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A STATISTICAL SURVEY OF PRUSSIA IN SEPTEMBER, 1806.

FROM THE LATEST AND BEST AUTHORITIES.

Grand Divisions.

Areas in German

Square Miles.
|(15 to a degree.)

| Nurnber of

Inhabitants
Population. fon each Ger

man square
mile.

1,301

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29

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MONARCHY OF PRUSSIA..

5,647

9,851,000 1,744 4. KINGDOM OF PRUSSIA...

3,153

4,104,000 a. Old East Prussia

704

990,000 1,406 b. New East Prussia.

877,000 958 c. West Prussia,

576

817,000 d. South Prussia

958 1,420,000 1,489 B, Ducur OF SILESIA

730 2,047.000 2,822 a. Lower Silesia .........

411 1,202,061

2,924 h. Upper Silesia

249 601,128 2,414 c. Glatz .......

101,919 3,514 d. New Silesia .......

71,826 1,751 IC. PgovinCES IN GERMANY...

1751 3,653,000 2,085 4. In Upper Saxony........

1,167 1,853,000 1,587 1. The Electoral March..

452 8,530,000 1,974 2. The New March

2061 324,000 1,572 3. Pomerania ......

518,000 1,180 4. Erfurt, Eilhsfeld, Muhl.

481

158,000 hausen and Nordhausen

3,260 6. IN LOWER SAXONY.........

187 581,000 3,106
1. Magdeburg and Mansfeld..

108
320,000

2,941
2. Halberstadt.........

101,000 9,708 3. Hohenstein ...........

26,000 3,058 4. Quedlinburg .......

14,000 6,800 5. Hildesheim and Goslar...

120,000 3,000 IN WESTPHALIA........

275 726,000 2,594 1. Kleve and Elten.........

203 54,000 2,654 2. Mark, Essen, and Werden

51

148,000 2,902 3. Minden ...........

18! 70,363 3,803 4. Ravensberg...........

161 89,938 5,506 5. Lingen and Teklenburg.

13

46,000 3,538 6. Ostfriesland (Frisia) .....

561 119,562 2,108 7. Munster and Pappenberg ..

49

99,040 2,020 8. Paderborn .......

50

98,407 1,969 d. IN FRANCONIA ......

493,000 1. Anspach .....

62 270,000 2. Bayreuch,

571 225,000 . ID. NEUFCHATEL AND VALENGIN.

47,900 2,902 Chief Towns, and their Population. -Berlin, 178,308-Warschau, 74,591--Breslau, 60,950 Konigsberg, 60,000-Dantzig, 46,213-Magdeburg, 37,451-Potsdam, 26,980-Stettin, 22,895 Posen, 21,473-Hille, 21,350_Elbing, 18,805–Erfurt, 17,684-Frankfurt, (on the Oder) 17,591 Anspach, 13,928-Hilberstadt, 13,816-Munster, 19,000-Hilde;hiem, 12,400—Furth, 12,338 Brandenburg, 12,154-Quedlinburg, 11,500-Enden, 10,743-Bayreuth, 10,000.

Note 1. In 1805, the remaining part of the Duchy of Cleve, the Principalities of Neufchatel and Valengin, of Anspach and Bayreuth, were ceded to France; in lieu of which the Hanoverian Countries (about 700 German square miles, and one million and one hundred thousand Inhabitanis) were disposed of by Napoleon in favour of the King of Prussia.

Note 2. Deducting the former from and adding the latter to the sum total at the top of the. above Survey, the Prussian Monarchy contained in September, 1876, 6,191 German square miles, and 10,365,100 Inhabitants, Public Revenue 38-40 Millions of Rix dollars, or 60 Millions of Florins.

120

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LOSSES OF PRUSSIA. "

ST TYE PEACE OF TILSIT, SIGNED ON THE 9TH OF JUNE, 1807, THE KING OF PRUSSIA IS OBLIGED

TO GIVE UP THE FOLLOWING PROVINCES.

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D. IN WESTPHALIA. Ja. Mark, Essen, and Werden. 16. Minden........... Jc. Ravensberg ........... d. Lingen and Teklenburg

18 e. Ostfriesland (Frisia)....

56 |f. Munster and Pappenberg ...... 49 g. Paderborn ........*** E. ELECTORATE OF HANover.... 700

Loss total..13,723

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Note 2. During the time of the 30 years war, the whole Army of the House of Brandenburg consisted of no more than 2000 men; and Gustavus Adolphus, with only 3000 men, forced the Elector George Wilhelm to fight for the Liberty of Germany.

Note S. Lo the seven years war, Frederick the Great gloriously resisted the united efforts of France, Austria, Russia, &c. and raised Prussia to the highest pitch of glory, to the very first leading Power in Europe.

Note 4. At the beginning of the present century Frederick Wilhelm, at the head of an army of upwards of 250,000 maen, ranked with the very first Powers of Europe; in the year 1807, in the short space of seven months, this very army is entirely annihilated, and the Kingdom of Prussia degraded to the lowest state of political insignificancy.

Note 5. Frederick the Great, on his accession, found a treasure of eight million 700,000 dollars; which he increased to the astonishing sum of sixty millions.

Note 6. After the Peace of Tilsit, the remaining part of the dilapidater Prussian Monarchy is left in a most ruinous condition, ready to sink under a load of enormous debts, and reduced to poperty and general distress.

• After a second examination of the several Articles of the Peace at Tilsit, the Author of this Sarvey is sensible of having committed an error: the greatest part of West Prussia and the Nels District, remains a Prussian Province; of course it is to be deducted again from the sum total of the loss at the bottom of this table. The exact area cannot accurately be ascertained at present.

THE CRIMINAL.

(Concluded from Puge 71.]

The deeds of this man in a short time spread || mankind and turned its terrible edge against him. alarm through the whole province. The high- | self. He forgave all nature, and found nobody ways were rendered unsafe; frequent house to curse but himself alone. breaking by night destressed the citizen; the Vice had accomplished its lesson on the un. name of the landlord of the sun became the terror happy wretch; his sound natural judgment at of the coun'ry people ; justice made strict search Il last triumphed over the sad deception. Now he for hiin, and set a reward on his head. He was felt how low he was fallen; a more settled me. fortunate enough o frustrate every atteinpt on || lancholy succeeded in the place of wild despair. his liberty, and sufficienily artful to avail himself | He wished with tears to recal the past, for be was of the fears of 'he superstitious persant for his now positive, that he would lead quite a different own safety. His associat s had spread a rumour, life. He began to hope that he night still be that he was a sorcerer, and had made a league || honest, because he felt he could be su. At the with the devil. The district in which he played highest pitch of his iniquity he was perhaps his part, was still less then, than at the present nearer the good, than he was before his first transday, to be accounted among the civilized in |gression. Germany. The report was credited, and his Just about this time the seven years war broke person protected. Nobody seemed iuclined to out, and the recruiting was carried on with great engage with the dangerous fellow whom the spirit. From this circumstance the unhappy devil patronized.

wretch entertained hopes, and wrote a letter to He had now followed this unhappy line of life his sovereign, an extract of which I shall here a year, when it began to grow insupportable to insert. him. The band, at whose head he had placed “If your princely favour does not shrink back himself, had not fulálled his brilliant expectation at the idea of descending to me, if offenders of Overpowered with wine, he had then suffered my nation do not lie beyond the limits of your himself to be won by a dazzling outside, now he mercy, grant me, I beseech you, most gracious discovered with horror how abominably he had sovereign, a hearing. I am a murderer and a been deceived. Hunger and want succeeded in thief. The law has condemned me to death, the place of that superfluity with which they had justice pursues me; and I offer to present myself inveigled him; very often was he compelled to risk voluntarily, but at the same tiine I lay before you his own life for a single meal, and even that was a strange supplication. I detest life, and fear not barely sufficient to keep soul and body together. to die, but awful to me are the thoughts of death

The shadow of that brotherly harmony vanish. without having lived. I would wish to live, in ed. Envy, suspicion, and jealousy kept this in order to compensate for a part of the past ; I fernal band in perpetual dissention. Justice had would wish to live, in order to conciliate myself offered a reward to any one, who would deliver | with the state, which I have injured. My exehim up alive, and should he be an accomplice, a cution will proveon example for the world, but solemn promise of pardon besides--a powerful no recompense for my crimes. I have an abhor. inducement for the dregs of mankind. The in rence for vice, and feel an ardent desire for virtue, tegrity of those who had betrayed both God and I have displayed abilities, which have rendered min was but a poor security for his life. Sleep || me the terror of my country, I hope I still retain from this moment fled bis eye-lids ; constant fear some to be useful to it. of death preyed upon his rest; the ghast!y spectre “I am conscious that I require what is unof suspicion haunted hiin wherever be tied ; tor precedented. My life is forfeited, it does not tured hiin, when awake; couched on his pillow, become me to enter on stipulations with justice, when he went to sleep; and terrified him in | But I do not appear before you in fetters and horrid dreams. His conscience, which long had chains,still I am free-and my fear has the been dumb, at the same time regained the power smallest share in my prayer. of speech, and the canker-worm of repentance, “It is mercy for wbich I entreat you. A claim which had been asleep, awoke at this general Il on justice, if I even had one, I. would not perstorin in his breast. All his hatred fell now from suine to adduce. However, I may still be allowed to remind my judges of one circumstance. ll of news, and was particularly fond of talking The era of my crimes commences with the | politics over a bottle. The passport informed sentence which for ever deprived me of honour. him, that the bearer came direcily from the Had equity been then less denied me, I should enemy's country, where the theatre of the war now perhaps have no need of mercy.

then was. He hoped to draw from the stranger « Let mercy take place of law, my sovereign. I some private information, and sent back a secreIt is in your gracious power to dispense vith the l tary with the passport, to invite him to drink a laws in my behalf; confer upon me my life. It | glass of wine with him. shall from the present moment be devo:ed to | Meanwhile the landlord stopped before the your service. If you can, lee me know your inos! || justices; the ludicrous spectacle had attracted gracious will from the public papers, and I shall || the notice of the mob, and assembled them in on your princely word present myself in the capi- || flocks about him. A general murmur arises, tal. If you have determined oth-rwise with me, they point alternately at the steed and rider, till let justice do its duty, I must do mine."

at last the wantonness of the people ended in This petition remained unanswered, as like downright riot. The horse at which every one wise a second and a third, in which the suppli pointed, unfortunately happened to be a stoien cant begged for the place of a dragoon in the lone; he imagined that the horse had been adprince's service.--His hope of a pardon totally | vertised and was known. The unexpected hos. extinguished, he formed therefore the resolution Il pitality of the justice confirms him in his susof flying out of the country, and of dying as a picions. Now he is fully persuaded that the gallant soldier in the service of the king of Prussia imposture of his passport is detected, and that

He escaped happily from his band, and began the invitation is only a snare to citch him alive his journey. The way led hini through a small and without resistance. A bad conscience makes country town, where he meant to pass the night. | him a biockheail; he puts spurs to his borse, A short time before, stricter mandates had been and gallops off without returning an answer. issued throughout the whole country for the This sudden Aight is the signal for pursuit. vigorous examination of travellers, because the A general hue and cry is raised, “ stop thi-f!" sovereign, prince of the empire, had taken part and every one fled after him. The life and de th in the war. Such orders had also been enjoined of !he rider is at stake, he has already got the to the examiner of this town, who was sitting on start of his pursuers, they pant brrainless after a bench before the gate as the landlord of the Sunl him, he is near his delivery ---but a heavy hand rode up to it. The equipage of this man exhi- || presses invisibly against him, the hour of his fate bited something comis, and at the same time is ran, the inexorable Nemesis detains her debtor, frightful and wild. The Rosinante on which hel The street to which he had trusted himself has Tude, and the hurlesque choice of his garments, ll no outlet; he is obliged to turn upon his purwhere his taste had probably been less consulted l suers. than the chronology of his robberies, made a The noise of this affair, in the mean time, had wonderful contrast with a face on which was dis- || put the whole town in commotion, crowds gather played so many violent affections, like mangled on crowds, every sireet is barricadoed, a host of carcases on a field of batile. The examiner | foes advance against him. He takes out a pistol, stopped short at the sight of this strange wanderer. the populace fall back; he determines to open He had grown gray at the gate, and a forty years himself a way by force through the crowd. “I'll experience had rendered him an infallible physi- ' blow out that man's brains," cries he,“ who is ognomist for all vagabonds. The keen eye ofl fool-hardy enough to stop me.” Fear commands the scrutinizing interrogator did not even here a general pause;-a resolute journeymun smith mistake his man. Heimmediately shut the gate, ll at last lays hold of his arm from behind, seizes and laying bold of the reins, demanded of the the finger with which, frantic with despair, he rider his passport. Wolf was prepared for some was just going to draw the trigger, and thrust thing of this kind, and carried really a passport it out of joint. The pistol fulls, the defenceless with him, which he had lately taken from a wretch is torn from his horse, and dragged back merchant, whom he had robbed. But this single || in triumph to the justices. testimony was not sufficient to remove suspicions ll “Who are you, fel ow?” asked the judge in confirmed by a forty years experience, or to pro l a somewhat harsh tone of voice. voke the oracle at the gate to a revocation. The “A man who is resolved to answer no ques. examiner credited his own eyes more than this il tions, until they are more civilly asked." paper, and Wolf was compelled to follow him to “ Who are you then?” the justice,

“For what I passed myself. I have travelled • The justice of the place examined the pas port through Germany, but such rude impertinence as and declared it to be good. He was a great lover | I have met with here is to be found no where."

" Your basty Aight renders you very suspicious. l " Then you run the danger of being whipped Why did you fly?"

over the frontiers as a vagrant, or if they deal “Because I was weary of being the laughing. 1 graciously with yon, they will force you to enlist.” stock of your populace.”

He was for some moments silent, and appeared * “ You threatened to fire on them." . to have a severe conflict with himself; then he

“ My pistol was not loa led, you may examine turned boldly towards the judge. it, you will find no ball in it." .

“Can I be a quarter of an hour alone with . “Why do you carry secret weapons with you?" | you" ' " Because I liave thing of value with me, and The jury looked at one another in a doubtful because I have been warned of a certain landlord manner, but retired on a commanding wink front of the Sun, who is said to infest this part of the their superior, country."

"Now what is your request ?” “ Your answers say a great deal for your bold. "Your behaviour of yesterday, Sir, would never ness, but nothing for your exculpation. I allow have brought me to a confession, for I set force you till to-morrow to tell me the truth.”

at defiance. The delicacy with which you have "I will remain by the answers I have given." treated me this day has inspired me with confi« Lead him to the tower."

dence and respect towards you. I believe that - "To the tower?- your worship, I hope there || you are a man of honour." is still justice in the land. I shall require satis “What have you to say to me?" faction."

" I see that you are a man of hunour, I have "I shall give it you as soon as you can justify long wished for such a man as you. Allow me yourself."

l your right hand." • The next morning the justice considered that “What is the use of all this?" the stranger right perhaps be innocent, that the “ Thy head is grey and reverend, you have authoritative manner of speaking would have but lived long in the world, have had perhaps sorrows little infuence on his obstinacy, and ibat it would enough of your own-is it not s..? and are bebe better to treat him with decency and modera- || come more inclined to pity the misery of your tion. He assembled the jury of the place, and fellow.creatures ?" . ordered the prisoner to be brought before them. “ Sir, what is the meaning of this ?" - « Pardon me, Sir, if in the first moment of my “You are now on the brink of eternity, soon passion 1 yesterday spoke a little harshly to you." || will you yourself stand in need of mercy from

( With pleasure, if you address me in this God; you will not refuse it to men--have you manner."

| no idea of what I am going to say? With whom • “Our laws are severe, and your affair made a | do you suppose you speak ?" noise, I cannot set you at liberty withont in “ What is all this? you frighten me." fringing my duty. Appearances are against you, ll “ Have you still no ilea.-Write to your I wish you could say something to me by which ! prince in what state you found me, and that I they might be confuted.”

was myself from free choice my betrayer; may « Bur if I knew nothing?"

God hereafter be merciful to him as he will pre· * Then I must state the case to governinent, l' sently be to me; entreat his pity in my behalf, and you remain so long in custody."

father, and let a tear fall on your report. I am “And then”

the landlord of the Sun,"

THE WAY TO BECOME A MARSHAL."

A TRUE STORY.

The state numbered the Count Von B feared and esteemed, before whom he fled, and ainong the most meritorious of its members Hell whom he, nevertheless, loved. The same man was equally respected by the court and his fellow- || who in the field-fought with lion-like courage, ci'iz iis in general. In a long and eventful war, || who smiled with urdaunted brow at wounds and in which two civilized nations not only disregarded | danger, was always a mild conqueror after the at times all th- principles of civilization but even battle; he maintained the most rigid discipline, of humanity itself, he risked for his country his attacking none but armed warriors, and protecting life, his property, and all that he possessed. He the citizen and the peasant. This magnanimity was the only general whom the enemy alike" often rendered the short interval of repose after a

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