Governance Reform Under Real-World Conditions: Citizens, Stakeholders, and Voice

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Sina Odugbemi, Thomas Jacobson
World Bank Publications, Jun 13, 2008 - Political Science - 546 pages
Although necessary and often first rate, technocratic solutions alone have been ineffective in delivering real change or lasting results in governance reforms. This is primarily because reform programs are delivered no in controlled environments, but under complex, diverse, sociopolitical and economic conditions. Real-world conditions. In political societies, ownership of reform programs by the entire country cannot be assumed, public opinion will not necessarily be benign, and coalitions of support may be scare or nonexistent, even when intended reforms really will benefit those who need them most. While the development community has the technical tools to address governance challenges, experience shows that technical solutions are often insufficient. Difficulties arise when attempts are made to apply what are often excellent technical solutions. Human beings--either acting alone or in groups small and large--are not as amenable as are pure numbers, and they cannot be ignored. In the real world, reforms will not succeed, and they will certainly not be sustained, without the correct alignment of citizens, stakeholders, and voice. 'Governance Reform under Real-World Conditions: Citizens, Stakeholders, and Voice' is a contribution to efforts to improve governance systems around the world, particularly in developing countries. The contributors, who are academics and development practitioners, provide a range of theoretical frameworks and innovative approaches and techniques for dealing with the most important nontechnical or adaptive challenges that impede the success and sustainability of reform efforts. The editors and contributors hope that this book will be a useful guider for governments, think tanks, civil society organizations, and development agencies working to improve the ways in which governance reforms are implemented around the world.

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Figure 41 Dysfunctional States and Societal Demands
Figure 42 Dysfunctional States with Dialogic Communication
Table 41 Possibilities for Voice and Governance in Monologic and Dialogic Communication
Part II Securing Political Will
Figure 61 Basic Ideas in the Reform Space Model
Figure 62 A Stylized Presentation of Varying Reform Conditions across Reform Stages
Figure 63 What Politicians Can Do to Facilitate Reform Space
Figure 64 Effective Political Engagement in Networks Not Freestanding Individuals
Table 81 Ten Case Studies for Assessing Participants Views of a Good Communicative Governance DecisionMaking Process
Table 82 Q Statements and Their Ranking for Each Perspective
Figure 81 Four Perspectives on Public Participation Process
Figure 82 Fairness in Perspectives A and B
Figure 83 Fairness in Perspectives C and D
Figure 84 Competence in Perspectives A and B
Table 84a Q Statements Related to Competence
Table 84b Q Statements Related to Who Should Participate
Table 84d Q Statements Related to Paying Participants
Table 84e Q Statements Related to Shaping the Agenda
Table 84f Q Statements Related to Listening and Speaking
Table 84g Q Statements Related to Rules for Interaction
Table 84h Q Statements Related to Influencing the Decision
Table 84i Q Statements Related to Knowledge and Information
Table 84j Q Statements Related to the Role of Science and Evidence
Part III Gaining the Support of Public Sector Middle Managers
Table 91 Strategic and Collaborative Communication
Part IV Building Broad Coalitions of ProChange Influentials
Figure 121 Integrating Participation with Negotiation
Figure 131 Reasons for Water Sector Reforms in Kenya

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