The United Nations and Decolonization: The Role of Afro — Asia
When the United Nations' Charter was signed in San Francisco in 1945, the number of African member states of the Organisation was only 4. By the end of 1960 it had risen to 22. Today it is 41. How has this come about? The answer is given in this valuable book by Dr. Yassin EI-Ayouty. The handful of Asian and African countries who had the privilege of foundation membership made it their business to see to it that their brethren who were still under the colonial yoke attained their freedom and independence as soon as possible and, in the meanwhile, that they were treated with decency and fairness by their colonial masters. It was a tough assignment. The struggle was long, requiring a great deal of patience and endurance. It was at times fierce, requiring much dogged resolution. It also called for the deployment of intellectual agility ofthe highest order. Fortunately all these qualities were available in the rep resentatives of Asia and Africa who led the great struggle. These dis tinguished delegates also demonstrated a wonderful degree of solidarity which has, happily, become an Afro-Asian tradition at the United Nations. The battle began even before the Organisation had itself become a fact. It would have been a more difficult struggle, had there been no provision in the Charter at all in respect of colonies, by whatever name called.
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THE EFFECTS OF WORLD WAR II ON THE AFROASIAN POSITION AT
RECAPITULATION OF THE MAIN AFROASIAN CONTRIBUTIONs 22 I
IMPACT OF THE AFROASIAN POSITION ON THE ESTABLISHMENT
THE DECLARATION REGARDING NONSELFGOVERNING TERRITORIES
A The Evolution of the Assemblys Competence in the Study of Factors
THE NEw AFROASIAN FORMULA FOR swiFT DECOLONIZATION AND
B Dissolution of the Committee on Information
DEVELOPMENTS FROM 1963 To 1970
Guide Showing Original Names of the Territories 257
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administering Powers Africa Afro-Asian bloc Afro-Asian Powers amendment anti-colonial anti-colonial groups Article 73 Asian Assembly resolution 66 Assembly’s competence attained a full Australia Belgian thesis Belgium broad constructionists broad interpretation Burma cessation Chapter XI China colonial Powers Committee on Information Committee’s Conference constitutional December decided decolonization Delegate discussions draft resolution economic Egypt enumerated established examine formulation Fourth Committee France French French West Africa full measure functional fields Ghana Government Hoc Committee human rights Ibid Idem India Indonesia information transmitted inhabitants international accountability Iraq istering Powers Liberia list of factors measure of self-government membership ment metropolitan Netherlands Non-Self-Governing Territories NSGT's NSGTs obligations operative paragraph ORGA Organization Pakistan Philippines political principles procedural proposal Puerto Rico question recommendations regard resolution 222 ritories sacred trust Secretary-General self-determination Southern Rhodesia Special Committee Sub-Committee terms of reference tion transmission of information transmit information Trusteeship U.N. Charter U.N. Doc United Nations votes