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manner in which the concerns of the Pro- two hundred children. The rector observes, testant Episcopal society for the advancement that it is “in a state of progressive improveof Christianity in South Carolina,' have been ment,” and “there has been introduced conducted ; that we regard it as a useful in- into it, within the year, among the more strument, under the divine blessing, of re- advanced pupils, the study of Porteus's Eviorganizing and re-establishing the decayed dences of Christianity." In St. Paul's the churches in this diocese, and recommend it school has increased a little within the last to Episcopalians, as a society worthy of their year, and is now in a prosperous and improvhighest confidence, and most liberal patro- ing condition. The number of pupils is sixtynage." The bishop has administered confir- five, and the vestry have appropriated pews mation in four parishes, but the number of for the accommodation of such of them as are persons confirmed is not mentioned. One not otherwise provided for. ordination only has been held by the bishop ; The Sunday school in St. Michael's church, Mr. Thoinas H. Taylor, mentioned last year established in November, 1819, is in a flouas a candidate for orders, having been or- rishing condition. “There are sixteen teachdained deacon in Philadelphia, by letters di- ers, and seventy-two children, mostly bemissory. Five persons have been admitted longing to the congregation. Through the as candidates for holy orders, and the whole kindness of the vestry, pews have been pro. number at present, belonging to the diocese, vided for the children of the poor, and many is seven. T'hree churches have, in the course now enjoy the advantages of publick worship. of the year, become vacant.
Several classes of these intere subjects of We gave, last year, the bishop's sentiments Christian benevolence have been formed; on the important subject of Sunday schools, and some of them have been placed in the in our number for September. It is again publick secular schools. There are, likewise, urged by him on the attention of his clergy, about thirty children of colour, instructed in the following manner : " I will detain you under the immediate eye of the ministers of from the business of the convention, no longer the church.” than until I have again expressed to my bre- In Trinity church, Columbia, the school thren of the clergy my earnest desire, that, consists of one hundred and fourteen children, wherever it is not found, as the result of fifty-four of whom were added during the much endeavour, utterly impracticable, Sun- last year. day schools should be instituted by them, The rector of St. John's, Berkley, made having for their object, chiefly, the Christian the following interesting report on the instruc. instruction of the poor, and the lowly in con- tion of the people of colour. I cannot fordition, (whatever be their colour,) and their bear stating a fact, which, to every upprechildren. Schools of this description, under judiced mind, must tend to recommend this the conduct of able, pious superiotendants, labour of love. Among those whom I have assisted by many young members
of the con- instructed, and afterwards baptized, are two gregations, continue to Hourish at St. Philips, men, who, from their frequent intoxication, St. Paul's, and St. Michael's churches, in (nay, habitual drunkenness,) had become althis city. "That at Coluınbia is in a condition most useless to their owners, but who, since which reflects great honour on the present they have joined the church, have completely rector of the church there, as well as on his reformed, and are valuable to their masters. predecessor, who instituted it, and the pious One has been a communicant upwards of and benevolent members of the congregation, three years, and, within that period, has never who have so zealously co-operated with them been known to be intoxicated once, though both. The rector of St. John's, Berkley, intrusted with a responsible office on the plancheerfully perseveres in the course of cate- tation, where he would not fail to be observchetical instruction on Sundays, of which re- ed, yet where opportunities for indulgence port was made to you at the two last conven- would not be wanting ; be therefore has given tions. Efforts, I am aware, have been made sufficient proof of his reformation. The other in other places, and are still progressive, of became a member of the church, through which I am not, at present, in possession of baptism, last May; and, although he has not the particulars."
undergone the same length of trial, yet he The number of scholars in the Sunday lately gave a strong manifestation of the sinschool of St. Philip's is pot stated in the pa. cerity of bis profession, by manfully resisting rochial report of the present year. . It was an inveterate habit, when opportunity threw
pened, as we stated in our last abstract, in temptation in his way; he has likewise reMay, 1820, with twenty-nine scholars, and gained the good-will and approbation of his had increased, in February, 18/21, to nearly master. I have selected these instances, in
Intell.-Convention of South Carolina. 161 particular, as affording good evidence of the glory of the Lord, in the diffusion of sound efficacy of religious instruction to this descrip- Christianity, with all its salutary influences tion of people ; habitual drunkenness being upon the spiritual, moral, and even temporal of al vices the most difficult to be cured.” state and character of men, that we are main.
The subject of the general theological semi- ly to consult, in our munificence, with respect pary, on which the bishop dwells with that to religious purposes and institutions; and it earnestness which becomes the character of surely is incumbent on us to exercise it, under one who is ever solicitous for the best inte- the control of some well digested persuasion rests of the church, has led to the following of our own minds, as to what is useful, good, excellent remarks upon the habit of indis- and true.” criinipate charity which prevails too much The committee, to whom this part of the among the members of our church ; a habit bishop's address was referred, recommended, arising from the most benevolent and liberal that each minister, with the concurrence of motives, but which is not just, because it is the vestries of his own, or of any vacant conpot met by other denominations with a cor- gregation in which he might officiate, should respondent spirit. And even if it were so preach a sermon, within the ensuing year, met, even if there were a perfect reciprocity, on the subject, which should be followed by the general result would be the same. But a collection for the benefit of the seminary ; there is not and cannot be such a reciprocity. that the members of the convention, individuOther denominations have no doubts as to the ally, should welcome and aid the agent of the validity of our ministry, nor do they consider trustees of the seminary, in making collecthe unity of the Christian church in the same tions; and that the bishop be requested to light that we do, as involving a necessity of prepare an address, to be printed with the union in the sacraments and other external journal, circulated separately, and read, in ordinances. But our readers, we are sensible, the several churches, on the Sunday precedwill think we are detaining them too long ing the discourse abovementioned. This refrom the more valuable remarks of the bish- port. was upanimously adopted, and the op. “It is true," he observes, “ that the bishop's address to the members of the church calls on the beneficence of the members of in South Carolina, accompanies the journal. our church, in every part of the union, are We forbear to make extracts from it, in the numerous and frequent; but are they all of a hope that we shall find room, in a future numcharacter, which gives them a reasonable ber, to publish it entire. The appeal which claim to the compliance which they in general it makes to the zeal and liberality of the laity so indiscriminately meet with? My brethren, will, we trust, interest the friends of the this interrogatory is suggested by that seem- church, equally, in every part of the union ; ingly inconsiderate habit of giving, which, too and if there be any considerations chiefly aplittle attentive to the nature of claims pre, plicable to South Carolina, as the southern ferred, gives alike to all, and thus too little to extremity, it will not be difficult to perceive, that, which, on consideration, might be felt, that they should be read with similar views most consistently, to demand our concern. and feelings by us, who are on the opposite Let me earnestly entreat, that I may not be point of the same circle. thought to imagine myself possessed of any Much of the time of the convention was authority here, to dictate or direct the dis- occupied in devising ways and means of posal of your religious munificence. Let me, providing a more effectual support for the however, be permitted to speak, at the same bishop. Two funds have been begun, one time, the deep sepse 1 entertain of the duty called the bish common fund, the other which appertains to me in this place, to sug- the bishop's permanent fund; the one to gest and advise whatever may seem to me provide for his immediate and continued needful for the welfare and honour of the support, the other to accumulate untouched, church, whose interests are made, by the pe- till it becomes a perpetual and sufficient culiar nature of my ministry, my most anxious source of revenue. During the past year, care. It is under this impression of duty, a small but gradual increase has taken that, in the spirit of affection and respect, i place in the permanent fund, and the conwould beseech my brethren, to lay seriously tributions to the common fund have adto heart the necessities of their own church; vanced to nearly one thousand dollars. The and, by a seasonable discrimination and re. convention recommend to the several conserve in favour of them, endeavour to place gregations to increase the permanent fund, this church on a footing of some comparative “ By a per centage on the state tax of advantage with others, rendered by the con- each individual; by a per centage on the stant liberality and persevering zeal of their income of each respective church; by a members, eminently prosperous.
It is the moderate tax on each pew; by a small, 21
ADVOCATE, VOL. II.
but specifick sum, to be paid by each in- and ordinances of the Lord's house, in this dividual; by any other preferable mode; state, is greater than at any one period towards the support of the bishop's fund.” since it was originally settled by Christian
They further recommend, that a sermon people. It is a circumstance, too, well be preached annually, in every church, and calculated to affect me, as an elder brother, a collection made for the immediate sup- with emotions not easily expressed, that, port of the bishop, until the permanent fund while, most instances, our churches are be adequate to the purpose; and they en- supplied with ministers statedly serving them, join it as a duty on the standing commit- there is no instance, within my knowledge, tee, to request, in their name, the assis- in which the duties of their ministry are not tance of the society for the advancement performed with faithfulness. I see, indeed, of Christianity. As soon as an annual sup- my brethren of the clergy, who, I trust, are, port of fifteen hundred dollars can be raised by this time, well enough secured, by their as a compensation to the church, over which acquaintance with me, against any suspithe bishop presides as rector, for the extra cion of my using, either to them, or concern. expenses to which it is subject by his ab- ing them, any words of fattery, occupied, sense in the episcopal visitations, all sums in many instances, amidst much danger, subscribed, together with the interest, are inseparable, in some seasons, from the peto be appropriated, exclusively, to the in- culiar character of our climate ; I see them, crease of the permanent fund.
in these circumstances, as well as often The delegates to the next general con- amidst much privation as to the comforts vention are, the reverend Dr. Gadsden, and and accommodations of life, with cheerful the reverend Messrs. Hanckell, Tschudy, patience and assiduity, endeavouring to fuland Lance, of the clergy; and colonel Lewis fil their sacred obligations; anxious, mainly, Morris, and William Heywood, and Robert that their people should take no hurt or J. Turnbull
, esquires, and the honourable hindrance by reason of their negligence." Benjamin Huger, of the laity.
Can I, then, forbear affectionately to urge The standing committee, for the ensuing upon my brethren of the láity, the claim year, are the reverend Christopher E. Gads- which their ministers so reasonably, nay, den, D. D. the reverend Paul T. Gervais, which they religiously have, (for it is in the the reverend Frederick Dalcho, M. D. the Lord's word that it is founded,) to be enreverend Allston Gibbes, the reverend Chris- couraged and strengthened in their work, by tian Hanckell, David 'Alexander, Joseph the confidence and kindness of those to wbom Johnson, M. D. Keating Simons, John Daw. they minister, their acquiescence in their pas. son, major Samuel Wragg.
toral counsel, and that due provision for the On comparison of the journal of the pre- comfortable subsistence of themselves and sent year with that of the last, it appears that their families, without which, their case, tem. the church in South Carolina is gradually in- porally considered, is almost of all men's creasing. In St. Paul's church, Charleston, the most miserable.” the number of communicants, reported in After prayers by the bishop, followed by 1821, was seventy ; in 1822, it is one hundred the episcopal benediction, the convention adand ninety. In the country parishes, the in- journed. crease is small, but continual. The bishop has given the following statement of the
North American Indians. general condition of the diocese, at the close Extracts from Mr. Hodgson's journal of his of his address. “ My brethren, in bringing tour among the Indians, continued from p. this address to a close, I cannot but ask 136. you to join me in the indulgence of grate- “And, indeed, their situation is an enviaful emotion towards him who is head over ble one. In a happy exemption from most all things to his church, in that, notwith- of the cares and many of the temptations of standing some discouragement from circum- common life-conversant with the most destances too obvious to require to be men- lightful and elevated objects of contemplationed, the condition of the Protestant Epis- tion-stimulated to perpetual activity, by an copal church, in this portion of it, is evi- imperious sense of duty-and conscious of dently, on the whole, still progressively im. disinterested sacrifices in the noblest cause. proving. Although, as has been reported can we wonder if they manifest a degree of to you, some important stations of our midis- cheerfulness and tranquillity, seldom exhibittry are at present unoccupied, and although ed even by eminent Christians, who are more we are in want of ministers for some scenes in the world ? I was particularly struck of missionary service, which the society for with their apparent humility, with the kindthe advancement of Christianity is desirous ness of their manner toward one another, to provide with it, yet the number of places and the little attentions which they seemed now statedly supplied by us with the offices solicitous to reciprocate.
“They spoke very lightly of their priva- “ The sight of the children also, many of tions, and of the trials which the world sup- them still in Indian costume, was most inteposes to be their greatest; sensible, as they resting. I could not help imagining, that said, that these are often experienced, in at before me might be some Alfred of this least as great a degree, by the soldier, the western world, the future founder of insti. sailor, or even the merchant. Yet, in this tutions which were to enlighten and civilize country, these trials are by no means trifling. his country-some Choctaw Swartz or ElLying out, for two or three months, in the liot, destined to disseminate the blessings of woods, with their little babes—in tents which Christianity, from the Mississippi to the Pa. cannot resist the rain, here falling in torrents citick, from the Gulph of Mexico to the Frosuch as I never saw in England—within zen Sea. I contrasted them in their social, sound of the nightly howling of wolves, and their moral, and their religious condition, occasionally visited by panthers, which with the straggling hunters and their painted have approached almost to the door-the faces, who occasionally stared through the ladies must be allowed to require some windows; or, with the half-naked savages, courage ; while, during many seasons of the whom we had seen in the forests a few nights year, the gentlemen cannot go twenty miles before, dancing round their midnight fires, from home (and they are sometimes obliged with their tomahawks and scalping knives, to go thirty or forty for provisions) without rending the air with their fierce war-whoop, or swimming their horses over four or five creeks. making the woods thrill with their savage yells. Yet, as all these inconveniences are suffered But they form a yet stronger contrast with by others with cheerfulness, from worldly the poor Indians, whom we had seen on the motives, they would wish them to be sup- frontier-corrupted, degraded, and debased pressed in the missionary reports, if they by their intercourse with English, Irish, or were not calculated to deter many from en- American traders. gaging as missionaries, under the idea that “It was not without emotion that I parted, it is an easy retired life.
in all human probability for ever in this " Their real trials, they stated to consist in world, from my kind and interesting friends, their own imperfections, and in those men- and prepared to return to the tumultuous tal maladies, which the retirement of a de- scenes of a busy world ; from which-if sert cannot cure.
life be spared—my thoughts will often stray "In the course of our walks, Mr. Williams to the sacred solitudes of Yaloo Busha, as to pointed out to me a simple tomb, in which a source of the most grateful and refreshing he had deposited the remains of a younger recollections. I was almost the first person brother ; who lost his way in the desert from a distance, who had visited this remote when coming out to join them, and whose settlement; and was charged with several long exposure to rain and fasting laid the letters to the friends of the missionaries. I seeds of a fatal disease. It was almost in believe they had pleasure in thinking that I sight of one of those Indian mounds, which should probably in a few weeks see those, I have often met with in the woods, and of the endearments of whose society they had which the oldest Indians can give no account. renounced for this world : it seemed to bring They resemble the cairns in Scotland ; and then nearer the scenes to which they had reone of the missionaries mentioned having cently bid a last adieu. I felt a strange seen a skeleton dug out of one of them. emotion in being thus made the lipk of com
" Three young ladies were staying at the munication between these self-devoted folsettlement, and assisting in its establishment, lowers of our blessed Lord, and the world until the husbands of two of them should re- which they had for ever quitted ; and, wben turn from the Arkansaw, where they are ex- I saw with what affection they cherished the ploring the country, to fix on an eligible situ- recollection of many, whose faces they exation for a mission to those Cherokees, who pected to see no more in this life, I turned have been induced to sell their lands in Geor- with peculiar pleasure to our Saviour's anigia to the government of the United States, mating assurance-There is no man that and to seek a subsistence in the wilder forests hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or beyond the Mississippi.
father, or mother, or wife, or lands, for my "I was highly gratified by my visit to El- "sake and the gospel's, but he shall receive a liot-this garden in a moral wilderness ; and hundred-fold now in this time, and in the was pleased with the opportunity of seeing world to come life everlasting." a missionary settlement in its infant state, “After parting with the reverend Mr. Kingsbefore the wounds of recent separation from bury on the banks of the Yaloo Busha, we kindred and friends had ceased to bleed, and proceeded through the woods, along an Inhabit had rendered the missionaries familiar dian path, till evening, when we reached the with the peculiarities of their novel situation. dwelling of a half-breed Choctaw, whose
wife was a Chickasaw, and whose hut was these might be recovered, from distant tribes on the frontier of the two nations. We found over the Mississippi; but that the Choctaws him sitting before the door, watching the are acting more wisely, in seeking civilizagambols of fifty or sixty of his horses, which tion." were frolicking before him ; and of more “My half-breed Choctaw also informed than 200 very fine cattle, which at sunset me, that there were tribes or families among were coming up as usual, of their own ac- the Indians, somewhat similar to the Scottish cord, from different parts of the surrounding clans; such as, the panther family, the bird forest, where they have a boundless and luxu- family, the racoon family, the wolf family : riant range.
The whole scene reminded he belonged to the racoon family, but his me strongly of pastoral and patriarchal times. children to the family of his wife; families He had chosen this situation, he said, for its being perpetuated in the female line-an inretirement (in some directions he had no stitution originating, perhaps, iu polygamy. neighbours for fifty or a hundred miles,) and By inarriage, the husband is considered as, because it afforded him excellent pasturage in some degree, adopted into the family of and water for his cattle: he added, that oc- his wife; and the wife's brothers are regarded cupation would give him and his family a as, in some respects, entitled to more influtitle to it as long as they chose. He had a ence over the children than their own father. few slaves to cultivate as much land as was The suitor always consults them (sendnecessary, and occasionally killed as many ing the usual propitiating offering of a blaudeer in as many hours. Near the house were ket) when he wishes to marry their niece; some bones of the buffalo; but that animal and if they approve, the father consents as a has not been seen in this part of the country matter of course. I have since had this confor many years. He gave us a hospitable firmed by information from many different reception; and spread a bearskin for each of sources. us in his only room, which we occupied for ". Those of the same family or clan are not two nights, the following day being Sunday. allowed to intermarry; although no relation
" As our host spoke English very well, and ship, however remote, can be traced be. was very intelligent, our quiet meals gave tween them; and although the ancestors of me an opportunity of obtaining some infor- the two parties may have been living, for mation from him relative to the Indians. centuries, in different and distant nations: a
“ His wife, a pleasing young woman, ate marriage between a brother and sister would with us, but would not or could not speak not excite a stronger sensation, or be more English; and I often smiled to find myself loudly condemned. Indeed, wherever any sitting over a cup of coffee between a Chick- of the family or clan meet, they recognise asaw and Choctaw.
one another as brothers and sisters; and use “ He told me that great changes had taken one another's houses, though personally stran. place among the Indians, even in his time- gers, without reserve. that in many tribes, when he was young, the “With respect to the religious belief of the children, as soon as they rose, were made to Choctaws, he said that it is a prevailing opinplunge in the water, and swim in the coldest ion among them, that there is a Great Spirit, weather; and were then collected on the who made the earth, and placed them on it
, bank of the river, to learn the manners and and who preserves them in their hunting jourcustoms of their ancestors, and hear the old neys, and gives them their luck in life;' men recite the traditions of their forefathers. that, however, they do not often think of They were assembled again, at sunset, for him-that they believe that all who die, go the same purpose ; and were taught to re. to the spirit country: but that some suppose gard as a sacred duty, the transmission to it is divided into two nations; the one aboundtheir posterity of the lessons thus acquired. ing in fine woods, and deer, and buffaloes ; And thous halt teach them diligently unto thy the other destitute of both—that these imachildren, and shalt talk of them when thou gine, that when the spirit of had men leares sittest in thy house, and when thou walkest by the body, it proceeds on the same road as the way, and when thou liest doun, and when that of good men, till the road forks, when it thou risest up. He said, that this custom is takes the way to the bad country, supposing now abandoned by all the tribes with which it to be the other-that many expect a great he is acquainted, except to use his own day, when the world will be burnt and made words, where there is, here and there, an over again, far pleasanter than it is now, old ancient fellow, who upholds the old way' when the spirits will return from the spirit --that many have talked of resuming their country and settle again upon it; and that old customs, which the whites hare gradu- near the place where they were buried, will ally undermined; but are unable, from the be their future home. He here pointed to a loss of their traditions that he supposes that sermon book which he received from his