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laude ponam.

quae sit multis profutura. quid Murena inicreid? fortissimo et 20 sapientissimo viro, summo imperatori, legatus L. Lucullo fuit: qua in legatione duxit exercitum, signe contulit, manum conseruit, magnas copias hostium fudit, urbes parim vi, partim obsidione cepit, Asiam istam referim et candem delicatam sic obiit, ut in ea neque avaritiae nelle luxurie vertigium reliquerit; maximo in bello si est letsitus, ui hic multas res et magnas sine imperatore genserit, nullam sine hoc imperator. atque haec quamquam praesente L. Lucullo loquar, tamen, ne ab ipso propter periculum nostrum concessium videamur habere licentiam fingendi, publicis litteris testita sunt omnia, quibus L. Lucullus tantum laudis imperiit, quantum neque ambitiosus imperator neque invidus tribuere alieri in communicanda gloria debuit. summa in utroque est honestas, summa dignitas, 21 quam ego, si mihi per Servium liceat, pari atque in eadem

sed non licet: agitat rem militarem, insectatur totam hanc legationem, assiduitatis et operarum harum cotidianarum putat esse consulatum. apud exercitum mihi fueris,

20. sapientissimo) so in de imp. nostrum) he puts himself in his Gn. Pomp. š 20. M.

clienti place. cf. nobis 72. refertam] absolutely as in de Orat. publicis litteris) *official de1. § 161, de Republ. 11. ; II. spatchesi' This marks Muren's want of greed, cumbitiosus...etc.] more praise as delicatam does that of luxurious than need have been bestowed on ness. Z.

a subordinate by any commander quamquam...loquar] though there that either courted glory himself or is no doubt that the usage of Cicero grudged it to others. forbids this construction, I hold that 21. pii] so VISS. the prepos. 2. is right in bowing to overwhelm in is rather out of place. 11. acing MSS. authority and refusing to cepts Bake's conjecture purem. read loquor. [See Madv. de Fin. agitat] makes it his quarry, cf. de III. $ 70, note,] he explains it by a Leg. I. $ 40, ut cos agitent insectensupposed change of constr., t17qu2 furim'. that Cicero meant to go on with operarum] ‘jobs,' perhaps with a tamen literas Luculli publicas audf: touch of the sense day-labourers,' rendas esse putavi, which T. well as Z. thinks. The plural is certainly characterizes as an arbitrary pro contemptuous; in § 36 the singular ceeding. It seems to me that either is used. the MSS. are wrong, or that we harm]= forensium. must admit the Ciceronian use of apud...contendas?] loosely quoted the subj. with quamqum in the by Quintil. v. xiii. 27. Here I have protasis of oratio ruta.

taken the MS. reading, but the tamen...testata sunt] see on § 15. punctuation is my own. cf. Mady.

praesente] he lent his support to $ 138, and for fieris subj. $ 353, the defendant by appearing in court pro Sulla $ 47. as a backer (advocatus), cf. on § 9. mihi] dat. ethicus, cf. § 13.

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inquit, tot annos, forum non attigeris ? afueris tam diu, ut cum longo intervallo veneris, cum his, qui in foro habitarint, de dignitate contendas ? primum ista nostra assiduitas, Servi, nescis quantum interdum adferat hominibus fastidii, quantum satietatis. mihi quidem vehementer expedit positam in oculis esse grat am, sed tamen ego mei satietatem magno meo labore

superavi, et tu idem fortasse; verum tamen utrique nostrum 22 desiderium nihil obfuisset. sed ut hoc omisso ad studiorum

atque artium contentionem revertamur, qui potes dubitare quin ad consulatum adipiscendum multo plus adferat dignitatis rei militaris [quam juris civilis) gloria ? vigilas tu de nocte, ut tuis consultoribus respondeas, ille, ut eo, quo intendit, mature cum exercitu perveniat: te gallorum, illum bucinarum cantus exsuscitat: tu actionem instituis, ille aciem instruit : tu caves ne tui consultores, ille ne urbes aut castra capiantur: tot annos] goes with fueris etc.,

quam iuris civilis] If these preceding, but has its effect also on words are genuine, gloria is ironi. the following coordinate interroga cally referred to them. But MS. tion. “Am I,' says he, “to have Lag. 9 omits them, and so Z. you spending all those years in the plausibly. field, while you neglect the forum? vigilas &c.] quoted by Quint. IX. being all that time out of Rome, ii. 100, iii. 32, with slight variajust to return ever so long aster and tions. put your claims in competition with de nocte] ‘before break of day,' those of men who have made the

cf. § 69. forum their house and home?"

consultoribus] For the pressure of ut) as though Murena had stayed

these on

a iuris consultus, cf. de away on purpose, and put forward Orat. I. SS 199, 200, Phil. VIII. his absence as a claim to office.

habitarint] H. cf. Brutus § 305, gallorum] M. well compares Hor. et hi quidem habitabant in Rostris. Sat. 1. 1. 9, agricolam laudat iuris de Orat. I. § 264, is qui habitaret in legumque peritus, sub galli cantum subselliis.

consultor ubi ostia pulsat. primum] 'to begin with.'

instituis... instruit] Notice the play expedit] so MSS., and it is far on the words: 'while you are setbetter than Lambinus' expediit. ting on foot a pleading, he is setting

idem) so MSS., sc. fecisti, as often. in array an army.' cf. Phil. ix. SI

verum tamen catches up sed ta (also of Sulpicius), neque instituere men sup , and gives the same idea a litium actiones malebat quam controdifferent turn, but as I say,'... cf.

versias tollere. For the technical ad Attic. I. 10, § 1, II in Verr. III. actiones (verbal processes) cf. on § 4.

desiderium] H. cf. ad Attic. II. 5, capiantur] “be taken unawares,' Si.

"It would not have been such a neutral word, applying to the a bad thing for either of us, had court and the field alike. cf. Acad. we been missed awhile from our Pr. II. § 66, cavere ne capiatur, and haunts.'

note on cavendi, sup. $ 19.

S 31.

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nomen

ille tenet et scit, ut hostium copines til, ut quae pluviae arceantur: ille exercitatus est in proprindis finibus, tu in regendis. ac nimirum dicendum est enim quod sentio rei militaris virtus praestat celcris omnibus. hace populo Romano, haer buie uri atimum gloriam peperit, haec orbem terrarum parere huis imperio coegit: omnes urbanae res, omnia haec nostra procedure silidia et hace forensis laus et industria latent in tutch ac praesidio clicae virtutis. simul atque increpuit suspicio tumultus, artcs ilico nostrae conticescunt.

et quoniam mihi vileris istum scientiam iuris tamquam 23 filiolam osculari tum, non patur te diutius in tanto crrore versari, ut istud nescio quid, quod tanto opere didicisti, praeclarum aliquid esse arbitrere. aliis eso te virtutibus, continentiae, gravitatis, iustitiae, filei, (vieris omnibus, consulatu et omni honore semper dignissimum iudicavi: quod quidem ius civile didicisti, non dicam, operam perdidisti, sed illud dicam, nullam esse in ista disciplina munitam ad consulatum viam,

war, cf. in Catil. 1. § 18, in Pis.

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tenet] sc. menti, cf. § 26 tinebut, and de Fin. III.

++ 2200ct im Peripatetici non tant.

apildte pluciuc] i.e. you know how to set on foot in riglít form an citio aquae pluviai atreondue. Vo proprietor had a right to build a house so that the rain water from the roof fell on another man's ground, unless he had the benefit of a servitude, called stillicidii scriitus, orius stillicidii, cf. Top. § +3, de Orat. I. § 173, Lord Mackenzie, Roman Law, pt. II. c. 5.

From a quotation in the Digest, it has been inferred that Sulpicius had written some treatise on this point of law.

propagandis finibus] sc. of the empire, “frontiers.'

regendis) of estates, “in settling questions of boundary-lines.'

x. latent] cf. Liv. XXXIV. 9, sub umbra Romanae amicitiue latebant. "lie safe and sound.'

in tutela] like wards (pupilli) in charge of a guardian (tutor).

increpuit) at the faintesi alarm of

011.indultus] a war in Italy, as usually 11. well refers to Phil. v. $ 31, tumultum decerni, institium codici, saga sumi dico oportere. The word is fully discussed in Phil. VIII. $52--+.

23. osculari] 'to hug,' “fondle.' 2. cf. ad Fam. I. 9, § 10.

didicisti] so MSS. 'that you have at your fingers' ends by this time,' betier than the conjecture dilexisti.

wirtutibus] abl. of cause, cf. de Orat. III. $ 199, quadam mediocritate laudatur, it is here strangely used close to the abl. consulatu &c., depending on dignissimum.

continentine', gravitatis, &c.]Genitives of more specific definition, cf. Madv. § 286 obs. 2: they are used instead of an apposition, and should be so rendered in English ; so with nomen $$ 13, 67.

quidem] introduces the opposition, as in § 12, maledicto quidem, &c.

omnes enim artes; quae nobis populi Romani studia concilient,

et admirabilem dignitatem et pergratam utilitatem debent ha24 bere. XI. summa dignitas est in his, qui militari laude ante.

cellunt: omnia enim, quae sunt in imperio et in statu civitatis, ab his defendi et firmari putantur; summa etiam utilitas, si quidem eorum consilio et periculo cum re publica, tum etiam nostris rebus perfrui possumus. gravis etiam illa est et plena dignitatis dicendi facultas, quae saepe valuit in consule deligendo; posse consilio atque oratione et senatus et populi et eorum, qui res iudicant, mentes permovere. quaeritur consul, qui dicendo nonnumquam comprimat tribunicios furores, qui concitatum populum flectat, qui largitioni resistat. non mirum, si ob hanc facultatem homines saepe etiam non nobiles consulatum consecuti sunt, praesertim cum haec eadem res plurimas gratias, firmissimas amicitias, maxima studia pariat: quorum in isto vestro artificio, Sulpici, nihil est. primum

artes] ‘pursuits,'' professions,' as in $ 22.

quae concilient] such as to win the support of'...the MSS. have the indicative, which generally win'... and cannot see why this should not stand.

xi. 24. his] has better MSS. authority than iis ; ‘our friends who'... speaking to Sulpicius and indicating Murena. cf. on $ 3.

statu civitatis] =quae ad salutem civilatis pertinent, M. "All that concerns the assured pernianence of the State,' H., who cf. pro Sestio S 1. * The position of our State in the world,' in relation to others; Z. and T., who cf. de Rep. II. § 2, praestare nostrae civitatis statum ceteris civitatibus, pro Flacco $ 3, totum statum civitatis. But in de Rep. II. S 2 it clearly=' our constitution,' and I believe the same to be the meaning in pro Sestio and pro Flacco $ 3. Is it not also here? One consul was at this very time away, putting down the Catili. narian insurrection. •For all things within the sphere of our rule abroad or our constitution at home are felt

to get their protection and maintenance from these.'

consilio] so $ 33. 'vis consili expers' comes to a bad end, Hor. Carm. III. 4. 65 ; 'tact.'

posse] the subject of valuit, in apposition to facultas. Z. For the sentiment H. cf. de Orat. I. § 30. valuit, ‘has turned the day.'

consilio, &c.] 'by tact and power of speaking

firores. largitioni] “able to put down hot-headed tribunes, to..., to stand out against a proposed bounty.' largitio, here the distribution of lands or corn to the people by a lex agraria or frumentaria. He is thinking of his own speeches de lege agraria contra Rullum, delivered early in this very year. cf.

non nobiles] such as Cicero himself.

gratias] 'obligations,’under which the eloquent counsel lays many clients and their friends. For plural

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cf. § 42.

artificio] “technical dexterity,' “knack.' Depreciatory, cf. on § 29.

dignitas in tam tenui scientia non potest enre: re's enim sunt 25 parvae, prope in singulis litteris itaque interpunitionibus verborum occupatae. deinde, eriamsiquid apud maiores nostros fuit in isto studio admirationis, id enuntiilis Veneris misteriis totum est contemptum et abiertum. ponse't isi lene neone', pauci quondam sciebint; faistos enim vulso non hullebant: erant in magna potential qui consulebantur, quibus etiam dies tamquam a Chaldaeis peichatur. inventus et scriba quidam Cn. Flavius, qui cornicum oculos contincrit et singulis diebus ediscendis fastos populo propostcrit it ab ipsis causis iure consultorum sapientiam commit 11.2/14 imati illi, quod sunt veriti, ne dierum ratione pervulgatil it coumita sine sua opera lege agi posset, verba quaedam composucrunt, ut omnibus in rebus ipsi interessent.

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25. dignitas, etc.] Cicero speaks more highly of jurisprudence in de Orat. I. 53 234 236, more highly still in the speech pro Czecina.

tenui] 'paltry,' perhaps with ? notion of hair-splitting.'

llor. A. P. 46.

res] *the matter.' accufatti ill, 'taken up with.

litteris] sc. questions of spelling, cf. anceps syllaburum, de Orat. I. $ 236.

interpunctionibus qurborum] such as the questions whether a man was to be buried in culto loco or in curto loco, and whether a man had left his whole property to Aéww or his property to Πανταλέων (πάντα ΛέονTc or IIavtaléovti), given by Quint. VII. ix. 5, 6; many such ambiguities, observes 2., are found in laws.

agi lege] ‘whether actions at law could be brought or no,' cf. Div. in Caecil. $ 19, i.e. whether a certain day belonged to the dies fisti or nefasti, cf. Ovid, Fasti, I. 45 foll.

fastos] ‘calendar,' with the days marked F. or N.

qui consulebantur] sc. the pontifices, in whose hands the regulation of the calendar lay, and who were

Cl. Fl.'ius] cf. de Orat. 1. § 186, ad lit. II.

1, § 5, Plin. ll. Vi 11111. 17

ca un oculos] i.e. took in knowing men ; a proverb, cf. pro Flacco to, and Propert. 1. 5. 16, where it refers to a charm for blinding even the watchful. The crow was thought to be especially fond of pecking out the eyes of other animals.

cdiscondis] by learning the days one by one, i.e. whether they were fasti or nyusti. So Pliny, Appi Carci hortitut onceperat eos dies consultando andsidui sagaci ingenio. H. has discendis, dative, ‘for learning.'

ab ipsis causis] sc. consultando adsidue, as Pliny says; ‘from the individual cases in court.' He seems to have noted not merely the day on which the case was tried, but also the form of pleading [actiones, Cic. 11. cc. sup.).

compilarit] “pillered,' got together by hook or by crook.'

verba] sc. they made the forms of pleading more and more intricate.

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