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it in March 1794. She never admitted even handsome, well-made young man of family, for. Tallien, to whom she thought herself both tune and education, became very fashionable in obliged and engaged, but in the presence of all the fashionable societies of the French capital. third person; and she never went out to plays, || He was introduced there as a Danish traveller by walks, or parties, but in the company of some the name of Fredericson ; but was shortly and female friend, or followed by attendants who usually known by the appellation of the beau never lost sight of their mistress. She frequently Regicide: His real and family nanie and tile was protested long before her second marriage, thatCount'de Ribbing, a Swedish nobleman by birth, gra'itude and humanity alone had occasioned her but implicated in the murder of Gustavus III. divorce, and that she believed she should fall as the late King of Sweden. victim to her feelings for the sufferings of others. Shortly after Tallien's departure, the becere ReShe repeatedly complained to her friends and gicide was lodged with his wife, and continued relatives how ilisagreeable Tallien was to her, and with her until 1801, when Bonaparte, having how much resignation it demanded on her part heard of a penchant of Josephine for him, disto unite her destiny with that of such a vile person. I patched to him an order to quit France imme
After her marriage, notwithstanding her in- | | diately, “ as the First Consul could not suffer in vincible repugnance to Tallien, she remained Il bis dominions an assassin of the father of his faithful and irreproachable; but this vain up- | ally, the King of Sweden.” start shewed himself as immoral and indelicate Madame Tallien had promised her father to as cruel and unprincipled. He abandoned a wife obtain a divorce from her present husband as then the pride of perfection and matrimonial soon as he returned from Egypt. A petition lovelines, boasted of the impure society of for a divorce was therefore ready drawn up and courtesans and strumpets, and afterwards vaunted presented to Tallien at her first interview in 1801, before her of his depravity as of glorious achieve accompanied with two living arguments, her two ments Sh: still, however, resisted the incite || sons, of whom she had been delivered during men's of revenge, the gratification of her pas his absence, and of whom she acknowledged sions, the temptations of pleasure, and the allure that the beau Regicide and Co. were the fathers. ments of love, and the pleasing prospect, or | After many complaints, reproaches, oaths, and rather certainty, of being beloved by a gentle- || threats, he at length consented, and in 1802 the inan her equal hy birth and of principles cun daughter of Count Gabartus was still unmarrier genial with her own. At last she happened to with two husbands alive. be acquainted with the loyal and witty, though Madame Tallien is an incredible composition not handsome Count de , who hated her l of virtues and vices; of good qualities and shame. husband as much as she despised him. To bis | ful irregularities. From habit more than from first question, Can a lady of your rank, of your inclination she is, like Madame Bonaparte, one accomplishments, love a moral and political of the most profligate female characters of revomonster such as Tallien ? she answered only | lucionary France. Aboye remorse as well as rewith a significant blush. He took advantage of pentance, she seems to care as little about what her bash tuluess, embarrassment, nay humiliation, ll others say of her as about her own conduct. She and she ceased that day to be a virtuous woman, |is now (1807) in her thirty-sixth year, but does a faithful wife.
not appear to be twenty-five; she curtainly still When once the nice but strong limits which is one of the finest, best formed, and handsomest sep-rate virtue from vice are transgressed, the women of the French capital, though she no longer road ro ruin is sirooth, enticing, esss, and nearly has any great infiuence in the fashionable world. irresistible. In the course of a few weeks she 1 Madame Tallien in 1805, mrried M. de Caentertained as great a contenpe of herself as dis- raman, much against the wishes of the family like of her husban l; but familiarity with de of the latter. She has now three husbands alive, bauchery soon engendered in difference towards besides two children, of whom neither of them morality or even decency. Every gentleman is the father. Hitherto her behaviour, since her whose manners she liked, whose conversation marriage with M. de Caraman, is as irreproachwas agreeable to her, whose figure pleased her, able and prudent as during her first marriage with or whom her fancy adorned with real or imaginary M. de Fontenai, who otten visits' his ci-devant excellencies, wascertainly without much difficulty I wife. She has publicly declared her intention to or long perseverance to be coun. ed among herregain her lost reputation, which she says would favoure! Ilanis. Her favoars an I distinctions always have been preserved had not her first hus. finally became so common that they ceased to be band been a fool and her second a rogue. She eith renviable or desirable,
is now united to a gentleman of sense and ho. Thus was shu situa'ed when in June 1798, nour, to whom she seems sincerely and affee. Tallien sailed for Egypt. Ai that period a tall, // tionately attached.
A DREAM ON THE OCCUPATIONS OF DEPARTED SOULS.
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My conductor assured me, that repeated al. 1, Germans, whom the priests made use of in order tempts had been made to convince him of his li 10 cheat and to frighten the people, causing him, error, and that mirrors had been held before his by a secret machinery to spit fire, though. mere eyes for that purpose, but that he always had log of wood. Her hands were very strong and been violently enraged, shut his eyes, and with misshapen. In the left she carried a telescope, a bludgeon, which he called his argument, had which she, however, could not use, because she broke the mirror, and beat those, who, out of was blind. I observed, nevertheless, that she compassion, attempted to render liim sensible of held it before her face, in order to conceal her his deformity.
want of eyes. In her right hand she held a vessel His dress was exactly like the princely robe of filled with ink, which she threatened to throw at one of those theatrical princes, who, in country the head of those that would not resolve to actowns, frequent the fairs, carrying their whole knowledge her for a goddess. She sat upon a , monarchy along with them on a wheel-barrow. throne, consisting, however, only of an immense It was in many parts torn to such a degree, that bladder, swelled up with air. At her feet lay a it could not entirely conceal his nakedness, which naked woman, whose name I could not learn, defect he had attempted to remedy by pasting up though she seemed to be her mortal enemy. on the holes som o epigrams and heroic odes which The mountebank went up to this idol as often his adherents had composed in celebration of his as he perceived that his ardour and zeal for the merits I have observed that mountebanks of the common good began tu abate. He worshipped common class generally endeavour to render their her as meanly as he demanded to be venerated theatre respectable by pasting against it several hiniself, sacrificing every lime, upon a little altar, bills w.ich inform the multitude of the miracles some leaves of literary compositions, which deservthey have performed, and strive to render their ed to be committed to the flames, merely for not skill respected by producing certificates of kings, having been written by himself. The immediate princes, and nobles, whom they pretend to have effect resulting froin the success of his prayers to cured. But in this the mountebank of whom I ibe idol invariably discovered itself by the frothing am speaking acted upou different principles. His of his mouth, and a learned convulsive motion in stage was covered all over with dedications and his hands, similar to that which in a violent paprefaces, and those parts which were particularly | roxysm seizes envious and quarrelsome authors. exposed to the light of his admirers exhibited his He availed himself nost successfully of such picture in various forms, resembling each other, moments, distributing with additional zeal his however, in being adorned with wreaths of lau learned nostrums among the auditori, recommend. rels, or with a certain glory, which was to repre ing to them the post approved prescriptions of Sent immortality. · Instead of letters patent he || good taste, and enlarging upon the miraculous carried in his hand a pair of large bellows, which and happy effects which these panaceas had prohe always presset together when he spoke of || duced on several of his obsequious patients, who liis patriotism.
had greedily devoured them. I must not amit mentioning one circumstance,
His chief arcanum consisted in a certain kind which enabled me to form some idea of the re- of pills, each dose of which he wrapped in one of ligion of our mountebank. On one side of his the panegyrics which had been composed in praise, stage stood the image of a female idol, wearing a
of his name, and for the benefit of posterity, a crown of quills, resembling the caps of the Indians || practice from which he derived a twofold advanin America. On this cap were insciibed the tage, causing his patients to swallow both his names of several ancient and modern writers, who I pills and his celebrity. I was astoni hed to ob. had been condemned by her to death, because serve the amazing effect which these pills pro. they had refused to worship her as a goddess. | duced. No sooner had they been taken by the Her head, which had noeyes, was of an enormous patient, than he felt violent pangs in his brains, size; but her belly was still larger, exactly re- which continued till nature relieved itself by dissembling that of Püster, an idol of the ancient charging the impurities, not in the common way,
No. XXII. Vol. III.
but through the fingers. What astonished me | derate. We will prosecute your aggressor, and most, was to observe that the patients caught || compel him to make an apology. I can procure these impure etfluvia by a paper, presenting it you, at a trifling expence, as many wjinesses as with a respectful bow to their physician, for ebe you chuse; they shall attest upon oath any thing further diffusion of good taste. They then ob. that you may desire. I'll go immediately and tained his permission to cure others under his procure a warrant. I may be bold to assure you direction. I observed that they frequently were that your law-suit shall be as intricate thirty years more viulent than their chief in their cures, for hence as it is now. I am famous for affording I saw one of then force a considerable number prompt relief to my clients; thank heaven, I am of pills down the throat of a spectator, in order Il not easy to be terrified, and my fingers are remarkto cure him, though much against his inclination, ably indefatigable. But you must not mind of a bad case I forgot to mention that the some expence; for neither myself nor your leader of these petty mountebanks related dread judges will be capable of forming a clear idea of ful adventures concerning his cures. He scorned your case without money. In what consists the to say, “ I bare cured this or that affiicted per cause of litigation ? Draw up a statum cause; son by means of niy pills and powders," pro but let it be as brief as possible; for I am a more testing, lo hive preserved the health of all his tal enemy to all prolixity." countrymen ; and whenever his pills took effect I was astonished at the malignant officiousness of in a patient, he congratulated the whole com- that little garrulous spirit, who constantly kept his munity upon it. But I must not pass over in | eager looks fixed at my pockets, whilst he extolled silence the most remarkable circumstance. Our the justice of my cause. I began already to apmountebunks generally have suspended to their prehend that I should not be able to escape the necks a few strings of teeth, extracted by them, practical hands of my zealous advocate, when I and exhibited as trophies of their skill, My furtunately hit upon an expedient of getting rid readers may easily conclude that our mountebank of him, informing him that I should be happy also must have been decorated with such con to avail myself of his kind offer, if he would envincing proofs of his skill and experience. In deavour to prevail upon some benevolent person stead of teeth there was pending from his neck a llo assist me with a small sum of money, to enable Jarge string of grammatical slips, which he had me to pay the customary fees, my finances being selected and extracted froin the works of great totally exhausted, adding, heaven would reward authors. I could not refrain from laughing aloud him for that charitable deed. “ Heaven reward on discovering that precious ornament, but unfor
me!" exclaimed he, iu a low accent. “ I tunately was detected in the fact by one of those should willingly assist you; but my conscience witry adepts, who eagerly forced his way through does not permit me to engage in a cause mani. the other spirits, and while he pressed towards festly unjust. For heaven's sake, do not go to me, exclaimed,"Stop him! stop him!" law; every thing is against you; I advise you as a attempted to conceal myself among the gazing friend to settle your differences amicably. I shall multitude, but could not escape his lynx-eyes take care not to make myself a parly in your Having seized me by the throat, he roared with || malicious design. You ought to be ashamed to furious officiousness,—“Sir, I beg leave to cure make such an application to an honest and con you! you have a cataraci, a most dangerous ca. scientious lawyer. I am your humble servant." taract! you shall not escape me till you are I was rejoiced to have found out an expedient cured. Submit quickly to the operation, lest I to extricate myself from that vexatious affair; should be compelled to have recourse to force." || but my joy was of a sbort duration. Before I Neither prayers nor menaces could avail; he was aware of it, a soul of a gigantic size rushed threw me on the ground, and I should undoubt- ll out of a thicket, and ran towards me. I was ter. edly have been forced to undergo the most pain rihed, the lonesome situation of the place renful operation, had not my conductor found means dering it very probable that he must have some to deliver me from the talons of my barbarous be sinister design upon nie. I fed without vens nefactor.
turing to look round, and was almost dead with Whilst I was yet petrified, as it were, with terror when I felt that he had seized me by the terror, a shade, who had observed these violent hair. I turned round to tell my pursuer that I proceedings at some distance, came running to. | had not a shilling in my pocket. Conceive my wards me, out of breath, exclajming :-“ Dear | astonishment, when he bowed with looks of proSir, indict him for an assault ! avail yourself of found humility, without, however, withdrawing the protection of the law! You have it in your his hand from my hair, and said:power to pay the fees; I can clearly see that ||
Mæcenas kind, permit my timid muse you have justice on your side. P'll serve you with Tolay her humble strains with trembling hands pleasure. My charges will be extremely mo- || And reverential awe
I have not a farthing in my pocket, was my || At length one of them was thrown to the ground reply. Upon this he quitted me abruptly, cast with astonishing violence. His conqueror seemed ing a look of profound contempt at me. I saw to have justice on his side: for his patriotism and him fiy to a large troop of lille spirits, who were zeal for the sciences urged him to beat his an. tunning after a very corpulent soul, by whose tagonist most unmercifully. They were both splendid attire I could easily conclude upon his covered with mud, and raised such an impegreat merits and eminent talents. Their cries netrable cloud of dust, that I was not capable of were so confused that I could not at first guess! seeing them any longer; therefore I directed my the ineaning of it.
attention to the by-standers, who seemed to be Venturing to step nearer, I could plainly dis- differently interested in this literary contest. tinguish the words, altars, ornament to the Some were so wanton as to encourage these country, admiration of the age and of posterity, furious defenders of truth to continue their criti. immortality, and more than an hundred fine cal investigations with additional ardour, and things of a similar tenor, each of which, on an whenever a violent blow was applied, signified average, was at least worth half a guinea. [ their applause by the most thoughtless plaudits. imagined to know a clear voice that I distin- | Nay, I even observed that some of them Aung guished from the rest, which, in order to render! money to the combatanis, which encreased the wishes which it expressed the more affecting fury to a most surprizing degree. Some of the and impressive, cried, every third word-Ah! oh! Spectators laughed; and these appeared to me It was highly diverting to observe how eagerly | the most impartial of all, because they cunsidered these little spirits ran after the hero who was the the boxers as fools. Others strove to part the object of their praise, and, as I could plainly see, combatants; but their exertions were fruitless, was visibly puffed up by the profusion of incense and some of these even received severe blows in that was offered by his admirers, manifesting by
the heat of the contest, in return for their humane his haughty looks that he presumed he was not
intentions. unworthy of their panegyrics. At length he Most of the spectators took an active part in condescended to take notice of his clients, and | this confusion, and the contest threatened to bestopped, turning himself towards them. This come general. One beat the other in the face encreased their clamour. The little souls crowd. without knowing him, or being able to assign a ed towards him, every one being eager to be the cause for these acts of violence. Several persons first. They all raised their open hands, casting who had hitherto remained quiet, and whose wishful looks at the patriotic purse of their dear presence had not been noticed, needlessly quitted patron, who proved his generosity by distributing their station, and mingled in the contest, for na a large sum to appease the cravings of their || other purpose than to render themselves constomachs, I asked one of them who had distin-spicuous, and seemed to be highly delighted guished himself from the rest by the loudness of when they saw that they also became objects of his panegyrics, who that celebrated and virtuous ! laughter. man was? what he had done for the good of his The iwo combatants, who had caused these country and what rendered him deserving of disturbances, at length grew tired of the contest. such extraordinary panegyrics? “I do not They parted, and I ventured to ask the conknow," replied he coolly; “ however, he cele. I queror, who had so palpably convinced his' anbrates to-day his birth-day !"
tagonist of his superior food taste, what had Two souls, who I at first took for draymen, ll occasioned their furious combat? I suppose, said but who, as my conductor informed me, in their || I to him, you stood up as a protector of the real life had been critics, ani famous for their as- welfare of your country, and defended a truth on tonishing learning, caused an uncommon con. || which depends the happiness of thousands : course before the town-gate, where at certain Surely you must have stood up'in defence of the times the wrestlers and boxers exhibited their temporal or eternal happiness of your fellow. pugilistic talents to the admiration of the po- l citizens, as you risked the loss of your fame and pulace. They had seized one another by the honour? “It was something of higher import. hair in the most furious manner, and exerted | ance," replied he, “I do not care for such trifles. themselves to the utmost of their power to throw i Consider only, dear Sir, consider that madman, each other down. Their contest was remarkable, that monster, that literary villain, that " and the victory uncertain, on account of their “ But tell nie in what consists the villany which being an equal match. I could not obtain the that monster has committed ?". " It is too least intelligence of the primary cause of their || shocking to be mentioned," replied he; “ mon. mutual fury; all that I could hear consisted of strous beyond belief. Turnus-my hair scanda the most abusive language, surpassing even the erect when I think of it. Consider only, that doquence of the arst-rate Billingsgate orators. | bardened villain maintains that Turnus had blue eyes. 1, Sir, why have been a celebrated critici ridiculous; for, thank heaven! the critics of our these two hundred years, I have proved to him, li time proceed in a manner widely different. They by a passage from Virgil, that Turnus had black investigate literary truth without the least heat, eyes. He has dared to conıradict me, neverthe infatuation, or prejudice. They are modest in less, though he was a pupil of mine!. Have you the midst of erudite contests; abandoning their ever heard of a similar act of audacity ?"
assertions, as soon as they are convinced of having I cannot express how rejoiced I was on hearing || been misled by error, and rejoice at being renthis, as I now clearly conceived that the world | dered sensible of it. Thus laudable is the conwould not have sustained any material injury | duct of the critics of our enlightened and refined though my critical hero should have been de. ll age. In former times they acted upon different feated, and I was glad to see that two critics of principles. the last two centuries had rendered themselves
(To be concluded in our next.)
ESSAY ON POLITENESS OF MANNERS.
(Concluded from Page 35.]
It is a great step towards appearing to ado! What Rochefoucault calls gallantry of mind, vantage in the world to have no gross vices or which consists in saying flattering things in an defects to conceal. Without our perceiving it, I agreeable manner, I should term grace in speech; the passions leave deep traces behind in the the softness of the sentiment ought to be comcountenance, and what is called a happy physi. pensated in the expression by something sharp, ognomy, is nothing but the expression of a tran that may prevent insipidity; for self-love in quil mind, gently agitated by commendable pro. general resembles Tiberius, of whom Tacitus says, pensities. Accordingly, the same writer who had |that “ he hated liberty, and was not fond of so acutely observed so many characters, remarks adulationt." that, “good grace is to the body, what good It is possible to avoid shewing personal insense is to the mind."
terest, but self-love is a shameless creditor, It is this good sense that prevents extravagance, which demands without mercy and without thoughtlessness, and inconsistency; that makes measure. each perfect in his part, causes him to note the In the details of life, as in business, a great adaptations of places, persons, and situations, number of unpleasant circumstances are conand to mark the different shades of fainiliarity, tinually occurring, which are occasioned by no. consideration, or respect, the gradations of which thing but trivi i neglects, of which we are not form that art of living, that knowledge of the aware. Small fractions omitted in our discounts world, which we term politenesst.
with the self-love of others, are frequently proThis refined notion of the decencies of life, ductive of very great errors in the calculation of aniinated with the degree of expression suitable
e degree of expression suitable || our hopes. * to each, constitutes precisely what I call grace in We have not satisfied all the claims of the manners, which conveys to each individual, and
world, though we may have paid our play-debts, in a pleasing way; the sentiments we entertain for him.
I This I take to be the meaning of the ex.
pression of Horace, molle atque facetum, which * La Rochefoucault, Max. 67.
has been expl ined in so many different ways by f The Duke d'Epernon, notorious for his translators, and by which he justly characterizes pride, which he carried even to madness, was re the peculiar style of Virgil. This, I hink, turning one day to Saint Germain in company ought to be rendered delicate and piquant. It is with Munsieur, the brother of Louis XIII. The nothing but grace that combines what tour hes King had gone out, and the guard was in front the heart and pleases the understanding; and in of the palace. On perceiving Monsieur's car truth Virgil is by way of eminence the poet of riages they ran to arms, and the drums began to the graces, ever tender, ever pure, ever animated; beat. “Beat away," cried the Duke d'Epernon, | the heart is incessan ly affected by the sentiments, putting his head out of the window,“ here I ll the images, nay even by the musical mechanism am !" This want of sense was so excessive as l of his rhyme. The understanding is sarisfied by to eclipse the impertinence, and the whim the highly finished execution, and the judgment afforded a good deal of amusement to Monsieur and the taste alike find only subjects of com. and the whole court,