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In order to form a clear idea of the business | the least injury from the fort was fully proved in transacted at Elsinore, you must repair to the || 1801, when none of the British, except the headbridge, which is constantly filled with merchants, li most, returned the fire. clerks, and boatinen, on the look out for every | The palace of Marienlyst, belonging to the Rew arrival. The alacrity prevalent here is Prince Royal, but never occupied by him, stands wonderful. The moment a vessel is discernible in the suburbs. It is built on a steep hill, interthe boatmen put off, contending with each other sected with winding roads which reach the sumwho shall first reach the ship; but they often mit, and are neatly laid out in terraces ; on une labour in vain, when the captain chuses to go we took our seat. ashore in his own boat. On his arrival at the As it is usual in times of peace for English shije bridge there is as much contention among the to pass singly, or in small divisions, we could not merchants to welcome him, and to entreat the expect to be gratihed with a repetition of the management of his affairs, should he not be re magnificent spectacle of four or five hundred kommended to any particular house.
vessels going through the Sound at the same It was very much our wish to have taken al moment, however, we indulged the picture in survey of Cronborg; but the late orders were so miniature; fortunately, about thiriy sail from strict that it was impossible to get access to the the North Sea were then coming in sight. We castle. We were therefore obliged to content || soon distinguished a ship of war among them, ourselves with admiring its noble gothic turrets, which particularly drew our attention, as we knew towering above the fortifications. A traveller, she could not be English. With the help of a who visited this fort in 1793, informs us, he found | spy-glass I discovered her to be the Naiad of the sentry boxes lying upon the ground, and the thirty-six guns, from her peculiar construction. soldiers asleep in them; at the same time he ob- | This frigate was the first ship built, in 1796, on serves, that he could easily take it with two sail the plan of the ingenious Captain Hohlenberg, of the line and five hundred determined men; who may very deservedly be called the restorer but I will venture to aver, that the outside of the of our navy. Her stern, in particular, differs fortification is so formidable that the gentleman from all others, having neither cabin windows who made this assertion would now be as little mor quarter galleries. There are merely two able to take the fort as we are to prevent a Aleet port holes abaft, glazed, to admit light. Ships of from passing the Sound; the breadth of which, ll war should be planned for utility, not for the as measured at the instance of the Royal Society accommodation of large parties, of Sciences at Copenhagen, in the year 1796, is
[To be continued.) about four miles. That ships may pass without ||
FAMILIAR LECTURES ON USEFUL SCIENCES.
ADJUDICATION OF PRIZES,
WITH A PROPOSED NEW QUESTION BY
The Imperial Academy of Sciences had, in 11 learned, who might have similar pursuits, that their last public notice, proposed the prize of five | they contented themselves with stating the subhundred roubles, to be given to any professor of lject generally, leaving them at liberty to consider physic, who would establish and communicate to the question in any point of view, that might the academy, “ a series of new and instructive appear the best calculated to elucidate the access experiments, on light considered as matter, also |to a question so difficult. on the properties which may in part be attributed | The academy has received, within the preto it, on the affinities which it may appear to scribed time, six tracts on the question, each have, either to organized, or unorganized bodies, ll having a note sealed and a moito, viz. and upon the modification and phenomena of 1 No. 1. In the Russian language, with the these substances by their combination with the motto “ A philosopher who has learned to doubt, matter of light." The academy had declared at knows more than all the learned, go." the same time, that in order not to confine thell X 2
No. 2. In the Russian language, “ Tine is the 11 On opening two of the sealed notes, Doctor earliest thing in nature, &c.”
Henry Frederick Link, professor of physic at the No. 3. In Latin, “ Est-ne color proprius retum, university of Rostock, was found to be the author lucisne repulsus eludunt aciem ?"
of No.5; and Mr. Placidus Heinrich, professor No. 4. In French, “ Nox abüt nec tamen orta of physic and mathematics, to the Abbey de St. dies!"
Emerau, at Ratisbon, the author of No. 6. The No. 5. In German, “ Ut noscas splendore novo | notes of the remaining tracts were burnt without res semper egere, et primum jactum, &c."
being opened.. No. 6. In German, “ La physique ne sera When the academy had made public the veritablement une science, que lorsque tous les effets notice, in which the marine department proposed naturels se deduiront clairement d'un seul et meme a prize on the question concerning tlie resistance principe evidement démontré."
of fluids; they had engaged to publish also the The three first tracis, No. 1, 2, 3, beside the judgment which that department, in conjunction common fault of wanting new experiments, a V with the academy, should make on the memoirs complete and instructive series of which was re presented conformably to this engagement, the quired by the academical notice, contained hypo | acarlenıy announce, by the present, the receipt thesis and propositions, either well known, of these memoirs, viz. erroneous, or ill expressed, and advanced with No. 1. With the motto, “ Sit modus lasso out demonstration. For these reasons, the maris et viarum militiaeque.” academy did not think these tracts could aspire No. 2. “ Praestat natura vosce doceri, quam to the prize.
ingenio suo sapere.” The tract No. 4, is not without merit, the No. 3. “ England and France agree.” author enters upon several interesting questions ('The last of which came after the lime), none concerning the nature of light, in a manner were found to satisfy all the conditions of the that readily convinces us he is not a stranger to problems; but as the tracı No.2, exhibits a new the subject; but the deficiency of connexion theory, which though not established on grounds and of systematic arrangement which is per sufficiently solid, nor applied to naval architecture, ceived in the tract, and above all the absolute in the inanner the notice required, yet is preferwant of new experiments, which might lead to able, in some measure, to the theories of Vome new results, or serve as a support to a number of and of Don George Juan; agrees better with exhypothesis advanced by the author, and destitute periments than the common theories, and deof every species of demonstration, would not serves therefore to be noticed advantageously; the permit the academy to adjudge the prize to this marine department to recompence the author memoir even had there been none of greater for his trouble and laudable efforts, have decreed merit.
to him the prize of one hundred Dutch ducats, As to the last pieces, No. 5 and 1, the academy and the academy have given their sanction to has found them worthy of particular attention. this decision; the opening of the sealed note, From the report of the committee appointed to discovered the author in the person of Mr. declare the best qualified perforınance.
Zacarie Nordmark, professor of mathematics in These essays (No. 5 and 6), are agreeable to the principal condition stated in the notice, In publishing these judgments, and distribuinasmuch as they contain a great number of new tion of prizes for the year 1806, the academy experiments on the effects and properties of proposes the following question for the present light, and a judicious application of those, which
year, 1807 : though already known, were repeated whenever Chymistry teaches us the means of disthey appeared to the author doubtful. Both covering the noxious qualities of mineral pieces are executed upon a plan wisely conceived, | bodies, whereas it is only by empiricism, that expressed with clearness, and arranged in a suffi we have learned to distinguish venomous plants ciently systematic order. On the other hand, in l from those that are not so: even the characterise each were found some incoherent and contradic- tics, by which we think ourselves enabled to detory conclusions, as also propositions hazarded termine of the presence or absence of venom in without sufficient proof, besides some errors, and ) vegetables, are not always sufficiently certain and obsure passages. But as these imperfections were incontestable. overbalanced by researches of great merit, the 1 The livid colour, for example, which has academy without acceding to every assertion of rendered many plants suspected, is a deceiving the authors, have nevertheless thought it their sign. The bur (Arctium Lappa), looks dall, duty to divide the prize between the authors of land is of a pale colour, yet is a wholesome plant ; Nos, 5 and 6, thinking them worthy of encourage on the contrary, the laurel (Daphine), is remark. ment and honourable reward.
able for the beauty of its flowers and leaves, yet this is venomous. The families of ranunculus || or thing that might produce changes in them, and anemone are as beautiful as they are nu which (like the black colour assumed by mushmerous, they are, however, for che greater part rooms when they are boiling), might indicate their noxious,
noxious qualities, though the criterion of veThe same may be said of the disagreeable nomous mushrooms is not yet sufficiently estasmell of plants, which is taken for a diagnostick blished. of the poisonous quality, and which sign is! An easy method is therefore required by equally uncertain with the preceding.
which any individual, not having the least The colour of the laurel is very agreeable, knowledge of botany, may defect venomous while the orache, chenopodium vulraria), and plants in a short time, at a small expence, and innocent and even salutary plant, is of a very i manner perfectly decisive. disagreeable smell; the odour of the coriander is | The prize is one hundred Dutch ducats, and disagreeable to many persons, yet of a very salu- the precise lime, after which no memuir can be tary pature.
admitted to the competition, is the 1st of July, The umbellifluous plants, which grow in damp | 1808. and inundated situations, have the reputation The academy invites the learned of all nations, of being poisonous ; notwithstanding this, the | without excluding its honorary members and sium (le berle), and all its species, the sison in correspondents, to investigate this marter; there undatum et salsur, the phellandrium aqualicum, are none but those academicians who are called the angelica sylvestris, the aegopodium podagra- to exercise the functions of judges, who it is ria, plants which thrive in marshes, contain no thought ought to be excluded. poison. It is plain, therefore, that neither the The learned who contend for the prize are not pale colour, disagreeable smeil, or growth in to put their names to their works, but merely a marshy places, can furnish us with certain and sentence, or moito, with sealed notes added to indisputable signs of the presence of venom in them, which will have the same motto outside, plants,
and the author's namé, quality, and place of re. The pretended repugnance of animals to per- sidence inside. The note of the piece which is nicious plants, is evidently as little infallible; determined to the prize shall be opened, and the the division of plants made by botanists into rest shall be burnt unopened. classes, orders, and families, according to their The tracts should be written in legible chanature, is not more efficient in recognizing those racters, either in Russian, French, English, Ger. that are venomous; to be convinced of this we | man, or Latin, and must be addressed to the have only to observe, that among the principal permanent secretary of the academy, who shall genus of the night shade, so suspected, is found deliver to the person appointed by the author, a the potatoe, (colanum tuberasum), and also capsi- || receipt marked with the same number and motto cum, (le piment des jardins) which has the virtue which was inscribed on the piece. of exciting and destroying the pernicious principle The successful memoir is to be the property of in the narcotic plants.
the academy; and, without whose formal pennisIn consequence of this want of an exterior | sion, the author shall not print it. and natural certain sign, by which venomous The rest of the tracts may be received back plants might be immediately detected, it would from the secretary, who will deliver them at St. be desirable to find out some easy method of ex- || Petersburgh to any person commissioned by the amiuing them ; such for instance as an eudiometre, ll author to apply for them.
ODE TO LUDLOW CASTLE.
O'er Teme's luxuriant vale,
11 Beneath thy frowning shade,
In secret ward were laid.
While fierce in martial state,
Burst from the thundering gate.
In happier times, how brightly blazed
|| Hedreaint of his house, of his dear native bowers, The hearth with ponderous billets raised,
· And pleasure that waited on life's merry morn, How rung the vaulted halls,
While Memory stood sideways, half covered with When smoaked the feast, when care was drown'd,
flowers, When songs and social gleo went round,
And restored every rose, but secreted its thorn. Where now the ivy crawls.
Then Fancy her magical pinions spread wide, 'Tis past! the marcher's princely court,
And bade the young dreamer in ecstacy rise; The strength of war, the gay resort,
Now far, far behind him the green waters glide, In mouldering silence sleeps;
And the cot of his forefathers blesses his eyes. And o'er the solitary scene,
The jessainine clambers in flower o'er the While Nature bangs her garlands green,
thatch, Neglected Memory weeps.
And the swallow sings sweet from her nest ir The Muse too weeps :-in hallowed hour
the wall; Here sacred Milion own'd her pow'r,
All trembling with transport, he raises the latch, And woke to nobler song;
And the voices of loved ones reply to his call. The wizari's baffled wiles essayed, Here first the pure majestic maid
A father bends o'er him with looks of delight: Subdued the enraptured throng.
His cheek is impearled with a mother's warm
tear; But see! beneath yon shattered roof What mouldy cavern, sun-beam proof,
And the lips of the boy in a love-kiss unite
With the lips of the maid whom his boson With mou:h infectious yawas?
holds dear. O! sight of dread! O! ruthless doom! On that deep dungeon's solid gloom
The heart of the sleeper beats high in his breast, Nor hope nor daylight dawns.
Joy quickens his pulse all his hardships seem Yet there, at miduight's sleepless hour,
o'er, While boisterous revels shouk the tower,
And a murmur of happiness steals through his
rest Bedewed with damps forlorn, • The warrior captive pressed the stones,
« Oh God! thou hast blest me, I ask for no And lonely breathed unheeded moans,
more." Despairing of the morn.
Ah! whence is that flame which now bursts on That too is past-unsparing Time,
his eye? Stern miner of the tower sublime,
Ah! what is that sound which now larums his Its night of ages broke,
ear? Freedom and peace with radiant smile
'Tis the lightning's red glare, painting hell on the Now carol o'er the dungeon vile
sky! That cumb'rous ruins choak.
'Tis the crashing of thunders, the groan of the
sphere! Proud relic of the mighty dead ! Be mine with shuddering awe to tread
He springs from his hammock-he flies to the Thy roofless, weedy hall,
deck; And mark, with Fancy's kindling eye,
Amazement confronts him with images dire, The steel clad ages gliding by
Wild winds and mad waves drive the vessel a Thy feudal pomp recall.
The masts Aly in splinters,—the shrouds are on Peace to thy stern heroic age!
fire! No stroke of wild unhallowed rage Assail thy tottering form!
Like mountains the billows tremendously swell, We love, when smiles returning day,
In vain the lost wretch calls on mercy to In cloudy distance to survey
save; The remnant of the storm.
Unseen hands of spirits are ringing his knell,
- Oh sailor boy! woe to thy dream of delight! IN slumbers of midnight, the sailor boy lay, In darkness dissolves the gay frost-work of bliss, His hammock swang loose at the sport of the Where now is the picture that Fancy touch'd wind,
bright, But watch-worn and weary, his cares flew away, | Thy parents' fond pressure, and love's honey'd And visions of happiness danced o'er his mind.
Oh sailor boy ! sailor boy! never again || Oh lead me, sweet Sylphs! by your magical
Shall home, love, or kindred, thy wishes repay; spells, Unbless'd and unhonoured, down deep in the To wander your heaths and your mountains main
I along, Full many a score fathom, thy frame shall || Guide my feet where the rill murmurs flow thro' decay.
your dells, No tomb shall e'er plead to remembrance for thee,
And breathe on my ear your wild musical song, Or redeem form or frame from the merciless
| Ah! these are the scenes where your presence surge, But the white foam of wave shall thy winding ||
foam of wave shall thy winding | Thro' the rock-skirted valley your footsteps I sheet be,
bail, And winds, in the midnight of winter, thy || Down the pine-cover'd walk, musing pensive, dirge!
alone, On beds of green sea-flower thy limbs shall be I list to the sound of your wings on the gale.
laid, Around thy white bones the red coral shall | Oh, deck these lov'd scenes with your choicest grow;
of flowers, . Of thy fair yellow locks threads of amber be made, | And teach the clear stream o'er its current to And every part suit to thy mansion below.
mourn; Days, months, years and ages shall circle away,
Bid the songsters of nature enliven these bowers, And still the vast waters above thee shall roll ; ||
And each moss-covered rock their sweet echoes Earth loses thy pattern for ever and aye
return. Oh sailor boy ! sailor boy! peace to thy soul!
When the sun streaks the west with his red
spangled beams, LINES,
Or paints the grey morn with his pencil of gold,
When the planet of night thro' the dim valley WRITTEN IN A CHURCH-YARD..
And the gems of the sky their bright bosomis Woen Nature starts from Winter's sleep,
unfold. And hails the dawn of genial spring, The breezy fragrance wakes old age,
When the dew drops hang trembling and nature And tunes life's haste discordant string.
is mute, The dappled, jocund morn presents,
Save the beetle's dull horn, or the plaint of In op'ning youth, th' exulting sight;
the rills; Whilst growing day expands the view,
Or when to night's ear Pity's soul-soothing lute, In full-blown blooming manhood's height. Steals in pauses inelodious along the blue bills. As Spring to Summer's ray recedes,
When Spring's jocund season of youth and deSummer to Autumn's mellowing gleam;
light, So thus is youth ingulph'd in age,
When Summer's warm Suns, or when AuAnd backwards seems a baseless dream.
tumn's bower For now no more the fragrant breeze
Are lost in the chaos of Winter and Night, Can life, or health, to these impart;
And the seasons of love and enjoyment are To me 'tis momentary ease,
o'er; Yet, ah! it fails to heal the heart.
Still, still, oh ye Sylphs, in bright visions attend,
And hover around me when musing I stray;
And when the dark tempests of life o'er me bend, ADDRESS
Pour the radiance of Hope o'er my careTO THE GUARDIAN SPIRITS OF RURAL RE
clouded way. TIREMENT.
Then, calm as the Sun, when the storms cease Ye Spirits, who make these lov'd shades your
to rage, delight,
Reposes his beams on the ocean's clear breast, Ye who hover around when the white bosom'd || When the fervour of youth is extingui h'd in age, spring,
Bear me safe on your wings to a mansion of Advances, enrob’d in a mantle of light,
rest. And distils rosy health from her dew dropping |