carnem assumpsit, necessarium est confiteri, quòd natum est secundum carnem ex muliere. Dicendum est ergo quòd B. Virgo dicitur mater Dei, non quia sit mater divinitatis, sed quia personæ habentis divinitatem et humanitatem, est mater secundum humanitatem.

Ad TERTIUM dicendum, quòd hoc nomen Deus, quamvis sit commune tribus personis : tamen supponit quandoque pro sola persona patris, quandoque pro sola persona Filii, vel Spiritus Sancti : ut supra habitum est.

Et ita cùm dicitur, beata Virgo est mater Dei, hoc nomen Deus, supponit pro sola persona Filii incarnata.”Summa Totius Theologiæ, Pars III. Questio xxxv. Art. iv.

THE END.

Printed by STEWART and MURRAY, Old Bailey, London.

THE FOLLOWING WORKS ARE

PUBLISHED OR SOLD BY

HENRY W A S H BOURNE,

SALISBURY SQUARE, FLEET STREET,

AND MAY BE HAD OF ALL BOOKSELLERS.

BEVERIDGE'S PRIVATE THOUGHTS ON RELIGION, and

A CHRISTIAN LIFE, both Parts complete, cloth, 48. 6d., morocco, 78. 6d.

“A book generally known and as generally valued,-a very neat and well printed volume.Church of England Mag. WALTON'S LIVES OF DONNE, Wotton, HOOKER, HERBERT,

and SANDERSON ; with MAJOR'S PORTRAITS, AUTOGRAPHS, and illustrative Wood Cuts. This new and beautiful Edition has been carefully revised, and the Notes, &c., enriched with matter of interest. Royal 18mo., cloth lettered, 10s. 6d.; and in varied styles of morocco, elegantly gilt, 148.

“ The vignettes and plates are excellent: both the printer and engraver deserve great praise for this very excellent work."-Church of England Mag. BURNET'S DISCOURSE OF THE PASTORAL CARE, with

Prefatory Remarks. By the Rev. Thomas DALE, M. A., Vicar of St. Bride's, &c. Small 8vo. Price 4s. cloth, or 78. 6d. morocco.

This is a very correct edition, rendered particularly valuable by Mr. Dale's remarks and cautionary hints to the students.”—Church of England Mag. HERBERT’S POEMS, Country PARSON, &c. royal 32mo. cloth,

48. 6d.; morocco, 78. 6d. THE PRIEST to THE TEMPLE; or, The Country PARSON

his Character and Rule of Holy Life. Royal 32mo. cloth, 28.; embossed

gilt edges, 3s. ; morocco, 48. 6d. THE TEMPLE, SACRED POEMS, &c. by George Herbert, royal

32mo. cloth, 38.; morocco, 58. 6d. SEWELL'S (PROFESSOR) SACRED THOUGHTS, suggested by

Texts from Scripture, second edition, ENLARGED and ILLUSTRATED, 68., or morocco, 108.

This edition contains several new poems. To the pious reader there can scarcely be a more acceptable present than this beautiful little volume.SEWELL'S UNIVERSITY SERMONS TO YOUNG MEN, 5s. BUNYAN'S PILGRIM'S PROGRESS, Illustrated by 100 Wood

Engravings, with Notes by Mason, &c. Royal 18mo. cloth gilt, 38. WELCHMAN on the ARTICLES. — THE STUDENT'S EDITION,

18mo. 28.; Large Paper, royal 18mo. 38.; and INTERLEAVED for Stu

DENTS, 38, 6d. BOWDLER'S SERMONS on the DOCTRINES AND DUTIES

OF CHRISTIANITY. 18mo. 38. Morocco, 58. 6d. and L. P. royal

18mo. 48., morocco 78. 6d. STONHOUSE'S EVERY MAN'S ASSISTANT and Sick MAN'S

FRIEND. New Edition. 18mo. cloth lettered, 38.

[ocr errors]

BUTLER'S ANALOGY OF RELIGION. THE STUDENT'S

EDITION. 18mo. 28. 6d. BUTLER'S SERMONS. THE STUDENT'S EDITION. 18mo. 3s.

or both in one volume, 58. HENRY MARTYN.—THE JOURNALS, LETTERS, &c. of the Rev.

H. MARTYN, B. D., by Archd. WILBERFORCE, B. D. New edition, in a volume of nearly 800 pages, cloth lettered, reduced to 68.

If any man doubt the power of the Gospel upon the human heart,—the animating, the consoling power,– let him peruse these Journals and Letters. They exhibit, sometimes, human love hallowed with divine, sometimes the fondest affections of the natural man struggling with the highest aspirations of the spiritual."

British Critic. BUCHANAN'S RESEARCHES IN ASIA, with Notices of the

Translation of the Scriptures into the Oriental Languages. A New Edi

tion, corrected. 12mo. cloth lettered, price 28. 6d. HUMBLE'S DICTIONARY OF GEOLOGY AND MINERAL

OGY ; comprising such Terms used in Botany, Chemistry, Comparative Anatomy, Conchology, Entomology, Palæontology, Zoology, and other branches of Natural History as are connected with the study of Geology, &c. 8vo. cloth lettered. Price 108. 6d.

“ This is a work much wanted in the scientific world; and the author has performed his task with care, industry, and talent."

“Dr. Humble has performed his laborious task with ability."- Atlas. KIRKE WHITE'S REMAINS, with an Original Memoir. Cam

BRIDGE edition, small 8vo. 48. 6d. cloth, or 78. 63. MOROCCO. PERCY'S RELIQUES OF ANCIENT ENGLISH POETRY,

consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and other Pieces of our earlier Poets, together with some few of later date. Wood-cuts after the designs of Wale. 3 vols. post 8vo. 188. boards, or 228.; half morocco, gilt

top. WALTON AND COTTON'S COMPLETE ANGLER, with

Notes, Biographical and Explanatory, and the Lives of the Authors, illustrated with MAJOR'S 76 Wood Engravings and Copper-plates. Post

8vo. half morocco, gilt top, 128., originally published at 218. GELL'S (Sir W.) TOPOGRAPHY, Edifices and Ornaments of

POMPEII, 2 vols. royal 8vo. Illustrated by 117 Plates and Vignettes, half

morocco. Published at 61. 68., reduced to 21. 58. AKERMAN'S DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF RARE AND

UNEDITED ROMAN COINS, from the earliest period of the Roman Coinage to the extinction of the Empire, with numerous Plates from the Originals, 2 vols. 8vo. cloth gilt. Published at 21. 128. 6d., now offered at Il. 18. Also, the large paper, with proof impressions, on India paper,

2 vols. royal 8vo. cloth gilt, originally 41. 48., now ll. 10s. BOTANY.- AN IMPROVED ARRANGEMENT of the Generic Cha

racters of BRITISH PLANTS, with a familiar Introduction to the LINNÆAN SYSTEM, by W. JOHNS, M.D., F.L.S., F.H.S., coloured plates, 68. ;

plain, 38. 6d. COWPER'S WORKS COMPLETE, comprising his POEMS,

LETTERS, &c., with copious Memoirs, and illustrative Notes, by Dr.

MEMES. Several Portraits and Plates, 2 vols. crown 8vo, reduced to 148. GRAY'S POETICAL WORKS, with Notes, Life of the Authors

&c., by the Rev. John MITFORD, with two portraits, 8vo. cloth, now reduced to 58.

HENRY WASHBOURNE, SALISBURY-SQUARE.

3

HOGARTH MORALIZED-by Dr. TRUSLER, a new and complete

Cabinet Edition, with Notes, &c. Illustrated by 57 Engravings and 12 Wood Cuts, 8vo. cloth gilt, 218. originally published at 11. 168. in boards ; half morocco, gilt edges, 11. 48. “The plates

ot only exceed all the former small copies, but we think they contain more of the true spirit of this eminent painter than even the copies of the same size

as the original priuts."--Gentleman's Magazine. PETRONI AND DAVENPORT'S ITALIAN, FRENCH, AND

ENGLISH DICTIONARY, 2 vols. 8vo. Published at 21. 28. reduced

to 128., cloth and lettered. CONCHOLOGY.-HANLEY'S CONCHOLOGIST's Book OF SPECIES

a Description of 600 Species of Univalves, with Figures plain and coloured, cloth gilt 58., or with all the plates coloured, 78. 6d. Second edition

enlarged. BROWN'S RELIGIO MEDICI, with his Hydriotaphia or Urn

Burial, small 8vo. 38. 6d. A new edition. VIRGILII OPERA. 32mo. Cambridge Edition. Cloth, 3s.

morocco, 58. 6d. HORATII OPERA. 32mo. Cambridge Edition. Cloth, 2s. 6d.

morocco, 58. 6d. The Second EDITION, much enlarged ; dedicated, by permission to

H.R.H. PRINCE GEORGE OF CAMBRIDGE. THE BOOK OF FAMILY CRESTS AND MOTTOS; com.

prising nearly every Family Bearing, alphabetically arranged according to the Surnames of the Bearers, and fully blazoned or explained, accompanied by upwards of Four Thousand Engravings, illustrative of the Crests of all the PEERS, BARONETS, and nearly all the Families of England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, the Colonies, and various parts of the world ; a DICTIONARY OF Mottos, with Translations and Bearers' Names, accompanied by illustrative quotations ; a GLOSSARY OF Terms, and introductory Remarks, historical and explanatory. With an emblematic Title, richly enamelled. Two volumes, cloth, elegantly gilt. Price 258.

This enlarged edition has been got up with great care and considerable expense."-
Naval and Military Gazette.
“This is a work of great utility, and appears to have been executed with no common
The crests are clearly and well engraved."-Sunday Times.

The Thirteenth Edition, greatly improved,
CLARK'S INTRODUCTION TO HERALDRY: Rules for

Blazoning and Marshalling Coat Armours;—the English and Scottish Regalia ;

;-a Dictionary of Heraldic Terms ;- Orders of Knighthood illustrated and explained ;-Degrees of the Nobility and Gentry ;—Tables of Pret edency ;- Titles and Duties of the Great Víficers of State and of the Officers of the College of Arms. Forty-eight Engravings, illustrative

of upwards of 1000 Examples, including the arms of numerous Families. Small 8vo. emblematically gilt, price 9s. With the Plates correctly coloured, 218.; or on paper prepared for learners to colour, 128.

“ This useful compendium appears to be truly deserving the liberal support it has received for half a century.”Gentleman's Magazine.

“This new edition of a very old and useful work is so pretty, and very elaborately got up, that we cannot refuse it a brief notice.”—New Monthly Mag. THE BOOK OF MOTTOS, arranged in Aphabetical Order, with

Significations, Bearers' Names, and illustrative Quotations. Royal 18mo, cloth gilt, 38.

care.

« PreviousContinue »