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And also the rent of L.20 for every acre of the said land which the tenant shall not use according to the course of good husbandry. The first payment for the said additional rents (if any) to commence upon such of the said quarterly days as shall next happen after such rents shall become payable, during the continuance of the said term, (determinable as aforesaid.)
Tenant-to pay all tithes, taxes, and impositions Taxes. payable during the said term, (determinable as aforesaid,) except land-tax and chief-rent, (if any.) Tenant-to keep and leave in good order and re- To keep pre
mises in repair the buildings, windows, doors, pales, wickets,
pair. gates, and fences whatever, belonging to the said premises, being allowed timber in the rough, bricks, stone, slate, and lime, for such purpose; tenant conveying the same at his own expense. And also in the cold and wet parts of the farm, to make good and sufficient ditches, at least four feet wide from the centre of the hedge, and three feet deep, or of a proper depth according to the situation, for the purpose of conveying the water from off the same; and, as often as need or occasion shall require, cleanse the same.
Tenant-to permit landlord to view the premises, To permit and in case tenant shall neglect to do any of the re
view. pairs after having had one month's notice thereof, the landlord to be at liberty to do the same, and charge the costs thereof to the tenant, who shall pay the same at the first rent-day following; in default of which the landlord to recover the same by distress, as in case of rent in arrear, or otherwise in the nature of liquidated damages.
Tenant-to preserve all the timber and other trees To preserve growing upon the said premises from being damaged the timber
and trees. or otherwise injured, under the penalty of L.5; and to preserve all the hedges on the premises, and only to plash them at proper seasons of the year, and when the land is in tillage; and to leave all the young saplings that are likely to make timber; and to give
notice to landlord, or his agent, in the months of September and October in each year, of all hedges intended to be plashed that season, so that sueh saplings may be marked to stand; and tenant to forfeit L.5 for every one that may wilfully or negligently be
injured or destroyed. Not to mow Tenant-not to mow any of the pasture or cloverpasture or clover-ground pound ground twice in any one year, so that he shall not
" twice in any be entitled to mow his clover seed for a crop of hay, one year. in case the season should not permit the seeding of
the same; and in case he shall mow any of the pasture or clover-ground for two years together, tenant shall, in every such case, manure the same by laying twelve good cart-loads of rotten dung, or other good manure, to each and every acre; (or thus, « with twelve yards of good rotten dung, or with twenty yards of well-prepared compost, containing six yards of rotten dung, and two and a half tons of well-burned lime to each and every acre, or fertilize the same by means of water, to the satisfaction of the
landlord.”) Not to take Tenant-not to take more than one crop of grain more than
for pulse from off any of the land allowed to be grain or pulse ploughed on the breaking up thereof, before the from off any same shall be well, properly, and in an husbandlike of the land
manner, summer-fallowed; which fallow to be persame shall be formed in the next summer by at least four ploughsummer-fal- ings; and sufficient harrowings between each ploughlowed,
ing, one such ploughing to be done before the month of April, and the others before, &c.; and not to take more than one crop after such fallow before the same shall be laid down again, except a turnip crop, (to be well hand-hoed, or some other vegetable, (potatoes excepted,) to be eaten or consumed on the premises in a green state, or ploughed under for manure; the land so fallowed to be sown with barley the spring following, then to be laid down with 14lbs. of good sound seeds per acre.e
e Here may be added : “ in the following proportions,
lands in the
Tenant-to manure the lands when fallowed with To manure twelve good cart-loads of well-reduced rotten dung, the land when
fallowed. or two waggon-loads of well-burnt lime, (or say, “with fourteen cubical yards of well-reduced rotten dung, or five tons of well-burnt lime,") to each acre, or with some other purchased manure of equal value thereto.
Tenant-to use and employ all the lands (not To use the hereinbefore restricted from being ploughed) in the
most approve best and most approved mode of husbandry, adapted ed mode. and suited to the nature and quality of the lands, making equal odd marks of different kinds of grain and fallow every year. Tenant-not to sow any rape, flax, or hemp. Not to sow
&c. Tenant-to spend yearly all the straw, fodder, and to spend haum, properly reduced into muck, on the premises, straw, &c., on
the premises. in the fold-yard, and on such parts of the premises as most needs the same ; and, at the end of the term, leave in the fold-yard all the straw and compost, fodder, and muck, for the benefit of the landlord or his incoming tenant, without any remuneration for the same.
viz. 5lbs. of white Dutch clover, 9lbs. of red clover, 1 peck of fine rye-grass, or 4lbs. of white Dutch, 4lbs. of trefoil, and 6lbs. of red clover, at the option of the tenant.” And then may follow, “ the lands not to be broken up again before the Michaelmas seedness, after the expiration of two years from the time of laying down, except the seeds should fail; in which case, with the consent of the landlord, the land to be sown with beans in the spring previous to the time stipulated for breaking up, and afterwards sown with wheat; first being limed with 5 tons of good well-burnt lime to each acre so sown, and afterwards fallowed in the regular course above mentioned.”
? Or say, “not to sow more than half an acre of hemp or flax in any one year, nor, sow any rape or cole for seed, nor to have more than one acre of clover for seed.”
8 Here may be added, “ being allowed liberty to thrash the last year's crop, and to eat and consume the straw and fodder, until the day of, &c., after quitting; also the
Tenant to be permitted to carry away tons of hay when he quits, without paying for the
same. As to the Tenant-not to have more than
acres of quantity of
n. wheat, or winter-corn, at the Michaelmas seedness
previous to quitting, and that to be upon clover leys or fallow well and properly prepared, and manured as before mentioned; and to reap, bind, and set up the same, and house his customary share thereof, being, &c., in a barn or stack-yard upon the premises, with liberty to thrash out the same on or before the day of next ensuing the time of quitting, leaving the straw and chaff arising therefrom, for the benefit of the landlord, and thraves
of the same properly tied up. To hay up the Tenant-to hay up the clover of the first year's
growth on the 1st December, and the meadow. ground on the 2d February previous to the expiration
of the term. Incoming Tenant-to permit landlord, or the incoming tenant to en
tenant, in the last year, to enter upon the arable land as soon as the crops have been taken off, to plough and manure the same; and to have one convenient lodg. ing-room, and the joint use of the kitchen, in the dwelling-house, for landlord's servants to lodge and diet in, without extinguishment of rent.
Tenant—if required, to plough any of the said lands, and to be paid for the same at the rate of 12s. per acre.
Tenant—to permit landlord to plant in the hedgerows, and prevent the young trees from being de
stroyed by cattle. Not to agist.
Tenant-not to take in any cattle or sheep to agist, under a penalty of 40s. for each beast, and 5s.
for each sheep. To preserve Tenant- to preserve the game, and forewarn all
Landlord to plant.
use of a piece of land for a boozy pasture, and a lodging. room in the house for a servant to reside in till that time, to be fixed upon by the landlord.”
persons from sporting, and permit actions to be brought in tenant's name against trespassers in any way whatever on the said premises, at landlord's expense.
Tenant-not to underlet or assign the said pre. Not to undermises, or any part thereof.
Tenant-to lay upon the premises, in each year, Manure. at least waggon-loads, (or say, "tons,”) of good clod lime, to be made appear by proper vouchers, to the landlord's satisfaction.
Tenant—to perform days carriage in every To perform year for the use of the landlord, gratis, with a team carriage for
landlord. of five horses, and two able men, for repairs or otherwise, as the landlord may require; and to deliver at, &c., on, &c., tons of good bolting straw, if required.
Tenant-to lay out in each year per cent. on To expend in the said yearly rent, in draining, watering meadows, dr or other permanent improvements, to be verified by vouchers, to the satisfaction of landlord; but to be made subject to the approval of the landlord in all cases; and if any excess of expenditure happens in any one year, the excess to be carried to the credit of the ensuing year or years."
If let from year to year, the following may be added : Tenant-in case of being turned off by the landlord within
years, to be allowed the costs of any under-draining he may have done in an effectual manner, with stone or tile, under the direction of the landlord, or his agent, within the last year before the quitting, and of any lime laid on the said land, provided the quantity so laid on shall be at the rate and in the proportion before mentioned; also for any lime mixed with soil as a compost, and not laid upon the land, together with the costs and charges attending the mixing and preparing the same.
Tenant-to be paid for the clover of the last year's growth the worth of the seeds at the time of sowing, (if laid up and preserved.)
Tenant to reside on the premises, under the penalty of L.50 for every month's absence without consent of landlord.”
The following is the usual memorandum :-" The said