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intent to rob shall be guilty of felony, and be- Offences committed within the Admiralty ing convicted thereof shall (save and except Jurisdiction. That where any felony punishin the cases where a greater punishment is pro-able under this act shall be committed within vided by this act) be liable to be imprisoned the jurisdiction of the admiralty of England or for any term not exceeding three years. (s. 6.) of Ireland, the same shall be dealt with, in

Punishment for attempting to obtain properly quired of, tried, and determined in the same by Menace. That whosoever shall, with mena. manner as any other felony committed within ces or by force, demand any property of any that jurisdiction. (s. 13.) person with intent to steal the same, shall be Not to extend to Scotland.--Provided, that guilty of felony, and being convicted thereof nothing in this act contained shall extend to shall be liable to be inprisoned for any term Scotland. (s. 14.) not exceeding three years. (s. 7.)

Commencement of Act.-That this act shall Punishment for urecking.-That whosoever commence and take effect on the first day of shall plunder or steal any part of any ship or October ope tbousand eight hundred and thirvessel which shall be in distress, or wrecked, ty-seven. (s. 15.) stranded, or cast on shore, or any goods, mer. chandize, or articles of any kind belonging to such ship or vessel, and be convicted thereof, shall be liable, at the discretion of the Court, to be transported beyond the seas for any term {

No. XVII. not exceeding fifteen years nor less than ten

Piracy. Vict. c. 88. years, or to be imprisoned for any terın not exceeding three years. (s. 8.)

This act will take effect on the 1st October. Punishinent of Accessaries.That in the

It is intituled “An Act to amend certain Acts case of every felony punishable under this act erery principal in the second degree and every relating to the Crime of Piracy.” It recites accessary before the fact shall be punishable that it is expedient to amend so much of with death or otherwise in the same manner as the principal in the first degree is by this act

28 H. 8, c. 51, intituled “ For Pirates,” and punishable; and every accessary after the fact so mucb of 11 & 12 W.3, c. 7, intituled “ An to any felony punishable under this act (except | Act for the more effectual Suppression of only a receiver of stolen property) shall on conviction, be liable to be in prisoned for any

Piracy,” and so much of 4 G. 1, c. 11, s. 7, interm not exceeding two years. (s. 9.)

tituled “ An Act for the further preventing Offences punishable by Imprisonment.--That

Robbery, Burglary, and other Felonies, and where any person shall be convicted of any offence punishable under this act for which im

for the more effectual Transportation of Felons prisonment may be awarded, it shall be lawful and unlawful Exporters of Wool, and for defor the Court to sentence the offender to be claring the Law upon some points relating to imprisoned, or to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour, in the common gaol or house of

Pirates,” and so much of 8 G. I, c. 24, inticorrection, and also to direct that the offender tuled “ An Act for the inore effectual supressshall be kept in solitary confinement for any ling of Piracy,” and so much of 18 G. 2. c. 30. portion or portions of such imprisonment, or of such imprisonment with hard labour, not intituled “An Act to amend an Act made in exceeding one month at any one time, and not the Eleventh Year of the Reign of King Wilexceeding three months in any one year, as to the Court in its discretion shall seem meet.

| liam the Third, intituled · An Act for the more (s. 10.)

effectual Suppression of Piracy,'” as relate to Noi lo affect Powers of 5 & 6 W. 4, c. 38, the punishinent of the crime of piracy, or of and 4 G. 4, c. 64.–That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to extend to the

any offence by any of the said acts declared to alteration or repeal of any of the powers, pro- be piracy, or of accessaries thereto respecvisions, or regulations contained in 5 & 6 W. tively: it is therefore enacted4, c. 38, intituled “An Act for effecting greater Uniforinity of Practice in the Government of Repeal of Provisions in recited Acts.That the several Prisons in England and Wales, and so inuch of the said several acts as is hereinfor appointing Inspectors of Prisons in Great before referred to shall froin and after the Britain," or in 4 G. 4, c. 64, intituled “An commencement of this act be and the same is Act for consolidating and amending the Laws hereby repealed. (s. 1.) relating to the building, repairing, and regu- Punishment of Piracy when Murder is at. lating of certain Gaols and Houses of Correc-tempted.--That from and after the commencetion in England and Wales. (s. 11.)

ment of this act whosoever, with intent to Construction of the word Property.”—That commit or at the time of or immediately bethe word "property” shall throughout this fore or immediately after committing the crime act be deemed to denote every thing included of piracy in respect of any ship or vessel, shall under the words “chattel, money, or valuable assault, with intent to murder, any person security” used in the said acts of the seventh being on board of or belonging to such ship and eighth years and ninth year respectively or vessel, or shall stab, cut, or wound any such of King George the Fourth. (s, 12.)

384

Changes in the Law. person, or unlawfully do any act by which the

No. XVIII: 1 days :7. life of such person may be endangered, shall be guilty of felony, and being convicted thereof BURNING OR DESTROYING BUILDINGS AND shall suffer death as a felon. (s. 2.)

SHIPS. Persons guilty of Piracy to be transported.

1 Victc. 89. . ??? That from and after the commencement of this act whosoever shall be convicted of any offence This act passed on the 17th July, and is inwhich by any of the acts herein-before referred tituled “ An Act to amend the Laws relating to amounts to the criine of piracy, and is thereby made punishable with death, shall be to burning or destroying Buildings and Ships." liable, at the discretion of the Court, to be It will come into operation the 1st October. transported beyond the seas for the terın of | It recites that it is expedient to amend so much the natural life of such offender, or for any term not less than fifteen years, or to be im- of 7 & 8 G. 4, c. 30, intituled “An Act for prisoned for any term not exceeding three consolidating and amending the Laws in Engyears. (s. 3.)

w

That in the " Punishment of Accessaries.

land relative to malicious Injuries to Property," case of every felony punishable under this act and also so much of 9 G. 4, c. 56, intituled every principal in the second degree and every “ An Act for consolidating and amending the accessary before the fact shall be punishable

swable Laws in Ireland relative to malicious Injuries with death or otherwise in the same manner as the principal in the first degree is by this act to Property," as relates to any person who punishable; and every accessary after the fact shall unlawfully and maliciously set fire to any to any felony punishable under this act shall, on conviction, be liable to be imprisoned for

of the buildings or erections therein respecany term not exceeding two years. (s. 4.) tively mentioned; and so much of the same

ofences punishable by Imprisonment.—That I acts as relates to any person who shall unlawwhere any person shall be convicted of any offence punishable under this act for which fully and maliciously set fire to any mine of inprisoninent may be awarded, it shall be coal or cannel coal; and so much of the same lawful for the Court to sentence the offender

acts as relates to any person who shall unlawto be imprisoned, or imprisoned and kept to hard labour, in the common caol or house of fully and maliciously set fire to or in anywise correction, and also to direct that the offender destroy any ship or vessel, whether the same shall be kept in solitary confinement for any be complex

ny be complete or in an unfinished state, or who portion or portions of such iinprisonment, or of such imprisonment with hari labour, not shall unlawfully and maliciously set fire to, exceeding one month at any one time, and not cast away, or in anywise destroy any ship or exceeding three months in any one year, as to the Court in its discretion shall seem meet.

vessel, with intent thereby to prejudice any (s. 5.)

owner or part owner of such ship or vessel, or Nor to affect Powers of 5 & 6 W. 4, c. 38, of any goods on board the same, or any persoa and 4 G. 4, c. 61.—That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to extend to the

that hath underwritten or shall underwrite any alteration or repeal of any of the powers, pro policy of insurance upon such ship or vessel, visions, or regulations contained in 5 & 6 W.4, or on the freight thereof, or upon any goods c. 38, intituled “ An Act for effecting greater Uniformity of Practice in the Government of on boa

ent of on board the same ; and so much of the same the several Prisons in England and Wales, acts as relates to any person who shall exhibit and for appointing Inspectors of Prisons in

in any false light or signal with intent to bring Great Britain,” or in 4 G. 4, c. 64, intituled " An Act for consolidating and annénding the any ship or vessel into danger, or who shall Laws relating to the building, repairing, and unlawfully and maliciously do anything tending regulating of certain Goals and Houses of Cor

to the immediate loss or destruction of any rection in England and Wales." (s. 6.)

Commencement of Act.—That this act shall ship or vessel in distress, or destroy any part commence and take effect on the first day of of any ship or vessel which shall be in distress, October one thousand eight hundred and thirty

ya or wrecked, stranded, or cast on shore, or any seven. (s. 7.)

goods, inerchandize, or articles of any kind The act received the Royal Assent on the

| belonging to such ship or vessel, or who shall 17th July last.

by force prevent or impede any person endeavouring to save his life from such ship or vessel (whether he shall be on board or shall have quitted the same); and so much of the same acts or either of them as relates to any person who shall unlawfully or maliciously set fire to

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Changes in the Law.

385 any stack of corn, grain, pulse, straw, hay, / wise destroy any ship or vessel, whether the coals, turf, charcoal, or wood, and so much same be complete or in an unfinished state, or

shall unlawfully and maliciously set fire to, of the same acts as relares to the punishment cast away, or in anywise destroy any ship or of priocipals in the second degree and of ac- vessel, with intent thereby to prejudice any cessaries before and after the fact respectively

owner or part-owner of such ship or vessel, or

of any goods on board the same, or any person to such of the felonies punishable under those that hath underwritten or shall underwrite any acts as are herein-before referred to : it is policy of insurance upon such ship or vessel,

or on the freight thereof, or upon any goods therefore enacted

on board the same, shall be guilty of felony, Repeal of Provisions in recited acls.—That and being convicted thereof, shall be liable, at so inych of the said acts as is hereinbefore re- the discretion of the court, to be transported ferred to shall continue in force until and beyond the seas for the term of the natural life throughout the thirtieth day of September of such offender, or for any rerin not less than one thousand eigbt hundred and thirty-seven, fifteen years, or to be iinprisoned for any term and shall from and after that day be repealed, not exceeding three years. (s. 6.) 'except as to offences committed before or upon | Impeding any Person endeavouring to save the said thirtieth day of September, which his life from any Ship urecked, &c.—That shall be dealt with and punished as if this act whosoever shall by force prevent or impede any bad not been passed. (s. 1.)

persou endeavouring to save his life from any Selling Fire to a Dwelling House, any per ship or vessel which shall be in distress or son being therein.--That wliosoever shall un-wrecked, stranded, or cast on shore, (whether lawfully and maliciously set fire to any dwel. he shall be on board or shall have quitted the ling house, any person being therein, shall be same,) shall be guilty of felony, and being guilty of felony, and being convicted thereof convicted thereof shall be liable, at the discreshall suffer death. (s. 2.)

tion of the court, to be transported beyond the Setting Fire 10 a Church or Chapel, House, seas for the term of the natural life of such "Warehouse, fc.—That whosoever shall unlaw- offender, or for auy term not less than fifteen fully and maliciously set fire to any church or years, or to be imprisoned for any term not chapel, or to any chapel for the religious wor exceeding three years (s. 7.) ship of persons dissenting froin the United Destroying Wrecks or any Articles belongChurch of England and Ireland, or shall un | ing thereto.That whosoever shall unlawfully - Jawfully and maliciously set fire to any house, and maliciously destroy any part of any ship stable, coach-house, outhouse, warehouse, office, or vessel which shall be in distress, or wrecked. shop, mill, malthouse, hop-oast, barn or gra. / stranded, or cast on shore, or any goods, merliary, or to any building or erection used in chandize, or articles of any kind belonging to carrying on any trade or manufacture, or any such ship or vessel, shall be guilty of felony, branch thereof, whether the same or any of and being convicted thereof shall be liable, at them respectively shall then be in the posses. the discretion of the Court, to be transported sion of the offender, or in the possession of any | beyond the seas for any term not exceeding other person, with intent thereby to injure or fifteen years nor less than ten years, or to be defraud any person, shall be guilty of felony. | imprisoned for any term not exceeding three and being convicted thereof shall be liable, at years. (s. 8.) the discretion of the court, to be transported Setting Fire to Coal Mines.—That whosoever beyond the seas for the term of the natural shall unlawfully and maliciously set fire to any life of such offender, or for any term not less mine of coal or cannel coal shall be guilty of than fifteen years, or to be imprisoned for any | felony, and being convicted thereof shall be term not exceeding three years. (s. 3.)

liable, at the discretion of the Court, to be Setting Fire to Ships or Vessels arith Intent transported beyond the seas for the term of to commit Murder.—That whosoever shall un- the natural life of such offender, or for any lawfully and inaliciously set fire to, cast away, terin not less than fifteen years, or to be imor in anywise destroy any ship or vessel, either prisoned for any term not exceeding three with intent to murder any person, or whereby years. (s. 9.) the life of any person shall be endangered, Selting Fire to Agricultural Produce, 80,shall be guilty of felony, and being convicted That whosoever shall unlawfully and 'malithereof shall suffer death. (s. 4.)

ciously set fire to any stack of corn, grain, · Hanging out False Lights 10 cause Ship- pulse, tares, straw, haulm, stubble, furze. ureck. That whosoever shall unlawfully exhi-heath, fern, hay, turf, peat, coals, charcoal, or bit any false light or' signal with intent to bring / wood, or any steer of wood, shall be guilty of any ship or vessel into danger, or shall unlaw- felony, and being convicted thereof shall be fully and maliciously do any thing tending to liable, at the discretion of the Court, to be the inmediate loss or destruction of any ship transported beyond the seas for the term of the or vessel in distress, shall be guilty of felony, natural life of such offender, or for any term and being convicted thereof shall suffer death. not less than fifteen years, or to be imprisoned (s, 5,)

for any term not exceeding three years. (s. 10.) Selling Fire to Ships or Vessels with intent! Punishment of Accessuries. That in the case to destroy the same.-That whosoever shall un. of every felony punishable under this act, every lawfully and maliciously set tire to or in any principal in the second degree, and every, ac

386

Changes in the Law.Improvements suggested in the Law.

cessary before the fact, shall be punishable come before him on suminons, it was out of: with death or otherwise in the same manner as the question to suppose his Lordship, who is a the principal in the first degree is by this act pains-taking and religiously conscientious man, punishable; and every accessary after the fact coulit get through the business; independently to any felony punishable under this act shall, of which the place was like a bear-garden, on convietion, be liable to be imprisoned for from the multitudes of persons of all descrip. any term not exceeding two years. (s. 11.) tions assembled in it; and to wind up the

Offences punishable by linprisonment. That misery, the suitors were disadvantaged, and where any person shall be convicted of any the time of the attorneys sacrificed. offence punishable under this act for which All this arises from a want of attendance, imprisonment may be awarded, it shall be law- de die in diem, of one of the fifteen Judges of ful' for the Court to sentence the offender to the Land. Would there be any impropriety in be imprisoned, or to be imprisoned and kept appointing one of the fifteen Masters, by depu. to hard labour, in the common gaol or house tation, to attend to the business of summonses of correction, and also to direct that the of- daily? I suggest this to relieve the Judges, if fender shall be kept in solitary confinement for all the fifteen feel they can, with regard to any portion or portions of such imprisonment, the interests of the public, be fairly absent or of such imprisonment with hard labour, not at one time. It is impossible to conceive exceeding one month at any one time, and not the misery and injury of this want of arrangeexceeding three months in any one year, as to ment, which calls, and loudly calls too. the Court in its discretion shall seem meet. for some remedy. It is most unfair that (s. 12.)

a Chief should be called on to sit at all Not to affect Powers of 586 W. 4, c. 38, on the business to which I have referred: and 4 G. 4, c. 61.-That nothing in this act but I cannot see it to be so with respeet to the contained shall be construed to extend to the other twelve Judges, who are not over-worked,' alteration or repeal of any of the powers, pro- save during the term and on circuit. If, how visions, or regulations contained in 5 & 6W.4, ever, their Lordships think otherwise, I am c. 38, intituled “An Act for effecting greater sure the experienced masters would sit, and Uniformity of Practice in the Government of that they would moreover win the respect of the several Prisons in England and Wales, and the profession, and confer a great obligation for appointing Inspectors of Prisons in Great on the public. Britain," or in 4 G. 4, c. 64, intituled “ An

A SUBSCRIBER. Act for consolidating and amending the Laws Sept. 13. relating to the building, repairing, and regu. lating of certain Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales." (s. 13.)

Offences commilled within the Admiralty Jurisdiction. That where any felony punish

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SEALS IN CHANCERY. able under this act shall be committed within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of England or of Ireland, the same shall be dealt with, in- Knowing that you are at all times willing to quired of, tried, and determined in the same give publicity to any thing that may seem to manner as any other felony committed within require correction, I beg to draw attention to that jurisdiction. (s. 14.)

the present mode of obtaining the various Not to extend to Scotland. That nothing in writs that are issued out of and under the seal this act contained shall extend to Scotland. / of the Court of Chancery. (8. 15.)

No writ can be obtained on payment of the Commencement of Act.-That this act shall / usual fees except on what is called a "public commence and take effect on the first day of seal,” and on all other occasions (no matter October one thousand eight hundred and how urgent), a “private seal ” must be paid thirty-seven. (s. 16.)

for, (and that can only be obtained on certain days), the charge for which is 31. ls. in the first instance, and 18s. 6d. for every writ that is sealed after the “ private seal ” has been open

ed, in addition to the usual fees. IMPROVEMENTS SUGGESTED IN

From the inonth of August to the month of THE LAW.

November there is no “public seal” whatever, but there is a “prvate seal" generally once in

a week, so that no writs of any description can PRACTICE AT THE JUDGES' CHAMBERS. be obtained during the whole of that period

except on payment of the additional fees. To the Editor of the Legal Observer.

Now surely this ought to be remedied. In

every other Court the various writs (issning I HAD occasion to-day to attend at Serjeant's out of those Courts) can be obtained daily Inn, Chancery Lane, in which there was sit- during the whole of that period without any ting, for the dispatch of public business, that additional charge ; besides, the officers of the most respected and learned Judge, the Chief Court of Chancery have large salaries, and it Justice of the Common Pleas. From the lit be necessary that they should be out of town number of cases which were appointed to six days out of seven, why not let the "private

Sir,

Sir,

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seal" that is now once in a week be a “public devised by or standing limited to the uses of seal?" and not charge these additional and the wills of the Right Honourable Thomas exhorbitant fees. I trust that this will be in late Earl of Wilton and the Right Honourable quired into in the proper quarter.

Eleanor late Countess of Wilton, both deceased, H. H. to make conveyances in fee or demises for

long terms of years of certain parts of the said estates, for building on or improving the same,

under reserved yearly rents. PRIVATE ACTS,

38. An act to enable the Court of Chancery PRINTED BY THE QUEEN'S PRINTER, AND in Ireland to appoint other persons to act

WHEREOF THE PRINTED COPIES MAY BE under the family settlement of the Marquis of on : GIVEN IN EVIDENCE.

Donegall and Earl of Belfast, bearing date the twenty eighth of October one thonsand eight

hundred and twenty-two, in the place of 1 Vict.

Thomas Ball and Thomas Ellis deceased.

39. An act for vesting settled estates in the [Concluded from p. 371.]

township of Headingley-cum-Burley in the 32. An act to enable the governors of the parish of Leeds in the county of York, of free grammar school of Clitheroe in the county which John Henry Fawcett Esquire is tenant of Lancaster to sell and grant building leases for life, in trustees for sale, and for investing of the school estates, and to enlarge the powers the inonies to be produced thereby in the purof the governors..

chase of other estates to be settled to the same 33. An act to transfer the endowments of uses. the domestic chapel of Sir Thomas Dyke Ac. 40. An act for empowering the trustees of land Baronet at Columb John in the parish of the will, as lo his real estate, of Silvanus Bevan Broadclist in the county of Devon, which Esquire, deceased, to sell the freehold estates chapel is proposed to be pulled down, to a in the counties of Wilts and Berks devised by chapel intended to lie built in lieu thereof near the same will, and for laying out the money to his residence at Killerton in the same parish. arise from such sale in the purchase of other

34. An act for authorizing the trustees under estates, to be settled to the saines uses. an act passed in the thirty-ninth and fortieth 41. An act to alter and amend an act passed vears of his Majesty King George the Third, in the second year of the reign of his late Mafor enabling the Duke of Richinond for the jesty King William the IV, intituled “ An act time being to grant jointures as therein inen- to enable the governors of the possessions, revetioned, and for other purposes, to sell the nues, and goods of the Free Graipmar School residue remaining unsold of the stocks on of King Edward the Sixth in Birmingham in transfer of which the said annuity was inade the county of Warwick to erect a schoolhouse, redeemable, and to invest the money to arise master's houses, and other suitable accomfrom such sale in the purchase of manors, modations for the said school, and to extend lands, and hereditaments; and for other pur- the objects of the charity; and for other pure poses.

poses. 35. An act to extend the powers given to l' 42. An act for exchanging part of the setthe trustees of the will of Charles Eversfield tled estates of the Most Honourable the MarEsquire by an act of parliament passed in the quis of Bute and Earl of Dumfries in the seventh year of the reign of his Majesty King county of Glamorgan, in England, for estates George the Fourth, intituled “An act to en-of the said Marquis in the counties of Ayr, able trustees to grant building leases of lands Wigton, and Bute, in Scotland; and for other in the several parishes of Saint Leonard's Hol-Courposes. lington, Saint Mary of the Castle of Hastings, | 43. An act for extending the powers of Maudlin, Saint Mary Magdalen, Saint Michael sale and exchange contained in the marriage near Hastings, and Horsham, in the county of settlement of Francis Adams the younger, Sussex, parts of the estates devised by the will Esquire; and for other purposes. of Charles Eversfield Esquire, and to sell the same lands, and also two detached farms in the parishes of Hollington and Horshamn afore. said, other parts of the same estates, and for

NOT PRINTED.—7 WM, 4. laying out the money arising by such sale in 45.a An act for naturalizing Martin Alepthe purchase of other estates, to be settled to

son and Matthew Alepson. the same uses.

46. An act for naturalizing Michael Castelli. 38. An act for authorizing the sale of cer.

1 47. An act for naturalizing Frank Castelli. tain estates in the counties of Galway and

and l. 48. An act for naturalizing Abraham Vietor

is Mayo devised by the will of the Right Honour

Salamé. able John late Lord Clanmorris deceased, and

49. An act for naturalizing Bernard Mette. for laying out the monies thence arising in the

50. An act for naturalizing Henry Anthony purchase of other estates, to be settled to the Merte same uses.

37. An act to enable the Right Honourable Thomas Earl of Wilton, and the person or per a There appears to be a mistake in number. sons for the time being entitled to the estates / ing this and the subsequent acts. Ev.

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