Theories of the Gift in South Asia: Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain Reflections on Dāna
In South Asia, the period between 1100 and 1300 CE was a particularly prolific time for theorists from India's three main indigenous religions to articulate their views on the face-to-face gift encounter. This study explores the ethical and social implications of unilateral gifts of esteem.
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Theories of the Gift in South Asia: Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain Reflections on ...
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according action alms argues attention authors brahmans Buddha Buddhist called ceremonies chapter commentary compendia concerned conduct consideration considered context culture dana defined depends describe desire Dharmas'astra discourse discussion dispositions donor elements encounter entirely esteem ethics example expression formal fraddha fruit generosity gift giving given giver hand human idea ideal ideology important Indic intention interest Jain kind king knowledge language literature material means medieval merit monastic monks moral moral agency nature nibandhas noted object obligation offer one's Pali particular period person pleasure political possible practice present production pure qualities receive recipient reciprocity reflection regard relations relationship religion religious respect response ritual royal rules sangha Sanskrit says seen sense share social sources South Asian status story suggest texts theorists theory Theravada tion traditions treat treatises values verse virtue worship worthy recipient
Page 167 - Thought is not what inhabits a certain conduct and gives it its meaning; rather, it is what allows one to step back from this way of acting or reacting, to present it to oneself as an object of thought and question it as to its meaning, its conditions, and its goals. Thought is freedom in relation to what one does, the motion by which one detaches oneself from it, establishes it as an object, and reflects on it as a problem.