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Lord Ashley's position at the beginning of 1664-Attention to revenue and

trade-Dutch war-Opposed by Clarendon, Southampton, and Ormond

and supported probably by Ashley-Appointed Treasurer of Prizes--

Clarendon's bostility to the appointment-Affectionate letter to his

wife, February 26, 1665—Grant of Carolina to Lord Ashley and seven

others—The Plague-The King visits Lord Ashley at Wimborne St.

Giles's-Session of Parliament at Oxford, October 1665-—Appropriation

Clause in Supply Bill unsuccessfully opposed by Clarendon and Ashley

- The Five Mile Act-Opposed strongly by Southampton and Ashley

but prosecuted by Clarendon-Bill for general imposition of oath

against endeavouring change in Church or State opposed by Ashley-

Letter to his wife from Oxford, November 23, 1665–Beginning of

acquaintance with Locke — Friendship of Locke and Shaftesbury--

Session of 1666–67—Complaints of expenditure and misappropriation-

Act against importation of Irish cattle-Supported by Ashley -Earl of

Ossory's insult and apology - Discussion with Viscount Conway --

Rumoured possible Lord Lieutenant of Ireland—Secret treaty between

Louis XIV. and Charles II.--Dutch fleet enters the Thames and burns

three men-of-war at Chatham-Peace of Breda, Death of Earl of

Southampton--Office of Lord High Treasurer put in commission and

Lord Ashley one of the Commissioners --Clarendon's account of the

appointment of the Commission--Proceedings of the Commissioners--

Sir William Temple and Lady Fanshawe blame Shaftesbury for their

economies-Clarendon removed from the Chancellorship-Lord Ashley

unjustly accused of conspiring against Clarendon -- Opposes the im-

peachment of Clarendon without specific treason assigned and falls into

disgrace with the King for supporting Clarendon-Clarendon's exile-

Lord Campbell's misstatements — Charge of licentiousness against


Page 276

Page iii.





(From a Painting by SiR PETER LELY.)


Thmush hearing in succession the titles of " Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper," " Lord

Ashley," and Earl of Shaftesbury," the Earl is uniformly referred to in this
Inder under the name of SHAFTESBURY, which, for the sake of brevity, is indicateri
by the letter S.


tory accounts of his reception, 452, 456,
460; made a burgher, 452, 457, 461;
death of S. at, 455; his will, 457-


Abbotsbury stormed and burned by S., i.

62-67; App. II. xxx.
“ Absalom and Achitophel" (see Dryden).
Act of Uniformity, its mischievous nature,
i. 259; opposed by S., 261; clause pro-
posed to enable the King to dispense
with its provisions, 263 ; rejected, Act
Tassed, 264 ; its effects, 265, 268 ; Charles
II.'s declaration, 266 ; bill introduced to
dispense with the Act, 266; “Dispens-
ing Bill ” supported by S., 267-269;
dispensing clause proposed by Charles
II., rejected by House of Lords, App. VI.

Ixxviii, ii. 72
Admiralty, Duke of York Lord High

Admiral, resigns on the passing of the
Test Act, ii. 141; the office put into

cominission, 144.
Agricultural depression in 1667 and 1668,

remarks by Pepys, 300.
Ague, S. attacked with, i, 84.
Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty of, for peace be-

tween France and Spain, ii. 12, 13.
Albemarle, Monk, Duke of, as General

Monk supports Richard Cromwell, i. 145;
his first letter to S., 182 ; opposes the
proceedings of Lambert, 193; his own
subsequent proceedings, 193 - 203;
enters London, 204 ; * Narrative
his proceedings by S., 205-212; offer
by the Republicans to make him King,
his refusal, alleged influence of s., 215
--218; effects the Restoration, 220 ;
made K.G. and Privy Councillor, 227
other honours conferred on him, 228 ;
made Duke of Albemarle, 229; appointed
& Treasury Cominissioner, 305 ; his

notice of Sir W. Morrice, ii. 45.
Aldersgate Street (see Thanet House).
Ambassador's plate, a customary gift, re-

fused by 8. and the Treasury Commis-

sioners, i. 308.
Amsterdam, S. arrives there after his

flight from London, ii. 452 ; contradic-

Ancestors of S., i. 2.
Anecdotes, of s.'s sagacity, ii. 104 ; of

Locke's playfulness, 106.
Apple trees planted by S. at Wimborne St.

Giles, ii. 49.
Arlington, Earl of, as Sir Henry Bennet,

appointed Secretary of State, his opposi.
tion to Clarendon, i. 265 ; letter from
him to S., 275 ; his power after the fall
of Clarendon, ii. 2; his rivalry with
Buckingham,'4 ; defeats Buckingham's
plan for a French alliance, negotiates
with De Witt, triple alliance of England,
Holland, and Sweden against France,
1l ; again opposes Buckingham's in-
trigues with France, 13; opposes fresh
negotiations with France, 13; Colbert
endeavours to gain his support, 14 ;
further intrigues, 15; attempts to estab-
lish a French alliance and restore Popery
in England, 16, 18; signs secret treaty
with France for war with Holland and
restoration of Popery, 19, 55; 8. igno-
rant of this treaty, 22; joins Buckingham
in fresh vegotiations, 22; signs mock
treaty, 26 ; and further treaty, 28; re-
ceives present from Louis XIV., 31; his
rivalry with Buckingham, letter froin 8.
to Morrice, 45; promotes the war with
Holland, 80; created an Earl, 84; ac-
companies Buckingham to Louis XIV.,
Colbert's eulogy of him, 85; disappointed
at not being inade Lord Treasurer, 98;
alarmed by the opposition of the Com-
mons, abandons the “Declaration of
Independence,” 134 ; supposed to have
aided the "Test Act," 136 ; disposed to
abandon the Popish design, 139; informs
8. of the secret treaty, 90, 110; attacked
by the House of Conimons, 188 ; Lord
Chamberlain in 1679, 328; supports pro-
osed grant of Phænix Park to Duchess

* of

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