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is a jewel of intrinsic value. This value none conspicuous than those of their predecessors. can diminish or destrou but its owner. Iis ex- Rank and elevation were the objects against trinsic value thay be diminished and ruined by! which the very first efforts of this lirit of re. the conduct : ,f thousands. Ir it is undeservedly beliion in tha country were disc.ed. Libels dimiriided, the world at lunge becomes the ; were daily issued from the press in Paris, for the suffer'r. Oftentimes the energies of virtue -perute express purpose of desiroving public ecnfidence in proportion to the public estimation of cha- and generating national disrfection. The royal racter to the benee mud advantage of mankind;! family were more particularly the otjects iga :156 and if thore energi a te 'o.the advantage of which the venom of inveterate and malevolent the community in proportion as characters become calumny was directed. The operation was gradual conspicuously estimable, much of that influence in its progress, but fit:liy success. u' in its effect. must necessarily be lost when those energies are It eradicuted affection and respect; and it proenfolded in the strong web of public calumny, 'duced suspicion and hatred. It effected a change from which they can never be wholly rescued of opinion inimical to virtue and religion ; and after they have been once enviously and malia by this change the kindling sparks of dinaffection, ciously, although unjustly, entangled. This is a l disloyalty, and infidelity, were blown into a flame, consideration of so serious and of so lamentable whi h devoured and consained every thing that a nature, that I have often supposed is cube almost i was before esteemed sacred and respectable. impossible that any person exercising the privi. Against this Same the rie; of consanguinity and lege of a rational being, and possessing the smallest friendship were equally insecure. The toleration possible degree of syin parhy or fellow-fteling for i of caluniny is the certain forerunner of inevitable another, could be so despicably depraved as to destruction. Those who connive at this vice, attempt to ruin, or even to call in question the sleep in danger; but those who encourage it, are respectu ility of ny character, for any purpose roused from their error only by the ruin that whatever, where the proof of its deformity was awaits them. Of all calumny, political calumny not altogether clear, satisfactory and unequivocal. or calumny circulated for the purpose of eff.ctThe inurderer is far less crue! than a person of ing some political views, or of resenting some this description; and he is far less an enemy to il political measures, is always the most extensively the happiness of his own species. He s'abs, but ruinous. Its prevailing object is to dispossess the pang of regret excited by the effect of his virtue of excellence, goodness of value, honesty barbarity in the victim of his hatred is healed for of confidence, affability of popularity, dignity of ever. The other also stabs, but it is with a view respert, generosity of merit, rank of veneration, to establish a cause of reflection, uneasiness, and religion of utility. It contubutes to annihidiscord, and disgrace for i ges to come. The one late all love of goodness, all deference tu greatis soon forgotten, because its effects have, with ness, and all subordination to low It marks no respect to this world, only a temporary duration, !| distinction between talents and virtues; it preo and a temporary operation : the other is remem-1 serves no medium between abli:y and fidelity; it bered for ever; because the attachment of vice maintains no precise separation between the cunto rank, is what too many in all ages of the solations arising from confidence and the apprewirld refer to with a kind of savage delight and hensions resulting from suspicion. To sincerity brutal avidity, incompatible with every ieeling! it pays not the homage of approbation ; lo deceit that can possibly arise from any rational or reli- it evinces not a disposition to be displeased. Like gious principle. Nothing less than a determined the whirlwind, in its progress, it involves us in and continued activity of virtue can effectually dangers that no mortals can relieve us fruin. In check or counteract the progress and establish every direction the effect is felt, but from no ment of this powerfully destructive vice. To quarter can its consequences be avoided. The weaken the influence and the effect of every state is as insecure as the individual. The court exertion and of every undertaking and design as the coltage. Royalty is invested with no talisa that is truly commendable, is the undeniable man by which its direction can be changed, its motive of every species of defumation. Persons velocity impeded, or its ruinous consequences peculiarly respected for their domestic, their
prevented. The toleration of calumny is the social, and their public virtues, who have obtained toleration of universal mischief. To this tolerasomething inore than a common share of popu- tion must be attributed the insecurity of kinglar'iy, are always to be found among the number | doms, of nations, and of empires. Nothips can selected as objects of public reprobation. It is withstand that tempest which is suffered to beat the object of calumny to generate mischief. It down virtue by the admitted and predominant was by this destructive engine that the families operation of this malignant and destructive vice, of the nobility of France were swept away to which in its birth wears the appearance of weakmake room for those whose virtues were not more ness and inconsequentiality; it begins ils course by iodirect attem: s to weaken the influence of France, and apol inference to themselves. the religious principle on the inind, and by a || No sooner had 'e royal family of that country progressive perseverance, disseminates a spirit of been degraded by this vice, than the footsteps of indii stence, which too generally terminates in a devastation and carnage were to be traced from spirit of professed infidelity. It was thus that | the throne to the coutaga, Nither youth nor the religion of France was swept away to make ge, neither sex nor station, neither wealth nor rou n for crimes of every description. Licen- | poverly, neither parents nor Children, ne taer inciousass reared her triumphant head, and me nocence nor excellence, were objects of considernaced death and destruction to all who possessed !! ation, Political enthusia»m was the only watchthe fortitude to resist the gigantic strides by which word for political distinct.':. Warued by so she trampled on the rights, the liberties, and the dreadful an example, let us with one beart and priveges of those who hunoured her not with one mind drive away every appearance of calumny the homage of attention. The moment is arrived from among us, as the north wind driveth away when the people of this country should reflect rain, or an angry countenance a backbiting with a degree of no common eriousness on the tongue. operation of calumny on the government of ||
SPEECI DELIVERED IN A LITERARY SOCIETY.
Il cual him, I will at least endeavour to tread in HAVING procured a copy of the following his footsteps; and to further this, I will give you speech, which was delivered some years ago in a la xkerrh of his life and exemplary quali'ics. proviauul Literary Society, on the first admit- || Do not expect to hear a relation of battles; tance of a gentleman who was to fill the station he disdained the glory of arms. Do not search of a deceased meinber, I have taken the liber'y in his history for the haughty cares of a magis. of sending it to you, hoping you will not think crate, who wishes to change the laws of his coun. it anworthy of a place in your entertaining try, and cause a revolution. No; he trampled miscellany. I remain, Sir,
under foot the gran teùrs of the earth; and when Your humble servant,
his admirers wished to make him a justice of the And constant reader, peace, he rejected the offer, not with that feigned TIMOTHY JOGTROT. modesty which Cæsar affected when Anthony
offered him the crown, but with a frankness that Gentlemen,-! cannot sufficiently acknow. was truly philosophical. “ I understand nothing ledge the honour I feel at being admitted in this of these things,” said he. What genuine sense areopagus of literature, where the members speak is comprised in these few words? Is not all that liitle, and write less, but think much. How the Grecian and Roman philosophers have said really does it surpass the colleges of Oxford and on the subject of troubles being inseparably Cambridge, the productions of which yearly fill allied with dignities, contained in this simple and enormous volumes! In this learned society you laconic answer? I am persuaded that people of du not discuss subjects which inight lead to dis- real taste will prefer it to all that has been said by sention, but your minds are wrapped in sober re our most celebrated poets. flection. In former times, the inhabitants of the | Do not impose on me the task of giving you country endeavoured to imitate the actions of i an analysis of his works, for his modesty has preLondoners; but now I have been assured that vented it. He was far from sharing in the con. the case is reversed, and that in many public reit of so many writers, whose motive for pubmeelings no other noise is heard for several hours lishing the fruits of their labours is rather to be but the rattling of knives and forks, and the ring. 1 idmired than to instruct the world. No one has ing of glasses. How glorious is it for you, gen- ever doubted, gentlemen, that if he had taken tlemen, to see these proud citizens who would | up the pen, he would have surpassed Shakes. Diave disdained your society, now take you for peare, Milton, Hume, and all our most celetheir models. But now that I am on this the ine, brated authors. He used to declare it, with that. how shall I ever be able to equal the exalted | ingendousness with which you were so well accharacter I have been chosen to replace. (Here il quainted. “Yes," added he, “fame would then the speaker stopped for a moment, to receive the single me out; I am a mortal, I am weak, and applause so justly, his due). Al! if I cannot some emotions of pride might alter the serenity of
my soul.” “ But," observed a friend, “ you need || were not in unison with his general behaviour. not put your name to your works.” “I should But when he had hit on the word, how his face always be discuvered;" replied he, “and the was illuminated with joy! No, that of a monarch voice of praise would trouble the peace which | who had just been crowned, never expressed any reigns in my retreat” He preserved this system thing half so sublime or majestic. I owe to his so obstinately, that when he was admitted one of | faune to declare here, that he once sacrificed it you, you were forced to dispense with the cus. entirely to me. I was seeking the word of an tomary speech on these occasions; an exception enigma, he found it out, and came and which, I believe, has been made for him alone, whispered it in iny ear, permitied me to take the and which exemplifies your modesty as in uch as whole credit of it, and never revealed this his; because, in this speech, he could not have secret to the day of his death; unlike those inswerved from the established rule of praising you, || discreet authors, who only lend their pens to their and himself. He was magnanimous, for he dis friends to claim two days afterwards the works they dained honours. He was possessed of talents, l had given them. for he carefully concealed them. He was a deep 1. In short, gentlemen, he condescended to fathinker, for he never revealed the subject of his II miliarize himself with the lowest ranks of people, meditations. His mother relates, that three nights and could so easily assume the language of the previous to his birth, she had three dreams, in most illiterate peasant, that one would have which she saw three laurel-wreaths placed on her imagined it was natural to him. His company child's head by three muses, who alternately 1) was agreeable, and the appetite with which he suckled him. I know that many learned men will | ate, excited it in others. Recall to your remer.refuse to credit this, for a very good reason; be | brance, gentlemen, the superb feast he gave you cause their mothers, have not had a similar warn on the day of his reception; that soup, those ing. But Heaven sometimes grants that to exquisite pies, those
But I perceive, great minds, which it will not to the vulgar. gentlemen, that I increase the grief you feel at
At an early age he was sent to school. Here his loss, and I will leave off speaking to weep the history of his life becomes rather obscure, with you for the death of this wonderful man, and offers a problem which I will solve. Some who gave excellent dinners, and did not require pretend that he shone conspicuous in the classes ; them to be returned. Grief stifies my voice, and others, that he always held the lowest places. If I have scarcely strength to read the sentence with the first tradition be true, his extraordinary talents which I intend to conclude. I proposed to make already began to expand; but if we must adopt this great character my model, and I feel that I the second, he disdained scholastic fame, or na. have transgressed against the law he had laid ture wished to ripen the fruit before it was pos down by composing this, but it is the only time sible to descry the germ. However, I know he I will wander from his traces, and during the remade a particular study of the syntax, but de mainder of my life, I pledge myself to you, as spised mathematics, astronomy, natural and well as to the public, to be his faithful imitator. moral history, and all those trifling sciences which Allow me to add two more words, gentlemen, neither improve the mind nor the heart. On before I sit down. There have only been found leaving school, his mother desired him to choose among the papers of this great man two verses of a profession; but he disliked them all. “What a madrigal; the first was composed ten years then, will you do?" said she. “I will think,” ago, the second four. Merciless death has prewas this young philosopher's reply. “Well, vented him from writing the two last, and crown. then think,” rejoined this illustrious woman, this ing his work. The following are the two verses model for mothers. In effect, he employed all || in question : his life in rerlection. He read but litile, because
« Cupid is a wanton child, there are so few good books; and even when he
“ Whose cyes and playful language." perused the best authors, he generally fell asleep, because he felt his own superiority over thuse Which of us, gentlemen, would dare to put a whose works delight the world. Charades and lo finishing hand to this posthumous master-piece! gogryphs were his most favourite study. “How || Ah! let us rather carefully preserve it in its often, gentlemen, have you beheld him, like a native beauty in our society, and not imitate new Edipus, endeavouring to find out the word || those bold commentators who have dared to fill of a logogryph, with an eagerness that cannot be up the unfinished lines which Virgil had left in described ; if he could not succeed, he would the six last books of his Eneid. beat his forehead, tear his hair, and show all the signs of a man in despair! this is the only time
E. R. in his whole life when his phlegm and his courage
FLATTERY is praise carried to excess. Toll The flatterer rarely raises his voice. His smile tell a woman she is handsome, is to praise her ; ) is gracious, his looks gentle and caressing: he to tell her one is no: so handsome as she is, is to is humble in his address, insinuating in his lanflatter her.
Iguage, supple and polite in his manners. Every This species of flattery is little obnoxious or thing astonishes, pleases, and charms him in the inconvenient. What signifies whether we exag- person whose goud graces he wishes to conciliate. gerate the beauty, talent, wit, merit or virtue of He weeps or laughs with him, adopts his friendaoy being, if that being be really distinguished ships and his dislikes, approves all he does or by talent or merit, and really handsome, witty, says, and identifies himself so much with him, as or virtuous. All we have to fear, is that the to make his presence a want, and his company judgment which we pass on that person is much a necessity. beneath his own opinion. It is very rare to find There are flatterers by character, these are the any one who does not value himself more than smallest in number. Other flatterers are so from he is worth.
interest; these are numerous. The former adBut flattery is often liable to real inconvenien- || dress themselves indiscriminately even to those ces; this is when it raises defects into la udable from whoin they expect nothing; the latter atqualities, and vices into virtues. It then becomes tach themselves solely to those from whom they falsehood. Flattery, in this case, is the more hope for riches or honours. The first see in a dangerous, as it is always sure of success, because person only a subject to flatter; the second atit smothers the cry of conscience, and rids us oftend only to the power and credit of the person importunate reflections, such as we cannot in- | Aattered. One speaks without premeditation, vestigate without blushing.
the other says nothing but what he has previously The powerful are doomed to be flattered. How studied. One rarely visits antechambers; the can it be otherwise? They look upon them other passes one third of his life in them. selves as privileged beings, and would be dissatis- | It is said that flattery is a poison; true, but a fied at not being considered as such. Besides poison so sweet that no onc mistrusts it, and no this, their condition unfortunately obliges them one repulses the person who knows how to preto keep at a certain distance from other men; they pare and to offer it. mainly bestow their confidence; they never in- Flattery is less formidable to a fool, than to a Spire any.
|| wise man, because it is scarcely possible to flatter Flatterer and courtier are two synonymous a fool more than he Aatters himself. words in every language. La Fontaine pre The arts are necessarily flatterers. A picture tends we can never praise too much.-" The or a statue would remain in the hands of the gods, our mistress, and our king”
| painter or sculptor, if they did not give a hand. The first may pass; there is little danger in the soine likeness of the original. An architect who second; the last may lead to serious consequences. Inight be engaged to build a house, would find It might perhaps have been better expressed : all his plans rejected were he not to sacrifice simthere are three kinds of people who never think plicity, to the obligation of exhibiting in the they are praised 100 much-"Kings, women, most trifling details the riches and magnificence and authors."
of the proprietor. • A slight knowledge of mankind is sufficient to A book frequently owes iis success merely to learn that the most certain way of obtaining the name of the person to whom it is dedicated, their confidence and favour, is to praise them A celebrated engraver published a print represenl. boldly to their face; and as it might be dangerous || ing Charles I. on horseback Cromweli reigned, to be ingenuous, and that moreover nothing is to the print had no sale: the ariist substituted he be gained by fraakness, every one prefers becom- || Protector's head for that of the King, and the ing a flatterer.
print met with prodigious success.
ESSAY ON QUACKERY.
“In law or physic, quack in what you will, but deviate from the established opinions, and “Cant and grimace conceal the want of skill.” the practices of other men, and push forward his
measures with a furious ac'ivity, supported by a For some time past I have been at a loss how
pompous and senseless loquacity, to place himto etymologize the word Quackery; or, in other
self at the head of a seditious faction, a dangerous words, as the schoolmaster asks his pupil, to
junto, or a conveniicle; appearances preserved know unde derivatur ? Some of our English
in language and exterior, sustain the character, Dictionaries derive it from a French word;
promote the views, and accomplish the ends. Robert Ainsworth Larivizes it by the words,
Thus, by looking seriously into the manners of Empiricus, histrio, medicus circumforaneus, ia
men, and the springs of human intentions, we tralaptice. These are such immaleable and irre
may sometimes unravel the bewildering labyrinths frangibe vords as to be sufficient to unbinge the land unfold the pernicious errors in which novelly, jaws, and distort the countenance in the pro
vanity, grimace, and superstition involve the nunciation of them. With duedeference to these
community. Men of unsettled, erroneous or respectable authorities, I beg leave, for once, to
wicked principles, and who possess natural or differ from them; not with so outrageous a con
acquired abilities, invariably do mischief to sodence as to assume a claim to superior knowledge
ciety by defections from truth and rectitude, and but because my new derivation best suits my pur
their mischief is so highly malignant that it is pose. Among the innumerable variety of Quacks
frequently irreparable ; for let these men quack and Empirics with which this town swarms, I
in what they will, they seldum miss the goal have observed, that by whatever denomination or
proposed, which entails injury or ruin upon profession, orthodox or heterodox, spiritual or un
others. The puff of airy sound predominates. spiritual distinguished, by whatever artifice pro.
A statesman wrestles into the ministry by vocitected, or mask concealed, they coalesce unani
ferating the avarice and peculation of ministry ; mously in cne system, of which the word quatio
the alderman of a borough into the dignity of to shake, is a just symbol. The system of quack
mayor, by indicating the faults and mistakes ery being the shaking the money of fools into
of his predecessors; and my lord's rat-catcher as. the pockets of knaves. Permit me, therefore, sures us he has the only recipe in the world which from quatio to derive quackery.
destroys vermin. It is related of the famous But to be serious. To point out the multi
Dr. Green, that when asked by an acquain'ance, farious paths of quackery, open their windings,
a physician of eminence, how he acquired the develope their avenues, and explore their recesses, | attention of the multitude, and preserved so unimight be a laudable and useful employinent,
versal an ascendancy over them? The Doctor could we hope to investigate it fairly and com
candidly replied :-“In the first place, Sir, my plete it effectually. The insuperable difficulty is,
procedure is in itself a novelty, and this alone that the great body of mankind, I mean the
procures me a crowd; then occasionally I throw weak, the illiterate, and the undiscerning in every out with vehemence and volubility, a nuinber of age incessantly bustle in search of variety, with. technical terms, seasoned and fricasseed with out any determinate path or plan; hence con- scraps of Latin and Greek, and this convinces stantly wheeling in the mazes of incertitude, the them that I am a great scholar. All this howprevailing humour, or passion of the moment, ever would not do, were not my Andrew a merry, leads them into error or into truth. The highes! || pleasant fellow; with whom, by adopting our authority assures us, that the Athenians, with || conversation to the style and humour of John those who resorted to Athens, that once venerable Bull, we can keep him together many hours in sent of polished science, suffered the inquisitive-La very pood humour, and at last send him away ness of curiosity to supersede the ardor of pursuit highly diverted and improved. Thus it comes after laudable and substantial truths. The that a pennyworth of julep from my hands at Athenians, says St Luke, and strangers that were the price of a shilling, is of more estimation in there, spent their time in nothing else but either the ideas of my customers than the best dose of to hear or to tell some new thing; and were well physic from the shop of a regular educated apoto examine the people of England, the same im- | thecary.” pertinent temper leads the multitude into end. The common saying, that the world is led by less varieties of unaccountable methods for the appearances, will be a general truth so long as attainment of their respective ends. A man needs there is incapacity, indiscernment, and capricious