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vellum; but, with the exception of the last, are not of a very early date. On the other hand, MS. Lansdown, which is of higher antiquity, apparently contemporary, concludes with the death of Edward I., and attributes the whole to Hemingburgh. MSS. C. C. C. Cant. 250, and Stowe, II. xlviii., the latter written in 1533, have the Chronicle complete to the accession of Edward III., and MS. Coll. Trin. R. 5, 10, the whole History, from the Conquest to the Battle of Cressy. Internal evidence goes far to strengthen the above view. Under the year 1297, before the conclusion of any of the Manuscripts, the following expression occurs, "by the mediation of the venerable father, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Robert de Wynchelse, whose memory is blessed," which shows that Hemingburgh was living after the death of Robert Winchelsey, 11th May, 1313, and that the reign of Edward I. was compiled at some period subsequent to the accession of Edward II. And in 1299 we have a direct reference to Gisburn in the following passage:-"The same year, on the 17th of February, died Lord John de Bulmer, a gallant knight, and most estimable neighbour, and was buried at Gisburn, before the altar of St. John the Baptist."2

"Mediante venerabili patre | Angliæ et episcopi Dunolmensis Cantuariensi archiepiscopo ma- dedit dominus papa," etc., vol. ii. gistro scilicet Roberto de Wyn- p. 244. chelse, cujus memoria in benedictione est," vol. ii. p. 148. Compare also this extract from the year 1305. "Interim vero obiit ille Henricus de Luceby, quem loco prioris episcopus præfecerat, ut prædictum est: et in anno sequenti scilicet MCCCVII. obiit ipse prior Ricardus in ipsa curia, et ad rogatum novi regis

2 Eodem anno obiit dominus Johannes de Bulmer, miles strenuus, vicinus peroptimus, XIII. kalendas Martii, et sepultus est apud Gisburne coram altare Sancti Johannis Baptista." In place of " apud Gisburne," MS. Coll. Trin. reads "apud nos," vol. ii. p. 184.

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The reigns of Edward II. and Edward III. cannot with an equal degree of certainty be attributed to the same author, yet all MSS. ascribe them to him. MS. C.C.C.C. 250, originally had the following title, "Cronica Walteri de Gyseburn," " Hemingford canonici has been overlined in a different hand. MS. C.C.C.C. 100, is intitled "G. de Gysburne. De rege Edwardo Secundo." MS. Coll. Trin. R. 5, 10, after the close of Edw. I. has "De Rege Edwardo Secundo;" and at page 317, "Galterus Gisburnensis de gestis regis Edwardi tertii et cæteris Eventibus," and the ancient MS. at Magdalen Coll., Oxford, is attributed to "Gualterus Gisburne." This portion of the work is very valuable as the notes of a contemporary historian, and for the number of original documents it contains.

After the year 1297 (p. 164) the text of the present edition has been founded on MSS. Lansd. and Coll. Trin. Cant. R. 5, 10.

The reign of Edward II. has been prepared from MS. C.C.C.C. 250, an excellent transcript of the commencement of the sixteenth century, with collations from MSS. C. C. C. Cant. 100 and Coll. Trin. R. 5, 10.

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The text of Edward III. is based on the MS. in Magd. College, Oxon., MSS. Coll. Trin. Cant. R. 5, 10, and Nero D. ii. Mus. Brit. Reference has also been made to Harleian 655, a valuable manuscript of considerable antiquity, which contains the Polychronicon of Ralph of Chester, and a history of Edward III., compiled from Hemingburgh and Walsingham.

I am greatly indebted to the Rev. James Pulling, B.D., for the obliging courtesy with which he favoured me with permission to collate

the valuable MSS. of Archbishop Parker, which form the text of Edward II. Also to the Rev. William Whewell, D.D., for his kindness in permitting me to consult the MSS. in Trinity College Library; and to G. Brimley, Esq., M.A., for the interest he took to afford me a ready access to them. Nor may I omit to return due thanks to Sir Francis Palgrave, to whom I have had to apply frequently for access to the originals and enrolments of many public documents in this volume.

CHRONICON

WALTERI DE HEMINGBURGH,

CANONICI DE GISBURN.

De Coronatione Edwardi Regis et ejus Primordiis.

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A. D. 1274. King

arrives in

Thursday,

at West

Sunday,

NNO Domini M.CCLXXIV. quar- Edward I. to nonas Augusti applicuit in Angliam Edwardus, filius regis Edward Henrici, et XIV. kalendas Sep- England, tembris, die scilicet beati Magni Aug. 2; martyris, magnificatus est, et in regem Angliæ coronatus, se- is crowned cundo anno regni sui post obitum patris; ipsum- minster, que inunxit in regem et Alienoram conjugem suam Aug. 19. in reginam frater Robertus de Kiluerby archiepiscopus Cantuariensis apud Westmonasterium Londoniis, congaudentibus turbis et conclamantibus, "Vivat rex!" Erat enim aspectu pul- Description cher, magnæ staturæ et elegantis formæ, ab humeris enim et supra in populo communi eminebat, et juvenilis ætatis, nondum enim compleverat annum ætatis suæ XXXVI. Hic in primordiis novitatis suæ leges justas condere et insufficientes adimplere cupiens, utpote justus, magni consilii, et discreti animi, convocatis magnatibus suis, anno regni sui tertio, de communi A. D. 1275. consilio, statuta condidit Londoniis quæ dicun- tutes of tur Statuta Westmonasterii prima, et continent minster. capitula XLVII.

VOL. II.

B

of his person.

The first Sta

West

Edward I.

A. D. 1274.

General

council at Lyons.

De Concilio Lugdunensi per Papam Gregorium

'decimum.' 1

Eodem anno, scilicet M.CCLXXIV.

2

mense

Maio, celebratum est concilium generale Lugduni, præsidente papa Gregorio X., in quo specialiter exposuit papa negotium Terræ Sanctæ, ubi quidem Salvator omnium operatus est in medio illius terræ salutem, ubi sumpsit temporalis nativitatis initium et humanæ conversationis deduxit tempora, ubi probrosæ passionis sustinuit opprobrium, et tandem pro redemptione nostra mortem quidem subiit temporalem, ut sic, sui pretiosi effusione cruoris, vetus piaculum expiaret: adjecitque, "Numquid igitur non contingent redemptorum corda immensa et innumerabilia beneficia Redemptoris, numquid non accendent cujusque præcordia claves et stigmata nostri Salvatoris, ut ipsi pro tot quæ nobis tribuit hoc saltem necessitatis tempore aliquid rependamus, dum crucis hostes crucifixum habentes ostentui, cultores ipsius Christiani nominis, ut Christi cultum de terra deleant, incessanter exterminant et conculcant, ipsos debilitantes viribus, extenuantes opibus,' et diversis et variis confusionibus saturantes? Ad vindicandas itaque Redemptoris injurias ac redimenda ignominiosæ conculcationis opprobria, nos ipsos et nostra debemus exponere, et ipsum negotium

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1 ' tercium,' 'MSS. Coll. Arm. clerks: the Greek and Latin and Cott. Tib.

2 This, the fourteenth general council, was held from Monday, May 7, to Tuesday, July 17. In it twenty constitutions were published concerning the election of bishops and the ordination of

churches were re-united, many other canons made, and discussion held on the affairs of the Holy Land, and the reformation of manners.

3' operibus,' MS. Lansd.

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