Cold War on Campus: A Study of the Politics of Organizational Control

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Transaction Publishers, Jan 1, 1989 - Education - 358 pages
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During the early years of the cold war, concerns about communist, radical, or left-wing faculty in American institutions of higher learning were widespread. Now available in paperback, this is the first extensive study of how academic administrators responded to these public concerns, the underlying issues, and what accounted for which faculty members became victims of the cold war on campus.

Lewis looks closely at controversies on fifty-eighth colleges and universities during the period from 1946 to 1956. He finds that in general the cold war on campuses was fought out over issues of academic freedom rather than political ideology. In fact, only a handful of faculty were members of the Communist party, and there is nothing to suggest that even this minority was involved in conspiratorial activities, sabotage, or other activities that resulted in civil unrest. What then explains what happened on American campuses during this period?

The central argument of "Cold War on Campus "is that political considerations were important in .determining who was picked out and labeled, and whose career was threatened; but after that, political considerations played hardly any role in how matters on campus developed and were resolved.


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The Cold War in America and on Campus
Studying the Cold War on Campus
Precipitating Events Catching the Spotlight
Pressure and Reaction
Concerns and Charges
Rights and Obligations
Publicity and Embarrassment
Excerpts from Minutes of Meetings of the Regents of the University of Colorado
Testimony by a State Legislator before the Regents of the University of Colorado
Example of Formal Charges
The Consequences of Taking the Fifth Amendment
An Example of Administrative Dominance of a Committee
Committee Action in the Case of Two Junior Faculty
Edited Transcript of Hearing at a Private University
Noncooperation Three Views

Diversity in Administrative Reaction and Style
Administrative Power Concerns and Pursuit of the Cold War
Preparing the List of Institutions
Statistical Profile of the American Campus 19461956
Example of Congressional Testimony
From the Meeting Held 3 and 4 October 1956 between Professor Philip Morrison and Five Members of the Board of Trustees of Cornell University
Excerpts from Report of Committee of Inquiry Concerning the Activities of Professor Philip Morrison Cornell University

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Page 17 - We must be ready to employ trickery, deceit, lawbreaking, withholding and concealing truth. We can and must write ... in a language which sows among the masses hate, revulsion, scorn and the like toward those of- differing opinion.
Page 15 - Membership in, affiliation with or sympathetic association with any foreign or domestic organization, association, movement, group or combination of persons, designated by the Attorney General as totalitarian, fascist, communist, or subversive, or as having adopted a policy of advocating or approving the commission of acts of force or violence to deny other persons their rights under the Constitution of the United States, or as seeking to alter the form of government of the United States by unconstitutional...
Page 14 - Appointment to a university position and retention after appointment require not only professional competence, but involve the affirmative obligation of being diligent and loyal in citizenship. Above all, a scholar must have integrity and independence. This renders impossible adherence to such a regime as that of Russia and its satellites. No person who accepts or advocates such principles and methods has any place in a university. Since present membership in the Communist Party requires the acceptance...
Page 22 - Every intellectual who is called before one of the committees ought to refuse to testify, ie, he must be prepared for jail and economic ruin, in short, for the sacrifice of his personal welfare in the interest of the cultural welfare of his country.
Page 22 - The problem with which the Intellectuals of this country are confronted is very serious. The reactionary politicians have managed to instill suspicion of all intellectual efforts into the public by dangling before their eyes a danger from without.

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About the author (1989)

Lionel S. Lewis is professor of sociology and adjunct professor of higher education at the State University of New York at Buffalo.

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