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of the faid river, port, and haven, from whence fome benefits and advantages have arose; and in order to bave more effectually cleansed, Scoured, and preserved the fame, the faid commissioners propofed and 'intended to have lengthened the faid pier, and also to have built a pier or piers, key or keys, wall or walls, jettee or jettees, on the north fide of, and to have made and done other works near the mautb of the Taid river, port, or haven; but the money arising from the duties laid and made payable by the said first mentioned act, not being fuffi. rient to make and perform such additional works within the term by the foid former aets limited, the mouth of the said river, port, op harbour, for want thereof, is still very much choaked by fand thrown up, and brought into, and ladged in the said harbour by the fea; and also by means of great banks of land, gravel, rubbish, and other gross matter wasbed and brought down to, and lodged in the fame, by land floods, and other accidents; and also by throwing ballaft, coal afes, rubbisb, and other grofs matter within the faid river, port, or harbour ; and by the irregular and low building, and want of repairing of wharfs, faiths, and keys, on or near the said river ; but more especially for want of such pier or piers, key or keys, wall or walls, jettee or jettees, at or near the mouth of the said river, port, or haven to fcour and cleanse the fame, so that the depth of water af the mouth of the said river is not yet fufficient for loader ships and vessels to come ints, or go out of, the same, whereby the navigation and trade of and in the said river, port, or haven, is very much pree judiced, hindered, and obstructed: and whereas the lengthening the present pier, and erecting and building a pier or piers, key or keys, jettee or jettees, and making and performing other works at or near the mouth of, and on other convenient parts of the said river, will be a means of deepening, cleansing, and rendering the same more navigable; and the preventing ballast, coal afhes, Pones, sand, rubbish, and other grosso matter, being washed into the said river, port, or haven, and the removing and preventing other ihe abuses and irconveniencies aforesaid, will be a means of preserving the said river, port, or haven, so that, at all times thereafter, loaden ships or vessels of a considerable burden may ride in, and fail into, and out of, the Jame, at all tides; which will be a means of reducing and keeping low the prices of coals at London, and other the delivering-ports within this kingdom, and will very much tend to the encouragement and increase of navigation and trade; which said undertaking and works, to finish and complete the same, will cost a very considerable fum of money : to the end therefore that the laid river, port, and háven of Sunderland aforesaid may be further improved, and the said pier already built, lengthened, and such other pier or piers, key or keys, jettee or jetrees, and other works may be erected, built, made, and performed, as at any time hereafter thall, by the commissioners hereby or hereafter to be appointed, be ad. judged for the advantage or improvement of the faid river, port, or haven; and that the fame may be prelerved and kept in repair may it please your Majesty, that it may be enacted, &c. Commissioners appointed for 21 years. Not less than 7 commissioners ta be at a meeting Commissioners impowered to remove and appoint offi

cers.

laid pier already land aforesaid more that the aide very confiderable

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cers. No commissioner to hold any of the offices. In case of death or in-
capacity new commissioners to be chosen. Commissioners may purchase or
take leases of lands, &c. and lengthen and erect piers, &c. on such lands,
&c. and employ workmen, and keels, &c. to remove obstructions; pro-
vided no grounds, &c. are damaged, nor the highway from Monk Wear-
mouth to Whitburne stopped. Commissioners to determine all differences.
River to be made navigable between Biddick ford and Newbridge. Com-
miffioners, in cases of abuses, &c. to summon the persons complained of.
Jury to enquire into the offences. Commissioners, on the jury's verdict,
to order persons offending to remove obstructions, &c, on penalty of sl.
per month. Landlords, when ordered to remove obitructions, not to be
guilty of trespass, &c. Indictments in cases of nusances, &c. may be pre.
ferred as before this act passed. Penalty on person offending by emptying
rubbith, not to exceed sl. Persons emptying rubbish, &c. from one vel-
sel to another, .&c. to have proper stages, or port fails. The coal owners
Thall pay any sum not exceeding 1 d. 2 q. for every chaldron, during 21
years, brought down for them to the river ; and in proportion for any
greater or lels quantities. The fitters not exceeding 29. ' Commissioners
impowered to borrow money on the duties. Works erected by this act,
becoming ruinous, not to be deemed nusances. Commislioners may make
by-laws, &c. to be approved of by the justices; and to be in force till re.
pealed by the commissioners, &c. Saving clause in favour of the bishop of
Durham, and of the owners of ferry-boats, &c.

CAP. XIX.
An act for the better adjusting and more easy recovery of the

wages of certain servants; and for the better regulation

of such servants, and of certain apprentices. . W H EREAS the laws now in being, for the better regulation

W of servants, and for the payment of wages to them, and to artificers, handicraftsmen, and labourers, are insufficient and defective : for remedy whereof, be it enacted by the King's most excellent

majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual Su 8 last 1/3.

and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from and after the

twenty fifth day of March, which will be in the year of our Lord Differences one thousand seven hundred and forty seven, all complaints,

between ma- differences, and disputes, which thall happen or arise belween Entended fters and cer- masters or mistresses, and servants in husbandry, who shall be hired 19:2.c.ftain servants,

for one year, or longer, or which shall happen or arise between W T mined by a masters and mistrefles, and artificers, handicraftsmen, miners, coltart justice of liers, keelmen, pitmen, glassmen, potters, and other labourers

peace where employed for any certain time, or in any other manner, Thall be -person

the malter re. heard and determined by one or more justice or justices of the

sides. w ww -mployed by an att le kuppeace of the county, riding, city, liberty, town corporate, or

Joined the fishing place, where such master or mistress shall inhabit, although no maurofinfa: met with rate or assessinent of wages has been made that year by the justices datso y s.ro.536.

of the peace of the shire, riding, or liberty, or by the mayor, Justices to ex. bailiffs, or other head officer, where such complaints shall be amine ser

made, or where such differences or disputes shall arise; which vants, &c. upon oath. faid justice or justices is and are hereby impowered to examine

upon oath, any such servant, artificer, handicraftsman, miner.

collier, keelman, pitman, glassman, potter, or other labourer, and make or. or any other witness or witnesses, touching any such omplaint, der for pay difference or dispute, and to make such order for payment of lo ment of wages

much

fo orderarer; and illier, keelmaegard to any

on

much wages to such servant, artificer, handieraftsman, miner, due, if under collier, keelman, pitman, glasfinan, potter, or other labourer, a certain lum, as to such justice or justices shall seein just and reasonable, provided that the fum in question do not exceed ten pounds with regard to any servant, nor five pounds with regard to any artificer, handicraftsman, miner, collier, keelman, pitman, glassman, potter, or labourer; and in case of refusal or nonpayment On nonpayof any sums so ordered, by the space of one and twenty days ment, to be next after such determination, such jufiice and justices shall and levied by di: may issue forth his and their warrant to levy the same by distress are and sale of the goods and chattels of such inafter or mistress, or person employing such artificer, handicraftsman, miner, collier, keelınan, pitman, glassman, potter, or other labourer, rendering the overplus to the owners, after payment of the charges of such distress and sale.

II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That Justices to hear it Ihall and may be lawful to and for such justice or justices, up- masters com. on application or complaint made, upon oath, by any master, pla mistress, or employer, against any such servant, artificer, handia

Oath ; craftsman, miner, collier, keelman, pitman, glassman, potter, or labourer, touching or concerning any misdemeanor, miscarriage, or ill-behaviour, in such his or her service or employment (which oath such justice or justices is and are hereby impowered to administer) to hear, examine, and determine the same; and and to punish to punish the offender by commitment to the house of correction, the offender there to remain and be corrected, and held to hard labour for a by commitreasonable time, not exceeding one calendar month, or other-ment:

ment of wise by abating some part of his or her wages, or by discharging wages, or disa such servant, artificer, handicraftsman, miner, collier, keelman, million. pitman, glaslinan, potter, or labourer, from his, her, or their service or employment: and in like manner also it shall and may Justices to be lawful to and for such justice or justices, upon any complaint hear servant's or application, upon oath, by any such servant, artificer, handi- complaints on craftsman, ininer, collier, keelman, pitman, glassman, potter, at or other labourer, against such master, mistress, or employer, touching or concerning any misusage, refusal of necessary provision, cruelty, or other ill-treatinent of, to, or towards such fervant, artificer, handicraftsman, miner, collier, keelman, pitman, glassman, potter, or other labourer, and to summon such master, and to fum. mistress, or employer, to appear before such justice or justices, mon the ma. at a reasonable time to be prefixed in such summons; and such her, justice or justices shall and may exainine into the matter of such complaint, whether such master, mistress, or employer shall appear, or not; proof being made, upon oath, of his or her being duly summoned; and upon proof thereof made, upon oath, to and upon fahis or their satisfaction, to discharge such servant, artificer, handi- tisfactory, craftsman, miner, collier, keelman, pitman, glassman, potter,

or proof, to dis.

any pottery charge the or other labourer, of and from his said service and employment; fervant. which discharge shall be given under the hand and real, or hands and seals, of such justice or justices gratis.

III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,
VOL. XIX,

That

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Justices upon That it shall and may be lawful to and for any two or more fuch complaint of justices, upon any complaint or application by any apprentice certain apprentices,

put out by the parish, or any other apprentice, upon whose binding out no larger a sum than five pounds of lawful British money was paid, touching or concerning any misusage, refusal of necessary provision, cruelty, or other ill-treatment of or towards

such apprentice, by his or her master or mistress, to summon to summon such master or mistress to appear before such justices at a reason

malter, &c. able time to be named in such summons; and such justices shall and upon sa. and may examine into the matter of such complaint; and upon tisfactory : proof thereof made, upon oath, to their satisfaction (whether the proof, to dil master or mistress be present or not, if service of the summons charge the apprentice.

be also, upon oath, proved) the said justices may discharge such apprentice, by warrant or certificate under their hands and seals;

for which warrant or certificate no fees shall be paid. Tuftices voon IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That complaint of it shall and may be lawful to and for such justices, upon applimalters a. cation or complaint made, upon oath, by any master or mistress, gainst ap

against any such apprentice, touching or concerning any misdeprentices,

meanor, miscarriage, or ill-behaviour, in such his or her service and proof up- (which oath such justices are hereby impowered to adminifter) on oath, to hear, examine, and determine the same, and to punish the to punish the offender by commitment to the house of correction, there to reoffender by main and be corrected, and held to hard labour for a reasonable commitment, &c.

time, not exceeding one calendar month, or otherwise by dif

charging such apprentice, in manner and form before mentioned. Persons ag. V. Provided nevertheless, That if any person or persons shall grieved may think himself, herself, or themselves aggrieved by such deter

mination, order, or warrant of sucha justice or justices as aforeException. said (save and except any order of commitment) he, the, or

they may appeal to the next general quarter sessions of the peace to be held for the county, riding, liberty, city, town corporate, or place where such determination or order shall be made; which

said next general quarter sessions is hereby impowered to hear Cofts not to and finally determine the fame, and to give and award such costs exceed 40 s. to any of the respective persons, appellant or respondent, as the

said sessions shall judge reasonable, not exceeding forty shillings; the same to be levied by distress and sale in manner before men

tioned. No writ of " VI. Provided also, and be it further enacted by the authority Certiorari. aforesaid, That no writ of Certiorari, or other process, thall

issue or be issuable to remove any proceedings whatsoever, had in pursuance of this act, into any of his Majesty's courts of re

cord at Westminster. Stannaries not

VII. Provided always, That nothing in this act contained included. shall extend to the stannaries in the counties of Devon and Corn27 Geo.2.c.6. wall..

appeal.

CAP.

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CAP. XX. .
An a&t for relief of such of his Majesty's loyal subjeEts, in

that part of Great Britain called Scotland, whose title
deeds and writings were destroyed or carried off by the

rebels in the late rebellion. W H EREAS a most audacious and wicked rebellion was late

V ly raised and carried on against his Majesty in favour of a popil pretender, and in prosecution thereof many persons assembled in a traiterous and hostile manner, marched into several parts of this kingdom, took poslejsion of several towns, and raised contributions upon the country, and committed many ravages and devastations upon the eftates and effects of his Majesty's faithful subječts, in support of their rebellious insurrection; and in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, proceeded in a malicious, cruel, and barbarous manner, against several of his Majesty's subjects, who distinguished themselves by their zeal and loyalty to his Majesty's person and government at that critical junčture, by destroying or carrying off the rights and securities of their lands and heretages, and by destroying or carrying off their other writs and evidents, the instructions of the payment, and extinction of the debts and incumbrances, affecting their persons and eftates, to the ruin of his Majesty's said loyal subjects, and of their families and posterity, and to the discouragement of the like zeal and loyalty to his Majesty, and his royal successors in future times, unless a proper remedy is provided by authority of parliament; be it therefore enacted, &C.

Persons in Scotland, who continued in their duty to his Majesty, and whose houses were invaded by the rebels, may on or before 1 July, 1750. petition the court of refsion. The court of feffion to intimate the same ; and summon persons interested. Execution of summons to be recorded. The day of compearance elapsed, the court to take probation of the facts. Petitioner's oath to be taken. Original petitioner dying, the oath of his beir to be admitted. Lords of the session, upon proof of the premisles, to decern the extracts of the charters, &c. to be valid as the originals. Court of session to make up the tenor of the dispositions upon which the peti. tioner's infeftments proceeded, &c. Extracts of the charters, &c. autho. rized by the lords of session to be good in law. Persons interested may object to the authorizing the extracts, &c. Claims to his Majesty, or any other persons, preceding 1 August, 1745, against the person or estate of any loyal subjects, whose dwelling-houses were invaded by the rebels, and whole writs were carried off or destroyed, upon which no process has been already commenced, or (hall not be brought on or before the 15th of 'November, 1748, are discharged, unless the claim be proved by the oath of the defendant. Determinations to be recorded. Amended by 21 Geo, 2. 6, 17.

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