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PASCI III 141 n. VII 93. IX 136.
30 ALVEUS Verg. Prop. Ov. (in Forcellini).

ET JAM in 6th foot also vi 574. IX 75. XIII 9. xy 62–64 ergo acrior impetus et iam | saxa inclinatis per humum quaesita lacertis | ineipiunt torquere. cf. v 47 quattuor ac iam.

32 ARBORI Lachmann's conjecture for arboris. "When now, the ship rolling from side to side, the helmsman could not save the tottering mast.' Luc. VIII 179 descendit ab arbore summa.

33 RECTORIS schol. 'gubernatoris.' Ov. m. XI 492 493 ipse pavet nec se, qui sit status, ipse fatetur | scire ratis rector, nec quid iubeatve vetctve.

DECIDERE the technical term for a bankrupt's composition, as for other settlements: here, to compound for life with loss of cargo. Sen. cons. Polyb. 12 ( = 30 fin.) § 1 pro horum omnium salute hac tecum portione fortuna decidit.

IACTU dig. XIV 2 de lege Rhodia de iactu. acts 27 38 Wetstein.

34 CASTORA schol..castorem bebrum [fibrum, Germ. biber, our beaver) dicit, qui cum viderit se obsideri et non posse evadere, testiculos suos morsu avulsos proicit. intellegit enim ob hanc rem posse capi.' Cic. p. Scaur. 2 $7 redimunt se ea parte corporis, propter quam maxime expetuntur. [Ov.] nux 164–6 (utinam) possem fructus excutere ipsa meos. / sic ubi detracta est a te tibi causa pericli, 1 quod superest tutum, Pontice castor, habes. The fable was believed by Pliny, rejected by Sestius and Dioscorides. See Sir T. Browne vulgar errors b. III C. 4. Cuvier'le castoreum ne consiste point dans les testicules du castor ; c'est une substance huileuse et fétide qui naît dans une glande adhérente au prépuce.'

35 DAMNO Phaedr. III II 3 a eunuch had a dispute cum quodam improbo, who, among other taunts, damnum insectatus est amissi roboris. Mart. 1x 7 5 virilitatis damna maeret ereptae.

36 TESTICULI ADEO the only example in Iuv. of hiatus in this place.

INTELLEGIT (cf. intellegens, 'a connoisseur ') connotes technical knowledge, here a druggist's. Cic. Verr. IV § 33 ego antea, tametsi hoc nescio quid nugatorium sciebam esse, ista intellegere, tamen mirari solebam istum in his ipsis rebus aliquem sensum habere......ita studiosus est huius praeclarae existimationis, ut putetur in hisce rebus intellegens esse.

Plin. ep. I 10 SS 3 4 nunc illas (the virtues of Euphrates) magis miror, quia magis intellego. quamquam ne nunc quidem satis intellego. ut enim de pictore sculptore fictore nisi artifex iudicare, ita nisi sapiens non potest perspicere sapientem.

38 VESTEM collective Apul. met. XI 28 veste ipsa mea quamvis parvula distracta suficientem corrasi summulam.

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SED ET XIII 102 n.

39 PURPUREAM I 27 n.

TENERIS MAECENATIBUS I 66 n. Mart. X 73 2—4 he had received as a present Ausoniae dona superba togae, 1 qua non Fabricius, sed vellet Apicius uti, | vellet Maecenas Caesarianus eques. Sen. ep. 92 $ 35 diserte Maecenas ait: nec tumulum curo: sepelit natura relictos.' alte cinctum putes dixisse. habuit enim ingenium et grande et virile, nisi illud secunda discinxissent.

41 PECUS 'other attire, dyed on the sheep's back by the nature of the herbage.' Ipsum vestium. pecus the very sheep that yield the cloth. The pastures are the banks of the Baetis (Guadalquivir). Mart. XIV 133 · lacernae Baeticae'non est lana mihi mendax, nec mutor aeno; / sic placeant Tyriae ; me mea tinxit ovis. ix 61 3-5 qua dives placidum Corduba Baetin amat, | vellera nativo pallent ubi flava metallo, / et linit Hesperium brattea viva pecus. XII 63 3—5 of Corduba albi quae superas oves Galaesi, | nullo murice nec cruore mendax, / sed tinctis gregibus colore vivo.

43 MITTERE Hor. C. III 24 47-50 vel nos in mare proxi. mum gemmas et lapides, aurum et inutile | ...mittamus.

44 PARTHENIO schol. caelatoris nomen.' He must have been a silver-smith, as lances and cratera are in apposition to argentum. Friedländer identifies him with the chamberlain and murderer of Domitian, Parthenio dative Zumpt § 419. Madvig $ 350 a. URNAE 24 sextarii

, nearly 3 gallons. 45 CRATERA DIGNUM SITIENTE PHOLO Stesich. fr. 7 Bergk σκύπφειον δε λαβών δέπας έμμετρον ως τριλάγυνον | πίεν επισχόμενος, το ρα οι παρέθηκε Φόλος κεράσας. Theokr. VI 149 150 schol. αρά γε πα τοιόνδε Φόλω κατά λάϊνον άντρον | κρητηρΗρακañü gépwv éotáo ato Xelpwv; Stat. Th. II 563 564 qualis in adversos Lapithas erexit inanem | magnanimus cratera Pholus. VF. 1 337 338 signiferum cratera minantem | non leviore Pholum manus haec com pescuit auro.

CONIUGE FUSCE schol. 'ebriosa fuit.' VI 425 426 illa venit rubicundula, totum | oenophorum sitiens, plena quod tenditur ur

A Fuscus XVI 46. 46 BASCAUDAS schol. 'vasa, ubi calices lavabantur vel cacabus.' Our basket. Mart. XIV 99 barbara de pictis veni bascauda Britannis: sed me iam mavult diccre Roma suam.

ESCARIA dig. XXXIV 2 19 § 12 si cui escarium argentum legatum sit, id solum debebitur, quod ad epulandum in ministerio habuit, id est, ad esum et potum.

47 CAELATI I 76 n.

BIBERAT QUO II 95 vitreo bibat ille Priapo. X 25. Verg. g. II 506 ut gemma bibat.

na.

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CALLIDUS to Philip some ascribed the saying (Ael. v. h. VII 12 Perizonius) 'boys must be tricked by dice, men by oaths.'

EMPTOR OLYNTHI Philip of Macedon took Olynthus B.C. 348, by the aid of Lasthenes and Euthykrates, two citizens of high station, whom he had corrupted. Dem, de f. l. pp. 425 seq. 451. Cic. Att. I 16 § 12 Philippus omnia castella expugnari posse dicebat, in quae modo asellus onustus auro posset ascen. dere. Hor. c. III 16 13-15 diffidit urbium | portas vir Macedo et subruit aemulos I reges muneribus. oracle given to Philip αργυρέαις λόγχαισι μάχου, και πάντα κρατήσεις (paroem. Leutsch I 209 n. II 99 n.). On the venality of public men at the time see Demosth. de cor. p. 245 παρά γάρ τοις "Ελλησιν, ου τισίν, άλλ' άπασιν ομοίως, φοράν προδοτών και δωροδόκων και θεούς εχθρών ανθρώπων συνέβη γενέσθαι... ούς συναγωνιστές και συνεργους λαβών και πρότερον κακώς τους Έλληνας έχοντας προς εαυτούς και στασιαστικώς έτι χείρον διέθηκε. ib. 324 (where a list of traitors is given). The mines of Thrace (Iustin. VIII 3 $ 12 auraria in Thessalia, argenti metalla in Thracia occupat. cf. Hor. ep. III 234 regale nomisna, Philippos) supplied funds for these bribes, which even the Pythia did not refuse (Demosth. in Aesch. c. Ktes. p. 72 $ 130 i Ilvola piala TÍŠEL). The cup would not only have an antiquarian value—(1 76 n. VIII 104 n. Berenice's ring vi 156. Hor. speaks jestingly of plate which had belonged to Evander and Sisyphus s. 1391. 113 21 cf. 64. Stat. S. IV 59—88 felix dominorum stemmate signum, a Hercules of Lysippus had belonged to Alexander, Hannibal, Sulla. Lucian Philops. 19 a work of Daedalus. On mythical relics seen by Paus. Thirlwall vinil 468 and my first Gr. reader4 xvi. 221: add Tanaquil's distaff and spindle and a robe spun by her for Servius Tullius Varro in Plin. Vil § 194)—but be prized as a memorial of a famous boon companion Karyst. in Ath. 435d when Ph. had a mind to drink, he said: χρή πίνειν, 'Αντίπατρος γάρ ικανός έστι νήφων.

48 49 pessimism cf 1 147—150 n. 48 on double interrogations see Matthiä $ 488 12 and obs. 2. 48–51 VIII 83 84. XI I n. XIV 273—283.

50 FACIUNT PATRIMONIA XIV 326. Hor. ep. I 1 65 rem. so facere divitias, pecuniam. patrimonia not necessarily inherited VII 113

52 RERUM UTILIUM utensilia provisions and furniture Tac. ann. I 70 Gron.

NEC not even these sacrifices give any relief.

54 RECCIDIT Ov. met. x 180 reccidit in solidam longo post tempore terram. cf. rettulit repperit. At last, as difficulties thickened upon him, he (the rector 33) was driven to cut down the mast, and so makes room to turn about in.'

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V 32.

MALUM FERRO SUMMITTERET dig. XIV 25 arbore caesa, ut navis cum mercibus liberari possit.

56 EXPLICAT SE dig. IX 2 29 $ 3 si cum vi ventorum navis impulsa esset in funes anchorarum alterius et nautae funes praecidissent, si nullo alio modo nisi praecisis funibus explicare se potuit.

ANGUSTUM=in angusto conclusum.

DISCRIMINIS ULTIMA Holyday . distress is desperate, when the help makes the ship less. XV 95 bellorumque ul. tima. Luc. VIII 665 666 nihil ultima mortis I ex habitu vultuque viri mutasse. 56 FACTURA Iuv. has a predilection for this partic. IV 50.

VI 426—8 oenophorun... | ...de quo sextarius aller | ducitur ante cibum, rabidam facturus orexim. 605. X 8. 49. 144.

57 I NUNC ET X 165 n. Prop. IV=III 7 29 ite, rates curvas et leti texite causas.

VENTIS ANIMAM COMMITTE etc. Sen. Med. 304—8 ani. mam levibus credidit auris | dubioque secans aequora cursu potuit tenui fidere ligno, I inter vitae mortisque vias i nimium gracili limite ducto.

DOLATO a smooth plank, a piece of joiner's work.
58 CONFISUS nomin. as IV 23 24 tui l succinctus.

voc. in VI 276 277 tu tibi tunc, Uruca, places... I ...quae scripta et quot lecture tabellas.

DIGITIS cet. XIV 288. DL. I 103 Anacharsis Mabwv TÉTTAρας δακτύλους είναι το πάχος της νεώς, τοσούτον έφη του θανάτου τους πλέοντας απέχειν. Arat. phaen. 298 299. schol. οι δ' έτι πόρσω | κλύζονται, ολίγον δε διά ξύλον είδ' épúkel, from Hom. Il. xv 628. DChrys. or. 64 II 331 R oude γάρ πίττη την ψυχήν ούτε σχοινίους επιτρέπουσιν, ούτε τριδάκτυλον αυτούς σώζει ξύλον πεύκινον.

59 TAEDA the fir-plank.
60 MOX when on board.

CUM RETICULIS ET PANE Hor. s. II 47 reticulum panis, borne by a slave in a journey.

VENTRE LAGONAE IV 107 Montani venter.
LAGONAE V 29 n.

VIII 162.
61 ASPICE VIII 96 n. circumspice.

62—82 When the voyager's fate mightier than wind and sea proved prosperous, and the Parcae spun a white thread, the vessel ran under makeshist sails of clothes, and under the foresprit which alone remained. The sun brings back hope of life. Presently the white summit of Alba Longa comes in view, and the master brings his ship to anchor in the lee, behind the vast mole of Ostia's new harbour. The sailors offer their hair in

gratitude for deliverance, and spin a merry yarn of the dangers of the deep.

62–66 repeat the same thought. cf. VII 41 42. 135—7. XVI 25—34

62—64 POSTQUAM thrice III 26 27 dum. VII 53 54 cui...qui ...qui.

63 PROSPERA common predicate to tempora and v. et P.; vectoris also belongs to both. The conj. of Vales. vectori is probable.

FATUM XVI I n.
64 PARCAE III 27.

66 PENSA MANU Stat. Ach. I 260 261 si Lydia dura | pensa manu mollesque tulit Tirynthius hastas.

STAMINIS ALBI so at the nuptials of Peleus Catull. 63 305 seq. 318 319 ante pedes autem candentis mollia lanae | vellera. Mart. VI 58 8 si mihi lanificae ducunt non pulla sorores | stamina.

66 MULTUM FORTIOR X 197 n. Hand Tursell. III 669. Quintil. X § 94 n.

68 VESTIBUS EXTENTIS Tac. JI 24 tandem relabente aestu et secundante vento claudae naves raro remigio aut intentis vestibus...revertere.

SUPERAVERAT had remained. So Plaut. Caec. Cic. Liv. Verg. (e.g. Aen. V 519 amissa solus palma superabat Acestes). Hor. Tib. Sall. h. 1 41 § 11 Dietsch quid ultra? quaeve humana superant aut divina inpolluta sunt?

69 VELO PRORA SUO schol. 'artemone solo velificaverunt.' Isid. XIX 3 3 dolon minimum velum, et ad proram defixum. cf. HŞt. AUSTRIS 63 euro. V 1oo.

XIV 268. 70 IULO VIII 42 n. 71 ATQUE joins gr. I. with n. S. P. L.; subl. apex is subject.

NOVERCALI LAVINIO Liv. II § 11 oppidum condunt. Aeneas ab nomine uxoris Lavinium appellat. ib. 3 $ 3 Ascanius... abundante Lavinii multitudine, florentem iam, ut tam res erant, atque opulentam urbem matri seu novercae reliquit, novam ipse aliam sub Albano monte condidit; quae ab situ porrectae in dorso urbis Longa Alba appellata. Aen. XII 193 194 moenia Teucri | constituent urbique dabit Lavinia no

Tibull. II 5 50 Albaque ab Ascanio condita Longa duce.

LAVINIO on the rhythm cf. vi 82 comitata est Eppia ludium. L. Müller de re metr. 257 reads Lavino, and in Aen. I 2 Lavi. naque litora (see Forbiger). & also Aen. I 258. 270. Tib. II 5 49. Ov. f. in 629. 633.

72 APEX IV 145 n.

men.

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