India's Ad Hoc Arsenal: Direction Or Drift in Defence Policy?
Arms exports to and military expenditures in developing countries have consistently attracted considerable criticism since the development of upward trends in the 1970s. More recently, the range of people and organizations prepared both to criticize and to act has become broader. Since 1947, and especially since 1962, India has maintained a strong defence sector. During the 1980s, after a decade of unprecedented regional stability following the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, defence procurement and expenditure began to rise steeply. In part this was in response to technical requirements once the economy and foreign exchange reserves began to improve. Yet the scale and rate of defence procurement frequently seemed to be more than and beyond what the nation required for modernization on the one hand and security on the other. Nor did there seem to be any great defence logic in what appeared to be a continuing nuclear weapon programme. In the late 1980s the defence modernization programme fell victim to over-expansion and rising international indebtedness and the defence sector fell into chaos and disarray, from which it will take the country many years to recover. However, the nuclear weapon programme proceeded apace. While this will not present a major crisis for national security planners - India remains relatively secure - it does raise many questions about how defence policy is made and managed and what dynamics are at work. In this study, the author attempts a rigorous and comprehensive analysis of why India buys the weapons it does and what motivates the defence process. The conclusions suggest that the quest for great power status, rather than national security, is uppermost in the mindsof politicians when security decisions are taken and that decisions are taken in a haphazard, ad hoc manner.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
regional security from Aryan times to the present
Defence policy and practice 194762
2 Military expenditure and procurement of sophisticated
the maturing of defence
Indian arms imports 198088
Indias defence sector 198891
the failure of
aeronautics agreement Air Force aircraft armed forces Asian attempt base became Blackett British capability cent China Chinese Committee considerable cost crores debate decision makers defence equipment defence expenditure Defence Minister defence policy defence production defence sector Delhi economic engine export favour fighter foreign policy H. M. Patel Hindu important increased independence India and Pakistan India Today Indian armed forces Indian Army Indian defence Indian Government Indian Navy Indian Ocean indigenous Indira Gandhi industry Jaguar Jammu and Kashmir Janata Jane's Defence Weekly licensed production major Menon ment missile modernization programme naval Nehru non-alignment nuclear weapons option Party period plans plebiscite political potential Prime Minister problems procurement Rajiv Gandhi regional relations role Security Council significant SIPRI South Asia Soviet strategic sub-continent submarines success superpowers tanks threat tion USSR Vijayanta
All Book Search results »