Present Philosophical Tendencies: A Critical Survey of Naturalism, Idealism, Pragmatism, and Realism Together with a Synopsis of the Philosophy of William James

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Longmans, Green, 1912 - Philosophy, Modern - 383 pages

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Contents

The Pragmatist Conception of the Theory of Knowledge 3
129
OBJECTIVE OR TRANSCENDENTAL IDEALISM
135
ABSOLUTE IDEALISM AND RELIGION
164
of Ideas in Knowledge
200
The Meaning of Truth 5 Modes of Verification Verification by Perception and by Consistency
205
Verification by Operation and by Sentiment 7 Verification by General Utility
211
A REALISTIC PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE 1 Enlightenment and Disillusionment
212
The Realistic Version of Pragmatism
214
The Subjectivistic Version of Pragmatism
215
Realistic and Subjectivistic Interpretations Satisfaction The Making of Reality
219
IMMEDIATISM versus INTELLECTUALISM 1 Definition of the Issue 2 Nonintellectual Experience or Immediacy 3 Immediacy Implied in Medi...
222
11 The Subjectivistic Version of Immediatism 12 The Realistic Version of Immediatism
240
PLURALISM INDETERMINISM AND RELIGIOUS FAITH
242
The Difference between the Absoluteness and the Su premacy of Value
265
A REALISTIC THEORY OF MIND
271
A REALISTIC THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE
306
Pluralism as the Sequel to Empiricism The Additive Character of Knowledge 224 225
315
Value as Cause or Determination 7 Freedom Positive and Negative 8 The Grounds of Religious Belief 9 The Hazard of Faith
323
329
329
THE PHILOSOPHY OF WILLIAM JAMES I Philosophy of Mind 349 1 The Place of the Problem of Mind in Jamess Philosophy
349
Mind as Interested and Selective 3 The Relational or Functional Theory of Consciousness
352
The Experience of Activity
353
The Function of Cognition 6 The Pragmatic Nature of Truth
356
Philosophy of Religion
369
228
374
Conclusion
375
229
379
240
380
242
381
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Page 6 - The End of our Foundation is the knowledge of Causes, and secret motions of things ' ; and the enlarging of the bounds of Human Empire, to the effecting of all things possible.
Page 347 - ... accidental collocations of atoms; that no fire, no heroism, no intensity of thought and feeling can preserve an individual life beyond the grave; that all the labours of the ages, all the devotion, all the inspiration, all the noonday brightness of human genius, are destined to extinction in the vast death of the solar system; and that the whole temple of Man's achievement must inevitably be buried beneath the debris of a universe in ruins...
Page 129 - ... instance, in a park, or books existing in a closet, and nobody by to perceive them. I answer, you may so, there is no difficulty in it] : [but what is all this, I beseech you, more than framing in your mind certain ideas which you call books and trees, and at the same time omitting to frame the idea of any one that may perceive them...
Page 371 - Disregarding the over-beliefs, and confining ourselves to what is common and generic, we have in the fact that the conscious person is continuous with a wider self through which saving experiences come...
Page 346 - ... Brief and powerless is man's life ; on him and all his race the slow sure doom falls pitiless and dark. Blind to good and evil, reckless of destruction, omnipotent matter rolls on its relentless way; for Man, condemned to-day to lose his dearest, to-morrow himself to pass through the gate of darkness, it remains only to cherish, ere yet the blow falls, the lofty thoughts that ennoble his little day...
Page 123 - Hyl. To speak the truth, Philonous, I think there are two kinds of objects : — the one perceived immediately, which are likewise called ideas ; the other are real things or external objects, perceived by the mediation of ideas, which are their images and representations. Now, I own ideas do not exist without the mind ; but the latter sort of objects do.
Page 306 - As to the first question, we may observe that what we call a mind is nothing but a heap or collection of different perceptions, united together by certain relations, and supposed, though falsely, to be endowed with a perfect simplicity and identity.
Page 129 - But, say you, surely there is nothing easier than for me to imagine trees, for instance, in a park, or books existing in a closet, and nobody by to perceive them. I answer, you may so, there is no difficulty in it; but what is all this, I beseech you, more than framing in your mind certain ideas which you call books and trees, and at the same time omitting to frame the idea of any one that may perceive them?
Page 369 - Faith means belief in something concerning which doubt is still theoretically possible ; and as the test of belief is willingness to act, one may say that faith is the readiness to act in a cause the prosperous issue of which is not certified to us in advance.
Page 244 - Everything you can think of, however vast or inclusive, has on the pluralistic view a genuinely 'external' environment of some sort or amount. Things are 'with' one another in many ways, but nothing includes everything, or dominates over everything. The word 'and' trails along after every sentence.

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