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Ire has chosen and seeing others as he thinks, meeting both in different pursuits, he foolishly changes to a new occupation. I would by no ineans be understood, that one should never quit a presert or even a familiar employe ment for another, the adoption of which times and cir. cumstances render expedient and proper. ral, such changes are vastly injurious, both to the
aracters and prosperity of the individuals who make them. They almost infallibly generate an indecision and hesitating irresolution of mind, which are fatal obstacles to a proper and faithful discharge of the duties of any station, and which therefore inevitably preclude the attainment of that felicity and abundance, which are unwisely sought by thus varying from pursuit to pursuit.
Weigh well, as has been already enjoined, before you determine ; but having determined enter on your work with resolution, and pursue it with steadiness. Be neiliser driven from your path by the unexpected difficulties. iliat oppose your progress, nor enticed to quit it by the flowery fields, which faney may suppose she sees at a distance. Nor suffer the business of your employment to pass Janguidly along. Unless the wheel be constantly impelled it soon 'eases to roll, how great soever the force at first communicated. So your business should progress with undiminishing, if not increasing exertions.
Econoiny in expenses is no less important. J am aware I am not addressing those, who are in habits of dissipation and extravagance-but, it is a great truth that lew learn to carry into life and practice the principles of a just economy. It is to be lamented, that youth are taught to associate the ideas of nobleness and generosity with such Careless distribution or perverted uses of money, as more justly deserve the name of wastefulness. Such an employment of money though accounted more honourable than the management of the niggard, is however not less injurious to society and, perhaps, is more so to the individual. Bat there may be a great retrenchment of the ordinary expenses of life, without an approximation to the justly despised character of the real niggard. No one can deny, that he expends every year much to gratify some silly vanity; to pamper some vicious inclination ; to indulge some capricious whim ; or to obtain trifling and unnecessary articles of convenience or pleasure. All this
disbursement might and should be avoided. Indeed a strict and systematical economy is a moral duty of every individual. It is a duty too, repeatedly enjoined in the sacred seriptures. The same Divine being,' who had just fed the hungry five thousand with a few loaves and fishes, ' expressly commanded his disciples, “ Gather up the fraga ments that nothing be lost.” But, remember, this econom. iral management must never proceed from a hateful care of money_nor from the selfish hope of being hereafter able with more security to indulge your inclinations, or of possessing at some future time the foolish, useless distinciion of being rich. Such motives are base-such a use of money is sinful.
You should deny yourselves, and compress your own expenditures, that you may relieve the wants, and promote the happiness, of others. The age is now arrived, in which it is the imperions duty of every one to labour diligently, and live economically, that he may contribute more abundantly to the success of the numerous benevolent designs, which are now constantly spriuging into existence and which are so obviously tending to introduce the promised era of peace and good vill on earth.
But it is time, that I should more particularly direct you to the nobler part of your nature, your intellectual powers. In all your pursuits, keep your eyes steadily directed to the mind ; with all your gettings, be sure you get understanding. You cannot expect, indeed you should not wish, to become learnerl men. But neglect not to feed your minds with knowledge, till you neglect to feed your bodies with meat. I am not ignorant of the common remark, we can find no time, our business constantly demands our attention. But be pot offended, if I say, it is as frivolous, as it is common. The student, who has been poring the day long over his books, finds it recreation to turn to some manual labour. The labourer might find it equally an amusement to enter for a while the clo. set of the student, and adopt in a measure bis pursuits. Thus in the intervals of labour while the boily is gaining strength for new exertions, the mind may be increasing its knowledge and invigorating its faculties.
Some of these leisure moments should be devoted to obtaining an acquaintance with the eircumstances, porsuits, and prospects of other men. Many and great dis
advantages result from ignorance ou this subject. And it is vot the least unhappy of these, that persons, who confine their views to the narrow circle of the neighbourhood, in which they dwell, contract and cherisli a selfish preference of themselves, which precludes all exertion for the public good, and almost renders them deaf to the calls of distress, that may sound in their ears. But the person, who cultivates an acquaintance with the circumstances of even bis distant fellow men, learns to consider all mankind a family, of which he is a member, and feels it his duty and interest to seek the common benefit of the wbole. He enters with spirit into schemes of benevolence, and forgets not " lo do good and to communicate.' Cultivate in yourselves these liberal feelings towards the world, and this lively interest in its prosperity and happiness. But be careful also to discipline your minds with par. ticular referenee to the distinct concerns of the place of your
abude. in consequence of a neglect of this duty in its young men, the prosperity of many a town has sadly declined. The fathers, who hail ruled in its councils, and guided its affairs, pass to their lovg home, but the song are not prepared to supply their places. None are found te manage its concerns, public spirit deadens, and, il good insitutions are not left to decay, many a favourable opportunity of publie benefit, is forever lost. It is your duty therefore, to look about, and inquire what services may be demanded of you, and fit yourselves to perform them. Aim even to be distinguished by your preparation for such duties, and your readiness to undertake them. And, when actually called to exertion in this sphere, aim to be distinguished for promptness, resolution, and conscientious independence. This honour you cannot obtain without cultivating your minds, nor till you have learned to draw your happiness from self approbation rather than from the capricious opinions of others. may persevere in the course conseience direets, alike ren gardless of the flatteries of one party, and the reproache es of another.
But in order fully to accomplish this, you must attend to another species of mental improvement, the removal: of early prejudices. Prejudice has an immense jufivenie over the human mind, and happy indeed is it for us, that!
its influence is sometimes salutary. Too often, however, it is pernicious io the extreme, in its effect on both social and individual happiness. The opinions of a vast proportion of men are not the results of their own reflections and judgment; they are the mere echoes of the opinions of others, or the mechanical effect of the circumstances of their condition. Different societies and different cire eumstances originate different prejudices. But men are as tenacious of a prejudice, thus caught, as of the strong. est convictions of their own judgment. Hence much of thut clashing and contest, which so often inar individual and public peace.
You will not Aatter yourselves with a freedom froin that, which enslaves the rest of the world. But to obtain such a freedom should excite your most strenuous exertions. Examine yourselves, therefore, and you will find various prejadices to be removed before you can manage in life wiib propriety and impartiality, There are not only political and religious prejudices; there are society prejudices; family prejadices ; prejudices iudeed on almost every subject, that presents itself to the mind. Of course if iudulged, they will sway the conduet in every stage and condition of life, Accustom yonrselves, therefore, to examine opivions, and, when actions are con cerned, place yourselves in the situation of a wholly una interested person, and cousider what would be the judg: mint of such an one, in the case before you.
Pernit me to congratulate you, in the plan of your idion, a foundation is laid for furnishing you with facilities for mental cultivation in the respects wbieh have been mentioned; facilities, which consist not merely in the lit brary for the establishment and support of which your constitution eontains provision, but also in the literary exercises it recommends to your attention, and which I am persuaded may be of utility. They will lead you to exercise your intellectual powers; exercise will unfold and strengthen them; and when unfolded and strengthened they will enable you to condu«t with dignity and propriety. You will cherish this society, therefore, as one of the most powerful means of making you honourable and useful.
Bli to consider it a nere selfiab institution for your personal good only, would be iøjustice. Your society wears a fairer aspect, it possesses a nobler character. You have added your exertions to those, which are now directed to evangelize the world. You are obscured indeed from the eyes of men, bat you are noticed by him, who sees in seeret, and who will not permit your laboors to fail of suc. cess, or to pass unrewarded, You are engaged in a sublime cause. Thousands of the excellent of the earth are engaged in the same; thonsands more will be engaged in it soop. But do not think you have dono enough, when you have contributed the mite your constitution demands. Be ready to support overy benevolent scheme, that presents itself to your patronage. Covet the honour of being hearty co-workers in the evangelization of the heathen world, as well as in the instruction of the poor in your own land.' Think much of the greatness and importance of this eause, great, because it is the cause of the Most High -important, because it involves the immortal destinies of your
fellow meo. I have spoken of important duties in human life; but besides these there is a one thing needful; without this be wealthy, be learned, be distinguished as you may, you are poor indeed. May you be wise, then, and acquaint yourselyes with God, that guod may come to your souls.
ANALOGIES BETWEEN THE KINGDOMS OF NATURE
AND OF GRACE,
ESSAY No. X.
When abroad in the autumnal season we behold a world fading around us. The
of devotion is raised with this exclamation, Thou God changest the face of nature ! Thus also thou dealest with man.
Thou changest his countenance and sendest him away.-JOB.
Order," has been called, "heaven's first law.” Di. versity and variety equally characterize the works and ways
of God. Diversity of dimensious, orbits, and revo: lutions, pervades the planetary system. The same di. versity extends throughout tho earth.
Every, genus, species, and individual in the animal and vegetable king